Conference Paper

Grotta Romanelli (Lecce, southern Italy): an archeo-paleo-geosite of the Mediterranean

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Abstract

Grotta Romanelli is a coastal cave inhabited by humans since the Middle Pleistocene and considered a symbol of the Palaeolithic period in Europe. The site, facing the Ionian Sea, is located in the administrative territory of the Castro (Lecce) municipality, at the south-eastern extremity of Apulia.This area, also known as Salentine Peninsula, documents the Quaternary human presence and climatic changes through rich archaeological, palaeontological and geological evidence. This richness favoured the establishment of several Regional Natural Parks to protect the natural landscape and its historical heritage, such as “Porto Selvaggio and Palude del Capitano”, “Isola di Sant’Andrea e Litorale di Punta Pizzo”, “Litorale di Ugento”, “Bosco and Paludi di Rauccio” and “Costa Otranto-Santa Maria di Leuca and Bosco di Tricase” where Grotta Romanelli is located.

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