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A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of the south-eastern Baltic region (Lithuania and the Kaliningrad Region)

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A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) of the south-eastern Baltic region (Lithuania and the Kaliningrad Region)

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The paper presents, for the first time, a review of species composition and distribution of the Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 subfamily (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in the south-eastern Baltic region. A total of more than 600 records were analyzed and more than 800 specimens were examined. In this region, the subfamily is confirmed to be represented by four tribes, five genera, and seven species. Previous records (published notifications) of Nothorhina punctata (F.) were not confirmed in the region. The information on the ocurrence, natural history, and zoogeography for nine species found and expected to be found in the region is presented in the paper. Local distribution of six species is mapped.
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BIOLOGIJA. 2022. Vol. 68. No. 1. P. 14–34
© Lietuvos mokslų akademija, 2022
Afaunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-
Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)
of thesouth-eastern Baltic region (Lithuania
and theKaliningrad Region)
*Corresponding author. Email: dromius@yahoo.com
VytautasTamutis1,2*,
Vitalii Alekseev3
e author dissociates himself
from Russian politics
1*Kaunas Tadas Ivanauskas
Zoological Museum, Laisvėsal. 106,
Kaunas 44253, Lithuania
2Vytautas Magnus University,
Kaunas Botanical Garden, Ž.E.Žiliberog.6,
Kaunas 46324, Lithuania
3 Kaliningrad Regional Amber Museum,
Marshal Vasilevskii Square 1,
236016 Kaliningrad, Russia
e paper presents, for therst time, areview of species composi-
tion and distribution of theSpondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832
subfamily (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) in thesouth-eastern Baltic
region. Atotal of more than 600 records were analyzed and more
than 800 specimens were examined. In this region, thesubfamily is
conrmed to be represented by four tribes, ve genera, and seven
species. Previous records (published notications) of Nothorhina
punctata (F.) were not conrmed in theregion. einformation
on theocurrence, natural history, and zoogeography for nine spe-
cies found and expected to be found in theregion is presented in
thepaper. Local distribution of six species is mapped.
Keywords: Spondylidinae, Cerambycidae, Lithuania, Kaliningrad
Region, annotated catalogue, faunistic review
INTRODUCTION
e longhorn beetles of theSpondylidinae subfam-
ily possess aspecic lifestyle and morphological fea-
tures. eadults of theEuropean species are exter-
nally characterised by thefollowing combination of
characters: (1)head in most cases is not constricted
posteriorly, without prominent temples; (2)anten-
nal sockets broadly separated, antennae relatively
short, never reach theapex of elytra; (3)elytra with
parallel lateral sides, apices rounded; (4)fourth tar-
sal segment usually very small, (5)when present,
the stridulatory apparatus of mesonotum usu-
ally possesses amedial furrow (Spondylis), and (6)
thepronotum is in most cases barrel-shaped, with
rounded lateral sides (Bily, Mehl, 1989; Danilevski,
2014; Monnéetal., 2017). Although themajority of
Spondylidinae are nocturnal or active in dusk, they
are rarely attracted by articial light. elarvae de-
velop mainly in dead wood, rarely in sick or freshly
fallen coniferous trees (Sama, 2002; Monnéet al.,
2017). Some species are considered important
secondary pests of Piceaspp. and Pinus spp. trees,
making this group of beetles important for forestry
and management of harvested wood products (Iz-
hevskiietal., 2005; Haack, 2017).
e subfamily Spondylidinae is a compara-
tively small group of longhorn beetles, but its
15
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
taxonomy is still in dispute (Nie et al., 2021).
e subfamily comprises about 160 species
distributed mainly in thePalaearctic, Nearctic,
Neotropical, and Afrotropical realms (Monné,
2006; Tavakilian, Chevillotte, 2018; Bezark,
2020; Danilevski, 2022a), which are grouped
in seven tribes worldwide in modern classica-
tion (Danilevsky, 2022a). erepresentatives of
four tribes (Asemini, Nothorhinini, Spondyli-
dini, and Tetropini) inhabit thestudied area.
e studies devoted to this group of long-
horn beetles are not numerous. Before, no spe-
cial attention was paid to these longhorns, ex-
cept some Tetropium species (Lynikienė etal.,
2021), in thesouth-eastern Baltic region [Lithu-
ania (LT) and Kaliningrad Region (KR)]. Some
scarce faunistic information is scattered in sev-
eral papers (Zawadzki, 1937; Staniulisówna,
1939; Mazurowa, Mazur, 1939; Pileckis, 1958,
1963; Pileckis, Monsevičius, 1997; Tamutis, Zo-
lubas, 2001; Ivinskisetal., 2009; Alekseev, 2007;
Ostrauskas, Tamutis, 2012; Alekseev, Shapoval,
2016; etc.). Eight species (seven species for LT
and eight for KR) of thesubfamily are listed as
representatives of thelocal fauna in checklists of
thespecies (Alekseev, Sakhnov, 2002; Alekseev,
2007; Tamutisetal., 2011) according to thelo-
cal data and theinformation catalogued by Ber-
cio and Folwaczny (1979). However, theactual
faunistic data and specics of thedistribution of
thespecies in theregion have been insuciently
published or not published at all.
e aim of our study was acritical sum-
marization of all published and unpublished
faunistic information, with a compilation of
an annotated catalogue and distribution maps
of the species of Spondylidinae that occur in
thesouth-eastern Baltic region. Also, we con-
sidered it useful to include brief information
on the biology and the general distribution
of thesubfamily and to comment on some of
thefaunistic peculiarities of thetaxa.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
All theavailable data on therecords of Spon-
dylidinae from Lithuania and theKaliningrad
Region are included in thestudy. esystem-
atic names and classication follow Danilevs-
ky (2022a). etribes, genera, and species are
arranged alphabetically. e data concerning
the geographical distribution were deduced
from Danilevsky (2014, 2022a), Peña et al.
(2007), Sama, Rapuzzi (2011), Özdikmen
(2007), Rassietal. (2015), Cherepanov (1979),
Lindhe et al. (2010), Du (2016), Aleksand-
rowiczetal. (1996), Sama (2002), Ilić, Ćurčić
(2015), Dunskis, Barševskis (2018), Bezark
(2021), Tatarinova et al. (2007), and others
cited respectively in the text below. e data
concerning thebiology were deduced particu-
larly from Demelt (1966), Cherepanov (1979),
Švácha (1989), Bily, Mehl (1989), Burakows-
ki et al. (1990), Ehnström, Axelsson (2002),
Sláma (1998), and Danilevsky (2014).
especies found (based on reliable records
conrmed according to voucher material) in
theregion are listed herein without qualifying
marks; thespecies that were mentioned in pub-
lished sources but still lack actual information
on their occurrence in the region are marked
with aquestion mark (?); thespecies that still do
not occur in theregion but are expected (pos-
sible) in theterritory are marked with aspecial
symbol (). eactual faunistic information is
presented by: district names (acronyms, which
are explaned in Fig.1), thegeographic name of
thelocality of collection or observation, thedate
of collection or observation (day, month, and
year), collecting peculiarities (if present),
thenumber of collected or observed specimens,
and the initials of collectors (col.) or observ-
ers (obs.). eexamined material is deposited
in the collections of Kaunas Tadas Ivanauskas
Zoological Museum (KZM), Viešvilė Strict Na-
ture Reserve (administration), the Institute of
Forestry of theLithuanian Research Centre for
Agriculture and Forestry, theprivate collection
of Rimantas Butvila, and theprivate collection
of Vitalii I. Alekseev. e annotated photo-
graphs of thespecimens, including those posted
on the websites https://www.inaturalist.org/
and https://macrogamta.lt//lt, were examined
and observations were used herein as faunis-
tic data and are marked with a special symbol
(). ethreatened category (EU) of species
16 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
Fig.1. Map of Lithuania (LT) and Kaliningrad region, Russia (KR) with grid of administrative districts; LT:
Akm–Akmenė; Alyt–Alytus; Anyk–Anykščiai; B–Birštonas; Bir–Biržai, Drus–Druskininkai; El–Elektrėnai;
Ign–Ignalina (including Visaginas); Jona–Jonava; Joni–Joniškis; Jurb–Jurbarkas; Kaiš–Kašiadorys; Kal–Kal-
varija; Kau–Kaunas; Kel–Kelmė; Kėd–Kėdainiai; Klai–Klaipėda; K.R.–Kazlų Rūda; Kre–Kretinga, Kup–
Kupiškis; Laz–Lazdijai; Mar–Marijampolė; Maž–Mažeikiai; Mol–Molėtai; Ner–Neringa; Pag–Pagėgiai;
Pak–Pakruojis; Pal–Palanga; Pan–Panevėžys; Pas–Pasvalys; Plu–Plungė; Prie–Prienai; Rad–Radviliškis;
Ras–Raseiniai; Rie–Rietavas; Rok–Rokiškis; Sku–Skuodas; Šak–Šakiai; Šal–Šalčininkai; Šiau–Šiauliai;
Šila–Šilalė, Šilu–Šilutė; Širv–Širvintos; Šven–Švenčionys; Tau–Tauragė; Tel–Telšiai; Trak–Trakai; Ukm–
Ukmergė; Ut–Utena; Var–Varėna; Vilk–Vilkaviškis; Viln–Vilnius; Zar–Zarasai; KR: Bagr–Bagrationovsk;
Balt–Baltiysk; Cher–Cherniakhovsk; Gur–Gur’evsk (including Kaliningrad); Gus–Gusev; Gvar–Gvardeysk;
Kras–Krasnoznamensk; Nem–Neman (including Sovetsk); Nest–Nesterov; Oz–Ozersk; Pol–Polessk; Prav–
Pravdinsk; Slav–Slavsk; Svet–Svetlogorsk; Zel–Zelenogradsk (including Svetly). eareas where thespecies
of Spondylidinae were recorded are coloured
included in theIUNC Red List of Saproxylic bee-
tles (Cálixetal., 2018) is indicated by thesame
acronyms in thesubchapter paragraphs.
