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ORGANIC MARKET FORMATION IN UKRAINE

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The article examines modern state and prospects of the development of organic market in the context of rationalization of the available natural-resource potential of Ukraine. Basing on the analysis of key organic production indicators it is relevant to conclude that during last year’s there is stable positive dynamics in growing of the area of farmlands that take part in the certified reduced production. Due to the improvement of the organic production recycling the level of organic production consuming and number of certified manufacturers have significantly increased. Consumers of Ukrainian organic production are predominantly the EU countries. Ukraine is interested in the organic market development and there are inevitable resources that can be found in every region of the country. We have characterized the legal principles that enable the organic market and the establishing of relation that are linked to the organic production development which are regulated by the Law of Ukraine and other legislative acts that are related to the issue. Basing on the data of the article and estimation of the organic production consuming level in Ukraine in 2010-2019 there were evaluated forecast indicators of the Ukrainian organic market capacity until 2023.
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Turystyka i Rozwój Regionalny
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Oleg Kucher ORCID: 0000-0002-2086-5971; Zoia Pustova ORCID: 0000-0003-3511-5054; Nataliia Poko-
tylska ORCID: 0000-0003-3163-2900; Natalia Pustova ORCID: 0000-0003-3184-6378
kucheroleg68@gmail.com
DOI 10.22630/TIRR.2021.16.19
Oleg Kucher, Zoia Pustova, Nataliia Pokotylska, Natalia Pustova
State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilya, Ukraine
ORGANIC MARKET FORMATION IN UKRAINE
Summary. The article examines modern state and prospects of the development of organic
market in the context of rationalization of the available natural-resource potential of Ukraine.
Basing on the analysis of key organic production indicators it is relevant to conclude that du-
ring last year’s there is stable positive dynamics in growing of the area of farmlands that take
part in the certified reduced production. Due to the improvement of the organic production
recycling the level of organic production consuming and number of certified manufacturers
have significantly increased. Consumers of Ukrainian organic production are predominantly
the EU countries. Ukraine is interested in the organic market development and there are ine-
vitable resources that can be found in every region of the country. We have characterized the
legal principles that enable the organic market and the establishing of relation that are linked
to the organic production development which are regulated by the Law of Ukraine and other
legislative acts that are related to the issue. Basing on the data of the article and estimation of
the organic production consuming level in Ukraine in 2010-2019 there were evaluated forecast
indicators of the Ukrainian organic market capacity until 2023.
Key words: organic market, organic production, organic products, certification, organic pro-
duction marking
Introduction
The urgency of the problem of the development of organic production in Ukraine is
due to the fact that, due to the deterioration of the ecological situation in the world,
organic products are gaining popularity. An analysis of many years of practice in other
countries has shown the economic, environmental and social benefits of organic pro-
duction1. Considering that Ukraine has favorable geographical description it can easi-
ly abandon the industrialized methods of agricultural production and develop organic
1 V. Ivanyshyn, O. Kucher, T. Bilyk: Marketing strategy formation for the development of organic produc-
tion in the Ukraine. Proceedings of the 2018 International Scientific Conference ‘Economic Sciences
for Agribusiness and Rural Economy’ No 1, Warsaw, 7-8 June 2018, p. 34-39. ISBN 978-83-7583-802-2,
https://doi.org/10.22630/ESARE.2018.1 (access: 20.10.2021).
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O. Kucher et al.
agriculture. Most part of land in Ukraine is suitable for farming. It’s more than 41 mil-
lions ha of farmlands 8 millions ha out of which have relatively clean soil2.
Organic production in Ukraine began to evolve in the end of 1990s. In recent years,
Ukraine has follow world trends and develop organic production. In order to increase
the demand for organic products, it is necessary to implement an effective marketing
policy, to stimulate its development and organize production in accordance with all in-
ternational requirements and standards3.
According to the Law of Ukraine “On the production and using of organic agricul-
tural production and raw material thereof”: Organic production is production made in
the result of certified manufacturing which excludes the using of chemical fertilizers,
pesticides, genetically modified organisms, preserving agents etc., on every stage of
production methods, principles and rules defined by this Law are used to acquire natu-
ral production and to preserve and sustain natural resources. This Law defines legal and
economic foundations of production and using of organic agricultural production and
raw materials and is directed to proper operating of the market and guaranteeing the
confidence of consumers concerning products and raw materials traded as organic.
