Ego identity status, intimacy status and self-disclosure in adult men and women /

Source: OAI


Thesis (Psy. D.)--Rosemead Graduate School of Professional Psychology, 1981. Includes abstract and vita at front and "Supplement suitable for publication" at end. Includes bibliographical references (leaves [118]-125).

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    • "The latter researchers did find a positive correlation between the moratorium status and anxiety (Owen, 1984; Serling, 1992), and between the diffusion status and anxiety (Owen, 1984). There are also have been studies that showed trends in anticipated directions that did not reach statistical significance (e.g., Heyduk, 1982; Highland, 1980; Johansson, 1983; Malin, 1981; Raphael, 1978; Zampich, 1980). "
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between identity status and anxiety through techniques of meta-analysis. Early research on identity status and anxiety showed elevated anxiety scores for those in the moratorium status and low anxiety scores among those in the foreclosure status. Later studies reported some gender differences in anxiety scores for particular identity statuses. A total of 565 empirical identity status studies conducted between 1966 and 2005 were identified from PsycINFO, ERIC, Sociological Abstracts, and Dissertation Abstracts International using the following search terms: ‘‘identity status,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia,’’ ‘‘identity and Marcia’s,’’ and ‘‘ego identity.’’ Some 27 of these studies addressed the relationship between identity status and general anxiety; only 12 of these 27 investigations (N 1⁄4 1,124 participants, primarily university students) provided data that could be examined through techniques of meta-analysis. Effect size differences in anxiety scores for each pair of identity statuses for each gender were determined. Results showed anxiety scores for the identity statuses to be in generally predicted directions, although some gender differences occurred.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2013 · Identity
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    • "Det finnes også en rekke studier som ser tendenser i ulike retninger, men som ikke når statistisk signifikans (for eksempel Greiner, 1990; Heyduk, 1982; Highland, 1980; Johansson, 1983; Malin, 1981; Raphael, 1978; Zampich, 1980). "
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    ABSTRACT: Marcias identitetsstatusparadigme har vært en dominerende tilnærming i identitetsforskningen. Rundt 1100 studier har brukt modellen for å undersøke ulike dimensjoner av identitetsutviklingen, men ingen systematisk meta-analyse har vært utført. Hensikten med denne studien var å utføre to meta-analyser på identitetsstatus i forhold til angst (studie 1), og kontrollplassering (locus of control) (studie 2). Resultatene for studie 1 viste en signifikant forskjell i angstskåre mellom forclosure og moratorium og diffusion. Forclosure skårte lavere på angst enn både moratorium og diffusion. Ingen signifikante forskjeller ble funnet mellom achievement og hver av de andre statusene. Det ble ikke funnet noen kjønnsforskjeller. Resultatene for studie 2 viste signifikante korrelasjoner av svak til middels styrke, mellom identitetsstatus og kontrollplassering. Achievement korrelerte positivt med intern og negativt med ekstern kontrollplassering. Moratorium, forclosure og diffusion korrelerte negativt med intern og positivt med ekstern kontrollplassering. Resultatene fra de to studiene støtter delvis validiteten til de fire identitetsstatusene.
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    ABSTRACT: A meta-analysis of 205 studies involving 23,702 Ss was conducted to determine whether there are sex differences in self-disclosure. Across these studies, women disclosed slightly more than men (d = .18). This effect size was not homogeneous across studies. Several moderator variables were found. Sex of target and the interaction effect of relationship to target and measure of self-disclosure moderated the effect of sex on self-disclosure. Sex differences in self-disclosure were significantly greater to female and same-sex partners than to opposite-sex or male partners. When the target had a relationship with the discloser (i.e., friend, parent, or spouse), women disclosed more than men regardless of whether self-disclosure was measured by self-report or observation. When the target was a stranger, men reported that they disclosed similarly to women; however, studies using observational measures of self-disclosure found that women disclosed more than men.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 1992 · Psychological Bulletin
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