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Protocolos de microalgas de la Red Renuwal-I

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Microalgas de la Red RENUWAL (I) 2 Las microalgas pueden ser utilizadas para la recuperación de nutrientes contenidos en diversos efluentes, contribuyendo de esta forma a la mejora de la sostenibilidad de multitud de procesos. Sin embargo, para poder conseguir procesos eficientes es necesario evaluar con detalle cada aplicación en función de los efluentes que se van a procesar. Dependiendo del proceso, la biomasa algal obtenida puede tener interés para su aplicación en distintos sectores y productos finales con diferente valor añadido, i.e., farmacéutico, cosmético, agroalimentario-ganadero-acuícola, ambiental, químico o incluso energético. 3 En el año 2019, varios grupos de investigación pertenecientes a diferentes países iberoamericanos junto con 6 empresas que trabajan con microalgas se unieron para solicitar al programa de Redes de la CYTED (Programa Iberoamericano de Ciencia y Tecnología para el Desarrollo; https://www.cyted.org/es/cyted) la creación de una red temática para el tratamiento de efluentes con microalgas. Las Redes Temáticas que subvenciona este organismo, son asociaciones de grupos de investigación y desarrollo (I+D) de entidades públicas o privadas y empresas de los países miembros del Programa CYTED, cuyas actividades científicas o tecnológicas están relacionadas dentro de un ámbito común de interés y enmarcadas en una de las Áreas del Programa. En nuestro caso, la red se solicitó por el área industrial. La red RENUWAL 320RT0005 fue concedida en esta convocatoria del 2019 para iniciarse en el año 2020 durante un periodo de 4 años que, con motivo de la Pandemia, se ha extendido hasta el 2024 (https://www.cyted.org/es/renuwal). Las redes CYTED tienen como objetivo general el intercambio de conocimientos entre grupos de I+D y la potenciación de la cooperación como método de trabajo. El objetivo principal de la Red RENUWAL, es disponer de una Red multi-e interdisciplinar que permita la sinergia necesaria para impulsar las aplicaciones potenciales de las microalgas como agentes de reciclaje para la industria y el medioambiente en el marco de la Economía Circular. Para ello se analizan e implementan los procedimientos disponibles basados en microalgas que permitan el desarrollo de nuevas estrategias sostenibles de valorización de la biomasa algal. Como objetivos específicos de la propuesta, la Red trabaja en tres ejes distintos: a) Gestión del conocimiento; b) Gestión de la comunicación y c) Gestión educacional. Dentro de la gestión de comunicación, queremos ofrecer parte de nuestro know-how mediante la publicación de procedimientos que puedan ser de interés para todos aquellos relacionados con el mundo de las microalgas. Es por eso, que en esta primera publicación se recopilan algunos de los protocolos utilizados para el trabajo con microalgas en diferentes disciplinas. Es nuestra intención seguir recopilando más protocolos de los centros que componen la red RENUWAL y ponerlos al servicio de aquellos interesados. Agradecemos la ayuda que la Cyted nos ha brindado para que este proyecto pueda hacerse realidad, tanto por la concesión de la red como por ayudarnos durante todo el proceso de publicación. Para cualquier sugerencia, pregunta o aclaración pueden ustedes dirigirse por mail a las editoras. Esperemos que les guste esta iniciativa y la encuentren de utilidad. Editoras: JUANA MARÍA NAVARRO LLORENS (UCM) jmnavarr@ucm.es LUISA GOUVEIA (LNEG) luisa.gouveia@lneg.pt 4 Contenido
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