In Ukraine every person or enterprise has a right to manufacture organic produc-
tion if it has passed the assessment of compliance with organic production standards,
received the certificate of compliance and has been included in the registry of manu-
facturers. Individuals or enterprises which haven’t been included in the registry have no
right to engage in this activity. Organic agricultural production is subject to mandatory
marking by using certain government-issued logo4.
The most important objective in the process of the development of organic concepts
in Ukraine is transition from exceptional agricultural aspect to the perception of organic
domain as an agrifood system that provides:
1. Production of quality, safe of food and drinks in necessary quantity and reasonable
price.
2. Reduce of pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in the process of food produc-
tion, trade and consuming thereof.
3. Creation of food chains on the basis of renewable energy recycling of nutrient mate-
rials.
4. Protection of soil, water, air, biodiversity and landscape.
2 O. Pavlenko: Ukraine has chance to become an organic basket of the world 2016, https://lb.ua/blog/
opavlenko/326957_ukraina_maie_usi_shan-si_stati.html (access: 20.10.2021).
3 A. Jasiulewicz, O. Kucher: Marketing strategies of organic production development. International
Scientific and Practical Conference dedicated to the 45 anniversaries of the Economic Faculty of State
Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilya “Actual problems of agrarian economy: theory, prac-
tice, strategy” 12-13 October 2017, Aksìoma, Kamianets-Podilskyi, p. 233-237.
4 The Law of Ukraine. 2018. “On the main principles and requirements to the organic production, use
          ) 2018, no 36, p. 27,
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2496-19 (access: 20.10.2021).
Organic market formation in Ukraine
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5. Considering present and future ethical principles, food habits, consumer lifestyles
and needs5.
Currently there are seven paramount directions of scientific research in the agricul-
tural production domain which are inevitable for long-term balanced development in
Ukraine:
1. Organic agriculture, including the performing of researches in order to complete
comparative characteristics of different technologies tillage and its impact on the
change of soil, accumulation of biome, humidity, formation of humus, decrease and
suspension of soil degradation, protection from aerial and water erosion; education
concerning efficient methods of disease , pests and weed control;
2. Organic horticulture (in the first place, learning and popularization of the most ef-
fective organic crop rotation acknowledging soil and climate conditions of different
regions of Ukraine; learning specific characteristics of organic cultivation of various
crops, legumes, olives, vegetables, fines herbs, medication herbs etc.;
3. Organic gardening, berry farming, nut farming and viticulture;
4. Organic animal husbandry; with no limitation to the research of cattle and pigs culti-
vation, but also learning the perspectivity of organic cultivation of chicken and other
poultry, goats, sheep, rabbits, bees etc.;
5. Organic aquaculture, including not only cultivation of products that are typical for
Ukraine, but also gaining knowledge of global experience and implementing organic
cultivation of new promising products of aquaculture;
6. Processing of organic production, organic food industry with consideration of fe-
atures and tendencies of the developing of demand and consumption of such in
different parts of the Ukraine and worldwide;
7. The research of organic markets and forecasting of their development on regional,
national, international and global levels. Scientific researches organic agricultural
production must correspond with foundational principles of agriculture reduce
practices and substances which are used in organic production and processing6.
The purpose of the article is to assess the state and prospects of the organic market
in the context of rationalizing the use of existing natural resource potential of Ukraine.
Materials and methods
For the purposes of the research of development state of organic market in Ukraine
the following documents and data were used:
the legislation of Ukraine, main principles and requirements of organic trade, use
and labeling of organic products;
5 Y. Mylovanov: History of establishing the organic 3.0 idea and prospects of its future develop-
ment in Ukraine. Theory and practice nature using. “Sustainable use of natural source” 2018, no 3,
http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/organic_3.0_concept_and_ukraine.pdf (access:
20.10.2021).
6 I. Kyrylenko, Y. Mylovanov: Scientific support for the development of organic agricultural production.
“Economics Agro-Industrial Complex” 2019, no 3, p. 27-41, http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/up-
loads/2019/10/nauka__organic.pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
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O. Kucher et al.
data taken from Ministry of agrarian policy and food of Ukraine;
data of Organic Federation of Ukraine;
In order to represent the results of the research were used:
1. Schemes, diagrams, calculus methods, which enabled to make an analysis of deve-
lopment dynamics of organic production in 2010-2019.
