Proceedings of the Conference on Multidisciplinary Research-2021
21st October 2021
YSCMR - 2021
A.M. Rikasa1*, M.S.M. Mufeez2
1Department of Biosystems Technology, Faculty of Technology, South Eastern University of
Sri Lanka, Sri Lanka
2District Hospital, Rambukkana, Sri Lanka
Background: Undernutrition continues to be a major concern in health and development. In
2016, 15.1% wasting, 17.3% stunting and 20.5% of underweight were reported in Sri Lanka.
Even though how much consumption does, the amount of nutrients absorbed from the diet
affects the malnutrition conditions. Probiotics are one of the sources which improve the
beneficial microbiome density in the gut through the correct diet plan.
Objectives: Study the role of probiotics in enhancing nutrition absorption.
Methods: Influences of different probiotics through diet in nutrition absorption were reviewed
with research findings using meta-analysis. The 45 research papers were used to review from
indexed and peer-reviewed journals.
Results: According to my reviewing, 27 research concludes that probiotics enhance nutrition
absorption. Literature evidence shows that different kinds of microorganisms affect different
types of nutrient absorption and also having different foods in a diet gives different probiotics.
Around 20 to 30% of energy from indigestible carbohydrates and proteins is captured by colon
absorption. Enzymes produced by the microbiome improve the digestion and absorption of
macromolecules. Probiotics increase the bioavailability of calcium by almost 100% in some
fortified foods. And complex plant carbohydrates/prebiotics contribute to increasing nutrient
absorption through the gut epithelium by increasing the gut probiotic microbiome.
Conclusion: Literature evidence shows that probiotics positively influence nutrition
absorption in the gut. So consuming enough amount of probiotic-rich foods increases
nutritional status and prebiotics support the functional properties.
Keywords: Probiotics, Nutrient absorption, Utilization, Probiotic food