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Research and Simulation of Traditional Settlement Wind and Heat Environment Based on Computer Intelligent Computing Technology

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With the globalization of the world economy and the integration and heterogeneity of cultures, the collision between traditional settlements and local traditional culture, traditional culture and modern culture is gradually reduced. Traditional cultures, traditional settlements, and traditional architectural forms have gradually declined. Therefore, in the context of globalization, people are more concerned about how to recognize, understand, and inherit these traditions and traditional ways of life in the context of today’s society and how to combine with the needs of contemporary communities to create an outdoor space suitable for human survival. However, due to the lack of research on traditional wind-heat conditions, there is no feasible evaluation method. Taking a typical village in Lianjiang County, Fuzhou as an example, various factors affecting wind-heat conditions in traditional villages are discussed in this paper. The CFD simulation technology is used to simulate and compare various types of settlements, and the wind and thermal environment around are compared and evaluated in detail and carried out in-depth research on it. By summarizing the general rules of natural ventilation of traditional residential buildings in Beigan Township, Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou, it is expected to be helpful to today’s ecological construction. In order to construct a new type of energy-saving and land-saving community, some feasible methods and ideas are put forward to make it more realistic.
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Research Article
Research and Simulation of Traditional Settlement Wind and Heat
Environment Based on Computer Intelligent
Computing Technology
Haoxi Chen
1
and Xufu Zhang
2
1
Ph.D. Program in Cultural Heritage and Arts Innovation Studies, Taipei National University of the Arts, Taipei,
Taiwan 11201, China
2
Department of Architecture, Kinmen National Quemoy University, Kinmen, Taiwan 89250, China
Correspondence should be addressed to Haoxi Chen; d11051006@chai.tnua.edu.tw
Received 26 May 2022; Revised 17 June 2022; Accepted 28 June 2022; Published 21 July 2022
Academic Editor: Gengxin Sun
Copyright ©2022 Haoxi Chen and Xufu Zhang. is is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons
Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is
properly cited.
With the globalization of the world economy and the integration and heterogeneity of cultures, the collision between traditional
settlements and local traditional culture, traditional culture and modern culture is gradually reduced. Traditional cultures,
traditional settlements, and traditional architectural forms have gradually declined. erefore, in the context of globalization,
people are more concerned about how to recognize, understand, and inherit these traditions and traditional ways of life in the
context of today’s society and how to combine with the needs of contemporary communities to create an outdoor space suitable
for human survival. However, due to the lack of research on traditional wind-heat conditions, there is no feasible evaluation
method. Taking a typical village in Lianjiang County, Fuzhou as an example, various factors affecting wind-heat conditions in
traditional villages are discussed in this paper. e CFD simulation technology is used to simulate and compare various types of
settlements, and the wind and thermal environment around are compared and evaluated in detail and carried out in-depth
research on it. By summarizing the general rules of natural ventilation of traditional residential buildings in Beigan Township,
Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou, it is expected to be helpful to today’s ecological construction. In order to construct a new type of
energy-saving and land-saving community, some feasible methods and ideas are put forward to make it more realistic.
1. Introduction
German geographer Kohl discovered in the 1940s that
communities are closely related to their surrounding ge-
ography and transportation. Since then, Jean Albert, an
expert from Britain and France, has successively inspected
the area and made a detailed division of the type and dis-
tribution of the area, thus forming the theoretical basis of the
area [1]. Ronald in the United Kingdom was the first re-
searcher to engage in rural architecture and villages. He
believed that these villages were built by untrained amateurs,
following local customs. Most of the materials selected came
from local and only a few used foreign materials e material
of the building and the function of the building has a crucial
influence on the shape, and the aesthetics is often only
ranked second [2]. ese concepts embody the common
denominator of communities around the world that have
much less in common than the differences between them in
terms of construction methods and construction ideas, and
the current state of conservation is precarious and will
continue. erefore, the academic circles have carried out a
detailed division of the villages and have begun to explore
the local dwellings.