e examined material was collected or
observed by: Anna Drotikova (AD), Agnė
Našlėnienė (AN), Aleksandras Meržijevskis
(AM), †Alfonsas Palionis (AP), Anita Pikčė
(APi), Artūras Gedminas (AG), Arūnas Juk-
nevičius (AJu), Anna Smirnova (AS), Ana tolii
Shapoval (ASh), Boris Belchev (BB); †Bro-
nislaw Houwald (BH), †Bronius Jakaitis (BJ),
Brigita Nauburienė (BN), Darius Baužys (DB),
Darius Gransbergis (DG), Daria Gure vich
(DGu), Deividas Makavičius (DM), Donatas
Stanionis (DSt), †Elena Gaidienė (EG), Elvyra
Mikšytė (EMi), Gaudas Morkūnas (GMr), Ge-
diminas Petkus (GPe), Giedrius Markevičius
(GM), Giedrius Švitra (GŠ), Gintaras Pe-
čiukonis (GPč), Gintautas Steiblys (GS), †Hen-
rikas Ostrauskas (HO), Ina Unčiurienė (IU),
Indrė Gudelytė (IG), Justina Jankevičienė (JJ),
Jolanta Radevič-Sakalauskienė (JRS), Juo-
zas Dūda (JD), Jurgis Žižys (JŽ), Karolina
Krištopaitytė (KKr), Kazimieras Martinaitis
17
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
(KM), Kęstutis Jarmalavičius (KJ), Kęstutis
Kišonas (KK), Ksenia Parfenenko (KP), Kris-
tina Valinčienė (KVa), Lina Mitkevičienė
(LMi), Lina Straigytė (LSt), Lukas Rekevičius
(LRe), Mantas Jancevičius (MJ), Michail Fe-
doruk (MF), Maria Pustovaia (MP), Modes-
tas Ružauskas (MR), Nida Asad (NA), Nijolė
Jasonienė (NJ), Nikolai Mavrov (NM), Oskaras
Venckus (OV), Paulius Zolubas (PZ), Povilas
Ivinskis (PI), †Povilas Rėklaitis (PRė), Radvilė
Kuodytė (RKu), Ramunė Paliakaitė (RPa), Rasa
Pečiulionytė (RPe), Rimantas Butvila (RB), Ri-
mantas Pankevičius (RP), Rimantas Stankūnas
(RSt), Rimvydas Gaidys (RG), Romas Ferenca
(RF), Rytis Arbačiauskas (RA); Samanta Šopytė
(SŠo), Saulius Karalius (SK), †Simonas Pilec-
kis (SP), thestudents of theformer Lithuanian
Agricultural Academy (LAAst), the students
of Vytautas Magnus University (VMUst), Ta-
das Petrikas (TP), Tomas Pocius (TPo), Tomas
Tarvainis (TT), Vaidas Abakas (VAb), Viktorija
Kalinauskienė (VKl), Vitalii Alekseev (VA),
Vitalijus Ba čianskas (VB), Vytautas Inokaitis
(VI), Viktoria Rozhina (VR), Vytautas Tamutis
(VT), Vytautas Uselis (VU), Zina Jokšienė (ZJ),
Zita Pajaujytė (ZP); Žygimantas Obelevičius
(ŽO), and Žilvinas Pūtys (ŽP).
Examined or reviewed materials were col-
lected in the territories of 50 administrative
districts of LT and 13 administrative districts of
KR (Fig.1).
e gridding of the maps of Lithuania is
based on the borders of administrative dis-
tricts according to the ‘Law of the Repub-
lic of Lithuania on the Administrative Units
and eir Borders, No. I–558, 19 July 1994
(https://www.e-tar.lt/portal/lt/legalAct/
TAR.0120FD7BCFFC/ZhxPsGFEbL). e mu-
nicipality of Visaginas is marked as Ignalina
district. emunicipalities of thecities of Aly-
tus, Kaunas, Klaipėda, Panevėžys, and Vilnius
are treated together with corresponding dis-
tricts. Geographical names follow those listed
in thedocument of theNational Land Service
under the Ministry of Agriculture of the Re-
public of Lithuania ‘Regulation on theUsage
of Geographical Names in Maps’, No.1P-15, 3
February 2004 (https://e-seimas.lrs.lt/portal/
legalAct/lt/TAD/TAIS.227707). e names of
reserves follow those listed in theregulations
of theState Service for Protected Areas under
the Ministry of Environment of the Repub-
lic of Lithuania (http://www.vstt.lt/VI/index.
php#r/57).
e following information, divided into
seven paragraphs, is given for each species:
(1)thescientic name; (2)actual faunistic in-
formation (3)faunistic data published in scien-
tic papers, monographs and check-lists (the
taxonomic names another that accepted here,
but mentioned in previous publications are
listed in brackets); (4)abrief review thegeneral
distribution; (5)abrief review of thebiology;
(6) detalized local occurrence and phenology;
(7)comments, including details of species dis-
tribution, taxonomic interpretation, listing in
IUCN Red Lists.
e comparative estimation scale was used
for species distribution (widely or locally dis-
tributed) and species abundance (abundant
or rare) in thecountries that individually fol-
low thescheme suggested by Gutowski (1995)
and adapted by Tamutis and Alekseev (2020).
e values of thresholds numbers of districts
and records for categorisation of the species
have been identied according to theformulas
Vd=N≥3/2;
Vr=Vd×2,
where Vd –value of threshold number of dis-
tricts; Vr–value of threshold number of records;
N≥3–number of districts where three or more
species of Spondylidinae were detected.
In thecase of this study, thevalue of threshold
number of districts was detected 14 for LT and
six for KR, thevalue of threshold number of re-
cords 28 and six, respectively (Fig.2). All kinds
of actual records (published, photographed, or
detected from collections) were used in this es-
timation. erecords made from thesame place
(locality) within ve days or with use of single
trap were regarded as asingle record.
18 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
Fig.2. Graphic interpretation of
the distribution and abundance
of Spondylidinae (Cerambyci-
dae) in the south-eastern Baltic
region: w-a–widely distributed,
abundant; w-r–widely distribut-
ed, rare; l-a–locally distributed,
abundant; l-r – locally distrib-
uted, rare
RESULTS
Annotated checklist of Spondylidinae (Cer-
ambycidae) of theterritory of south-eastern
Baltic region
Family CERAMBYCIDAE Latreille, 1802
Subfamily Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville,
1832
Tribe Asemini omson, 1861
Genus Arhopalus Audinet-Serville, 1834=
Criocephalus Dejean, 1835
A.rusticus (Linnaeus, 1758)=tristis (Fab-
ricius, 1787)
Examined actual data. LT: Akm: Akmenė
district, 17.07.1961, 1, SP; Alyt: Žuvinto bi-
osferos rezervatas, 19.06.2021, 1 , TPo;
Nemunaičio miškas, 26.09.2021, 1 (dead speci-
men) , AJu; Anyk: Katlėriai, 07.07.1984,
1, SK; ibidem, 22.07.1992, 1, SK; ibidem,
08.07.1996, 1, SK; Drus: Ger dašiai, 13.07.1999,
1, RF; Viečiūnų miškas, 03.07.2015, 1, VI; ibi-
dem, 05.08.2016, 2, VI; ibidem, 10.07.2017, 1,
VI; ibidem, 02.08.2017, 1, VI; Jona: Gaižiūnų
miškas, 11.08.2015, 1, VI; Jonava, 25.07.2021,
1 , IU; Joni: Bariūnai, 25.07.2001, 1, RB; ibi-
dem, 26.07.2004, 1, RB; ibidem, 03.08.2005, 1,
RB; Darginiai, 19.07.2010, 1, RB; Girdžiūnai,
08.08.2004, 1, RB; ibidem, 01.07.2009, 1, RB; Ju-
odeikiai, 24.07.1998, 1, RB; Skakai, 02.08.2004, 1,
JD; Skilvioniai, 05.08.2019, 1, RSt; Jurb: Liepgirių
miškas, 26.07.1977, 1, RJ; ibidem, 01.08.1979,
1, BJ; ibidem, 21.08.1979, 1, BJ; Pašaltuonio
miškas, 17.07.2010, 1, VB; Viešvilė, 01.08.2000,
1, RF; K.R.: Agurkiškė forest directorate,
–.08.1961, 1, SP; Braziūkų miškas, 20.07.2014,
1 , GS; Jūrės miškas, 20.07.1956, 3, SP; Kaiš:
Aviliai, 07.09.2012, 1, NJ; Kruonis, 28.08.1976,
1, AM; ibidem, 16.07.2021, 1 , RPe; Pašuliai,
20.07.2020, 1 , MR; Pravieniškės, 07.07.2015,
1, VB; Strošiūnų miškas, 06.09.2009, 1, DSt;
Triliškės, 03.08.2008, 1, DSt; Triliškių miškas,
15.07.2007, 2, VB; Kau: Braziūkai, 03.07.2015,
1, VT; ibidem, 27.07.2015, 1, VT; ibidem,
17.08.2016, 1, VT; ibidem, 22-27.06.2018, 2, VT;
ibidem, 11.06.2019, 1, VT; Dievogala (Palankiai),
09.07.1934, 1, PRė; ibidem, 01.08.1935, 1, PRė;
Dubravos miškas, 14.08.1981, 1, RF; ibidem,
26.06.1999, 1, RF; Ežerėlis, 06.08.1982, 1, RF;
Kačerginė, 04.08.1969, 1, EG; Kamšos miškas,
12.07.1996, 1, VT; Karmėlava, 28.06.2008, 1,
VI; Karmėlavos miškas, 03.08.2008, 1, VI; Kau-
nas (Centras), 30.06.2017, 1 , RF; Kaunas
