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Examining the Direct and Mediating Effect of Organizational Commitment and Work Environment in the Textile Sector of Pakistan Abuzar Wajidi Institute of Development Studies (HANDS) Market Forces College of Management Sciences

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Abstract

The textile industry is critical for Pakistan's economy since it significantly contributes to the country's exports. However, most textile units in Pakistan are family-owned businesses, and their operational style is old and conventional. We proposed eleven hypotheses based on the Social Learning Theory and Attraction-Selection-Attrition model, including four mediating ones. We distributed 425 pre-developed questionnaires and received 414 useable responses. We have used Smart-PLS version 3.3 for statistical analysis, including reliability, validity, and discriminant analysis. Our results support all the direct and mediating hypotheses. The results also suggest that in the case of direct hypotheses, the strongest effect was on "the association of employee empowerment and work environment (β=0.523), " and the smallest effect on the association between training and development and organizational commitment (β=0.196). For the indirect hypotheses, the effect size ranges from β=0.094 to β=0.237. This study has focused on the textile sector. There is a need for more studies in other sectors and other cities. Our approach towards the study was limited. It restricted the 1 Corresponding Author: Ume Amen; Volume 16, Issue 2, December 2021 https://doi.org/10.51153/mf.v16i2.524 consequences of work empowerment, working environment, and training and development to organizational citizenship behavior and organizational commitment. Future studies may take a more holistic approach to analyzing the research problem.

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