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A NEW SPECIES PREVIOUSLY CONFUSED WITH Caecilia pachynema (GÜNTHER, 1859) (AMPHIBIA: GYMNOPHIONA: CAECILIIDAE) FROM THE CORDILLERA CENTRAL OF COLOMBIA

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Caecilia pachynema is a distinctively colored species known from western Ecuador and supposedly from a remote population in the northern Cordillera Central of Colombia. Previously it had been detected that the Colombian populations of "C. pachynema'' were likely an undescribed species. Material gathered over the past twenty years allows us to describe this new species and restrict the known distribution of C. pachynema to Ecuador.
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REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 53 -
A NEW SPECIES PREVIOUSLY CONFUSED WITH CAECILIA
PACHYNEMA (GÜNTHER, 1859) (AMPHIBIA: GYMNOPHIONA:
CAECILIIDAE) FROM THE CORDILLERA CENTRAL OF
COLOMBIA
UNA NUEVA ESPECIE PREVIAMENTE CONFUNDIDA CON CAECILIA PACHYNEMA (GÜNTHER,
1859) (AMPHIBIA: GYMNOPHIONA: CAECILIIDAE) DE LA CORDILLERA CENTRAL DE COLOMBIA
Juan David Fernández-Roldán1* & John D. Lynch1
1


Received: 2021-02-11. Accepted: 2021-10-21.
Editor: Sean Rovito, México.
Resumen.—  es una especie con una coloración llamativa, conocida del occidente de Ecuador y supuestamente
de una población remota al norte de la Cordillera Central de Colombia. Previamente se había reconocido que aquellas poblaciones
colombianas de "" pertenecen a una especie no descrita. El material obtenido durante los últimos veinte años nos
permite describir esta especie nueva y restringir la distribución de  a Ecuador.
Palabras clave.— 
Abstract.—   is a distinctively colored species known from western Ecuador and supposedly from a remote
population in the northern Cordillera Central of Colombia. Previously it had been detected that the Colombian populations of "
’’ were likely an undescribed species. Material gathered over the past twenty years allows us to describe this new species
and restrict the known distribution of  to Ecuador.
Keywords.— 
ARTÍCULO CIENTÍFICO
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia - 53-64 https://doi.org/10.22201/fc.25942158e.2021.02.278
INTRODUCTION
 (Günther, 1859) is a large, stout caecilian with
large, recurved dentary teeth, known from western Ecuador in
the provinces of Azuay, El Oro, Intac, Pallatanga, and Pichincha.

on the annuli, subdivided by dark grooves, constituting a broad
       

Caribbean drainages of Colombia, and considered that it might
extend into Peru. Our results indicate this species is restricted
to western Ecuador as it has not been found in the neighboring

was subsequently designated as the holotype of 
(1973).

by Dunn (1942), who provided a brief taxonomic account but had
a mixed series that comprised more than a single species. Later,
 
         
from the type series of Dunn’s  . Lynch (2000)
http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:FFF1ACD6-BE52-41F0-875C-61909604193A
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 54 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia

known from around Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia, and
attributed the taxonomic confusion to the recurrent presence of
similar coloration patterns (like that of ) in various
Colombian species of  (i.e. 
 sp.) but deferred from describing it until further material
became available. Over the past twenty years, enough material
has become available for a robust taxonomic assessment of this

MATERIALS AND METHODS
All groove counts were performed under a stereoscope and
repeated at least twice for each individual. Entomological
        
secondary grooves in order to avoid misrepresenting their
individual counts. Careful incisions to the mouth’s commissure
were performed using a razor blade in order to fully open
the mouth and access dentition, choanae, and tongue when
necessary. A sharp pin was used to open the pockets where the
primary grooves concealed their dermal scales. Once these were
obtained, they were described in shape and size and put back
in their respective positions so no material would be lost or
damaged. Subdermal scales were searched by partial dissection
of the annuli close to mid-body point and removing a section of
epidermis to expose the connective tissue and determine their
presence or absence.
Sex was determined through direct examination of gonads by
performing a ventral longitudinal incision posterior to the mid-
body point and anterior to the vent to look for testis in males
and ovaries in females; if mature testis or ovaries were found,
these were considered to be adults. Juveniles are much smaller
        
      
        
measurements were performed under a Zeiss stereoscope; these
  
with the exception of total length, which was determined using
a measuring tape.
       

for those species of     
        
       
      
      

      
Alexander von Humboldt, Villa de Leyva, Boyacá, Colombia
 
      
      
      
      
        

      


      
      

RESULTS
Caecilia goweri sp. nov.
    