(Kleboniškio miškas), –.07.1955, 1, SP; Kau-
nas (Panemunė), 17.06.1937, 1, AP; Kaunas
(Žaliakalnis), 03.08.2015, 1, VI; Kulautuva,
05.06.1936, 1, PRė; Kuras, 12.07.1963, 1, EG;
Neveronys, 19.07.2010, 1, VI; Papiškinės miškas,
19
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
10.07.2018, 2, VT; Turžėnų miškas, 26.07.2012,
1, VI; Zapyškio miškas, 2001.07.15, reared from
Pinus sylvestris log, 1, VT; Kel: Šonos miškas,
24.07.2011, 2, VT; Kėd: Kėdainiai district, –.–
.1961, 1, SP; Klai: Kairiai, 06.10.1993, 1, SK;
Klaipėda, 20.07.1991, 1, SK; Pėžaičiai, 08.07.1995,
1, SK; Kre: Mažučių miškas, 30.09.2021, stem of
Pinus sylvestris 3 (larvae), VT; Kup: Subačius,
–.07.1958, 1, SP; Šimonių miškas, 20.07.1991,
1, RP; Laz: Kalniškės miškas, 10.08.1963, 1,
SP; Mol: Molėtai district, –,07.1963, 1, SP; Ner:
Juodkrantė, 23.06.2012, 1 , TT; ibidem,
03.08.2015, 1, RF; Pak: Lauksodis, 24.08.1960,
1, SP; Pas: Krikliniai, 14.07.2007, 1, VB; Prie:
Prienų šilas, –.08.1958, 1, SP; Rad: Baisogala,
–.06.1963, 1, SP; Šak: Lekėčiai, 12-18.07.1999,
light trap, 1, RF; ibidem, 19–25.07.1999, light
trap, 2, RF; ibidem, 26.07.–23.08.1999, light trap,
4, RF; miškas Juškinė, 14.07.2006, 1, RF; ibidem,
07.08.2015, 1 , RF; ibidem, 09.07.2017, 1,
RF; miškas Rūdšilis, 13.07.1996, 3, VT; Tervy-
doniai, 05.08.2015, 1, RF; ibidem, 28.08.2017,
1, RF; Šiau: Paširvio miškas, 16.02.2020, un-
der bark of Pinus sylvestris, 2 (dead speci-
mens), VT; Šven: Budriai, 19.07.2014, 1 ,
GM; Pakretuonės miškas, 13.08.2017, 1 ,
ŽP; ibidem, 03.09.2019, 1 , AJu; Prūdiškė,
04.08.2016, 1 , GM; Sariai, 24.06.2021, 1
, obs. unknown; Vilkaslastis, 02.08.2020, 1
, GS; Tau: Eičių miškas, 12.09.2021, 1 ,
RPa; Pasalupis, 20.06.2011, 1 , GS; Sakalynės
miškas, 21.06.2011, 1 , RF; Viešvilės vals-
tybinis gamtinis rezervatas, 31.07.2006, 1, RF;
ibidem, 20.06.2011, 1, RF; Viešvilės valstybinis
gamtinis rezervatas, Titnagų kalnai, 10.07.2008,
1, RF; Ukm: Verškainių miškas, 23.07.2020,
1 , KJ; ibidem, 30.08.2021, 1 , KJ; Var :
Biniūnai I, 22.06.1939, 1, AP; Čepkelių valstybi-
nis gamtinis rezervatas, 05.06.1984, 1, RF; ibi-
dem, 25.06.1985, 1, RF; ibidem, 13.07.1985, 1,
FR; Grybaulios miškas, 03.07.2019, 1, KM;
Gudų giria, 25.08.2016, 1 , KM; Karaviškės,
17.08.2017, 1, VI; Lavyso miškas, 14.07.2021,
1, obs. unknown; Merkinė, 09.07.2011, 1, RF;
Razumnos miškas, 1 , MJ; Užuožerės miškas,
24.08.2016, 1, RF; ibidem, 01.06.2017, 1, RF; Viln:
Maišiagala (Kalniškės), 04.08.2007, 1, PI; ibi-
dem, 15.08.2009, 1, PI; ibidem, 15.–25.07.2010,
2, PI; ibidem, 27.08.2011, 1, PI; Pikeliškių
miškas, 19.06.1983, 1, ZP; Vyteniškių miškas,
09.08.2018, 1 , ŽP; Zar: Vaikučiai, 28.06.2020,
1 , LRe. KR: Bagr: Ul’ianovka, 11.07.2017, 1,
VA; Kras: Dolzhanskoe, 04.07.1997, 2, VA; ibi-
dem, 08.07.1997, 1, VA; ibidem, 06.07.1999,
1, NM; Pol: Saranskoe, 18.07.2021, 1 , MP;
Nest: Pugachevo, –.08.1995, 1, VA (observed);
Slav: Gastellovo, 24.07.2015, 2, AD; Zel: 3 km
NE Zelenogradsk, 13.06.2009, 1, VA; ibidem,
06.07–31.08.2009, pitfall trap near Pinus sylves-
tris, 3, VA; Rybachii, 13.07.2010, 1, VA; 23 km of
theCuronian Spit, 07.07–21.08.2009, light trap,
8, ASh; ibidem, 12.07–12.08.2010, light trap, 10,
ASh; ibidem, 10.07.2011, light trap, 1, ASh.; ibi-
dem, 26.07–17.09.2012, 10, ASh; ibidem, 06.07–
17.09.2015, light trap, 17, ASh; Riabinovka,
25.07.2021, 2, VR.
Published local records. LT: is species
was reported as common and numerous in
theenvirons of Vilnius in theperiod of 1922–
1934 by Zawadzki (1937) (Criocephalus). It was
listed as found in theCurronian Spit (Schwar-
zort) by Lentz (1879) (Criocephalus). espe-
cies was ranked as very common and noted
as distributed throughout the country by Pi-
leckis, Monsevičius (1997). However, theactual
faunistic information was given on theoccur-
rence of this species only in Kaunas, Palanga,
Rokiškis (Ferenca, 2006), Kazlų Ruda, Trakai
(Pileckis, 1958), Alytus (Zajančkauskas, Pi-
leckis, 1968), Elektrėnai, Ignalina, Švenčionys,
and Vilnius (Ostrauskas, 2020) districts. KR:
is species was reported by Bercio, Folwaczny
(1979) as frequent in Pinus dominated forests
in theterritory (Criocephalus); Alekseev, Sakh-
nov, 2002 (Criocephalus); Alekseev, 2007; Alek-
seev, Shapoval, 2011; 2012; 2016; 2019.
General distribution. especies is distrib-
uted throughout the Palaearctic region from
Iberia and Great Britain to theFar East, Korean
peninsula, eastern provinces of China, and Ja-
pan. especies is widely distributed in Europe,
from thecoast of Mediterranean Sea to 68° N
in Scandinavia and 63° N in European Rus-
sia. Also, it was discovered in Marocco (Sama,
2002), introduced in North America (Bous-
quetetal., 2017), Argentina (Lópezetal., 2008),
20 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
and Australia (Wang, Leschen, 2003). ebeetle
belongs to one of themost widespread species of
thelonghorn beetles (Rossa, Goczał, 2021) and,
being distributed in ve biogeographic realms,
is single cosmopolitan representative of thesub-
family in thepresent-day world.
Notes on biology. especies is polyphago-
us on coniferous trees, but prefers pines (Pinus)
and rarely inhabits Picea, Larix, Abies and Juni-
perus trees. elarvae develop in dead wood,
most oen stumps, stems, or shallow roots dur-
ing aperiod of at least three years. ey make
galleries deep in thewood, occasionally can also
damage structural woods; pupation in wood in
May–July. Adults usually appear in June–Au-
gust, they are nocturnal, frequently attracted to
light, do not feed additionally. Arhopalus rusti-
cus was resently identied as apotential carrier
of pine wood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylo-
philus, in China (Wangetal., 2021).
Local occurrence and phenology. is spe-
cies is widely distributed in theregion and is
trustworthy recorded from 39 districts (Fig.3).
emaximum of recorded adults was in July–
August, theearliest record on 20 May, thelatest
on 6 October.
Comments. IUCN Red List Category
(EU)–LC.
A. ferus (Mulsant, 1839)
Examined actual data. LT: Drus: Drus-
kininkai, –.07.1959, 1, SP (KZM); Var : Varėna
district, 12–22.08.1936, 5, AP (KZM); ibidem
–.06–08.1959, 2, SP (KZM). KR: No material is
available.
Published local records. LT: is species
was reported as frequent in the environs of
Vilnius in theperiod of 1922–1934 by Zawadz-
ki (1937) (Criocephalus polonicus Motsch.).
e actual faunistic information is given on
theoccurrence of this species in Vilnius (Staniu-
lisówna, 1939), Druskininkai, Kazlų Rūda,
Varėna (Pileckis, 1963), and Palanga (Ferenca,
2006) districts. KR: Lentz, 1879 (ferus Kraatz
epibata Schiödt); this species was reported by
Bercio, Folwaczny (1979) as infrequent in Pinus
dominated forests in theterritory ((Criocepha-
lus tristis F. ( ferus Muls.)).
General distribution. especies is distrib-
uted in western Palaearctic region from Iberia
and Great Britain to eastern Siberia. enorth-
ern border of the distribution range goes to
southern Sweden (Upsala environs), Finland
(South Savo), Estonia, Leningrad region, Komi
Republic (Syktyvkar). It is widely distributed in
central and southern Europe, Caucasus, Anato-
lia, theNear East, is also known in northern Af-
rica, northern China, introduced in Australia,
New Zealand, and probably in South America
(posted data in Inaturalist.org: https://www.in-
aturalist.org/observations/67580946).
