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Brexit and Political Personality: The Psychological Profiles of Boris Johnson and Jeremy Corbyn

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Abstract

This article focuses on the role of personality in the case of Brexit, the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union on January 31, 2020. A decisive step in Brexit were the general elections on December 12, 2019, in which Boris Johnson, Conservative Prime Minister of the UK and advocate of Brexit, defeated Jeremy Corbyn, Leader of the Labour Party and ‘neutral’ about Brexit. Political psychology considers personality as a major factor in political developments. This article presents the results of an assessment of the personalities of Johnson and Corbyn, and it argues that the personality of these key players influenced the Brexit process. The analysis is based on the theory and methods of Immelman, Immelman & Steinberg, and Mastenbroek. Our findings suggest that Johnson’s charismatic personality, his dominant leadership style, and his negotiating skills contributed to his electoral victory and to the realization of Brexit. Johnson profited from Corbyn’s lack of personal charisma and from his undecisive and divisive leadership regarding Brexit.

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... Между тем именно эти аспекты зачастую позволяют не только оценить ситуацию с точки зрения формальных критериев, но и отследить источники происходящих перемен, что крайне важно в эпоху быстро протекающих изменений, когда любое промедление в принятии решения, равно как и поспешность, может привести к плачевным результатам [Гаман-Голутвина 2016]. Несмотря на "информативность" такого подхода, личность политиков в отечественной науке изучается фрагментарно [Айбазова 2019; Егорова-Гантман 2003; Стрелец 2015], в то время как за рубежом данное направление активно разрабатывается с 1960-х годов [Bursens et al. 2020;De Landtsheer, Hollander, Maene 2021;Winter 2013]. ...
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