327)
Holotype.

W, 1800 meters above sea level (m a.s.l.) by C. Cuartas in 2003

Paratypes (n = 12).       
Mauricio Rivera-Correa in 1998 in Altos del Castillo, Belén,


 
       

        
          
        
         
      


  
male obtained at San Antonio del Prado, Medellín, Antioquia,

adult female obtained by Hermano Marco Antonio Serna in San


       
        
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 55 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
Figura 1. Holotipo de Caecilia goweri (MHUA 3241). (A) Vista ventral y (B) dorsal del especimen; la escala equivale a 8 mm. (C) Vista lateral de la cabeza y (D) vista ventral del término y el
phallodeum; la escala equivale a 3mm.
Figure 1. Holotype of Caecilia goweri (MHUA 3241) (A) Ventral and (B) dorsal views, respectively, of whole specimen; scale bar equals 8 mm. (C) Lateral view of the head and (D) ventral view
of the terminus and phallodeum; scale bar equals 3 mm.
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 56 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
Figura 2. (A-B) Vista general del cuerpo de Caecilia goweri (MHUA 8115) en vida. Fotografías por el Dr. Juan Manuel Daza del MHUA.
Figure 2. (A-B) General body views of Caecilia goweri (MHUA 8115) in life. Photographs by Dr. Juan Manuel Daza of MHUA.
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 57 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
 


Referred specimens (n = 4). CSJ 710, 711, 1141 and 1507 from
Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia. All examined by J.D. Lynch in
1999.
Distribution.
of Colombia in the Altiplano region of Medellín, Antioquia, in
the municipalities of Caldas, Carolina del Principe, Marinilla,
San Antonio del Prado, San Pedro, San Roque and San Vicente; as

Diagnosis.,   Dunn, 1942, 
,  Dunn, 1942,
  Dunn, 1942,      , 

      
        
secondary grooves.
       
        
        
the genus that have higher counts of primary grooves than 

 
       
secondaries),   Hershkovitz, 1938 (124),  
132),   
        Maciel
& Hoogmoed, 2018 (152),      
       

species.
       
4 secondary grooves) and     
and 92 secondaries) have overlapping counts of primary
        
       
secondaries) has overlapping counts of primary and secondary

is 1-1 in  and up to 4-4 in the new species. 
       
overlapping counts of primary and secondary grooves with the
new species but lacks subdermal scales within the connective
tissue of the skin and has more denticulations on the anterior

posterior denticulations in the new species.



counts of primary grooves but many fewer secondary grooves
or none at all.       
primaries and 27 secondaries) has overlapping counts of grooves
      
 , which is
rounded.  Boulenger, 1902 also has overlapping
        
      entirely
Figura 3. Cabeza de Caecilia goweri (MHUA 8115) en vista (A) dorsal, (B) lateral y (C)
ventral, en vida. Fotografías por el Dr. Juan Manuel Daza del MHUA.
Figure 3. Head of Caecilia goweri (MHUA 8115) in (A) dorsal, (B) lateral, and (C) ventral
views, in life. Photographs by Dr. Juan Manuel Daza of MHUA.
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        and
, mainly because these  are very elongate,
bear subdermal scales within the connective tissue of the skin,
have few (or no) secondary grooves, and bear a series of light
colored ventrolateral rectangles subdivided by the primary
grooves throughout their body lengths. Discerning  
from 
overlapping counts of teeth on all four series, overlapping counts

the new species. Dunn, 1942 has overlapping


which are thin and mostly rounded in , but thick and
straight at the margin of inception with the scale pocket but with
a rounded terminal margin in 