2. Forecasting method which using correlation analysis enabled to calculate forecast
indicators of the organic production development until 2023.
Results
In Ukraine the organic production is actively evolving. According to data of The Re-
search Institute of Organic Agriculture (RIOA) and International Federation of Organic
Agriculture Movements (IFOAM), Ukraine is in the 11th place in Europe in terms of
agricultural farmlands area. It has increased by 54% in the last 5 years.
However, in terms of the capacity of internal organic market Ukraine is in the 25-th
place in Europe. From every single hectare of organic farmlands internal market rece-
        

is 47 times higher.
The proportion of certified organic areas in relation to overall agricultural farmlands
of Ukraine is higher than 1%. Ukraine is on the first place in terms of area of organic
arable in Eastern Europe at the same time. Additionally, there are 570 000 hectares of
certified wild farming areas harvest from which had predominantly being exported into
the EU countries7.
Organic map of Ukraine illustrates the level of organicity of agricultural farmlands of
the country and contains data on organic operators and agricultural farmlands (organic
and transitional) – Figure 18.
In terms of organic farmlands area there are 5 leading districts in Ukraine: Kherson
(82 th. ha), Ternopil (62 th. ha), Odessa (58 th. ha), Zaporizhzhia (45 th. ha) and Cher-
kasy (40 th. ha). The size of Ukrainian certified organic farms varies from a few hectares
(which is usual for European countries), to a few thousand hectares9.
Modern internal consumer market of organic goods in Ukraine began its develop-
ment in the beginning of 2000-s. During last year’s there is stable positive dynamics in
growing of the area of farmlands that take part in the certified reduced production.
Despite certain decline in 2018, we can notice stable growth of organic market opera-
tor’s quantity and the level of organic production consuming in Ukraine. This is due to
the tendency of active filling of the internal market by own organic goods on account
7 Y. Mylovanov: Organic Market of Ukraine: Current State and Prospects. Organic Federation of
Ukraine. Kiev 2019, http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/ukrainian_organic_market.
pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
8 Organic production in Ukraine: realities and prospects 2019. Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of
Ukraine.
9 https://organicinfo.ua/en/infographics/organic-map-of-ukraine-2020/ (access: 20.10.2021).
Organic market formation in Ukraine
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of organic raw material processing mending. In particular grain, flour, dairy and meat
products, juice, honey, sunflower oil, tea, medication herbs10.
By active development of the internal market Ukraine stabilize its position on the
international organic market, by becoming one of the world leaders in terms of area of
organic farmlands, and by increasing the variety of goods and their logistics.
The analysis of organic production development indicators shows sustainable
growth. For certified organic production in 2018 there are 501 thousand ha of farm-

2010 in Ukraine there were 142 farms with area of 270,23 ha, which received “organic”
status. As of the end of 2018, the quantity of farms that produce organic goods incre-
ased by 3,5 times (Fig. 2).
While average farm area decreased from 5,30 ha to 1,08 ha. It indicates the increase
of small farms and peasant enterprises which started producing organic goods, which
is a positive aspect in context of the organic production development in Ukraine. The
following types of organic production were certified: cereal and grain, oils, vegetables,
watermelons, melons, pumpkins, fruits, berries, grape, essential oils, meat, milk, mush-
10 Organic production in Ukraine: realities and prospects…, op. cit.
Figure 1. Organic map of Ukraine
Source: Organic Map of Ukraine 2020, https://organicinfo.ua/en/infographics/organic-map-of-ukra-
ine-2020 (access: 20.10.2021).
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O. Kucher et al.
rooms, nuts and honey. Certified processed products include: grain, cereals, jam, syrup,
juice, oils, flour and canned vegetables.
Currently organic production is concentrated mainly in, family enterprises with area
from 0,05 to 2 ha. Main direction of this operators is berry production, vegetables, gre-
enery, salads; animal husbandry; dairy; baking. Only minority of enterprises have area
of a few thousand hectares. These operators cultivate grain, oils and its processing, they
also have sustainable livestock base and develop dairy goods production.
Basing on the data of The Reform Support Team (RST), in 2018 Organic consumer


Presently internal consumer market of organic production in Ukraine continues to
expand through main supermarket network which often more developed, attractive
and fashion-savvy organic product line. Basic types of organic production, which is be-
ing produced and consumed are crops, meat and dairy products, and grits. Among the
variety of organic production there is more than a hundred titles made by the Ukrainian
industry11.
