ChapterPDF Available

KÜRESEL ISINMANIN EŞİĞİNDE SÜRDÜRÜLEBİLİR TURİZM / Sustainable Tourism on the Brink of Global Warming



Atıf (Citation): Derinöz, B. (2021). Küresel Isınmanın Eşiğinde Sürdürülebilir Turizm, Çağdaş Yaklaşımlar Odağında Toplum ve Kültür Araştırmaları - II, 1. Basım, Editör: Dr. Mustafa Dinç, ISBN: 978-625-8009-67-5, Paradigma Akademi Yayınları, Çanakkale.
Küresel ısınma en basit tanımıyla beşerî faaliyetler sonucu at-
mosfere salınan gazların sera etkisi oluşturması sonucunda dünya
yüzeyinde sıcaklığın artış göstermesi ile ifade edilebilir. Mekanizma
güneşten gelen ve dünyayı ısıtan güneş ışınlarının tekrar atmosfere
yansırken su buharı, karbondioksit ve metan gazı gibi sera gazı ola-
rak tabir edilen gazlar tarafından tutulması ve yeryüzünün olması
gerekenden daha fazla ısınması şeklinde gerçekleşir. Küresel ısınma
(global warming) bilimsel dünyada 21. yüzyılın tartışmalı konuların-
dan biri olarak varlığını sürdürmektedir. Ancak küresel ısınma pra-
tikte bilimsel bir tartışma konusu olmaktan çıkmış; ekonomik, sosyal,
kültürel, jeopolitik etkileri gözlemlenmeye başlamış ve bireylerin
yaşamlarını şekillendiren bir faktör olarak ön plana çıkmıştır. Küresel
ısınmanın temel nedeni özellikle fosil yakıt tüketimleri ve ormansız-
laşma gibi süreçler sonucunda atmosferde yer alan sera gazlarının
(karbondioksit ve metan gibi gazlar) oranının artmasıdır. Son yarım
milyon yıldır atmosferdeki karbondioksit yoğunluğunun oldukça
yüksek seviyelere çıktığı bilinmektedir. Yapılan araştırmalar bu ger-
çeği gözler önüne sermektedir. Yapılan bilimsel çalışmalar son bin
yıldır dünyanın hiç olmadığı kadar ısındığını göstermektedir (Bhat-
tacharjee, 2010; Shahzad, 2015; Gössling, 2011; Korstanje ve George,
Dr., Balıkesir Üniversitesi, Fen-Edebiyat Fakültesi, Coğrafya Bölümü, Balıke-
sir/TÜRKİYE. e-posta: ORCID: 0000-0002-0427-2092.
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Full-text available
Global climate change represents a grand challenge for society, one that is increasingly influencing tourism sector investment, planning, operations, and demand. The paper provides an overview of the core challenges climate change poses to sustainable tourism, key knowledge gaps, and the state of preparedness in the tourism sector. As we begin what is widely considered a decisive climate decade, low sectoral preparedness should be highly disconcerting for the tourism community. Put bluntly, what we have done for the past 30 years has not prepared the sector for the next 30 years of accelerating climate change impacts and the transformation to a decarbonized global economy. The transition from two decades of awareness raising and ambition setting to a decade of determined collective response has massive knowledge requirements and necessitates broad sectoral commitments to: (1) improved communications and knowledge mobilization, (2) increased research capacity and interdisciplinary collaboration, and (3) strategic policy and planning engagement. We in the tourism and sustainability communities must answer this clarion call to shape the future of tourism in a decarbonized and post +3 °C world, for there can be no sustainable tourism if we fail on climate change.