Notes on biology. elife cycle and host
plants of this species are regarded to be very
similar to the species described above. How-
ever, Bíly, Mehl (1989) pointed to the prefer-
ence of this species for stumps and thick shal-
low roots; it oen lives together with Asemum
striatum in thesame habitat. Moreover, A.ferus
has a higher preference to pines damaged by
re (Sucklingetal., 2001). elarvae make gal-
leries deep in thewood; pupation usually takes
place in thewood of roots, in May–July. Adults
usually appear in June–August, they are noctur-
nal, frequently are attracted to light, do not feed
additionally. elife span is two years in south-
ern regions and up to four years in thenorthern
part of thedistribution range of this species.
Local occurrence and phenology. It ap-
pears to be very rare; although it is still record-
ed in ve districts (Fig.3), all records are more
than 50 years old. We could not conrm there-
cords from Palanga, Vilnius (LT), and Gur’evsk
(KR) districts, because there was no voucher
material. emaximum of recorded adults was
in July–August, theearliest record on 20June,
thelatest on 22September.
Comments. elast few decades have seen
thedecline of this species in northern Europe,
with no recent records in Sweden (Lindheetal.,
2010), Latvia (Dunskis, 2019) and Lithuania.
especies is endangered in Finland and Esto-
nia. An earlier report of this species from Kazlų
Rūda district (Agurkiškė forest directorate) (Pi-
leckis, 1963) was based on misidentications
and related to A.rusticus in this paper. IUCN
Red List Category (EU)–LC.
21
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
Genus Asemum Eschscholtz, 1830
A.striatum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Examined actual data. Alyt: Alytus,
07.07.1964, 1, SP; Joni: Bariūnai, 05–08.05.2000,
2, RB; Plikiškiai, 08.06.1999, 1, RB; Satkūnai,
27.05.1998, 1, RB; ibidem, 01.06.1999, 1, RB;
ibidem, 15.05.2000, 1, RB; Skakai, 13.05.2003, 1,
RB; ibidem, 05.05.2004, 1, RB; Jurb: Smalininkai,
07.05.1970, 1, BJ; ibidem, 26–28.05.1970, 2,
BJ; ibidem, 11.06.1970, 1, BJ; K.R.: Braziūkų
miškas, 20.04.2017, 1, VT; Kazlų Rūda,
04.06.1959, 1, SP; Kaiš: Bačkonys, 10.05.2008,
1, VB; Kruonis, –.07.1968, 1, AM; Pravieniškės,
04.06.1989, 1, AM; Strėvininkų miškas,
18.05.2006, 1, RF; Strošiūnų miškas, 26.05.2009,
1, DSt; Kau: Braziūkai, 15.07.2017, 1, VT; ibi-
dem, 06.05.2019, on ower of Taraxacum ssp.,
1, VT; ibidem, 08–18.05.2019, on cutted wood
of Pinus sylvestris, 9, VT; ibidem, 04.06.2019,
4, VT; Dievogala (Palankiai), 28.05.1935, 1,
PRė; ibidem, 15.06.1936, 1, PRė; Dubravos
miškas, 09.06.1955, 4, SP; ibidem, 09.07.1956,
1, SP; ibidem, 26.05.1985, 2, RF; ibidem,
01.06.1985, 1, FR; ibidem, 25.05.1986, 1, RF;
ibidem, 08.06.1986, 1, RF; ibidem, 20.05.2017,
1 , GS; Kačerginė, 10.08.1966, 1, EG; Lo-
mankos miškas, 26.04.2014, 1, VI; Klai: Giru-
liai, 12.06.1990, 1, SK; Smiltynė, 12.06.1998, 1,
SK; Kup: Drūlėnai, –.–.1992, RP; Lazd: Šeštokai,
04.07.2005, 1, HO; Mol: Pabiržė, –.06.1963,
1, SP; Ner: Juodkrantė, 29.05.2011, 2, VMUst;
ibidem, 02.06.2011, 1, RF; ibidem, 16.05.2014,
1  , TT; ibidem, 25.05.2015, 1, TT; ibi-
dem, 19.05.2016, 1 , TT; ibidem, 18.05.2017,
1 , TT; ibidem, 21.05.2018, 1 , TT; ibidem,
19–20.05.2019, 2 , TT; Nida, 19.05.1993, 1,
SK; Pervalka, 04.06.2007, 1, VA; Pas: Butniūnų
miškas, 13.06.2006, 2, VB; Rinkūnų miškas,
18.05.2006, 2, VB; Žalioji giria, 14.05.2007, 1,
VB; Plu: Stirbaičiai, 09.06.2021, 1 , ZJ; Prie:
Bačkininkų miškas, 23.06.1984, 1, RF; Rok:
Juodupė, 13.06.2020, 1 , GS; 14.06.2020, on
Pinus sylvestris, 2, VT; Rokiškis, 16.06.1964,
1, SP; Šak: Kriūkai, 15.05.1993, 1, RF; miškas
Juškinė, 21.06.2003, 1, RF; ibidem, 13.05.2006,
1, RF; Šakiai, 10.06.1963, 1, SP; Ukm: Šaltupio
miškas, 10–16.05.2008, 3, TP; Vytinėlės miškas,
18.05.2008, 1, TP; Var: Biniūnai (Baudieriškis),
01.06.1939, 1, AP; Čepkelių valstybinis gamtinis
rezervatas, 25.06.1985, 1, RF; Viln: Kairėnai,
25.05.2021, 1 , GPe; Maišiagala (Kalniškės),
13.05.2006, 4, PI; ibidem, 27.05.2006, 2, PI;
ibidem, 19–26.05.2007, 6, PI; ibidem, 11–
18.05.2008, 2, PI; ibidem, 08–24.05.2011, 2, PI;
ibidem, 19.06.2011, 1, PI; ibidem, 11.05.2012, 1,
PI; ibidem, 16–17.05.2014; 2, PI; Paberžė (Medi-
na), 09.06.1916, 1, BH; ibidem, 08.06.1929, 1, BH;
ibidem, 02.06.1938, 1, BH; Verkšnionių miškas,
27.04.2019, 1, AJu; Vilnius, 10.04.1938, 1, AP.
KR: Cher: 9 km NE Cherniakhovsk, 15.06.1995,
1, VA; Kras: Dolzhanskoe, 19.05.2014, 2, AD;
Svet: 1 km S Donskoe, 24.05.2010, 1, VA; Zel: 2
km NE Kostrovo, 30.05.2016, 1, VA.
Published local records. LT: is species
was reported as very common in the envi-
rons of Vilnius in theperiod of 1922–1934 by
Zawadzki (1937). eactual faunistic informa-
tion is given on theoccurrence of this species
in Vilnius, Trakai (Staniulisówna, 1939), Kau-
nas (Pileckis, 1958), Alytus (Tamutis, Zolubas,
2001), Neringa (Alekseev, 2008), and Lazdijai
(Ostrauskas, Tamutis, 2012) districts. KR: Ber-
cio, Folwaczny, 1979; Alekseev, 2007.
General distribution. especies is distrib-
uted throughout the Palaearctic region from
Iberia and Ireland to theFar East, Korean pen-
insula, eastern provinces of China, and Japan.
e species is widely distributed in Europe,
from thecoast of Mediterranean Sea to 69° N
in Scandinavia and 66° N in European Russia. It
was introduced in North and Central Americas
(Bousquetetal., 2017; Bezark, 2021).
Notes on biology. especies prefers pines
for its development; the larvae rarely inhabit
spruce, r, or larch. Females insert eggs in
thebark crevices at thebase of recently dead or
freshly cut stems and stumps. Young larvae tun-
nel under bark, later penetrate into the wood
and make galleries downward, in most cases
into theshallow roots. Pupation takes place in
April–May. Adults usually appear in May–June;
they are active in late aernoon and at night,
sometimes are attracted to light. elife cycle
lasts usally two, sometimes one or three years.
especies is regarded as strongly attracted to
burnt pine forests (Lundberg, 1984).
22 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
Fig.3. edistribution maps of Arhopalus rusticus, Arhopalus ferus, Asemum striatum, Spondylis bu-
prestoides, Tetropium castaneum, and Tetropium fuscum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae: Spondylidinae) in
south-eastern Baltic Region
Local occurrence and phenology. espe-
cies is quite common in the Pinus sylvestris-
dominated forests in LT. Recorded from 24
districts in theregion (Fig.3); themaximum of
observed adults was in May–June, the earliest
observation on 10 April, thelatest on 10 August.
Comments. IUCN Red List Category
(EU)–LC.
A. tenuicorne tenuicorne Kraatz, 1879
Examined actual data. Absent. No material
is available from LT and KR.
Published local records. LT: Ta mutisetal.,
2011, as expected. KR: No records.
General distribution. It is arare and insuf-
ciently known species. Nominative subspecies
are fragmentically distributed mainly in cen-
tral and southern Europe (Spain, Italy, Greece,
Ukraina, thesouthern part of European Rus-
sia), and A.t.claricostulatum Ӧzdikmen, Aytar,
2012 occurs in southern Turkey. enorth-
ernmost records come from Sweden (Gotska
Sandön) and Poland (Białowieza Primeval For-
est) (Gutowski, Kurzawa, 2019).
Notes on biology. elife cycle and host
plants are regarded to be very similar to A.stri-
atum; however, most likely the species devel-
ops only in pines (Pinus nigra and P.sylvestris)
23
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
(Sama, Bocchini, 1992; Gutowski, Kurzawa,
2019). Possibly, it is also prefers burnt forest
(Gutowski, Kurzawa, 2019). elarvae, which
inhabit stems of freshly dead pines, take two
years to develop.
Local occurrence and phenology. Absent.