Consumers can purchase the following types of Ukrainian organic goods: dairy and
meat products, grocery products and bakery, flour, pasta products, sugar, plant oils, spi-
11 Organic production in Ukraine: realities and prospects…, op. cit.
Figure 2. Organic production development indicators in Ukraine
Source: own elaboration based on: Organic production in Ukraine. Ministry of Economy 2021, https://
www.me.gov.ua/Documents/Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=ed6463ce-f338-4ef0-a8a8-e778d3d0ffd1&title-
=OrganichneVirobnitstvoVUkraini (access: 20.10.2021).
Organic market formation in Ukraine
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ces, condiments, sweets, chocolate, honey, drinks (fruit/ vegetable/berry juices, birch
juice, herbal tea), vine, canned products (syrup, jam, berry paste, mushrooms, sauces),
vegetable, fruits etc.
Despite complex economic situation of Ukraine, during 2010-2018 consumption
growth rates of organic goods have had uneven dynamics, although the positive trend
was still constant. This indicates perspectivity and relevance of certified organic produc-
tion expansion in order to at least satisfy the internal market needs (Fig. 3).
For the last few years Ukraine has become an important supplier of organic goods
into the western markets. Export predominantly consists of raw materials, in parti-
cular grain, oil and legumes, wild berries, mushrooms, nuts and medication herbs.
However, finished Ukrainian organic articles not often appeared on the European sto-
re shelves.


Consumers of Ukrainian organic production are predominantly the EU countries.
The largest importers are the Netherlands, Germany, The Great Britain, Italy, Austria,
Poland, Switzerland, Belgium, The Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Hungary, The USA, Canada,
Australia and some Asian countries. The main exported products are grain, oils, legu-
mes, berries fruits and wildflower. The other products are sunflower press cake, flour,
sunflower oil, sunflower grist, apple concentrate, nuts and birch juice.
The inevitable volumes of production for a contractor can be provided mainly by
those agricultural operators which own large areas of farmlands. They are engaged in
Figure 3. The organic production consumption dynamics and its yearly growth
Source: own elaboration based on: Organic production in Ukraine. Ministry of Economy 2021, https://
www.me.gov.ua/Documents/Detail?lang=uk-UA&id=ed6463ce-f338-4ef0-a8a8-e778d3d0ffd1&title-
=OrganichneVirobnitstvoVUkraini (access: 20.10.2021); Federation of Organic Movement of Ukraine,
2020, http://organic.com.ua/organic-v-ukraini/ (access: 20.10.2021).
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O. Kucher et al.
cultivating crops for export. That’s the reason why the internal market is filled with
small farming enterprises. Nevertheless, they also may sell their own production abro-
ad using the services of intermediaries.
It is worth noting that the only food market in Europe, that demonstrates constant
and stable growth is the organic one. For Ukraine, the organic market is a new niche
market. Demand on organic goods will grow at a faster pace in the coming years. Sales
increase faster than the farmland areas.

production operators, 324 certified horticulture operators, 53 animal husbandry opera-
tors where beekeeping is leading and rapidly growing industry. 54 operators have been
processing wildflower. 167 organic operators have been engaged in export, which was a
result of the demand on organic traders.
“Organic” trend acquires greater popularity as a result of which small and medium
enterprises in Ukraine more actively cultivate such production and retail networks pro-
vide store shelves and open the entire “organic” departments.
Basing on data of the research and organic production consumption estimations
in Ukraine during 2010-2018 (Fig. 3.), the forecast for the Ukrainian organic consumer
market capacity has been completed. By using MS Excel, we have construed linear trend
Figure 4.
Source: I. Kyrylenko, Y. Mylovanov: Scientific support for the development…, op. cit.; Ukrainian Agra-
rian Export Association 2021. Ukraine is steadily improving its organic exports. http://uaexport.
org/2021/03/12/ukrayina-stabilno-pokrashhuye-pokazniki-organichnogo-eksportu/ (access:
20.10.2021).
Organic market formation in Ukraine
Strona | 63
diagram that illustrates dependence between time periods, energy production and the
coefficient of determination (denoted R2), which calculates automatically12.
In the presented diagram R2 = 0,9734, which indicates strong connection between
variables, which means that the mathematical model corresponds to real data (Fig. 5).
