Nowadays, the living conditions are better and people have de-
nitely better healthcare. That is the reason for population aging. The
World Health Organization (WHO) provides that: ‘By 2030, 1 in 6
people in the world will be aged 60 years or over.’ The bigger the
population of 60 years and over people is, the higher healthcare stan-
dard has to be. The aging population has specic characteristics. The
variety of older people is really high, some of them are in good con-
dition but some of them are dependent and frail. Frailty syndrome
aects about 18% of the European population aged 65 and over .
Weakness, slowness, fallings, fatigue, and many more describe frail-
ty. It is challenging for the patient, their family and caregivers. The
knowledge about frailty should be increased. To meet up this prob-
lem, the YouTube platform could be used. This platform could be
useful for searching health information but with caution because the
quality is diverse. It is important to evaluate the quality and reliability
of medical videos. There are some papers that present the evaluation
of videos about diseases or operations. Consequently, the authors of
the article “Concerns of Quality and Reliability of Educational Vid-
eos Focused on Frailty Syndrome on YouTube Platform” prepared the
evaluation of videos focused on frailty syndrome .
The videos could be evaluated by approved tools such as quali-
ty criteria for consumer health information (DISCERN), the Glob-
al Quality Score (GQS), and the Journal of American Medical As-
sociation (JAMA). DISCERN is a scoring system consisting of 16
questions, each with 5 points. It is used to rate the reliability. While
GQS is used to rate the quality and is a one-choice assessment scored
between 1 and 5. JAMA consists of 4 questions, each with a score of
1, used to rate the quality and reliability. Authors also analysed basic
parameters of videos such as video provider, content and duration of
the video, view count, average daily views, channel subscribers, the
*Corresponding author: Natalia Maria Hawryluk, Department of Family Medi-
cine and Infectious Diseases, University of Warmia and Mazury, 10-719 Olsztyn,
Poland, Tel: +48 725487433; E-mail: email@example.com
Citation: Hawryluk NM, Stompór M (2022) Will Youtube Platform be the Main
Source of Patients’ Knowledge about Frailty? J Gerontol Geriatr Med 8: 119.
Received: January 10, 2022; Accepted: January 20, 2022; Published: January
Copyright: © 2022 Hawryluk NM, et al. This is an open-access article distributed
under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits un-
restricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original
author and source are credited.
number of days since the upload date, likes, dislikes, comments, the
external webpages linked to the videos.
Undertaking researches related to the evaluation of the quality of
YouTube videos from various elds may help in increasing the pa-
tients’ awareness and knowledge. Some articles presented the results
which clearly showed that the quality of videos is poor [3-5]. How-
ever, there are papers with opposite results, which is quite promising
[6,7]. Poor quality videos could make conicts between patient and
doctor, lose trust and confuse the patients. The Internet contains a
large amount of medical information, but inappropriate websites can
mislead patients . The standardized tools could be used to evaluate
the quality of videos, and the misinformation could be solved. The
information provided in the videos should contain high quality data.
Combining the content of the videos and information given by phy-
sicians could improve the outcome of healthcare. Physicians could
emphasize that patients need to be aware when searching medical in-
formation from the YouTube platform.
Patients and their caregivers could increase knowledge and raise
awareness about frailty syndrome using YouTube, it would be essen-
tial for the management and help in the prevention of it. The videos
focused on frailty syndrome contain information about prevention,
risk factors, symptoms, diet programs, and appropriate exercises. The
quality of videos mostly depends on the authorship . To sum up,
the YouTube platform could be an essential source of information for
patients, because the number of videos and users is still increasing. It
could be the future of healthcare, using online tools the cooperation
between physicians and patients would be better.
1. O’Caoimh R, Galluzzo L, Rodríguez-Laso Á, Van der Heyden J, Ranho
AH, et al. (2018) Prevalence of frailty at population level in European
ADVANTAGE Joint Action Member States: a systematic review and me-
ta-analysis. Ann Ist Super Sanita 54: 226-238.
2. Hawryluk NM, Stompór M, Joniec EZ (2022) Concerns of Quality and Re-
liability of Educational Videos Focused on Frailty Syndrome on YouTube
Platform. Geriatrics 7: 3.
3. Kuru T, Erken HY (2020) Evaluation of the quality and reliability of you-
tube videos on rotator cu tears. Cureus 12: 6852.
4. Cassidy JT, Fitzgerald E, Cassidy ES, Cleary M, Byrne DP, et al. (2018)
YouTube provides poor information regarding anterior cruciate ligament
injury and reconstruction. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 26: 840-
5. Yaradılmış YU, Evren AT, Okkaoğlu MC, Öztürk Ö, Haberal B, et al.
(2020) Evaluation of quality and reliability of YouTube videos on spondy-
lolisthesis. Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery 22: 100827.
6. Szmuda T, Alkhater A, Albrahim M, Alquraya E, Ali S, et al. (2020) You-
Tube as a source of patient information for stroke: A content-quality and
an audience engagement analysis. J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 29: 105065.
7. Ng CH, Lim GRS, Fong W (2020) Quality of English-language videos
on YouTube as a source of information on systemic lupus erythematosus.
International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases 23: 1636-1644.
8. Swire-Thompson B, Lazer D (2020) Public Health and Online Misinfor-
mation: Challenges and Recommendations. Annu Rev Public Health 41:
Hawryluk NM, et al., J Gerontol Geriatr Med 2022, 8: 119
HSOA Journal of
Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine
Natalia Maria Hawryluk* and Małgorzata Stompór
Department of Family Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of
Warmia and Mazury, Olsztyn, Poland
Will YouTube Platform be
the Main Source of Patients’
Knowledge about Frailty?