Although the concept of settlement is very broad from
the beginning, from the existing research results, traditional
villages, especially rural dwellings, have become a place of
great research significance. With the deepening of people’s
understanding of the community, people’s attention grad-
ually shifted to the different forms of community and ex-
plored the origin and role of this difference [3]. Brian [4]
Hindawi
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
Volume 2022, Article ID 3715730, 9 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2022/3715730
believes that the main reasons for the differences are material
and technological, environmental, social, cultural, political,
economic, etc. Cardinale et al. [5] and Dili et al. [6] made an
in-depth analysis of the formation and characteristics of
British settlements from different perspectives, which are
embodied in landscape environment, socio-economic, and
political aspects. Dili et al. [7] pointed out that the traditional
community refers to a specific social, political, and economic
structure, which itself is a natural power. He analyzed large
numbers of samples in order to look for differences in
production to distinguish settlements. Since the last century,
in-depth discussions on traditional villages in my country
have been carried out and comprehensive results have been
achieved in terms of content, method, breadth, and depth of
understanding, etc.
Singh et al. [8] after visiting the local characteristic
buildings in the European Mediterranean region, he felt that
his house was in line with the living habits of the local
residents. After testing the exterior and interior of the house,
their exterior wall coverings got well. Although the tem-
perature outside is constantly fluctuating, it has little impact
on the interior, and the interior environment is more
suitable for human life. Indraganti [9] in India investigated
the living conditions of natives in hot, humid, and tropical
monsoons. According to residents’ opinions, residents
generally feel that their residences are very comfortable, and
the seasonal changes have not been greatly changed, which
makes those living in modern times unable to adapt to this
way of life. e reason for this is that when the Indians built
their houses, they did not learn from ancient architectural
styles or modern architectural styles, so when their houses
were built, they did not consider modern architectural style,
so their architectural style is not suitable for human life.
From 1990 to 2000, the investigation of the wind-heat en-
vironment of local houses in China has not been deeply
discussed [10]. Since this century, theories and methods
about the wind-heat environment of traditional villages have
been deepened, and the wind-heat problem has become a
relatively independent research category, separated from the
ecology of local architecture. Zhu and Liu sorted out the
relationship between settlements and weather in Hubei and
discussed the effect of traditional climate change [11]. Jiang
[12] discussed the impact of climate change on the entire
region of Hubei. Yang [13] discussed the role of ecological
environment on community development from the per-
spective of sustainable development. After reviewing the
relevant domestic and foreign literature, we believe that the
existing research on the wind-heat environment of tradi-
tional settlements has made some progress, but compared
with other related research results, it is insufficient [14–16].
e traditional wind-heat ecosystem has become a new
subject, but the theoretical system, definitions, theories,
basic scientific theories, and basic scientific methods are all
ambiguous. So far, there is no theory or method on wind-
heat problems. is makes the current research concept and
research scope in this field unclear. From the perspective of
community population, studies on wind-heat ecosystem are
relatively rare. In addition, due to the characteristics of
regional differences in research targets, there are also a
considerable number of blanks in related studies in many
places. Beigan Township, Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou
traditional villages have yet to see the wind-heat ecological
environment from the perspective of group living.
Taking a folk house in Beigan Township, Lianjiang
County, and Fuzhou as an example, the wind-thermal en-
vironment of traditional villages in Beigan township,
Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou was comprehensively ana-
lyzed by using computer numerical simulation technology.
Based on the theory of numerical fluid dynamics, a nu-
merical simulation of wind-thermal conditions in a repre-
sentative village of Beigan Township, Lianjiang County, and
Fuzhou was carried out. A new type of energy-saving and
land-saving community is put forward to make it become a
reality.
2. Analysis of Wind and Heat Environment of
Traditional Settlements in Beigan Township
and Lianjiang County
2.1. Analysis of Wind and Heat Environment in Beigan
Township. Using computer intelligent numerical calculation
technology, the distribution of temperature and wind speed
flow field in Beigan Township is studied, and it is pointed out
that the main factor affecting residents’ living comfort is the
temperature field 1.5 meters above the surface. Relative
fluctuations in wind speed, temperature, etc.
