A Critical Race Theory of Environmental Disaster can aid researchers in better contextualizing racially disproportionate environmental disasters and their intricate social meanings to survivors. Such a theory, as proposed and operationalized here, incorporates interpretations of the causes and consequences of environmental disaster. In so doing, this theory weighs the racial and economic stratification often preceding environmental disaster and that which reflexively becomes more embedded in the aftermath. Focusing on the water crisis in the racially diverse, socioeconomically diminished city of Flint, Michigan, this article examines survey data from research conducted with city residents. The analysis considers residents' attitudes and beliefs around the crisis' scope and its intentionality and residents' health outcomes. Results suggest that various institutional and community-level mechanisms contribute to processes of meaning-making during crisis, or "crisis-making," finding consistent variation in residents' understanding of the nature and scope of the water crisis that is associated with specific cultural and health-related experiences. This construction substantiates that a Critical Race Theory of Environmental Disaster must consider not only race, but class in the context of race, as instrumental in developing social understandings of, and experiences with, environmental disaster.