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InPACT 2019 Croatia FINAL BOOK CHAPTER (2020) Chapter 11

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Hlavným cieľom predkladanej monografie je prezentovať slovenskému čitateľovi súčasný stav poznania v oblasti psychológie rodičovskej kontroly a jej dôsledkoch pre vývin dospievajúceho vo svetle najnovších teoretických prístupov a súčasných empirických výskumov. V teoretickej časti práce sa zameriavame na definovanie rôznych foriem rodičovskej kontroly a okolností, za ktorých je uplatňovanie kontroly efektívne, pričom sa pri interpretácii opierame najmä o Teóriu sebadeterminácie (Ryan, Deci, 2000) a Teóriu sociálnych domén (Smetana, 2010). Poukazujeme zároveň na mnohé faktory na strane dospievajúceho, rodiča, či kontextuálne faktory, ktoré s uplatňovaním kontroly a jej efektom významne súvisia. V závere teoretickej časti popisujeme existenciu diskrepancií v percipovaní kontroly medzi dospievajúcimi a ich rodičmi. V troch na seba nadväzujúcich empirických štúdiách prezentujeme výsledky výskumu realizovaného na reprezentatívnej vzorke slovenských dospievajúcich v období skorej adolescencie a ich rodičov. Využitím na premennú orientovaného i na osobu orientovaného prístupu analyzujeme rôzne formy rodičovskej kontroly v kontexte ďalších rodinných procesov, percipovaní a internalizácie pravidiel, ako i súvis kontroly s behaviorálnymi (skúsenosť s rizikovým správaním) a psychologickými dôsledkami (úroveň sebaúcty) pre adolescenta.
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Background. Individuals who aim at changing their health behaviour do not always handle the issue immediately. This discrepancy is usually referred to as the intention behaviour gap. Implicit processes are one of the factors which mediate between intention and behaviour. Compared to cognitive and affective implicit processes, motivational implicit processes are given a very little account in the modern science. Currently it is not quite clear how implicit and explicit values are focused on within the health-related decision-making process. Objective. The present study shows how implicit and explicit values and their congruency are focused on health-related decision-making process in dilemmas. The dilemmas were described as situations within which the subjects report on making a choice: either to avoid losses related to health, or to avoid losses related to other values. Choosing health, the participant avoids losses related to it, whereas they acquire losses related to other values, and vice versa. Design. The participants participated in the Schwartz’s Value Survey (measuring explicit values), Implicit Association Tests (measuring implicit values) and solve three types of dilemmas (health vs benevolence, health vs self-direction, health vs achievement). Research Results The research shows that implicit and explicit values are not related to each other and are differently related to decision-making process in dilemmas. Namely, implicit values of achievement, benevolence and self-direction are related to decision-making in dilemmas with low potential losses. Many of these values turn to be significant to the participants, and some of the dilemmas are not solved in favour of health-related issues. Explicit values are related to decision-making process in dilemmas with high potential losses. Many of these values turn to be significant to the participants, and some of the dilemmas are not solved in favour of health-related issues. Finally, it was found that high correlation between explicit and implicit values is positively related to decision making in favor of health. Conclusion. The research shows that explicit and implicit values are differently associated with health-related decision-making in the participants.
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Interpersonal acceptance-rejection theory (IPARTheory) is an evidence-based theory of socialization and lifespan development. It is composed of three subtheories, each of which deals with a separate but interrelated set of issues. IPARTheory’s personality subtheory – which is the most highly developed component of the theory – deals primarily with the pancultural nature and effects of interpersonal acceptance and rejection. Coping subtheory explores the fact that some individuals are better able to cope with experiences of perceived rejection than are other individuals. Finally, IPARTheory’s sociocultural systems subtheory attempts to predict and explain major causes and sociocultural correlates of interpersonal acceptance-rejection worldwide. Empirical evidence overwhelmingly supports the theory’s major postulates and predictions, especially postulates and predictions in personality subtheory. Emerging evidence about the neurobiological and biochemical risks posed for the development, structure, and function of the human brain are beginning to help explain why these postulates and predictions are so consistently confirmed panculturally.
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Migrants flee violence, extortion, assault and kidnapping in Central America and Mexico to make the dangerous journey to the U.S. – Mexico border. They experience trauma and adversity at each stage of the journey – prior to departure, enroute, and upon arrival at the border. This mixed methods research project examines protective factors that mediate trauma and support quality of life among migrants. Despite high levels of post-traumatic stress, migrants score high on measures of resilience and quality of life. Participants expressed high levels of religiosity and utilize faith as a coping strategy to lend meaning to their hardship and suffering.
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Social service providers play a critical role in disaster recovery yet are disproportionately affected by disaster-related distress such as burnout and secondary traumatic stress. Psychosocial interventions designed for social service providers in the aftermath of a disaster are critical to aid in recovery. This article examines the impact of the Caregivers Journey of Hope (CJoH), a psychosocial intervention designed to alleviate stress and amplify coping resources in caregivers after a disaster. Social service providers (N = 722) living and working in New York and New Jersey during Superstorm Sandy were surveyed before and after participation in the CJoH. The surveys examined knowledge, stress, satisfaction, future orientation, and social support. Paired samples t tests illustrated all of the scale items significantly improved across time for the participants following participation in the CJoH. Significant negative correlations existed between current stress, coping knowledge, and perceived ability to handle stress. Results of a regression analysis found that social support was positively related to higher levels of knowledge of community resources, awareness of the signs of stress, and knowledge of coping strategies and mindfulness breathing techniques. Fewer years of work experience and higher satisfaction with the CJoH were also associated with significant gains in several types of knowledge. Implications for ways through which psychosocial interventions such as the CJoH may reduce the negative psychological impact on disaster-affected social service providers are discussed.