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Korean Society And Confucianism

Presentation

Korean Society And Confucianism

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Abstract

The Chinese philosopher who was born and lived in China 551- 479 B.C. had great impacts on various countries in Asia. South Korea is one of those East Asian countries that give high importance on Confucian principles in social life. It is not known exactly when Confucianism came into Korea but historically after Chinese classics had been introduced into Korea, China had a significant political and cultural influence on Korea. Thus, it is evaluated that Confucian thought was introduced as a part of that influence from China in ancient Korea. After hundreds of years, although China recognized full independence and autonomy of Korea with the Treaty of Shimonoseki in 1895, its philosophical and cultural influences are still clearly observed in the society and in interpersonal relations in Korea. In this paper, the short information about Confucianism and its values will be given. Then the introduction of Confucianism into Korea and its spread across the Peninsula will be explained. Since highly Confucianist traditional customs and values such as filial piety, respect for elders are considerably important in understanding of Korea today, the role of Confucian values in language, family life and society will also be examined. Therefore, it is aimed to shed light on how Confucian teachings contributed to shaping today’s Korean society.

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