Given the resulting trend equation y = 3,7867x 3,0222, calculation of forecast in-
dicators of Ukrainian organic consumer market capacity until 2023, for which in 2023


The research demonstrated, that Ukraine is interested in the organic market deve-
lopment and there are inevitable resources that can be found in every region of the
country. However, there are plenty of issues that prevent the organic market from its
development. Ukrainian agriculture having production potential that dwarfs internal
market can contribute to the development of the national economy and its successful
integration into the global market. Ukraine possess great possibilities for export of this
production especially in the context of European Integration.
Figure 5.
Source: own elaboration based on: Federation of Organic Movement of Ukraine 2020, http://organic.
com.ua/organic-v-ukraini/ (access: 20.10.2021).
12 O. Kucher: Formation of a marketing strategy for sales of agro-industrial complex enterprises pro-
duction. European University, Kiev 2011. p. 164, https://scholar.google.com.ua/scholar?hl=ru&as_sdt
=0,5&cluster=8769438497449096774 (access: 20.10.2021).
Strona | 64
O. Kucher et al.
One of the most complex issues of organic market development is unsettled legal
framework, which complicates the activity of the domestic organic operators. unsettled
legal framework that in 2013 The Law of Ukraine “On the production and use of organic
agricultural production and raw material thereof was established which has been in use
until 02/08/19. Nonetheless, this legal act was ineffective because the articles weren’t
flawless and didn’t correspond the EU legislation in terms of organic production, use
and marking of the organic goods”13,14.
In order to improve principles of legal regulation of the organic production, use and
marking of the organic goods. and also, to adapt the requirements consistent with the
EU legislation, using support of civil domain, organic market professionals, and the exe-
cutive power new legal act was established: “On the main principles and requirements
15, 16.
Table 1. Calculation of forecast indicators of Ukrainian organic consumer market capacity

Indicators 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
Ukrainian organic
consumer market
capacity
2,4 5,1 7,9 12,2 14,5 17,5 21,2 29,4 33 
Trend line 0,8 4,6 8,3 12,1 15,9 19,7 23,5 27,3 31,1 34,8 38,6 42,4 46,2 50,0
Source: own elaboration.
First of all the Law fully takes into account EU directives and regulations, that will
allow adapting Ukrainian legislation to European legislation; improved requirements
for the production, labeling and turnover of organic products; the provision regarding
the assessment of the suitability of land for organic production were removed which
contradicted international experience; the principles of production certification have
been radically changed; requirements for certification bodies and organic production
inspectors have been significantly improved; responsibility for violation of the law in
terms of the organic production, use and marking of the organic goods is specified, for
operators as well as for certifiers, etc.
Of course, organic production should be natural in everything, it implies taking care
of nature, people and the world at all stages. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, genetically
modified organisms (GMOs) or preserve agents shouldn’t be used during production.
13 The Law of Ukraine 2013 “On the main principles and requirements to the organic production, use and
marking of the organic goods”, https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/425-18 (access: 20.10.2021).
14 Economical truth 2019. Who produces real organic products in Ukraine, https://www.epravda.com.
ua/publications/2019/04/3/646613/ (access: 20.10.2021).
15 The Law of Ukraine 2018. “On the main principles and requirements to the organic production, use
          ) 2018, no 36, p. 27,
https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2496-19 (access: 20.10.2021).
16 Agriculture Growing Rural Opportunities (AGRO) Activity in Ukraine Annual Progress Performance
Report, https://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PA00X994.pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
Organic market formation in Ukraine
Strona | 65
However, to become an organic producer, you need to pass a complex and expensive
certification procedure. This procedure is unlikely for small producers because of high
price. This applies to households and small farms that grow agricultural products for
sale and at the same time for their own consumption. It is obvious that such producers
will not use chemicals when growing small amounts of agricultural products. Accordin-
gly, when harvesting wild plants (forest berries, mushrooms, and others), it makes no
sense to certify such production. The experience of Poland shows that not only certi-
fied agricultural products can be considered organic or environmentally safe, but also
products that are grown or collected both for sale and for their own consumption by
households and small farms.
To ensure the stable development of organic production, it is necessary to develop
an organizational and economic mechanism for establishing the market for organic pro-
ducts that would meet the requirements for agricultural products that can be conside-
red organic or environmentally safe.