Comments. especies was relatively re-
cently found in Puszcza Białowieska (Gutows-
ki, Kurzawa, 2019) and is known in Sweden
(Lindheetal., 2010), so its presence in thefor-
ests dominated by pines in the region is quite
possible. IUCN Red List Category (EU)–NT.
Tribe Nothorhinini Zagaikevich, 1991
Genus Nothorhina Redtenbacher, 1845
(?) N. punctata (Fabricius, 1798)= muri-
cata (Dalman, 1817)
Examined actual data. Absent. No material
is available from LT and KR.
Published local records. LT: Asingle record
(as Notorhina muricata Schh.) from Juodkrantė
(Schwarzort), July 1864, was published by
Lentz (1879) and later cited by Bercio, Folwac-
zny (1979). KR: No records, Alekseev (2007)
supposed it could ‘occur in south parts of KR
on theBaltic coast’ only.
General distribution. especies is wide-
spraed in Europe from Iberia to theUrals, but
is rarely oserved and local. Its distribution
range reaches 68° N in Scandinavia and 57° N
in European Russia; southwards, thespecies is
known from southern Italy and Greece. Also, it
was found in thesouthern part of west Siberia,
northern Kazakhstan, Anatolia, some islands of
Japan (Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku), and South
Korea.
Notes on biology. e larvae of this spe-
cies tunnel the bark of old, solitary-growing
and sun-exposed pines without any harm
to thetrees. ey pupate in May–June in pu-
pal chamber in thebark excavated 0.5–1.5cm
from surface. Adults emerge usually in June–
July, they are cryptic, usually crawl in thebark
cracks, predominantly nocturnal, rarely ob-
served in ying. elife cycle lasts one to two
years. It is asedentary species: usually, several
generations develop in thesame tree.
Local occurrence and phenology. espe-
cies is insuciently known and probably very
rare in theregion, actual data from LT and KR
are absent.
Comments. IUCN Red List Category
(EU)–VU.
Tribe Spondylidini Audinet-Serville, 1832.
Genus Spondylis Fabricius, 1775
S.buprestoides (Linnaeus, 1758)
Examined actual data. LT: Alyt: Alytus
district, –.08.1963, 1, LAAst; Gečialaukis,
28.06.2021, 1 , AJu; Anyk: Niūronys,
25.07.2020, 1, VT; ibidem, 05.07.2021, 1 ,
RGa; Traupis, 12.09.2021, 1 , ŽO; B:
Birštonas, 20.07.1938, 1, AP; Bir: Biržų giria,
–.07.1963, 1, LAAst; Drus: Ašarėlis lake envi-
rons, 01.08.2020, 1 , KVa; Druskininkai, 12-
14.07.1967, 2, EG; Grūto miškas, 28.06.2018,
1 , GPe; Randamonių miškas, –.07.1962, 1,
SP; Viečiūnų miškas, 03.07.2015, 1, VI; ibidem,
09.08.2017, 1, VI; ibidem, 28.06.2018, 1, VI; El:
Vievininkai, 16.08.2021, 1 , APi; Ign: Ažušilės
kraštovaizdžio draustinis, 07.09.2017, 1, RF;
Jona: Gaižiūnų miškas, 11.08.2015, 1, VI; Joni:
Bariūnai, 27.07.2005, 1, RB; Jurb: Smalininkai,
12.06.1962, 1, LAAst; Raudonė, 16.07.2002, 1,
LAAst; K.R.: Griešių miškas, 14.06.2016, 1, RF;
Jūrės miškas, 10.08.1956, 1, SP; Kazlų Rūda,
05-18.08.1965, 5, EG; Kurakampio miškas,
18.06.2016, 1, VT; Višakio Rūda, –.08.1957,
1, SP; Kaiš: Kruonis, 24.07.1976, 1, AM;
Strošiūnų miškas, 02.08.2007, 1, DSt; ibidem,
13.07.2008, 1, DSt; Tarpumiškis, 31.07.2008, 1,
VB; Triliškės, 18.07.2007, 1, DSt; Žiežmariai,
–.07.1963, 1, LAAst; Kal: Orija, 28.06.2020,
1, VP; Kau: Kaunas (Aukštoji Panemunė),
08.07.1925, 3, AP; Braziūkai, 15.07.2017, 1,
VT; ibidem, 17.06.2019, 20, VT; ibidem, 03–
20.07.2019, 3, VT; ibidem, 18.08.2019, 1, VT;
ibidem, 03.09.2020, 1, VT; ibidem, 11.09.2021,
1, VT; Dievogala (Palankiai), 11.07.1934,
1, PRė; ibidem, 09.08.1935, 1, PRė; ibidem,
26.06.1936, 1, PRė; ibidem, 02.07.1936, 1, PRė;
Dubravos miškas, 23.06.1954, 1, SP; ibidem,
10.07.1983, 1, RF; ibidem, 01.08.1984, 1, RF;
ibidem, 29.06.1992, 1, RF; ibidem, 14.07.1998,
24 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
1, RF; ibidem, 03.07.1999, 1 RF; Ežerėlis, 09–
20.07.1929, 2, AP; Jiesios kraštovaizdžio draus-
tinis, 08.07.1983, 1, RF; Karmėlavos miškas,
–.06.1961, LAAst; Kaunas, 18.09.1929, 1, AP;
Kulautuva, –.07.1956, 1, LAAst; Lampėdžiai,
03.07.2020, 1 , JŽ; miškas Papiškinė,
10.07.2018, 9, VT; Raudondvaris, 04.07.1963,
1, LAAst; Kėd: Lančiūnava, –.09.1961, 1, SP;
Klai: Klaipėda, 11.06.2007, 1, DSt; ibidem,
19.08.2020, 1 , VAb; Smiltynė, 09–11.07.1984,
3, SK; ibidem, 06–12.07.1985, 3, SK; ibidem,
29–30.06.2007, 2, DSt; ibidem, 30.07.2007, 1,
VA; Mar: Marijampolė, 13.07.1985, 1, RF; Mol:
Braškiškės, 04.08.2020, 1 , IS; miškas Gojus,
30–31.07.1969, 5, EG; ibidem, 03–10.08.1969,
5, EG; Molėtai, 30.07.1963, 1, EG; ibidem,
06.08.1964, 1, EG; ibidem, 10–16.08.1973, 3,
EG; ibidem, 22–25.07.1977, 3, EG; ibidem,
19.07.1979, 1, EG; ibidem, 16.08.1980, 2, EG;
ibidem, 15.08.1981, 2, EG; Pušynai, 08.08.2020,
1 , VKl; Rudesos miškas, 10–20.08.1966, 10,
EG; Siesarčio miškas, 17.06.2018, 1 , GM; Ner:
Alksnynės kraštivaizdžio draustinis, 23.07.2013,
1, RF; Juodkrantė, 07–12.08.1986, 6, RF; ibi-
dem, 06.07.2005, 1, RF; ibidem, 23.06.2016, 1
, TT; ibidem, 11.09.2016, 1 , TT; ibidem,
10–14.06.2018, 2 , TT; ibidem, 30.07.2021,
1, VT; Karvaičiai, 19.07.2020, 1 , BB; Nida,
–.06.1982, 1, RF; Preila, 17.07.2021, 1 , KK;
Pak: Lauksodis, –.08.1960, 1, LAAst; Pal: Palan-
ga, –.06.1926, 1, AP; Pan: Beržynė, 03.08.2020,
1 , RKu; Raguvos miškas, –.09.1961, 1,
LAAst; Pas: Pasvalys, 20.07.1962, 1, LAAst;
Rinkūnų miškas, 17.07.2006, 1, VB; Plu: Plate-
liai, –.07.1963, 1 LAAst; Prie: Druskų miškas,
–.07.1962, LAAst; Norkūnai, 28.06.2020, 1 ,
TPo; Stakliškės, –.08.1960, 1, LAAst; Sundakų
miškas, 25.06.2019, 1 , KVa; Rad: Baisoga-
la, –.07.1962, 1, LAAst; Ras: Paliepių miškas,
–.07.1963, 1, LAAst; Rok: Juodupė, 03.07.1926,
1, AP; Šak: Baltkojų miškas, 10.06.1960, 1,
SP; Jadagoniai, 22.06.1999, 1, LAAst; miškas
Juškinė, 12.07.2008, 1, RF; ibidem, 17.07.2009,
1, RF; ibidem, 17.07.2013, 1, RF; ibidem,
27.06.2021, 7 imago, 4 pupae, RF; Lekėčiai, 08-
14.06.1998, 1, RF; ibidem, 28.06–04.07.1999,
1, RF; Sudargo miškas, 19.07.2020, 1 , LSt;
Šakiai, 10.07.1971, 1, EG; Šal: Paupis, 10.08.19,
1 , DG; Širv: Jakubonys, 28.08.2001, 1,
LAAst; Kernavės miškas, 26.07.2020, 1 ,
LMi; Pajuodžiai, 29.08.2019, 1 , AJu; Puorių
miškas, 25.06.2021, 1 , JJ; Šven: Labanoras,
12.07.1994, RP; Labanoro giria, 29.06.2020,
1 , miškas Baranava, 03–09.08.2020, 2
, GMr; Sariai, 14.06.2021, 1 , obs. un-
known; Sliūzai, 24.07.2020, , col. unknown;
Žukaučizna, 29.06.2020, 1 , GPč; Tau:
Laumenų miškas, –.07.1963, 1, LAAst; Pasalu-
pis, 25.07.2013, 1 , GS; Trak: Aukštadvaris,
–.09,1961, LAAst; ibidem, –.07.1963, 1 LAAst;
Ropėjų miškas, 03.07.2005, 1 , TT; Spindžiaus
miškas, 26.07.2021, 1 , ŠP; Ute: Paeisetės II
miškas, 04.07.2020, 1 , EMi; Rūgšteliškis,
17.07.2021, 1 , IG; Var : Biekšios, 02.08.2020, 1
