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Ponsaers, P. , De Kimpe, S., Pauwels, L., Van Altert, K. (2003). “Over de relatie tussen stedelijkheid en criminaliteit – Interactie, integratie en differentiatie”, in De eeuw van de stad – Voorstudies – Over Stadrepublieken en rastersteden, Project Stedenbeleid, Administratie Binnenlandse Aangelegenheden, Ministerie van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, Brussel: Die Keure, 233-272.

  • Ghent University, Faculty of Law and Criminology Co-director Research Group IRCP
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The shift towards performance management is a key trend in pilot OECD countries. It implies that market type mechanisms are used, that managers appear inside administrations, that decentralisation results in more autonomy for organisations and policies. Flemish local governments are also subject to some of these trends. In this article a special focus is on the organisational proliferation and the related difficulties to consolidate policics and management. The development of financial instruments should facilitate this, but is not ready to cope with most of the conditions to integrate management and policies. This results in a structural problem and an element of failure for a sustainable modernisation.
p>Lieux de culture, culture des lieux, volume collectif qui réunit essentiellement des géographes, se penche sur le rapport entre la production culturelle et l’émergence de lieux comme des processus dynamiques. L’ouvrage constitue les actes d’un colloque organisé par l’Unité mixte de recherche (UMR) Espaces géographiques et sociétés et les Études supérieures de tourisme et d’hôtellerie de l’université d’Angers en mai 2000 au château du Plessis-Macé. Ce volume récuse le discours du pessimisme culturel et choisit d’envisager les pratiques culturelles comme dynamiques sociales en relation souvent étroite avec des lieux.</p
During the last 20 yr cultural policy has become an increasingly significant component of economic and physical regeneration strategies in many West European cities. One should be careful when generalising about the evolution of urban cultural policies because of the scarcity of comparative research on this theme and the great diversity in the definitions of "culture' adopted by national and city governments. There are also differences in their ideological backgrounds, levels of financial resourcing and powers, and in the nature of relations between the public, private and voluntary sectors in Euroepan cities. Successive chapters deal with Glasgow, Rotterdam, Bilbao, Bologna, Hamburg, Montpellier, Liverpool and Rennes, with each covering historical economic, socio-cultural and political contextualisation for the experience of cultural policy making in the specific city. The introductory and concluding chapter offer a framework for evaluating the significance of cultural policy, and assessment of its impact in the various cities. -H.Clout
There can be no question that it is highly desirable to integrate nature into the development of cities. Many authors have enumerated the advantages of a city containing ‘nature’ in comparison to a city being only a desert of stones. Hence there is no need to list and discuss these advantages a second time.
Concepts and targets for sustainable urban development and scientific support of the adequate decision-making process are urgently needed. This goal can only be achieved on reproducible data on the relationship between the socio-economic efficiency and use of natural resources. Furthermore, this relation has to be established for urban working units, both structural and functional.