Conclusions
Summarizing the results of the research, we can highlight the following key positions
in the development of organic production:
due to favorable natural and climatic conditions and a large potential for the produc-
tion of organic agricultural products, their export and consumption in the domestic
market, Ukraine has achieved certain results in the development of its own organic
production;
in recent years, there has been a steady positive growth in the area of farmland
where certified organic production is conducted;
actively developing the domestic market, Ukraine is increasingly asserting itself on
the international market of organic products, increasing the range of products offe-
red and the geography of deliveries;
the domestic consumer market of organic products in Ukraine continues to expand
through the main supermarket chains, which are increasingly developing an attrac-
tive and image-oriented line of organic products;
over the last few years, Ukraine has become an important supplier of organic pro-
ducts to Western markets. However, we are talking mainly about the export of orga-
nic raw materials, as finished Ukrainian organic products on the shelves of European
stores are extremely rare;
legal, economic and organizational foundations of organic production development
are regulated by the Laws of Ukraine and other legislative acts. However, presently
the legislative regulation and state management of organic production in Ukraine is
not effective enough;
to ensure the stable development of organic production, it is necessary to develop
an organizational and economic mechanism for establishing the market for organic
products that meet the requirements for agricultural products that can be conside-
red organic or environmentally safe.
Strona | 66
O. Kucher et al.
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Marketing strategy formation for the development of organic production in the Ukraine
  • V Ivanyshyn
  • O Kucher
  • T Bilyk
Ivanyshyn V., Kucher O., Bilyk T.: Marketing strategy formation for the development of organic production in the Ukraine. Proceedings of the 2018 International Scientific Conference 'Economic Sciences for Agribusiness and Rural Economy' no 1, Warsaw, 7-8 June 2018, p. 34-39. ISBN 978-83-7583-802-2, https://doi.org/10.22630/ESARE.2018.1 (access: 20.10.2021).
Marketing strategies of organic production development. International Scientific and Practical Conference dedicated to the 45 anniversaries of the Economic Faculty of State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilya “Actual problems of agrarian economy: theory, practice
  • A Jasiulewicz
  • O Kucher
Jasiulewicz A., Kucher O: Marketing strategies of organic production development. International Scientific and Practical Conference dedicated to the 45 anniversaries of the Economic Faculty of State Agrarian and Engineering University in Podilya "Actual problems of agrarian economy: theory, practice, strategy" 12-13 October 2017. Aksìoma, Kamianets-Podilskyi, p. 233-237.
Formation of a marketing strategy for sales of agro-industrial complex enterprises production
  • O Kucher
Kucher O.: Formation of a marketing strategy for sales of agro-industrial complex enterprises production. European University, Kiev 2011, p. 164, https://scholar.google.com.ua/scholar?hl=ru&as_ sdt=0,5&cluster=8769438497449096774 (access: 20.10.2021).
Scientific support for the development of organic agricultural production
  • I Kyrylenko
  • Y Mylovanov
Kyrylenko I., Mylovanov Y.: Scientific support for the development of organic agricultural production. "Economics Agro-Industrial Complex" 2019, no 3, p. 27-41, http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/nauka__organic.pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
History of establishing the organic 3.0 idea and prospects of its future development in Ukraine. Theory and practice nature using
  • Y Mylovanov
Mylovanov Y.: History of establishing the organic 3.0 idea and prospects of its future development in Ukraine. Theory and practice nature using. "Sustainable use of natural source" 2018, no 3, http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/organic_3.0_concept_and_ukraine.pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
Organic Market of Ukraine: Current State and Prospects. Organic Federation of Ukraine
  • Y Mylovanov
Mylovanov Y.: Organic Market of Ukraine: Current State and Prospects. Organic Federation of Ukraine. Kiev 2019, http://organic.com.ua/wp-content/uploads/2019/10/ukrainian_organic_market. pdf (access: 20.10.2021).
Ukraine has chance to become an organic basket of the world
  • O Pavlenko
Pavlenko O.: Ukraine has chance to become an organic basket of the world. 2016. Retrieved from: https://lb.ua/blog/opavlenko/326957_ukraina_maie_usi_shan-si_stati.html (access: 20.10.2021).
On the main principles and requirements to the organic production, use and marking of the organic goods
The Law of Ukraine 2018 "On the main principles and requirements to the organic production, use and marking of the organic goods" Publications of the Ukrainian Parliament (����� ������ no ���� ����� ������ no ���� ) 2018, no 36, p. 27, https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2496-19 (access: 20.10.2021).