2.2. Division of Beigan Township. e spatial structure and
division of Beigan Township is shown in Figure 1. From the
perspective of village texture, there are two different textures
in the ancient village area of Beigan Township: one is the fine
texture displayed by traditional villages and ancient streets
and the other is the rough texture generated by the disor-
derly development of villages. In view of the wind and heat
conditions of the village, according to the current situation
of the ancient village in Beigan Township, the layout
characteristics of its external space are divided into three
regions A, B, and C, and the regional comparison is made.
e indoor comfort, ventilation efficiency, and effectiveness
of ventilation corridors were analyzed and evaluated.
e division from the densification mechanism of the
partition can be divided into three partitions A, B, and C,
each of which has different characteristics described in the
division diagram shown in Figure 2.
(1) Area A is a compact comb-like structure area, with
Dashi Mountain on the west, Huangyang
Mountain on the east, and Feng Shui Pond on the
southwest. e overall street layout still maintains
the dense “comb” layout of Beigan Township, thus
forming a network structure of a village. is
street is centered on South Gate Street, and the
rest of the street runs inward along Main Street.
e overall planning and layout not only reflects
the ancient settlement’s full respect for nature, but
also is in line with the “feng shui” of Tibetan wind,
qi, yin, and yang. It is the place where the
2Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
descendants of the royal family of the Northern
Song Dynasty lived.
(2) Evolution pattern of regional B-type arrangement: in
areas with complex terrain, with the continuous
increase of population and scale of Beigan Township,
a traditional village evolution mode characterized by
a comb-like structure has gradually formed. Its
characteristic is that the houses are arranged in a
single form, the households are connected by inner
lanes, and its transportation structure is also carried
out according to its characteristics.
(3) e C-shaped free-form building pattern mostly
relies on the mountains and gradually rises
according to the topography of the mountains, with
scattered heights at the front and back. However,
with the increase of the living population and the
expansion of the living area, the existing comb-type
community can no longer meet the living needs.
erefore, on the basis of the original comb-type
community, a traditional comb-type community is
formed, and under the local geographical features
and convenient living conditions, according to the
local characteristics, a residential area suitable for the
living environment is designed.
2.3. Analysis of the Distribution of Wind and Heat Environ-
ment in Each District of Beigan Township
(1) A-type structure pattern in Beigan Township: area A
is a relatively intact ancient village in Beigan
Township and its distribution is characterized by
dense, continuous, and small spacing. e house is
located in the northeast, facing southeast, with dense
buildings, mostly one-storey, with an average height
of 4 meters, a lane width of 1.5 to 2 meters, and the
height and width of the passage in the group is 2 to 3
meters. A narrow and dark passage was formed
around it. e streets and alleys of the village are neat
and orderly, forming an angle of 60 degrees with the
main wind direction from the southeast. On the west
side of the village, there is a large pond of about 200
meters, which constitutes the feng shui layout of
“backward mountain and facing water.” Villages,
buildings, and nature are integrated in a concen-
trated comb-like arrangement. On this map, each
region has a color, one red, one blue, and one red dot,
a number that represents a 1.75-degree Celsius rise.
(a) Study on the simulation results of wind speed in
the A zone
Figure 3 shows the distribution cloud of the wind
field in Beigan Township. e southeast wind is
the main wind direction. It can be seen from the
flow velocity cloud map of the village that in the
southeast of the mountainous area, due to the
windy area, the wind force is very low, only
0.561.40 m/seconds, and the flow rate is 3.1 m/s.
Based on the geographical conditions of Beigan
Township, we can conclude that the slope to the
southeast of Beigan Township can prevent the
summer monsoon in this area, because this area
is not suitable for the high heat and high hu-
midity monsoon in summer, so it should be
properly blocked, even if it is different from the
traditional site selection theory, it should be dealt
with according to the specific environment, but it
is also necessary to make reasonable adjustments
Velocity (m/s)
4.500000
4.218750
3.937500
3.656250
3.375000
3.093750
2.812500
2.531250
2.250000
1.968750
1.687500
1.406250
0.843750
0.000000
Average value
2.238906
1.125000
0.562500
0.281250
Figure 1: Spatial structure and division of Beigan Township.
