Author : Dr. Neeraj Kumar Sharma Volume-1,Issue-I,April 2022 Page 1
HOW TO WRITE AN ARTICLE/RESEARCH PAPER OF SOCIAL SCIENCE FOR PUBLICATION IN AN
Corresponding Author : Dr. Neeraj Kumar Sharma
Associate Professor,Department of Management
Email id : firstname.lastname@example.org
“Social Science researchers must publish their findings as part of their professional development. The ability to
publish effectively and productively is critical for the advancement of one's career, particularly in the social science
field. When a novice researcher receives a letter of rejection or a request for major modifications, the work of drafting
an article might seem overwhelming. Clearing up the data, selecting the right journal, matching your message to the
data, writing in the journal's format and revising according to reviewer/editor suggestions are some of the stages that
this article focuses on to help researchers who are new to publishing journal articles. There are a number of factors
that must be taken into consideration when trying to publish scientific research in a Social Science Field”.
Keywords : How to write a research article, Research paper, Scientific research paper
Steps in Writing an Article
Step -1 Clarify the data as part of the pre-writing process.
Valid data are required for publishing, regardless of the form it takes: a research report, a case study, a meta-
analysis, a subject review, or another sort of paper. An important message or statistically significant findings that
haven't been previously published in the literature are examples of "meaningful data," according to my definition of it.
What questions do I ask myself when I'm thinking of creating an article?
• Is there any significance to this information ?
• How do these findings stack up against those of previous studies ?
• Is this information still relevant ? Exactly how so ?
If you want to compare your own findings to those of others, I suggest doing a literature search on your own. When it
comes to doing research, librarians are experts in the field. By skimming or reading abstracts and articles on your
own, you may see how your data fits in with the existing body of research. Editorial board members and reviewers
seek for articles that contribute to the current body of knowledge. Look at the relevant papers' bibliographies and/or
references, as well as the archives of particular journal websites, for more citations for your article; these sources
may provide extra information.
Step-2 In this step, choose a journal that best suits your message.
The number of times a manuscript needs to be reworked and resubmitted before being accepted for publication
may be reduced by selecting the right Journal. Approximately lakhs of journals are available for publishing across the
1. More than 9000 peer-reviewed journals may be found in the Directory of Open Access Journals
2. A price for processing and publication is charged to authors of open-access journals. Open-access journals
can only be used with caution due to the prevalence of Internet frauds in this field.
3. It is possible to locate suitable publications for your research paper by referring to relevant material in your
4. Website provides a helpful tool for finding journals and articles based on the title, abstract, and keywords of
your paper. Find journals that have published in the relevant field when doing an online literature search. You
Author : Dr. Neeraj Kumar Sharma Volume-1,Issue-I,April 2022 Page 2
should choose one that hasn't been previously written an article of the same kind Journals are more likely to
reject a submission if a comparable one is already under consideration or has already been published.
3rd Step: Compare the text with the data.
Content and the kind of article are examples of matching the message to the data. There must be some kind
of connection between the study's stated hypothesis and the data given, which in turn must be connected to the
study's conclusions. The abstract's data must match the data in the text and illustrations. Although research study
procedures and previously published abstracts and posters are valuable sources of information, they should not be
copied verbatim in the report. As a rule of thumb, abstracts are meant to summarize the results of a research papers,
whereas the full publication concentrates on the most important discoveries.
The structure of the manuscript is determined by the sort of article that is being written. In addition to the
standard types of articles, such as original research, case reports, and review articles, journals also publish articles
that are specifically tailored to the journal's focus, such as articles on educational innovation or surgical technique or
technological advancements or perspectives from the field. Instructions for writers in a journal usually provide
specifics on the format of a manuscript for each kind of article. Because research studies may take many different
forms (such as a randomized controlled trial or a quality improvement study), the typical structure of Introduction,
Methods, Results, and Discussion must be strictly adhered to.
Step 4 of the Writing Process: Using a Journal Format
For journals, writers need to follow certain guidelines laid forth in their instructions for authors and the
journal's own article style. Among the most common reasons given for submission rejection by one magazine were
incorrect formatting, inability to follow guidelines, and poor writing.
