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La lettre morte des coopérations interrégionales dans la mégarégion parisienne

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The area of influence of global conurbations and agglomerations goes far beyond administrative borders. This questions the governance needed to deal with the challenges raised at this scale. This article offers to focus on the example of the Paris region, where the division has stayed the same since 1956 and where interregional cooperations have failed. More precisely, our objective is to understand why a small Parisian region was created and why its boundaries have not been modified to adapt to the functional aspect of the region. This geo-historical approach, using many archives, identifies the role played by the ideas and strategies of several actors, from Jean-François Gravier to the Valls government. The analysis also shows that political actors have difficulty in understanding the megaregional influence of Paris, and that the problems of cooperation in the megaregion will be exacerbated by the reform of the regional map (2015), which merged territories belonging in part to the urban area of Paris (Oise and Aisne, for example) with areas affected by very different dynamics and issues.
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Halbert L. Examining the mega-city-region hypothesis: evidence from the Paris city-region/Bassin parisien, Regional Studies. Four dimensions of the concept of polycentricity (morphological, functional, relational, and political polycentricity) are discussed based on the study of the Paris city-region/Bassin parisien system. The concentration of 'Abstract Production' workers in the Paris agglomeration and the fairly concentrated geography of firms' information flows (as measured by their telephone calls) prevent the formation of an enlarged polycentric mega-city-region. Three explanations are proposed based on the strategies of real estate developers, information-intensive firms and policy-makers. In conclusion, the paper tries to evaluate in the Paris city-region and French context whether a limited polycentricity at Bassin parisien level is prejudicial at different policy-relevant scales. [image omitted] Halbert L. Examen de l'hypothese relative a la mega ville-region a partir de l'exemple du Bassin parisien, Regional Studies. Cet article traite de quatre dimensions du concept de polycentricite (morphologique, fonctionnelle, relationnelle et politique) en s'appuyant sur l'etude relative au systeme ville-region de Paris/Bassin parisien. La concentration de travailleurs de production abstraite dans l'agglomeration parisienne et la concentration relativement importante de flux d'information d'entreprise (mesuree par les appels telephoniques) empechent la formation d'une mega ville-region polycentrique elargie. Trois explications sont proposees qui sont basees sur les strategies des promoteurs immobiliers, des entreprises basees sur l'information et des decideurs politiques. En conclusion, j'essaie d'evaluer la ville-region de Paris et le contexte francais afin de savoir si une polycentricite limitee au niveau du Bassin parisien est prejudiciable aux differentes echelles politiques pertinentes. Polycentricite Ville-region elargie Services avances aux enterprises Production abstraite Appels telephoniques des entreprises Paris/Ile-de-France/Bassin parisien Halbert L. Untersuchung der Hypothese der Megastadtregion: Belege aus der Stadtregion Paris bzw. dem Bassin parisien, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag werden anhand einer Studie des Bassin-parisien-Systems bzw. der Stadtregion von Paris vier Dimensionen der Konzepts der Polyzentrizitat (morphologische, funktionale, relationale und politische Polyzentrizitat) erortert. Die Konzentration von Arbeitern im Bereich der 'abstrakten Produktion' im Ballungsraum Paris und die recht konzentrierte Geografie der Informationsstrome von Firmen (gemessen anhand ihrer Telefonate) verhindern die Bildung einer erweiterten, polyzentrischen Megastadtregion. Ausgehend von den Strategien von Immobilienfirmen, informationsintensiven Firmen und politischen Entscheidungstragern werden drei mogliche Erklarungen erortert. Abschliessend versuche ich im Kontext von der Pariser Stadtregion und von Frankreich zu bewerten, ob sich eine begrenzte Polyzentrizitat auf der Ebene des Bassin parisien in verschiedenen, politisch relevanten Massstaben schadlich auswirken kann. Polyzentrizitat Erweiterte Stadtregion Wirtschaftsdienstleistungen Abstrakte Produktion Firmentelefonate Paris/Ile-de-France/Bassin parisien Halbert L. Analisis de la hipotesis de las regiones mega-ciudad: ejemplo de la region ciudad de