Figure 2: e densification mechanism of each partition.
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience 3
to the traditional architectural experience theory,
which is the architectural experience handed
down from the local traditional settlements.
On the north side of block A, that is, on the
leeward side, the wind speed is very low, and it is
in a weak wind area below 1 m/s. e speed is
about 1.1 m/s and the other areas are about
2.5 m/s. Overall, the air conditions in this area
are good. In the streets, the maximum wind force
is 0.8 m/s. In some areas, such as the outermost
street entrances, such as in the southeast of the
area, the speed can reach 2.5 m/s. Also, most of
the area is in the dark blue class, with an average
speed of less than 0.5 m/s, so the air circulation
here is very weak. In general, the wind speed in
the streets and lanes of Beigan Township A is
about 1.0 m/s and about 2.5m/s outdoors, which
belongs to the appropriate speed range. Under
the climatic conditions of summer in this area,
the air velocity of open streets and alleys in most
residential areas is 0.251.4 m/s, which is within
a safe range and suitable for living. However, in
areas with high population density, the ventila-
tion effect is generally poor, the wind speed in
some areas is less than 0.25, which is not a
suitable speed.
(b) Study on the thermal simulation results of the A
partition
ermal radiation refers to the exchange of heat
between the body and the surrounding air.
erefore, in order to feel comfortable in sum-
mer, there must be a good air circulation. Fig-
ure 4 shows the temperature distribution cloud
in area A of Beigan Township. e average
temperature is 33.6 degrees Celsius. From the
temperature changes in the village, it can be seen
that the temperature in the area near the
mountains and the two ponds is between 27.2
and 29.0 degrees Celsius. From a physical point
of view, if the temperature drops by 1 degree
Celsius, it is a kind of coolness. It can be seen
from the above picture, since the west side is
above the pool, the temperature will be below 30
degrees Celsius, so the climate in the western
area is relatively better, while the temperature in
the southern area has reached 39 degrees Celsius
due to the relatively high density of buildings.
e density of buildings in the central area and
the narrow roads create a small heat accumu-
lation area when the outdoor airflow is very low.
e north-south direction of a street and lane of
Nanmen Road in the area has maintained its
original appearance. e height of the buildings
on both sides of the street and lane has been
increased and the road surface has been widened,
that is, the overall dimensions of the block have
changed. e direction of the incoming wind is
at an angle of 15 degrees, between 37.7 and 39.5
degrees Celsius. Because the area is far away from
the pond and affected by the high temperature,
the overall thermal conditions of the entire area
are relatively poor.
(2) e evolution pattern of B-type zoning structure: the
new B-type community in Beigan Township is an
evolution method arranged in a comb shape, which
can be flexibly adjusted according to the actual local
needs. e road layout of the new residential area in
Zone B is fence-style, with the front facing south,
forming an angle of 15 degrees with the main wind
direction, and the two sides are parallel to the main
wind direction of the incoming airflow. Compared
with the conventional residential quarters, the
height-to-width ratio of the new residential quarters
has increased, and the height-to-width ratio of the
new residential quarters is all on the second floor.
According to the tunnel height of 6 meters and the
width of the tunnel of 3 meters, the aspect ratio of the
tunnel in the B area is 2, while in the conventional
residential area, the aspect ratio of the tunnel is 24,
because only when the height and width are large, its
occlusion effect will be better, and when the height
and width of this area are smaller than that of
conventional cells, the occlusion effect of this area
will be significantly reduced.
(a) Research on the simulation results of wind speed
in B subarea
Beigan Township considers that the fluctuation
of street wind speed in open residential struc-
tures outside the subarea is relatively stable,
Velocity (m/s)
4.500000
4.218750
3.937500
3.656250
3.375000
3.093750
2.812500
2.531250
2.250000
1.968750
1.687500
1.406250
0.843750
0.000000
1.125000
0.562500
0.281250
Figure 3: Cloud map of SE wind direction and speed in Beigan township A.
4Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
ranging from 0.28 to 1.4 m/s, which is a suitable
value. From the data on Figure 5, the street wind
speed in the subarea is 0.8 m/s. At the entrance of
the tunnel downwind from the southeast, the
wind speed at the entrance can generally reach
2.5 m/s because the wind direction is basically
the same as the southeast monsoon wind di-
rection. Indoors, the average wind speed in the
leeward area is less than 0.8 m/s. Generally
speaking, the average wind speed in area B is
about 1.1 m/s, and the outdoor wind speed is
about 2.2 m/s, which is in the appropriate wind
speed range.
(b) Analysis of thermal environment simulation
results of partition B
Figure 6 is a cloud map of the temperature
distribution in the southeast wind direction of
subdistrict B in Beigan Township. e average
temperature is 32.4°C. From the temperature
cloud map of the settlement, the temperature
near the mountain and two ponds is 29.030.7°C.
e incoming flow temperature is 31°C, which is
nearly 1°C lower than the incoming flow tem-
perature. From the cloud map of temperature
distribution, it can be seen that the thermal
environment in the western part of the subregion
is still relatively good, because the blue low
temperature area in the west is above the green
water. Due to the concentration of buildings in
the south and northeast areas of the subarea, the
temperature is higher than that of the sur-
rounding area. e temperature in the southern
subarea is relatively high because the incoming
wind from the building is blocked by the high
ground. e roadway is wider than the original
village. With very low outside wind speeds, this
creates small areas of hot air accumulation.
(3) C-type building form of Block C in Beigan Township:
block C in Beigan Township is built according to the
mountains and does not need to be facing south. e
building structure is relatively loose and the line of
sight is relatively wide, usually with mountains as the
background, facing the farmland. At the same time,
restricted by topographical factors, the residential
buildings are stacked layer by layer according to the
natural slope of the hillside. Viewed from top to
bottom, the distribution of buildings is highly
scattered and evacuated at will, with a low-density
living pattern.
(a) Simulation study of wind field in area C
From the wind speed cloud in Figure 7 that the
building arrangement along the east-west di-
rection is beneficial to reduce air flow, but there
is no such arrangement in the south and north
regions, so it forms a strong contrast. In the
northern part of the area, because of its high
distribution density, the main airflow of the
incoming flow is small, so the wind speed in the
central area where the buildings in the northern
part of the area are arranged is small, with an
average speed of 0.5 m/s. However, because the
southern part of the area is a belt-type evacuation
structure, in order to facilitate air circulation, the
wind speed at the entrance of this area is 2.2 m/s,
the average wind speed in the road is about
0.8 m/s, and the wind speed at the end of the road
reaches 1.1 m/s. e average wind speed is about
1.9 m/s, and the wind speed at the wind-guiding
streets formed by this is significantly higher than
the central building area with the density of the
northern subdistrict. e results show that the air
quality in the northern region is generally
moderate, while the overall air quality in the
southern region is good.
It can be seen from the wind speed cloud map
that in the mountains near the north side of C,
the average wind speed is only 0.81.1 m/s and
the minimum temperature in this area is 30.7
degrees Celsius. e wind does have a certain
effect and is effective in heat insulation. In the
case of using the peripheral-free arrangement,
the area of the wind shadow area is relatively
large, which makes the indoor air conditions of
the peripheral arrangement relatively poor.
(b) Simulation study of thermal conditions in area C
Figure 8 shows the temperature field in the
southeast wind direction of the C area in Beigan
Township. e average temperature is 32.4
Tem per atu re,
50.00000
48.25000
46.50000
44.75000
43.00000
41.25000
39.50000
37.75000
36.00000
34.25000
32.50000
30.75000
27.25000
22.00000
29.00000
25.50000
23.75000
Figure 4: Cloud map of SE wind direction and temperature distribution in subarea A.
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience 5
Velocity (m/s)
4.500000
4.218750
3.937500
3.656250
3.375000
3.093750
2.812500
2.531250
2.250000
1.968750
1.687500
1.406250
0.843750
0.000000
1.125000
0.562500
0.281250
Figure 5: Cloud map of SE wind direction and speed in subarea B.
