ArticlePublisher preview available

The Effect of Religious Attitudes on Anxiety and Psychological Well-being in Risky Pregnancies: A Cross-Sectional Study from Turkey

Authors:
To read the full-text of this research, you can request a copy directly from the authors.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine how religious attitudes of risky pregnant women affect their anxiety and psychological well-being. This is a cross-sectional study. It was carried out on 137 women diagnosed with risky pregnancy between December 2021 and February 2022 in a state hospital in Osmaniye, located in the southern Turkey. The findings of the study revealed that the participants’ religious attitudes affected their trait anxiety and psychological well-being. Being religious in fact, boosted psychological well-being of the participants and lowered their trait anxiety level. They had a moderate religious attitude and a moderate psychological well-being but they also suffered from high trait anxiety levels.
Vol:.(1234567890)
Journal of Religion and Health (2022) 61:2992–3010
https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-022-01597-3
1 3
ORIGINAL PAPER
The Effect ofReligious Attitudes onAnxiety
andPsychological Well‑being inRisky Pregnancies:
ACross‑Sectional Study fromTurkey
FilizPolat1 · FatmaKarasu2 · MetinYıldız3
Accepted: 29 May 2022 / Published online: 21 June 2022
© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
2022
Abstract
The aim of this study was to determine how religious attitudes of risky pregnant
women affect their anxiety and psychological well-being. This is a cross-sectional
study. It was carried out on 137 women diagnosed with risky pregnancy between
December 2021 and February 2022 in a state hospital in Osmaniye, located in the
southern Turkey. The findings of the study revealed that the participants’ religious
attitudes affected their trait anxiety and psychological well-being. Being religious
in fact, boosted psychological well-being of the participants and lowered their trait
anxiety level. They had a moderate religious attitude and a moderate psychological
well-being but they also suffered from high trait anxiety levels.
Keywords Risky pregnancy· Pregnant· Religious attitude· Anxiety· Psychological
well-being· Turkey
* Filiz Polat
filizmermer@yahoo.com
Fatma Karasu
fatmakarasu@kilis.edu.tr
Metin Yıldız
yildizz.metin@gmail.com
1 Department ofMidwifery, Faculty ofHealth Sciences, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University,
80010Osmaniye, Turkey
2 Department ofNursing, Yusuf Şerefoğlu Faculty ofHealth Sciences, Kilis 7 Aralık University,
79000Kilis, Turkey
3 Department ofMidwifery, Faculty ofHealth Sciences, Sakarya University, 54050Sakarya,
Turkey
Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. Rights reserved.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the depression, anxiety, stress levels, and religious coping strategies of Turkish pregnant women during the COVID-19 pandemic. Of the pregnant women involved in this study (N = 327), 74.6% were concerned about their health, whereas 85.9% had concerns about the health of the fetus during the COVID-19 pandemic. It was found that 19.9% had extremely severe depression, 97.9% had extremely severe anxiety, and 52.3% had severe stress symptoms. Religious coping scores of the pregnant women included in the study were found to be high. There was a weak positive correlation between positive religious coping and depression and a very weak negative correlation between negative religious coping and depression.
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between alexithymia, psychological well-being, and religious coping in fibromyalgia patients. This study was planned as a descriptive and cross-sectional research design. The sample consisted of 175 fibromyalgia patients. Data were collected using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20, the Psychological Well-being Scale, and the Religious Coping Scale. Data were analyzed by Pearson's correlation test and Multiple Linear Regression analysis. A negative correlation was found between alexithymia and negative religious coping (r = − 0.377, p = 0.000). A positive correlation was found between psychological well-being and negative religious coping (r = 0.364, p = 0.000). The alexithymia was predicted by psychological well-being level (β = − 0.629), positive (β = 0.170) and negative (β = − 0.216) religious coping levels (p < 0.05). Negative and positive religious coping strategies can affect psychological well-being and expressive thinking in patients with FMS.
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to investigate how religious/spiritual (R/S) beliefs are associated with depressive, anxious and stress symptoms and quality of life (QOL) of 160 Brazilian women in early pregnancy. In this cross-sectional study, religiosity/spirituality (DUREL, Daily Spiritual Experiences, Brief-RCOPE), mental health (DASS-21) and quality of life (WHOQOL-Bref) were assessed. Negative R/S coping was associated with higher levels of depressive, anxious and stress symptoms and worse physical and psychological QOL. On the other hand, positive R/S coping, intrinsic religiosity, and spirituality were associated with better psychological QOL, while only spirituality was associated with better social QOL.
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has negatively affected the mental health of the general population, and for healthcare workers (HCWs) it has been no different. Religiosity and spirituality are known coping strategies for mental illnesses, especially in stressful times. This study aimed to describe the role of spiritual-religious coping regarding fear and anxiety in relation to COVID-19 in HCWs in Portugal. A cross-sectional quantitative online survey was performed. Socio-demographic and health data were collected as well as the Duke University Religion Index, Spirituality Scale, Fear of COVID-19 Scale, and Coronavirus Anxiety Scale. Two hundred and twenty-two HCWs participated in the study, 74.3% were female and 81.1% were physicians. The median age was 37 years (Q1, Q3: 31, 51.3). Religiosity was neither a significant factor for coronavirus-related anxiety nor it was for fear of COVID-19. Participants with higher levels in the hope/optimism dimension of the Spirituality Scale showed less coronavirus-related anxiety. Female HCWs, non-physicians, and the ones with a previous history of anxiety presented higher levels of fear and/or anxiety related to COVID-19. HCWs’ levels of distress should be identified and reduced, so their work is not impaired.