Paris/Bassin parisien, Regional Studies. En este articulo se abordan cuatro dimensiones del concepto de policentralidad (morfologica, funcional, relacional y politica) a partir de un estudio de la ciudad region de Paris y el sistema Bassin parisien. La concentracion de los trabajadores en el sector de la 'produccion abstracta' en la aglomeracion de Paris y la geografia bastante concentrada de los flujos de informacion de las empresas (medidas segun las llamadas telefonicas) impiden la creacion de una region mega-ciudad policentrica mas amplia. Se proponen tres explicaciones en funcion de las estrategias de promotores inmobiliarios, las empresas con alto nivel de informacion y los responsables politicos. Para terminar, intento evaluar si una policentralidad a nivel del Bassin parisien en la ciudad-region de Paris y en un contexto frances es perjudicial en diferentes escalas relevantes a la politica. Policentralidad Region ciudad ampliada Servicios avanzados de productores Produccion abstracta Llamadas telefonicas de empresas Paris/Ile-de-France/Bassin parisien
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89 p., cartes La France a-t-elle su tirer le meilleur parti de son territoire ? Pas encore, répond la Délégation à l'aménagement du territoire et à l'action régionale (DATAR) à laquelle le Gouvernement a demandé de réfléchir à la France de 2020. Fidèle à sa mission d'anticipation et de prospective, et à travers des données, des cartes, des tendances, des scénarios, reliant dynamiques spatiales et organisation de l'action publique, la DATAR souhaite susciter la réflexion des citoyens et des acteurs territoriaux. Alors que les territoires s'organisent et que de nouveaux enjeux se précisent, comment engager la France dans un processus de développement durable et partagé au sein de l'espace européen ? Quelles formes d'action publique seraient le mieux à même d'accompagner des dynamiques territoriales associant compétitivité et solidarité ? La DATAR propose une France maillée en pays, en agglomérations et en interrégions alliant efficacité et cohésion sociale. Au nom de l'équité et du réalisme, elle fait le choix d'un scénario polycentrique et ouvre le débat sur les politiques d'aménagement du futur.
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Book description: 'Large polycentric city-regions pose perplexing problems to social scientists and policy-makers. Not only do they represent complex socio-economic systems in their own right, but they also increasingly function as the main locational anchors of wider globalization processes. This book provides a masterful analysis of these issues, with a particular focus on the emergence, dynamics, and planning of polycentric city-regions in contemporary Europe' Allen Scott of University of California, and author of Global City-Regions. A new 21st century urban phenomenon is emerging: the networked polycentric mega-city region. Developed around one or more cities of global status, it is characterized by a cluster of cities and towns, physically separate but intensively networked in a complex spatial division of labour. This book describes and analyses eight such regions in North West Europe. For the first time, this work shows how businesses interrelate and communicate in geographical space - within each region, between them, and with the wider world. It goes on to demonstrate the profound consequences for spatial planning and regional development in Europe - and, by implication, other similar urban regions of the world. The Polycentric Metropolis introduces the concept of a mega-city region, analyses its characteristics, examines the issues surrounding regional identities, and discusses policy ramifications and outcomes for infrastructure, transport systems and regulation. Packed with high quality maps, case study data and written in a clear style by highly experienced authors, this will be an insightful and significant analysis suitable for professionals in urban planning and policy, environmental consultancies, business and investment communities, technical libraries, and students in urban studies, geography, economics and town/spatial planning.
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This paper examines the changing practices of spatial planning, critically engaging with state theory to argue that a new generation of ‘soft spaces’ and ‘fuzzy boundaries’ occupies a key position in the emergent planning system. In the process we question whether privileged scales and sectors can meaningfully be identified in current state-restructuring processes. We use interviews with key national policy makers and a case study of the Thames Gateway to test our ideas.
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