Cysteine (Cys) can serve as a biomarker to indicate diseases or disorders, and its chiral sensing has attracted increasing attention. Herein, we established an ultrasound-facilitated chiral sensing method for Cys using 4-chloro-7-nitro-1,2,3-benzoxadiazole (NBD-Cl) and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectroscopy. The formation of chiral disulfide bonds induced degenerate exciton coupling ... [Show full abstract] between two NBD chromophores, resulting in intense Cotton effects (CEs) of the sensing product. The anisotropy factor (g) was linearly correlated with the enantiomeric excess of Cys across the visible region (400–500 nm), and other natural amino acids or biothiols did not interfere with the detection. This ultrasound-promoted efficient and specific chiral sensing method of Cys has potential for application in the diagnosis of related diseases.