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic presents potential mental health challenges, and the American Orthodox Jewish population has been particularly affected by the virus. The current study assessed the impact of the pandemic and explored the relationships between exposure, religiosity, and distress in a sample of n = 419 American Orthodox Jews. Results indicated high levels of exposure, concern, and compliance with medical guidelines; however stress was generally low and we found evidence for positive impact. Direct exposure correlated with higher religiosity. Positive religious coping, intrinsic religiosity and trust in God strongly correlated with less stress and more positive impact, while negative religious coping and mistrust in God correlated with the inverse. While the study is limited by its design, findings highlight that for some, faith may promote resilience especially during crisis.
Article
Full-text available
High-risk pregnancy increases the morbidity and mortality of the mother and the fetus. Pregnant women under high risks suffer anxiety and stress related to many reasons such as health problems concerning her and the baby, uncertainty, hospitalization and leaving the family. As the pregnancy will be at risk in a high-risk condition, the mother may be anxious in contacting the fetus and the connection can be effected negatively. In pregnancy, high anxiety and weak prenatal attachment, affects the pregnant and fetus’ health negatively. It has been reported that some practices such as social support, listening or singing music/lullaby, yoga and meditation both reduce anxiety and increase prenatal attachment during pregnancy. In the prenatal period, the nurse has many roles such as educator, role model, consultant and resource person in order to cope with the risky conditions of the pregnant woman, to connect with the fetus in a healthy way and to protect her mental health. Nurses have to determine and follow the anxiety and attachment levels of the pregnant, to benefit from evidence based practices to reduce anxiety and increase prenatal attachment by considering the possible harms of anxiety and insufficient maternal attachment on the pregnant and the fetus.
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this meta-analysis was to determine the longitudinal positive effect of religion or spirituality (R/S) on mental health. We summarized 48 longitudinal studies (59 independent samples) using a random effects model. Mental health was operationalized as a continuous and a dichotomous distress measure, life satisfaction, well-being, and quality of life. R/S included participation in public and private religious activities, support from church members, importance of religion, intrinsic religiousness, positive religious coping, meaningfulness, and composite measures. The meta-analysis yielded a significant, but small overall effect size of r = .08 (95% CI: 0.06 to 0.10). Of eight R/S predictors that were distinguished, only participation in public religious activities and importance of religion were significantly related to mental health (r = .08 and r = .09, respectively; 95% CI: 0.04 to 0.11 and 0.05 to 0.12, respectively). In conclusion, there is evidence for a positive effect of R/S on mental health, but this effect is small.
Article
Full-text available
Amaç: Bu çalışmada yüksek riskli gebelerde psikolojik sağlamlık, algılanan stres ve psikososyal sağlık düzeyleri ve ilişkili değişkenlerin değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.Gereç ve Yöntem: Tanımlayıcı araştırma deseni kullanılan bu araştırmanın örneklemini 54 yüksek riskli gebe oluşturmuştur. Veriler ‘Connor-Davidson Psikolojik Sağlamlık Ölçeği’, ‘Algılanan Stres Ölçeği’ ve ‘Gebelerde Psikososyal Sağlığı Değerlendirme Ölçeği’ ile toplanmıştır. Bulgular: Bulgular değerlendirildiğinde hastane yatış deneyimi olan gebelerin kaygı ve stres düzeylerinin, psikososyal destek gereksinimlerinin, algılanan stres düzeylerinin yüksek olduğu belirlenmiştir. Benzer şekilde yatak istirahati gereksinimi duyan gebelerin stres rahatsızlık algısı, psikososyal destek gereksinimi daha yüksektir. Eğitim düzeyi düşük olan gebelerin algılanan stres düzeyleri daha fazladır. Düzenli gebelik takibi yaptıran gebelerin özyeterlik algısı daha düşüktür ve kaygı ve stres puanları daha yüksektir. Çalışan gebelerin negatif olaylara tolerans düzeyleri daha yüksek çıkmıştır.Sonuç: Yüksek riskli gebelik, algılanan stres düzeyinin artması, psikolojik sağlamlık ve psikososyal sağlık düzeylerinin yüksek olması ile doğrudan ilişkili olabilmektedir. Gebeliği süresince hastane yatışı deneyimleyenlerin algılanan stres düzeylerinin yüksek olması, hastaneye yatışın bireylerin mevcut stres düzeyini artırmasına bağlı olabilir. Bu gebelerin psikososyal sağlık düzeyleri yüksek olsa dahi, algılanan stresi azaltmada yetersiz kalmıştır. Sonuç olarak yüksek riskli gebelerin psikolojik sağlamlık düzeylerinin desteklenmesinin ve geliştirilmesinin gebelerin bu süreci daha kolay ve sağlıklı atlatmalarında önemli bir unsur olduğu söylenebilir.
Article
Full-text available
Background: Research has consistently reported gender differences in mental health, but studies on differences in psychological well-being between women and men have not yielded conclusive results. The aim of this study was to examine the relevance of gender to the psychological well-being of adult individuals. A cross-sectional study with a sample of 1700 men and 1700 women from the general Spanish population was conducted. Their ages ranged from 21 to 64 years, and they were assessed with Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scales and the Bem Sex Role Inventory. Results: Men scored higher than women in self-acceptance and autonomy, and women scored higher than men in personal growth and positive relations with others. The most relevant variable in the psychological well-being of both women and men was high masculinity. Other relevant variables in women’s well-being were high femininity, not having a manual occupation, not being homemakers, and professional occupation. Men´s well-being also was higher in professional men and in men with a skilled non-manual occupation, men with high femininity and men who were not single, divorced or widowed. Conclusions: Adherence to traditional gender roles is relevant to the psychological well-being of women and men, and women and men whose self-concept includes both masculine-instrumental and feminine-expressive characteristics have greater well-being.