Figura 4. Vista ventral del holotipo de Caecilia pachynema (BMNH 1946.9.6.83.) de Intac, Ecuador. Fotografía por Martín R. Bustamante.
Figure 4. Ventral view of the holotype of Caecilia pachynema (BMNH 1946.9.6.83.) from Intac, Ecuador. Photograph by Martín R. Bustamante.
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Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
Figura 5. Caecilia pachynema (QCAZA 46983) del Río Chipla, provincia Azuay, en la vía entre Molleturo y La Costa Pacíca. A-B) Vista general del cuerpo; C-E) Vistas dorso-laterales de la
cabeza; F) Vista ventral de la cabeza y el cuerpo. Todas las fotografías por el Dr. Santiago R. Ron del QCAZ.
Figure 5. Caecilia pachynema (QCAZA 46983) from Río Chipla, Azuay Province, on the road between Molleturo and the Pacic coast. A-B) General body views; C-E) Dorsolateral views of the
head; F) Ventral view of the head and body. All photographs by Dr. Santiago R. Ron of QCAZ.
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of primary grooves and a similar color pattern. Still, 

teeth are much more recurved than those of  

    
 
new species. Some individuals of  lack secondary
grooves entirely but others have up to 11 secondaries; in contrast,
all individuals of  
last primary and secondary grooves dorsally encompass the
terminal portion of  but these do not extend onto the
ventral surfaces of the terminus, hence it has a small terminal
shield, while   bears a large, notable, completely
        

 is easier to discern from 
because  has an even higher count of primary
        
of  are not clearly demarked as those of C;
in         
       
species. Dermal scales of  seemingly vary in shape
from subtriangular, to subrectangular to oval 

has larger premaxillary-maxillary teeth than  ,
their dentary teeth are slightly recurved and of very similar
proportions in both species, however these are well spaced from
each other in  but set closer together in ,
           
posterior 5-5 are closer together.
Description of the holotype. General condition is poor given that
there are a few scratches on the surface of the skin, a constriction
caused by an over-tightened tag on the 34th primary groove and

a few dermal pockets were opened towards the terminus to
check for dermal scales. Still, all usual measurements and counts

and a body width of 10 mm at mid-body point, length divided

lateral view top of head sloping (not straight), margins of the
MHUA 3241
MHUA 3915
MHUA 6296
MHUA 8115
MLS 46
MLS 48
MLS 49
MLS 50
MLS 51
MLS 52
MLS 53
UVC 7376
UVC 7377
Total length (mm) 680 560 180 630 480 125 115 580 530 390 410 320 380
Width at mid-body (mm) 10 8.6 4.6 8 8 2.4 2.3 8.3 11 5.9 8.1 5.5 5.4
Length/width 68 65.1 39 78.7 60 52.1 50 69.9 48.2 66.1 50.6 58.2 70.4
Snout projection (mm) 2.5 1.9 0.9 2.2 1.7 1.1 0.9 1.7 2.1 1.6 1.4 1.6 1.6
Eye-mouth commissure distance (mm) 3.8 2.5 1.6 3.1 2.8 1.8 1.6 2.8 3.6 2.1 1.9 2.4 3.0
Eye-nostril distance (mm) 3.8 3.0 1.6 3.1 2.8 1.7 1.5 3.1 3.4 2.6 2.3 2.7 3.0
First scale found at groove no. 1 1 166 174 167 156 127 108 119 55 417
Primary grooves 168 168 169 193 165 172 159 169 158 171 160 156 157
Secondary grooves 14 13 18 714 13 11 13 12 13 13 17 20
Grooves interrupted by vent 7 4 3 7 4 3 3 7 5 4 4 4 5
Premaxillary-maxillary teeth 4-1-4 5-4 5-1-4 4-1-4 5-5 1-1 7-1-7 9-1-9 6-1-6 6-1-6 6-6 6-5 6-5
Prevomeropalatine teeth 5-5 10-1-9 6-1-5 9-1-9 7-1-9 10-8 7-1-6 9-1-9 6-1-6 8-1-8 4-4 7-1-9 11-8
Dentary teeth 5-6 7-7 6-6 5-4 5-6 06-6 6-6 6-8 9-8 9-8 10-11 6-6
Splenial teeth 3-2 2-2 3-2 2-1 4-3 4-4 4-3 4-3 3-2 3-3 4-3 3-2 3-3
Tabla 1. Variación merística y datos morfométricos de la serie tipo de Caecilia goweri.
Table 1. Meristic variation and morphometric data of the type series of Caecilia goweri.
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 61 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
mouth deeply curved and downturned from the commissure of
the mouth to the anterior margin of the mouth.