Tem per atu re,
50.00000
48.25000
46.50000
44.75000
43.00000
41.25000
39.50000
37.75000
36.00000
34.25000
32.50000
30.75000
27.25000
22.00000
29.00000
25.50000
23.75000
Figure 6: Cloud map of SE temperature distribution in the dominant wind direction of partition B.
Velocity (m/s)
4.500000
4.218750
3.937500
3.656250
3.375000
3.093750
2.812500
2.531250
2.250000
1.968750
1.687500
1.406250
0.843750
0.000000
1.125000
0.562500
0.281250
Figure 7: e wind speed cloud map of the dominant wind direction SE in partition C.
Tem per atu re,
50.00000
48.25000
46.50000
44.75000
43.00000
41.25000
39.50000
37.75000
36.00000
34.25000
32.50000
30.75000
27.25000
22.00000
29.00000
25.50000
23.75000
Figure 8: Temperature distribution map of SE in the dominant wind direction of partition C.
6Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
degrees Celsius. According to the cloud map of
the temperature distribution at point C in the
settlement area, it is found that because the
easternmost side is close to the pond, the tem-
perature is low, forming a the relatively cold blue
zone, with temperatures below 30 degrees Cel-
sius. It can also be seen from the distribution
curve of the temperature field that on the surface
of the building and on the streets of the block, the
higher the temperature range, the easier it is to
appear on the surface of the building. e air
temperature is lower in places closer to the sea.
From the temperature of the clouds, different
directions will also have different effects on the
wind. e cluster structure in the south is
dominated by east-west, while the community in
the north is dominated by north-south, and its
wind speed is significantly lower than that in the
east-west direction, while it shows a better
temperature distribution in the direction.
2.4. Evaluation of Comfort in Beigan Township. rough the
analysis of the above simulation data in Beigan Township,
the following results are obtained:
2.4.1. e Overall Wind Condition of Beigan Township is
Good. According to the wind direction, the wind envi-
ronment of the three regions is analyzed. e results show:
the best in the subregion B, the overall good in the subregion
C, the subregion A is more sensitive than the subregion B
and the subregion C. Comparison of wind and heat con-
ditions in Beigan Township (see Table 1).
Assessment of comfort in each area of Beigan Township
under wind conditions: Beigan Township is the hottest area
in summer, and the average temperature in each area is
above 25 degrees Celsius. According to this, the comfortable
and uncomfortable speeds can be divided into different
zones. e speed index is divided into various areas of
Beigan Township and its suitable speed is carried out under
the condition that the temperature is >25 degrees Celsius
and the wind speed is 0.7–2.9 m/s, as shown in Table 2.
2.5. Summary of Factors Affecting the Wind and Heat Envi-
ronment in Beigan Township. is paper makes a detailed
analysis and discussion of the wind and heat conditions of
the settlements in Beigan Township from the whole to the
local. It is believed that in order to adapt to and use nature,
the ancestors adopted simple, concise, and economical
methods. e settlement layout and many other factors
create a comfortable living space. e overall wind
temperature conditions in Beigan Township are very good.
By comparing the wind temperature conditions in the three
regions, the main wind directions of the three regions are
obtained.
2.5.1. e Location of the Village. Beigan Township is laid
out according to the mountains and waters, and is built
according to the mountains and in the villages. It can well
reflect the local natural geographical environment and
landform characteristics. is is because when Beigan
Township is selected, it cleverly adopts the direction of
southeast and northwest according to the characteristics of
the terrain, instead of facing the south according to the
traditional way. In addition, the slopes in the southeastern
part of the area can better block the high temperature in
summer, reduce the temperature of traditional settlements
in Beigan Township, and create better microclimate con-
ditions for the whole township, which is more conducive to
the survival of residents.
2.5.2. Spatial Structure. In order to ensure that the tem-
perature in the micro-ring area will not be too high, the
internal layout of the community becomes very critical, in
which the streets and alleys are compactly arranged, the
building groups are dense, the buildings are dense, and the
mountain walls block the sunlight. e “high walls and
narrow alleys” in Beigan Township are the characteristics of
its traditional villages, which leads to the fact that most areas
here are in a shady environment and there are many places
that are not exposed to sunlight, so it can be very good here.