, TPo; Biniūnai I (Baudzieriškis), 24.06.1938,
1, AP; ibidem, 07.07.1938, 6, AP; Čepkelių val-
stybinis gamtinis rezervatas, 25.06.1985, 1, RF;
Darželių miškas, 20.07.2019, 1ↈ, RGa; Gry-
baulios miškas, 07.08.2011, 1, RF; Kabeliai,
27.07.2020, 1, KK; Latežeris, 01–10.08.1964,
15, EG; Marcinkonys, 30.06.2019, 1 , GM;
ibidem, 25.07.2021, 1 , MA; Margionys,
10–13.08.1971, 4, EG; ibidem, 27–29.07.1978,
4, EG; Paskroblio miškas, 24.08.2017, 1,
RF; Purplių miškas, 22.06.2019, 1 , MR;
Puvočiai, 25.07.2019, 1, VI; Razumnos miškas,
16.07.2020, 1 , MJ; Užuožerės miškas,
22.08.2020, 1 , AS; Vainabalio miškas,
03.09.2018, 1 , TG; Varėna, 05.08.1975, 1,
EG; Žiūrai, 15.07.2020, 1, AS; Viln: Bezdonys,
29.07.2020, 1 , JRS; Maišiagala (Kalniškės),
14.06.2002, 1, PI; Kiemeliai, 26.07.2015, 1 ,
AN; Lavoriškės (Paežeriai), 22.07.2016, 1 ,
RA; Pikeliškių miškas, 10.07.1983, 1, ZP; Rau-
dondvario miškas, 19.08.2020, 1 , Verkių
miškas, 25.07.2016, 1 , TT; NA; Vyteniškių
miškas, 18.08.2017, 1 , ŽP; Zujūnai
(Geležiai), 24.07.2020, 1 , SSo; Zar: Antazavė,
20.07.2021, 1 , GPe; Maniuliškės, 06.07.2021,
1 , obs. unknown; Zarasai, –.07.1962, 1, SP;
KR: Bagr: 3 km N Mamonovo, 01.08.1993, 1,
VA; Ladygino, 16.08.2011, 1, VA; 1 km W
Kamenka, 15.06.2019, 1 , VA; Ladushkin,
18.07.2020, 1 , AS; Balt: 10 km SW Kosa,
25
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
01.08.2021, 1 , KP; Gur: 2 km W Kalinin-
grad, 11.08.2021, 1 , DGu; Kras: Dolzhan-
skoe, 28.06.1997, 1, VA; ibidem, 07.07.1999, 1,
NM; ibidem, 14.06.2018, 2, VR; Slav: Gastello-
vo, 29.06–13.07.2015, 2, DA; Svet: Svetlogorsk,
01.09.2020, 1 , MF; Zel: 23 km of theCuro-
nian Spit, 30.07.2010, light trap, 1, ASh; ibi-
dem, 06.07.2011, 1, ASh; 2 km NE Kostrovo,
05.07.2016, 1 , VA; ibidem, 12.09.2017, 1,
VA; 1 km E Vzmor’e, 07.07.2017, 1 , VA;
Rybachii, 12.07.2019, 1 , VA; 2 km NE Les-
noe, 28.07.2020, 1 , MF; 1 km N Kremnevo,
12.07.2020, 1 , VA; 5 km NE Zelenogradsk,
12.07.2021, 1 , MF.
Published local records. LT: is species
is ranked as very common and noted as dis-
tributed throughout the country by Pileckis,
Monsevičius (1997). It was reported as com-
mon and numerous in theenvirons of Vilnius
during theperiod of 1922–1938 by Zawadzki
(1937); Staniulisówna (1939). However, theac-
tual faunistic information was given on theoc-
currence of this species only in Švenčionys
(Mazurowa, Mazur, 1939), Varėna (Pileck-
is, 1958); Rokiškis, Kaunas (Ferenca 2006),
Klaipėda, Vilnius (Ostrauskas, Tamutis, 2012),
Elektrėnai, Ignalina and Jurbarkas (Ostrauskas,
2020) districts. KR: this species was reported by
Bercio, Folwaczny (1979) as frequent in Pinus-
dominated forests in the territory; Alekseev,
2006; Alekseev, 2007.
General distribution. It is widely distrib-
uted throughout the Palearctic region from
southern Iberia and Great Britain to theFar
East, Korea, Japan; northwards, it goes as far
as 63°N in Scandinavia and 62°N (Pomoz) in
European Russia. e southernmost records
of this species are known in Morocco, Greece,
Turkey, Caucasus, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and
China.
Notes on biology. emain host plant for
thespecies is thepine; thelarvae rarely inhabit
Picea, Abies or Larix According to Bily, Mehl
(1989), females lay their eggs in older stumps or
basal part of dead trees. However, Cherepanov
(1979) observed females laying eggs in shal-
low roots under ground surface. Larvae feed
in the moist sapwood tunelling their galeries
along tissues and pupate in May–June aer
two or three hibernations. Adults emerge in
June–July and are active till thesecond decade
of September. ey are preferebly nocturnal,
but can be active in daytime, aer midday; they
are attracted to articial light and especially by
thesmell of pine resin. elife cycle lasts two to
three, rarely four years.
Local occurrence and phenology. espe-
cies is common in thePinus sylvestris-dominat-
ed forests in LT, but it is relatively rare in west-
ern part of LT. Recorded from 50 districts in
theregion (Fig.3); themaximum of observed
adults was in July, theearliest observation on 10
June, thelatest on 18 September.
Comments. IUCN Red List Category
(EU)–LC.
Tribe Tetropiini Seidlitz, 1891
Genus Tetropium Kirby, 1837
T. castaneum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Examined actual data. LT: Anyk: Burbiškis,
16.07.1985, 6, SK; Gečionių miškas, 01.06.2013,
1 , GS; Drus: Druskininkai, 15.06.1995,
1, VT; Jona: Užusaliai, 29.05.2016, 1, GS;
Joni: Bariūnai, 21-30.05.1999, 2, RB; ibidem,
31.05.2003, 1, RB; ibidem, 10.06.2004, 1, RB;
Daunoravos miškas, 20.08.2021, 1 , KKr;
Girdžiūnai, 28.05.2002, 1, RB; Plikiškiai,
10.06.1999, 1, RB; ibidem, 16.05.2000, 3, RB;
Satkūnai, 28.05.1999, 1, RB; Skakai, 01.06.2004,
1, JD; ibidem, 12.06.2004, 1, RB; Jurb:
Leipgirių miškas (Kalveliai forest directorate),
28.05.1978, 1, BJ; ibidem, 15–28.05. 1979, 9,
BJ; ibidem, 19.06.1979, 14, BJ; K.R.: Braziūkų
miškas, 07.04.2020, in wood of dead Picea abies,
10 (larvae), VT; Kaiš: Kruonis, 09.07.1979,
1, AM; Pravieniškės, 20.06.2006, 1, AM; Kau:
Dubravos miškas, –.06.1955, 1, SP; ibidem,
25.06.1959, 1, SP; ibidem, 29.06.1969, 1, EG;
ibidem, 19.06.1982, 2, RF; ibidem, 11.07.1982,
RF; ibidem, 26.05.1985, 1, RF; ibidem,
08.06.1986, 1, RF; ibidem, 30.06.1991, 1, RF;
ibidem, 28.04.1997, 1, VT; ibidem, 09.01.2020,
under bark of dead Picea abies, 10 (larvae), VT;
Kačerginės miškas, 09.01.2022, numerous gal-
leries in Picea abies, VT; Karmėlava, 13.05.2008,
1, VI; Kaunas, 14.03.1959, 1, SP; ibidem,
26 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
03.06.1971, 1, RG; ibidem, 14.05.1983, 2, RF;
Kaunas (Kleboniškio miškas), –.07.1955, 1, SP;
Kaunas (Panemunės šilo parkas), 01.07.1982, 1,
RF; Lomankos miškas, 31.05.2014, 1, VI; No-
varaistis, 06.06.2000, 1, RF; Pajiesio miškas,
14.05.1999, 1, VI; Pilėnų miškas, 19.05.2015, 1,
VI; Kup: Mirabelio miškas, 23.06.1991, 1, RP;
Maž: Plinkšių miškas, 10.06.2009, 1 , DM;
Ner: Juodkrantė, 31.05.2016, 1 , TT; Pag:
Pagėgių miškas, 24.05.2008, VU; Pas: miškas
Didieji Grūžiai, 15.06.2005, 1, VB; ibidem,
02.06.2006, 3, VB; Joniškėlis, –.07.1963, 1, SP;
Plu: Plateliai, 15.06.2006, 1, GŠ; Ras: Viduk
forest directorate, –.06.1962, 1, SP; Šak: miškas
Juškinė, 27.05.2006, 2, RF; ibidem, 17.05.2008,
1, RF; ibidem, 24.05.2015, 1, RF; Šakiai,
04.07.1970, 1, RG; Šven: Laukagalis, 16.06.2018,
1 , GM; Žaliašilio miškas, 25.05.2001, 1, PI;
Tau: Eičių miškas, 20–21.05.1993, 3, RF; Šilinės
miškas, 15.06.2021, 1 , BN; Ukm: miškas
Trakas, 01.06.2021, 1 , JK; Šaltupio miškas,
27.05.2008, 1, TP; Ute: Minčios miškas, 29.05.
–19.06.2013, ‘window’ trap, 1, V T; ibidem, 19.06.