  
are circular in shape and much closer to the tentacular opening
than to eye. Distance between nostril and tentacular opening 1.9

diameter, partially concealed by very translucent epidermis and
resemble white dots. Distance between eye and commissure of
mouth 3.8 mm. Interorbital distance 5.3 mm and the distance
         
in outline, elevated above skin, positioned below and slightly
posterior to nostril, equidistant to margin of mouth and nostril;
not visible in dorsal view but prominent in ventral and lateral

bear a very faint nuchal groove dorsally and ventrally; third
nuchal groove is complete ventrally but incomplete dorsally.
Width of body increasing past the nuchal collars onto the fourth
           
 
terminus is stouter than the width of the head. Primary grooves
   
body near the terminus; secondary grooves 14, these are short
and barely extend onto the ventral surfaces. Vent transverse, of
moderate size, of same color as surrounding skin, bearing small
denticulations, 4 anteriorly and 5 posteriorly, seemingly no anal
glands on the anterior margin of the vent, but phallodeum was
badly extruded and this could have hidden them.
A small, unsegmented terminal shield, given that it is dorsally
interrupted by the last short primary and secondary grooves
even though these do not extend onto the ventral surfaces of the

where they are small, slightly oval, and folded upon (misshapen)
but those found towards the terminus are circular and slightly
thicker at the insertion margin; these are present up to the last
primary groove. Dermal scales closer to the venter are larger
in size. Many subdermal scales are found in the connective
tissue of the skin. All teeth are thin, monocuspid, pointed,
and slightly recurved; those on the premaxillary-maxillary and
prevomeropalatine series are smaller in overall size than those
on the dentary series; splenial teeth are of moderate size and not
       
bears 4-1-4 teeth that are well spaced and large but decreasing
in size posteriorly; the prevomeropalatine series has 5-5 teeth,
which also decrease their overall size posteriorly; the dentary
           
      
premaxillary-maxillary and prevomeropalatine series. Choanae
oval transversally in shape, the maximum diameter of one choana

protruding narial plugs, which are darker than the coloration of

Coloration in preservative. Coloration in life is unknown. In
preservative, coloration is bright gray dorsally, followed by a
cream median ‘’lateral stripe’’, which extends along the total
body length, more evident anteriorly than posteriorly, ventrally
           
bright cream against the dull cream color of the ventrolateral

Figura 6. Distribución geográca de Caecilia goweri (círculos rojos) y C. pachynema
(cuadrados azules).
Figure 6. Geographic distribution of Caecilia goweri (red circles) and C. pachynema (blue
squares).
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 62 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
Variation.
ventrolateral rectangles are more prominent in some individuals
 
 
   
translucent epidermis to a higher degree than in others, such as



     
bear an incomplete dentition with only 2 premaxillary-maxillary
teeth and no dentary teeth although traces of emerging teeth
can be seen within the gums. Adult males of  tend to
have the eye located equidistant between the commissure of
the mouth and the nostril, while adult females tend to have the
eye located closer to the commissure of the mouth than to the

Etymology. 

