Sleep during infancy contributes to the development and maintenance of infant regulatory functioning and may be an early risk marker for more difficult temperamental traits like negative reactivity. Further, maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) may predispose individuals to greater sleep disturbances in adulthood and have been linked with sleep disturbances in both mothers and infants. Thus, examining maternal history of ACEs and maternal sleep difficulties during pregnancy and postpartum may provide insight into underlying risk factors affecting infant sleep difficulties and early temperament development. Fifty-nine mothers from a diverse, community sample (44% white) completed questionnaires on ACEs, maternal sleep, infant sleep, and infant temperament at 30-weeks gestation, 6-weeks postpartum, and 16-weeks postpartum. Results indicated that maternal ACES and sleep problems during pregnancy have long term implications for infant negative reactivity at 16-weeks, with significant indirect effects through maternal and infant sleep problems at 6-weeks. Addressing psychosocial functioning and prenatal sleep during pregnancy, particularly among women with high ACEs, may be a target of intervention to improve maternal and infant sleep health during the postpartum, and reduce the risk for difficult infant temperament.