–25.07.2013, ‘window’ trap, 1, VT; Var: Jablana-
vas, 31.07.1998, 1, AG; Vilk: Vištytgirio miškas,
30.05.2002, 1, RF; Viln: Maišiagala (Kalniškės),
13.05.2006, 1, PI; ibidem, 17.06.2006, 1, PI; ibi-
dem, 15.06.2007, 1, PI; ibidem, 15.04.2014, 1, PI;
ibidem, 17.05.2014, 1, PI; ibidem, 25.05.2015, 1,
PI; Vilnius, 10.04.1938, 1, AP. KR: Bagr: 1 km
W Bogatovo, 24.05.1998, 1, VA; Novoselovo
environs, 24.05.2018, 1, VR; 2 km S Novomo-
skovskoe, 01.06.2019, 1, VA; 3 km S Medovoe,
29.05.2020, 2, VA; Cher: 10 km NE Chenriak-
hovsk, 11.06.1994, 2, VA; ibidem, 09.06.2021, 3,
AD; Gvar: 4 km SE Ozerki, 10.06.2021, 5, AD;
Nem: Shepetovka environs, 09.06.2021, 1, VR;
Nest: 1 km NE Krasnolese, 08.06.2008, 1, VA
(observed); Krasnoles’e environs, 24.06.2013,
2, VR; Slav: Gastellovo, 15.06.2015, 1, AD;
Sosniaki environs, 17.06.2015, 1, AD; Mokho-
voe envinons, 16.06.2016, 2, AD; Svet: 1 km W
Svetlogorsk, 02.06.2003, 1, VA.
Published local records. LT: is species
was reported as common in theenvirons of Vil-
nius in theperiod of 1922–1934 by Zawadzki
(1937). e actual faunistic information is
given on theoccurrence of this species in Aly-
tus, Kaunas (Tamutis, Zolubas, 2001, Ferenca,
2006), Klaipėda, Lazdijai (Ostrauskas, Tamu-
tis, 2012) and Vilnius (Staniulisówna, 1939)
districts. KR: Lentz, 1879 (luridumL.); Bercio,
Folwaczny, 1979; Alekseev, 2007.
General distribution. especies is distrib-
uted throughout the Palaearctic region from
Iberia and Great Britain to theFar East, Korean
peninsula, Mongolia, theeastern provinces of
China, and Japan. especies is widely distrib-
uted in Europe, from thecoast of theMediter-
ranean Sea to 69° N in Scandinavia and 64° N in
European Russia. It is also known in Anatolia
and Caucasus.
Notes on biology. elarvae of this species
develop in abark of weakened, dying, and re-
cently dead, rarely in fallen stems of coniferous.
Most preferred hosts plants are spruce and r,
but also can inhabit pine and larch. Usually, in-
grown larvae penetraite into thewood and pu-
pate in spring in longitudinal pupal cells, rare-
ly in bark. Adults usually emerge in May and
June; they are usually nocturnal. elife cycle
lasts one or two years.
Local occurrence and phenology. espe-
cies is widely distributed and common in
the Picea abies-dominated forests in the re-
gion; however, the adults are not frequently
observed. Recorded from 35 districts in there-
gion (Fig.3); themaximum of observed adults
was in May–June, theearliest observation on 10
April, thelatest on 20 August.
Comments. is species is considered
important secondary pests of Picea spp. and
Pinus spp. across their distribution range
(Kolk, 1996; Evansetal., 2004; Izhevskiietal.,
2005; Haack, 2017). IUCN Red List Category
(EU)–LC.
T.fuscum (Fabricius, 1787).
Examined actual data. LT: Anyk: Gečionių
miškas, 01.06.2013, 1 , GS; Ign: Ažvinčių
giria, 22.05–12.06.2020, ‘window’ trap, 1, VT;
Joni: Bariūnai, 10.06.2006, 1, RB; Girdžiūnai,
28.07.2003, 1, RB; Jurb: Leipgirių miškas
(Kalveliai forest directorate), 19.06.1979, 3, BJ;
ibidem, 03.07.1979, 2, BJ; ibidem, 31.07.1979,
2, BJ; ibidem, 01.08.1079, 1, BJ; Kaiš: Kruonis,
27
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
–.–.1998, 1, AM; K.R.: Braziūkų miškas,
15.07.2020, 1, VT; Kau: Dubravos miškas,
20.06.1982, 1, RF; ibidem, 25.07.1982, 1, RF;
ibidem, 01.05.1990, 1, RF; ibidem, 28.04.1997,
1, PZ; Gervėnupis, 20.06.2017, 1 GS; Kamšos
miškas, –.05.2008, 1, LAAst; Neveronys,
24.05.2001, 1, VI; Pajiesio miškas, 14.05.1999,
1, RF; Pakarklės miškas, 12.04.2021, under
bark of Picea abies, 1 larva (adult was reared in
22.04.2021), RF; Klai: Melnragė, 25.06.1994, 1,
SK; Kup: Vosniūnų miškas, 26.05.1995, 1, RP;
Ner: Juodkrantė, 09.06.2017, 1, RF; Pag: Pagėgių
miškas, 24.05.2008, 1, VU; Šalč: Šalčininkai,
24.08.1965, 1, SP; Šilu: Šilutė, 10.05.2014,
1 , OV; Ukm: Lėno miškas, 04.06.1996, 1,
RF; Vilk: miškas Vištytgiris, 31.05.2002, 1, RF;
Viln: Vilnius (Pašilaičiai), 10.06.2009, 1 ,
DB. KR: Bagr: 3 km S Medovoe, 29.05.2020, 1,
VA; Gvar: 4 km SE Ozerki, 10.06.2021, 2, AD;
Kras: Dolzhanskoe environs, 09.06.2015, 2, VR;
Nest: Krasnolese environs, 24.06.2013, 1, VR;
Pravd: Novobobruiskoe environs, 13.06.2016,
4, AD; Slav: Gastellovo enviros, 15.06.2015, 3,
AD; Zapovednoe, 16.06.2016, 1, AD; Zel: Riabi-
novka, 20.03.2001, under bark of Picea abies, 2
larvae (adult was reared 05.04.2001), 2, VA; 4
km NE Zelenogradsk, 21.05–13.06.2012, pitfall
trap near Picea abies, 1, VA; Pereslavskoe en-
virons (Galtgarben), 03.06.2015, 1, VA; 2 km
NE Kostrovo, 30.05.2016, 1, VA; Kremnevo,
27.06.2021, 1 , VA.
Published local records. LT: is species
was reported as rare in theenvirons of Vilnius
in theperiod of 1922–1934 by Zawadzki (1937).
eeastern part of LT as distribution area of
T. fuscum in thecountry was noted also by Pi-
leckis, Monsevičius (1997). eactual faunis-
tic information is given on theoccurrence of
this species in Alytus (Tamutis, Zolubas, 2001;
Ivinskisetal., 2009), Kaunas (Tamutis, Zolubas,
2001), Klaipėda, Lazdijai (Ostrauskas, Tamu-
tis, 2012), Ignalina (Pileckis, 1963), and Vil-
nius (Staniulisówna, 1939; Ivinskisetal., 2009)
districts. KR: Lentz, 1879; Bercio, Folwaczny,
1979; Alekseev, 2007.
General distribution. e species is dis-
tributed mainly in Europe, from Great Britain
to theUrals; northwards, its distribution range
reaches 68° N in Scandinavia and 63° N in Eu-
ropean Russia. esouthern border of its dis-
tribution range goes through northern France,
Italy, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and
southern part of European Russia; also, this
species is known from Turkey, the Caucasus
(Sakartvelo) and theEuropean part of Kazakh-
stan; introduced in North America (Canada).
Notes on biology. elife cycle of this spe-
cies is similar to T.castaneum. Larvae develop
in the inner side of bark of recenly dead, or
weakened, rarely still living coniferous trees.
espruce is themost prefered host. Pupation
takes place in spring, usually in wood, rarely
in theinner side of thick bark. Adults emerge
mostly in May and June; they are usually noc-
turnal. elife cycle lasts one or two years.
Local occurrence and phenology. It is
widely distributed, but much less frequently
than T.castaneus. Recorded from 27 districts in
theregion (Fig.3); themaximum of observed
adults was in May–June, the earliest observa-
tion on 28April, thelatest on 24 August.
Comments. So far, there is no rm opinion
on thestatus of Tetropium aquilonium Plavilst-
shikov 1940 as avalid species, thedistribution
range of which overlaps with that of T.fuscum
in north-eastern Europe. As noted by Dani-
levsky (2014), thetaxon most probably is only
avariation of highly varied T.fuscum. is spe-
cies is considered as important secondary pests
of Picea spp. and Pinus spp. across their distri-
bution range (Kolk, 1996; Evans et al., 2004;
Izhevskiietal., 2005; Haack, 2017). IUCN Red
List Category (EU)–LC.
T.gabrieli Weise, 1905
Examined actual data. LT: Kėd: Laivelių
miškas, 10.05–05.06.2020, sticky trap on larch
stem, 1, AG; Ras: miškas Barsukynė 10.05–
05.06.2020, sticky trap on larch stem, 1, AG
(KZM). KR: No material is available.
Published local records. LT: Recenly re-
corded in Kėdainiai and Raseiniai districts
(Lynikienėetal. 2021). KR: No records, Alek-
seev (2007) supposed ‘ndings are possible.
General distribution. e distributional
range of T. gabrieli expands from Ireland in
28 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
the west to Belarus (Aleksandrowicz, Tsink-
iewich, 2006) and Ukraine in the east and
from Sweden (58°) (Lindelöw et al., 2015)
in the north to south-eastern France (Fuchs,
2010), Switzerland, Austria, and Hungary.
Notes on biology. is species is regarded
as nearly exclusively monophagous on Larix
spp. trees, but occasionally it can inhabit Pinus
and Picea. elarvae make galleries in thein-
ner side of bark of recently dead trees. ey pu-
pate in spring, usually in thechambers made
in the bark, rarely in shallow wood. Gener-
ally, the generation lasts one year, but Craw-
shay (1907) and Duy (1953) stated that high
temperatures can lead to ashorter generation
time and theemergence of asecond generation
in thesame year. However, this statement was
not proved by Sláma (1998) who investigated
thelarvae in laboratory. Adults emerge usually
in May and June; they are usually nocturnal
(Sláma 1998).
