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Le coronavirus et l’importance de l’insertion dans l’économie de la connaissance : une lecture évolutionniste

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  • Université de Lille / Lille University
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Abstract

La pandémie du coronavirus a pris de court quasiment tout le monde, les gouvernements, les opérateurs économiques et les citoyens et dans la précipitation , plusieurs décisions ont été prises au sommet des Etats pour surtout limiter les dégâts sur la population d’abord et sur l’économie ensuite. Avec ses restrictions sur la mobilité des facteurs, elle s’est inévitablement transformée en une crise économique profonde dont on arrive à peine à définir les contours. Au-delà des conséquences économiques et financières, au cœur de cette pandémie, trône l’incapacité de l’humanité à trouver un remède dans le sens médical du terme, dévoilant une crise profonde de la connaissance dans des pays, pourtant parmi les plus avancés sur l’échelle de l’Economie de la Connaissance (EC). Face à une incapacité du marché à fournir une réponse, des imperfections institutionnelles profondes ont été mises en évidence. Cependant beaucoup de mesures prises à la hâte, et relevant du domaine de l’EC se sont avérées cruciales pour développer une forme de résistance face à la pandémie. De ce fait, la crise Covid 19 s’est transformée en une source d’opportunités multiples liées au savoir. Ce papier pose la question du rôle qu’a joué cette économie durant cette crise sanitaire, mais également plus profondément comment, elle a pu se frayer une chemin entre marchés et organisations pour répondre aux préoccupations de l’heure bousculant certains des théories et concepts qui la fondent. Mots clés : Covid 19, crise sanitaire, connaissance, économie de Connaissance, capabilités dormantes,

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