Full-text available
Two phenomena that can cause large numbers of premature human deaths have gained attention in the last years: Heat waves and air pollution. These two effects have two things in common: They are closely related to climate change and they are particularly intense in urban areas. Urban areas are particular susceptible to these impacts because they can store lots of heat and have little opportunity for cooling off (also known as the urban heat island effect). In order to mitigate these impacts and to establish an environment that protects human health and improve well-being, implementation of green infrastructure – trees, green walls, and green roofs – is commonly proposed as a recipe. More trees, hedges and lawns are intuitively welcome by people living in cities for their beautifying effects, but to which degree can such greening actually counterbalance the expected effects of climate change? In this review I would like to investigate what science can offer to answer this question. see:
Full-text available
Many researchers, engineers and environmentalists are expressing deep concerns about changes in the overall climate of the planet. Fossil fuels are being continuously used to produce electricity. The burning of these fuels produces gases like carbon dioxide, methane and nitrous oxides which lead to global warming. Deforestation is also leading to warmer temperatures. The hazard of global warming is continuously causing major damage to the Earth's environment. Most people are still unaware of global warming and do not consider it to be a big problem in years to come. What most people do not understand is that global warming is currently happening, and we are already experiencing some of its withering effects. It is and will severely affect ecosystems and disturb ecological balance. Because of the treacherous effects of global warming, some solutions must be devised. The paper introduces global warming, elaborates its causes and hazards and presents some solutions to solve this hot issue. Above all, alternative energy sources (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, bio mass) need to be seriously pursued. Finding and using renewable sources of energy is one of the methods to combat the ever increasing global warming effectively.
Full-text available
Atomic properties of elements and compounds are prone to change due to fluctuation of surrounding temperature and pressure. General properties of elements and compounds are exhibiting at par with the normal temperature and pressure (NTP). As the cause of global warming, the atomic properties of elements and compounds will not behave normally as in NTP. Their characteristics and applications are subjected to evergreen changing process, since natural temperature and pressure are not remaining constant in case of global warming. Whole life pattern of the living beings will be full of complexity and not guided by any rules in case of global warming. Industries, refineries, excessive electromagnetic wave propagation through air, transport vehicles – road and airways, rapid growth of entertainment equipment like air conditioned (A.C) machine, refrigerator, television, mobile phone, computer etc are the main cause of increasing environment temperature. To solve this emerging problem, Industrialization (Industry should grow with minimum working space effecting least environment pollution) and Naturalization (Maximum portion of the earth must be covered with either agricultural green trees or clean water) have to be provided side by side and at the same time people have to minimize using all type of entertainment equipment, otherwise global warming may cause destruction of the world.
The contribution of tourism to climate change, and the likely consequences of climate change for key tourist destinations, has been well reported and discussed. Yet, there is a lack of evidence-based systematic practical advice as to how the tourism industry should respond to the challenge of climate change. Building on a sound conceptual understanding of the links between climate change and tourism, this book shows how the tourism sector might best respond. It not only focuses on the roles of supportive policies and institutions in ensuring a strong "enabling environment" for practical responses, but also on the practical responses themselves. This practical approach is presented through a large number of case studies and examples which illustrate how policy and industry initiatives have been implemented in tourism, and if or why they were successful. The majority of examples come from places such as the Caribbean, Spain, the Maldives, Nepal, and the UK, as well as Australia, New Zealand and other parts of the Pacific. The examples are presented within an overall framework that facilitates the translation of adaptation and mitigation policies into practice. This book offers the tourism industry, students and academics the opportunity to advance from the earlier, more conceptual texts on tourism and climate change by taking a much more practical approach. Its global coverage, through the use of international case studies, fosters a cross-fertilisation of ideas and initiatives. This text provides a detailed analysis of best practices in the face of climate change, across countries and geographically diverse tourist destinations and operations.
Climate change is one of the major issues facing us today and has been described as a threat greater than terrorism. As the world's largest industry tourism both contributes to and will be dramatically affected by climate change. This is the first comprehensive book-level examination of the relationship between tourism and climate change, of interest not only to students of tourism but to policy makers and the industry who will have to respond to the challenges posed. © 2005 C. Michael Hall, James Higham and the authors of individual chapters. All rights reserved.
This book discusses the tourism-climate system and provides a sound basis for those interested in tourism management and climate change mitigation, adaptation and policy. In the first three chapters, the book provides a general overview of the relationships between tourism and climate change and illustrates the complexity in four case studies that are relevant to the wide audience of tourism stakeholders. In the following seven chapters detailed discussion of the tourism and climate systems, greenhouse gas accounting for tourism, mitigation, climate risk management and comprehensive tourism-climate policies are provided. This book compiles and critically analyses the latest knowledge in this field of research and seeks to make it accessible to tourism practitioners and other stakeholders involved in tourism or climate change.