Local occurrence and phenology. espe-
cies is insuciently known and probably rare
in the region; it was found in two districs in
LT. eoccurrence in KR is not conrmed by
actual data, but thespecies is registered (Gu-
towskietal., 2011) in theRomincka Forest in
northernmost Poland on theboarder with KR.
Comments. e morphological identity
between T. gabrieli and T. gracilicorne Reit-
ter, 1889 is avery weak, therefore thespecity
(taxonomical status) of these species (names) is
still questionable (Danilevsky, 2022b). Moreo-
ver, some authors tend to propose synonymy
T. gracilicorne= T. gabrieli (Jeniš, 2001; Tata-
rinovaetal., 2007; Danilevsky, 2014).
DISCUSSION
More than 600 actual records (542 in LT and 66
in KR) of Spondylidinae were analysed altogeth-
er and thereliable presence of seven (seven for
LT and ve for KR) species in thefauna of there-
gion was conrmed (Table). We recognised ve
species: Arhopalus rusticus, Asemum striatum,
Spondylis buprestoides, Tetropium castaneum,
Table 1. List of Spondylidinae species and characteristics of its distribution in thesouth-eastern Bal-
tic region and neighbouring regions according to: Dunskis, 2019; Mapa Bioróżnorodności, 2020; Bíly,
Mehl, 1989. PL–northeastern (southwards to 52°N, westwards to 18°E) part of Poland, BY–western
(southwards to 52°N, eastwards to 30°E) part of Belarus, LV – Latvia, SV – southern (northwards to
60°N) part of Sweden, KR – Kaliningrad Region, LT –Lithuania; status of distribution and rarity:
w-a–widely distributed, abundant; w-r–widely distributed, rare; l-r–localy distributed, rare; (?)–un-
conrmed data; – possible in the territory. Horotypes are designated following Gorodkov (1984,
1992) and partly modied by Tatarinovaetal. (2016): Sibero-Europeo-Far Eastern (SIE-FE), TransEur-
asian–Temperate (TEA-T), European (EUR), Transpalaearctic (PAL), Holarctic (OLA)
No. Species Distribution in neigh-
bouring regions
Status of distribu-
tion and rarity
Horotypes
(for species)
PL BY LV SV KR LT
1. Arhopalus ferus (Mulsant) + + + + ? l-r PAL
2. Arhopalus rusticus (L.) + + + + w-a w-a PAL
3. Asemum striatum (L.) + + + + w-r w-a OLA
4. Asemum t. tenuicorne Kraatz + - - + ⸎ ⸎ EUR
5. Nothorhina punctata (F.) + + + + ? TEA-T
6. Spondylis buprestoides (L.) + + + + w-a w-a PAL
7. Tetropium castaneum (L.) + + + + w-a w-a SIE -FE
8. Tetropium fuscum (L.) + + + + w-a w-a OLA
9. Tetropium gabrieli (F.) + + + + l-r EUR
9 8 8 9 5 7
29
A faunistic review of Spondylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832 (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae)...
and T. fuscum as widely distributed in the re-
gion. However, Asemum striatum occurs more
sporadicaly in KR, probably due to higher frag-
mentation of Pinus-dominated forests in this re-
gion. is species is widely distributed in neigh-
bouring countries, but not evenly frequent. For
example, it is considered common and some-
times appears in large numbers in pine forests in
Poland (Gutowski, Kurzawa, 2019), however, it
declined and is listed among protected species in
Voronezh region (Russia) (Negrobov 2011). We
recognized two species, Arhopalus ferus and Te-
tropium gabrieli, as locally distributed and rare
species in LT. ese species were not conrmed
for KR yet. epropositions in previous papers,
that A.ferus was quite common in theregion
in thepast (Zawadzki, 1937; Bercio, Folwaczny,
1979), suggest asucient decline of populations
of this species at present. esame trend was ob-
served in Sweden by Lindheetal. (2010).
e situation on thegeneral distribution of
T. gabrieli in the region remains unclear. Re-
cently, this species was registered in LT, but this
fact does not yet prove theinitial invasion of
this beetle. T.gabrieli is monophagous on larch
and, apparently, host-limited in distribution.
eisolated occurrence in the central part of
LT needs to be studied in detail and thesearch
of thespecies in suitable habitats in theregion
should be continued.
Additional interesting subject of study can be
thespecies status of T.gabrieli and theprobable
synonymy of this species with T.gracilicorne.
Essential morphological or natural history dif-
ferences between these species are apparently
absent (Jeniš, 2001; Tatarinovaetal., 2007; Da-
nilevski, 2014). Taking into account thesepa-
rate species status of the‘Russian’ larch (Larix
archangelica, distributed in the north-eastern
part of eastern Europe, theUrals, and apart of
west Siberia) and thelarch from central Europe-
an mountains (Larix decidua) (Kozhin, Sennik-
ov, 2016), dierent host trees can be suggested
for these geographically isolated sibling species
or subspecies. eHolocene fragmentation of
the larch distribution range in Europe led to
thefragmentation of T.gracilicorne-gabrieli dis-
tribution; however, thelarch distribution range
was also not stable in postglacial period and
varied in response to climate changes (Këppen,
1885; Wagneretal., 2015). Modern genetic or
molecular studies could resolve theintriguing
question of the actual position and relation-
ship within T.gracilicorne-gabrieli species and
theorigin of thepopulations in thesouth-east-
ern Baltic region.
eactual presence of Nothorhina punctata
in thestudied territory previously reported in
theliterature remains dubious in theregion due
to thelack of voucher material. is species is
considered the rarest longhorn beetle in Po-
land (Miłkowski, Tatur-Dytkowski, 2021), and
as endangered species is included in thePolish
Red Data Book (Gutowski, 2004). At thesame
time, increased attention to this species and
theability to recognise thetraces of its activity
resulted in anumerous record in Latvia in last
two decades (Dunskis, 2019).
epresence of one additional species, Ase-
mum t. tenuicorne, is quite reliable in theregion,
geographically situated between two known lo-
calities of this species in northern Europe, Got-
ska Sandön in Sweden and Białowieza Primeval
Forest in Poland (Gutowski, Kurzawa, 2019).
e possible reasons of thementioned fau-
nal dierences could be the lack of systemic
and careful collecting activity in the eastern
and south-eastern parts of KR and dierent
practices of theforest management and usage
in thestudied territories (a forest with old co-
niferous trees is extremely rare in KR).
edecline of the entomofauna has dra-
matic rates in present time and may lead to
theextinction of 40% of theworld’s insect spe-
cies over thenext few decades (Sánchez-Bayo,
Wyckhuys, 2019). e aected insect groups
include not only specialists that occupy par-
ticular ecological niches, but also many com-
mon and generalist species. Concurrently,
theabundance of asmall number of species is
increasing; these are all adaptable, generalist
species that are occupying thevacant niches le
by the declining ones (Sánchez-Bayo, Wyck-
huys, 2019). Further monitoring of the oc-
currence and status of species populations of
longhorn beetles (rst of all Spondylidinae)
30 Vytautas Tamutis, Vitalii Alekseev
in conifer forests of the south-eastern Baltic
region are important in order to observe and
note faunal and ecological changes in thehabi-
tats. eprovided data shows theactual faunal
composition of thediscussed beetle group and
can be used as primary basis for futher obser-
vations, comparisons, and recommendations
concerning strategies of forest management
and nature protection in theregion.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
We are grateful to Dr Mikhail L.Danilevsky,
DrDmitry Telnov, and Mr Jacek Kurszawa for
constructive discussions, assistance with iden-
tications of beetles, literature, and useful com-
ments on this study. We would like to thank Dr
Povilas Ivinskis, Mr Rimantas Butvila, Aleksan-
dras Meržijevskis, Anna Drotikova and Vikto-
ria Rozhina, who loaned their material for ex-
amination. We are grateful to all collectors and
observers who shared their material and obser-
vations for analysis.
Received 27 December 2021
Accepted 23 January 2022
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VytautasTamutis, VitaliiAlekseev
PIETRYČIŲ BALTIJOS REGIONO LIETUVOS
IR KALININGRADO SRITIES MEDKIRTĖNŲ
SPONDYLIDINAE AUDINETSERVILLE, 1832;
COLEOPTERA: CERAMBYCIDAE APŽVALGA
Santrauka
Straipsnyje pateikiama pirmoji medkirtėnų (Spon-
dylidinae Audinet-Serville, 1832) pošeimio ūsuoti-
nių (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) šeimos rūšinės su-
dėties ir paplitimo Pietryčių Baltijos regio ne analizė.
Iš viso buvo išanalizuota daugiau kaip 600 aptikimo
faktų ir daugiau kaip 800 individų. Nustatyta, kad
minėtame regione pošeimiui atstovauja keturioms
triboms, penkioms gentims priklausančios septy-
nios medkirtėnų rūšys. Faktinės medžiagos, patvir-
tinančios ankstesnėse publikacijose nurodomo taš-
kuotojo sakininko (Nothorhina punctataF.) buvimą
regione, rasti nepavyko. Straipsnyje taip pat patei-
kiama informacija apie regione aptiktų ir tikėtinų
medkirtėnų (9 rūšių) paplitimo arealus, išplitimo ir
biologijos ypatumus, komentuojami kai kurių rūšių
istoriniai tyrimų aspektai. Lokalus šešių rūšių papli-
timas laiko ir geogranėse skalėse yra iliustruotas
specialiais žemėlapiais.
Raktažodžiai: Spondylidinae, medkirtėnai, Ce-
rambycidae, Lietuva, Kaliningrado sritis, anotuotas
katalogas
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