all his contributions to the anatomy, evolution, systematics, and
taxonomy of caecilians and snakes.
Remarks. Coloration in life is unknown for the holotype of 
          
along the dorsal surfaces of the body, paler gray or slate on the

even paler (close to white) on the last 30 primary grooves and
the terminus; head, tentacles, lips and nostrils are salmon pink

DISCUSSION
  
  
  
near vent-level but broken by dark lines in the grooves, leaving
quadrangular marks on each annulus. A median ventral stripe
 
that neither  nor  bears a true ventrolateral
stripe —such as those found in  Boulenger, 1883,
     Duméril & Bibron,
1841— but instead these  bear a series of light-colored
rectangles interrupted by dark grooves, hence not touching each
other. Lynch’s assertion that the dermal scales of   are
only found within the secondary grooves is wrong (Lynch, 2000:
         
primary and secondary grooves (as is the case for all Colombian
 with secondary grooves).

specimens of 


holotype of 
in coloration, adult size, and presence of scales throughout
most of the body separate it from . Based on their
         


found dermal scales in other supposedly scale-less  and
the average adult size can only be gauged if a series of specimens
is available.
Some individuals of   may not have secondary
        
         
in secondary groove number, ranging from zero to 11, could
 with overlapping
counts of primary grooves, hence dentition, squamation,
cephalic and terminal morphology should be examined in detail
       
is not the only  known for variation in the presence
and number of secondary grooves, as it is also known to occur
in  ,  ,  ,  , and 
 ().
Recently, Restrepo et al., (2017) provided a list of the
       
       

        
collections of  

7191 and 10720), and     
10728, though not examined).   is seemingly

found within these collection sites.
       
María in Pensilvania, Caldas, in the 1940s, those of Hermano
Marco Antonio Serna in the Altiplano de Medellín during the
         
more recently those of Dr. Mauricio Rivera-Correa in Valdivia,
Antioquia, much of the montane forests of the northern

sampled for caecilians and as a result it would seem that only
seven species (, , , , 
,  Boulenger, 1883 and ) occur near
REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 63 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
            
collections increases so will the number of caecilian species in
these mountains.
        
 
 
Vicente Rueda-Almonacid, Andrés R. Acosta-Galvis, Diego
Gómez Sánchez, Esteban Alzate, Dr. Marco Rada, and us.
      ,  ,
 ,  ,   (Barbour, 1924),  ,

1880). Given that the Magdalena River Valley lowlands become
     
 
we have higher expectations for taxonomic novelties along the
northern portion in the Middle and Low Magdalena River Valley.
Acknowledgments.—
Lozano permitted various visits to the Amphibian Collection at
  
as various loans of specimens under their care. Professors Raul
         
       
Valle, Cali, Valle del Cauca. Professors Mauricio Rivera-Correa
        
gave us access to the caecilians under their care, lent us their

during our visits; their student Daniel Bocanumenth assisted J.D.


        
 and permitted us to use his photographs of this
species for this manuscript.
CITED LITERATURE


         
Colombia (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Revista de la Academia
       
(suplemento especial):317-337.
Maciel, A.O. & M.S. Hoogmoed. 2018. A new species of 
Linnaeus, 1758 (Amphibia: Gymnophiona: Caeciliidae) from
       

Restrepo, A., C. Molina-Zuluaga, J.P. Hurtado, C.M. Marín & J.M.
Daza. 2017. Amphibians and reptiles from two localities in the
northern Andes of Colombia. Check List 13 (4):203-237.


         

 

        
Science Bulletin 50:187-231.
APPENDIX 1. EXAMINED MATERIAL.
Countries are indicated in bold capitals, departments and provinces
in regular capitals, municipalities and localities in plain text.
Caecilia goweri (n= 13) COLOMBIA:   
        
         


San Pedro: MLS 50.
Caecilia guntheri (n= 21) COLOMBIA:   
        
        
Mauricio Rivera Correa (MRC) 1485 and 1533 (to be catalogued at
   


  




REVISTA LATINOAMERICANA DE HERPETOLOGÍA Vol.04 No.02 / Noviembre 2021 - 64 -
Fernández-Roldán & Lynch — A new Caecilia from Colombia
Caecilia occidentalis (n= 7) COLOMBIA: 


