Conceptualization of happiness, sadness and love in "The museum of innocence" by Orhan Pamuk

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Emotions as an important aspect of being human has been under investigation in cognitive linguistic studies. This study analyses the metaphorical mappings of the emotions with the focus on happiness, sadness and love in Turkish novel "Innocent Museum" by Orhan Pamuk. In this study, I examine how these emotions are conceptualized based on the Conceptual Metaphor Theory by Lakoff & Johnson and what kind of bodily experiences are being used as source domains in expressing the three emotions in Turkish. Through this analysis, I argue that there are culture specific metaphors as it is in HAPPINESS IS PURE SUBSTANCE for happiness, SADNESS IS BURNING IN PAIN for sadness, LOVE IS SUFFERING for love. At this point conceptual metonymies are also discussed since physiological effects of these emotions are reflected in emotion expressions. To identify the metaphors used in the novel, I first read the entire text and determined the emotion-related lexical units including collocations before and after the lexical unit that might have a potential metaphorical mapping. In the third stage those potential words were examined on the basis of linguistic and cognitive criteria (Charteris-Black, 2004) resulting from a shift in domain use. While making the analysis, I looked for the relevance between the literal meaning of the potential word and the one in the given context. If the meaning of a word in the given context is different from the literal meaning but if it has a relevance with it, I marked it as metaphorical. Through this analysis, I will also argue what body parts are utilized and where the center in the body is for expressing certain emotion in Turkish. Being a collectivist culture, Turkish will yield interesting data for the metaphor studies.

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