It is possible to get a sense of the manuscript's format by scanning through the articles in the journal. Look
at the length of the introduction, for example, depending on the kind of content. Submit a manuscript with an
introduction that is comparable in length to those in the journal's articles, which are typically one or two paragraphs
long. Determine the reference citation format (e.g., superscript numerals or inside parentheses or square brackets)
and bibliography format (e.g., in-text citation or bibliography). Any common format may be found in the Discussion
section. Generally, journals favour the Discussion section for relating the premise and findings of the research,
discussing these findings in connection to the literature, and outlining future actions in light of the study findings. The
study's limitations and the study's findings are often the last sections of a paper.
Step 5: Make revisions in light of editor/reviewer feedback
The manuscript revision request comes after the paper has been submitted. Publication editors often give
comments to authors who have their manuscripts rejected, which may be used to improve the work before
resubmitting it to another journal. Before a piece is accepted for publishing in a journal, editors may ask for a few
changes to the text. Multiple pages of requested adjustments or requests for further statistical analysis or better data
might be intimidating when requesting revisions. At this point, I advocate allowing the reviewers' suggestions to take
precedence over your own. A revision request should only be arbitrated if the proposed modification is found to be
incorrect in terms of fact or science. Professional and suitable tone and language should be used in the reply in the
cover letter. A common cause for a submission's demise is its inability to be revised and resubmitted.
Writing effectively requires a high level of precision. Aim for short, declarative phrases that are written in an
engaging way. Clarity may be achieved by cutting out unnecessary adjectives, adverbs, and sentences.
When trying to publish in a language other than the writers' native tongue, editing for clarity becomes much
more difficult. Many reviewers for English-language social science publications refuse to a poorly-written paper in
these journals. A wide range of services are available from professional writers, editors, and translators at affordable
prices. Journal editors and publishers are OK with the use of these professional services if they are stated in the
Acknowledgement section of the submission.
Author : Dr. Neeraj Kumar Sharma Volume-1,Issue-I,April 2022 Page 3
Scientific structure for writing an academic journal article
Title , Keywords ,Abstract, introduction, body and conclusion
Your article's title is one of the first things readers will see to get a sense of your work and ideas. Write something that
is succinct while being truthful and informative. Include keywords in the title, but avoid using acronyms and equations
in the description.
When writing a journal article, you need to choose keywords that you want your article to rank for in the search
engines. The use of keywords in your article's title and meta-description helps search engine users find it while
looking for information.
The goal of your abstract is to communicate the most important findings from your study in a succinct and
understandable manner. The abstract is the first thing your viewers see, therefore it must be carefully drafted. To
describe your journal paper, you should write an abstract that is no more than 300 words long.
Although acknowledgments may seem insignificant, they are a vital part of your journal publication. Those who are
not co-authors, but contributed intellectually, financially, or in some other capacity to your paper, should be mentioned
in this section. Your credibility as a writer will soar if you give credit where credit is due in your academic writing by
acknowledging other scholars' contributions. For your readers, this may be a helpful tool in their own research
When creating a paper, the opening is essential. Besides introducing your subject and your position on the issue in
the larger academic area, an introduction also (places/ contextualizes) your argument.
Where your most important arguments and proof may be found is in the main body. In each paragraph, there will be a
distinct theme that connects each paragraph.
Conclusions are interpretations of your findings, and they should rank all of your key ideas from the body of the
paper, from most to least important. This section will not introduce any new ideas.
A list of citations and references
References and citations should be balanced, up-to-date, and relevant to the topic at hand. To be safe, try to limit the
number of sources you use to those published within the last ten years. It's important that the papers you quote are
directly relevant to your research issue.
1. Council of Biology Editors, Committee on Graduate Training in Scientific Writing (1968) Scientific Writing for
Graduate Students: A Manual on the Teaching of Scientific Writing. New York: Rockefeller University Press. (This was
subsequently revised, see Woodford below.)
2. Day, R.A.(1998) How to Write and Publish a Scientific Paper, 5th Edition. Phoenix: Oryx Press. Fischer, B.A.,
Zigmond, M.J.(2004) Components of a Research Article. www.survival.pitt.edu.
3. Institute for Scientific Information. www.isinet.com Sides, C.(1991) How to Write and Present Technical Information.
USA: Oryx Press.
4. Woodford, F.P.(1999) How to Teach Scientific Communication. Reston, VA: Council of Biology Editors.