Caecilia pachynema (n= 5) ECUADOR:    
       
        
  
    

Caecilia thompsoni (n= 38) COLOMBIA:   
        
       
        
 
       
       
         
      
   



        
        


... Thus, MLS 45 represented the first record of C. occidentalis from departamento Antioquia, and its distribution range was increased 428 km to the north (in a straight line), from Pance, Valle del Cauca (UVC 6567), to Yarumal, Antioquia. A re-examination of these caecilians led the senior author to re-consider the identification given by the junior author in 2000, and is now regarded as a conspecific of Caecilia goweri, (Fernández-Roldán & Lynch, 2021), and whose measurements and meristics are given in Table 1S (see Supplementary Material) along with those of the type series, which provides further insight into intraspecific variation. ...
... An adult male with a total body length of 585 mm, body width of 6.2 mm at mid-body point, an attenuation index (i.e. length divided by width) of 94.3 times (the highest value known for the species), and in preservative (70 % ethanol) a mainly brown coloured body with a cream 'ventrolateral stripe' (see Fernández-Roldán & Lynch, 2021). This individual has 179 primary grooves and 14 secondary grooves, the last 12 fully encircled the posterior end of the body. ...
Article
Full-text available
We here describe a new species of the genus Caecilia from Caquetá, Colombia, whose most salient characters are its large size, its very high counts of primary and secondary grooves, the presence of dermal scales throughout its body length, the size and arrangement of its mandibular teeth, and its lack of an unsegmented terminal shield. Groove counts are close to those of C. disossea, known from the Ecuadorian and Peruvian Amazon but these differ on the previously mentioned characters (among others).
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new species of the genus Caecilia from French Guiana. The new species differs from most species of the genus in the numbers of primary and secondary grooves. Color pattern, body shape, presence of subdermal scales, and number of teeth separate Caecilia museugoeldi sp. nov. from the other species of the genus. This new taxon is the first of the genus described in 33 years.
Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology
  • E R Dunn
Dunn, E.R. 1942. The American caecilians. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University 91:439-540.
Una aproximación a las culebras ciegas de Colombia (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas
  • J D Lynch
Lynch, J.D. 2000. Una aproximación a las culebras ciegas de Colombia (Amphibia: Gymnophiona). Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales, 23 (suplemento especial):317-337.
VALLE DEL CAUCA: Bajo Calima: ICN 58411
  • Chucunes Ricaurte
  • Reserva La Planada
Ricaurte, Chucunes, Reserva La Planada: MHUA 4003, UVC 6070. VALLE DEL CAUCA: Bajo Calima: ICN 58411, UVC 8564; Buenaventura, Aguaclara: UVC 9881; Serranía de los Paraguas, vía El Cairo-Las Amarillas: UVC 7113.
QCAZA 33235; PICHINCHA: Reserva Puyucunapi-Mindo Cloudforest Foundation: QCAZA 75976
  • San Antonio De Chaucha
San Antonio de Chaucha: QCAZA 31720; Santa Isabel, El Unión, Reserva Yunguilla, Fundación Yotoco: QCAZA 33235; PICHINCHA: Reserva Puyucunapi-Mindo Cloudforest Foundation: QCAZA 75976.
Quebrada Casanguillas: MHUA 4247, 4432
  • San Roque
San Roque, Estación Piscícola Universidad de Antioquia: MHUA 5157; Yondó, Reserva El Silencio: ICN 58437. BOYACÁ: Humbo, Estación de Policía de Quípama: MLS 21-22. CALDAS: La Victoria, El Llano, Quebrada Casanguillas: MHUA 4247, 4432; Corinto, Charco Azul: ICN 43668; Norcasia: ANDES-A 4458, MUJ 7368, La Miel: IAvH 9688; Samaná, Tasajos: ICN 41233. CUNDINAMARCA: Mesitas del Colegio: ANDES-A 1904;