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الانساق الثقافية الاجتماعية في كتاب الامتاع والمؤانسة لأبي حيان التوحيدي ( 414 هـ ) صعود الهامش وتراجع المركز

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Abstract

The subject matter of the present research is the cultural systems in 'Alimta' Walmu'anasah' by Abu Hayyan Al - Tawhidy who died in the year 414 A.H. The cultural systems are studied through the distinguished treatise 'Alimta' Walmu'anasah' which may be deemed as an old Arabic narrated heritage because it is looked upon as a book reflecting the Arabic ideological heritage. In accordance with this standpoint, this research is laid out as follows : The Introduction defines the terminology, namely 'Cultural Criticism' and the idea of ' Cultural Systems'. The First Chapter studies the societal systems.It falls into the following sections : 1 - The attitude towards the marginalized gender.2 - The societal attitude towards the Dhimmis.3 - The rise of the peripheries and the retreat of the centre. In Chapter Two, we tackled the underlying arguments in the following topics : power struggle; the passion/ reason conflict; rhetoric and science monopoly. The title of Chapter Three is the authority and the intelligentsia where we studied the influence of the intellectuals and authority, and the ideological orientations in 'Alimta' Walmu'anasah' Finally, the research outlines our conclusions and gives a bibliography. We note that the scarcity of references has hindered our study to a certain degree. Finally, I register my sincerest thanks and gratitude to my dear supervisor and all my professors in the department.

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