Beigan Township is a new and old residential community. It
is a brand-new and ancient community with a comb-like
pattern as a whole. While most of them are in residential
areas, and these alleys are ventilated, so the ventilation speed
at the alleys of Beigan Township is relatively high, the wind
speed in the alleys is relatively stable, and some areas are
quiet areas. e roadways are shielded from each other,
creating a cold surface on the ground, and with the open
spaces such as courtyards and squares, a thermal pressure
effect is generated, which provides better thermal pressure
ventilation for the living area.
Table 2: Comparison of wind speeds in each zone.
Number Model Average wind speed (m/s) Comfort
evaluation
Section A Intensive 0.563 Middle
Section B in type 2.210 Optimal
Section C Freestyle 1.324 Good
Table 1: Comparison of wind and heat environment in each zone.
Section A Section B Section C
Comfort Middle Good Optimal
e ventilation efficiency Middle Optimal Good
Wind environment assessment Middle Optimal Good
Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience 7
2.5.3. Community Layout. e layout of the community is
influenced by factors such as regional climate, geographic
location, and the shape of its own buildings. In Beigan
Township, under the sunlight in summer, the strong sunlight
not only dazzles the villagers, but also increases the tem-
perature. In the long-term living practice, the local people
have accumulated a large number of architectural practices
and adopted simple and economical construction methods
to achieve this problem.
3. Conclusion
Taking a traditional village in Beigan Township, Lianjiang
County, and Fuzhou as an example, the wind-thermal
characteristics of traditional villages with different layouts
were compared by using computer intelligent algorithm.
rough summarizing and comparing the general rules of
natural ventilation in Beigan Township, Lianjiang County,
and Fuzhou, and analyzing them, some suggestions are put
forward as a result.
(1) Beigan Township, Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou is a
representative traditional village. Its main wind and
heat regime is dominant throughout the year and its
main wind direction is summer. Under the condition
of natural ventilation, Beigan Township, Lianjiang
County, and Fuzhou generally adopts the layout of
north-south or south-oriented, forming an Angle
with the main wind direction to reduce incoming
wind. When the included angle between the building
layout and the air inlet is 0°to 90°, the wind speed in
the outside wind area will decrease when the road
entrance direction and the air inlet angle increase,
and the wind speed will decrease when the angle
increases.
(2) By comparing the wind and heat conditions near the
ground of residential areas under different layouts,
the correlation between good ventilation and heating
conditions and spatial layout is obtained, which lays
a foundation for the design and evaluation of tra-
ditional residential building layout schemes. Beigan
Township, Lianjiang County, and Fuzhou is a village
with mountains and water on its back and good
climatic conditions. e building space layout is
clear, the space distribution is uniform, the space is
continuous, and the building interval is short.
Compared with the new living environment, the
traditional residential area has the characteristics of
high density and high plot ratio. In the winter cli-
mate of Fujian, the traditional comb layout and the
entrance of roadway with large aspect ratio is an
effective method.
(3) e dense comb arrangement has better working
conditions than the air condition, and the ar-
rangement has the characteristics of dense, contin-
uous, and small spacing. e high density building
structure has poor natural ventilation capacity,
resulting in the tail air intensity of the comb structure
falling. But at the same time, it can effectively reduce
the sunlight on the street, which is also good for the
cooling of the building. e evolution patterns of the
old and new hybrid layout patterns and comb
structure patterns are carried out according to the
two types of wind and heat. e lanes in the reset-
tlement area are arranged in a grid pattern. e
number of storeys and heights of homes built by new
residents increased. It also increases the volume of
traffic, improves the flow of traffic, improves the
lighting, and increase the spacing between buildings
but not conducive to the shielding between each
other.
Data Availability
e dataset used in this paper are available from the cor-
responding author upon request.
Conflicts of Interest
e authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest
regarding this work.
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