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Current Practice and Challenges in Coaching Esports Players: An Interview Study with League of Legends Professional Team Coaches

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Abstract

Esports is rapidly growing around the globe. The need for coaching best practice is becoming essential with growing investments in teams and players. In this paper, we investigated the current coaching practices and challenges in League of Legends professional teams by interviewing professional coaches from international teams. Our results showed unanimous agreement that coaching in Esports remains in its early stages, with a need to develop standards for coaching. We were able to understand the role of coaches, their different positions, and their skill requirements. We were also able to learn the challenges players face such as long practice hours, player attitudes, mental stress, and other health concerns such as back and wrist injuries. From the interview, we identified nine aspects of research requiring future studies.

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... Por el contrario, dentro de los aspectos negativos, distintos autores destacan las largas horas de práctica a los que están sujetos los gamers (6-12 horas diarias en función del videojuego), aunque no existe un método de entrenamiento que garantice un alto rendimiento en esports (García-Naveira, 2019;Pedraza-Ramirez, 2019;Sabtan et al., 2022). Además, diferentes estudios indican que a mayor dedicación a los esports y videojuegos se asocia con un peor estilo de vida y hábitos menos saludables, observándose una menor actividad física o mayor sedentarismo, aumento de la masa corporal, peor nutrición (horarios, variedad y cantidad de comida, así como consumo de bebidas) y menor duración/ calidad del sueño (somnolencia y variedad de horarios de descanso), desembocando en problemas de salud general (p.ej., obesidad y diabetes), salud física (p.ej., lesión de muñeca, espalda y visión) y salud psicológica (p.ej., ansiedad, estrés, depresión y burnout), entre otros (Bányai et al., 2019;Chan et al., 2022;García-Naveira et al., 2021;Hong, 2022;Pereira et al., 2022;Sabtan et al., 2022;Shulze et al., 2021). ...
... Por el contrario, dentro de los aspectos negativos, distintos autores destacan las largas horas de práctica a los que están sujetos los gamers (6-12 horas diarias en función del videojuego), aunque no existe un método de entrenamiento que garantice un alto rendimiento en esports (García-Naveira, 2019;Pedraza-Ramirez, 2019;Sabtan et al., 2022). Además, diferentes estudios indican que a mayor dedicación a los esports y videojuegos se asocia con un peor estilo de vida y hábitos menos saludables, observándose una menor actividad física o mayor sedentarismo, aumento de la masa corporal, peor nutrición (horarios, variedad y cantidad de comida, así como consumo de bebidas) y menor duración/ calidad del sueño (somnolencia y variedad de horarios de descanso), desembocando en problemas de salud general (p.ej., obesidad y diabetes), salud física (p.ej., lesión de muñeca, espalda y visión) y salud psicológica (p.ej., ansiedad, estrés, depresión y burnout), entre otros (Bányai et al., 2019;Chan et al., 2022;García-Naveira et al., 2021;Hong, 2022;Pereira et al., 2022;Sabtan et al., 2022;Shulze et al., 2021). ...
... Una de las áreas de mejora de los gamers profesionales es el plano emocional, en el que es habitual encontrar a sujetos con niveles elevados de ansiedad y estrés, cuestiones que dificultan rendir y perjudica la salud mental (Bányai et al., 2019;Bonilla et al., 2022;García-Naveira, 2019;Leis y Lautenbach, 2020;Himmelstein et al., 2017;Sabtan et al., 2022). Es posible que el organismo llegue estresado a la competición debido a una elevada dedicación al videojuego y malos hábitos saludables (p.ej., dormir pocas horas, horarios cambiantes, mala alimentación y falta de actividad física), así como falta de habilidades de afrontamiento ante el estrés (p.ej., relajación, parada de pensamiento y autoinstruciones positivas). ...
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