Article

Can Mentoring Alleviate Family Disadvantage in Adolescence? A Field Experiment to Improve Labor-Market Prospects

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... Furthermore, practitioners and policymakers may find it informative to have an index of overall improvement that can be expected across differing areas if youth are provided access to a mentoring program. In line with these considerations, the authors of a recent randomized controlled trial of the Rock Your Life! mentoring program in Germany (Resnjanskij et al., 2021) constructed an index that combined measures of math grades, patience/ social skills, and labor-market orientation (e.g., career knowledge) and found that youth assigned to the program scored significantly higher on this composite at follow-up relative to controls. ...
... Likewise, internal consistency reliability for self-perception of academic ability was somewhat low and thus could have reduced sensitivity to detecting impacts on this outcome. Our approach to constructing composite measures of outcomes, although in line with other recent research (Resnjanskij et al., 2021), is also not without potential limitations, such as concerns that could be raised regarding the range of qualitatively distinct types of outcomes that were incorporated in these indices. ...
Article
This research is a randomized controlled trial of effects of the Big Brothers Big Sisters of America (BBBSA) Community-Based Mentoring Program on the social-emotional, behavioral, and academic outcomes of participating youth over a 13-month period. Seven-hundred and sixty-four youth between 9 and 14 years old were enrolled in the study through two BBBSA agencies that served predominantly urban areas on the West Coast. Each participating youth was randomly assigned either to be immediately eligible for being matched with a mentor (treatment group; n = 379) or to remain on the program waitlist for 13 months (control group; n = 385). Analyses for the present study are based on 654 youth for whom outcome data were able to be obtained at a 13-month follow-up (87.0% of the treatment group and 84.2% of the control group). Outcome measures were completed by youth (depressive symptoms, prosocial behavior, social acceptance, parent-child relationship quality, misconduct, self-perception of academic ability, skipping school, and academic performance) and primary caregivers (Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire [SDQ]) at baseline and at the 13-month follow-up. Composite indices reflecting the average of youth- and/or parent-reported outcome measures were also examined. Findings indicated effects of mentoring (i.e., being offered a mentor) that reached statistical significance, all favoring the treatment group, for youth-reported depressive symptoms, parent-reported emotional symptoms, peer problems, conduct problems and the total difficulties score on the SDQ, and the parent-report and combined youth- and parent-report composite indices at the 13-month assessment (Cohen’s d ranging from .138 to .253).
... Particularmente, los programas de tutoría se han identificado como una de las herramientas educativas más versátiles y que potencialmente gozan de un poder transformador (Hevia et al., 2022;Nickow et al., 2020). Esta herramienta no solo es prometedora en el corto plazo (Resnjanskij et al., 2021;Lavecchia et al., 2020;Oreopoulos et al., 2017), sino que también se han encontrado efectos a mediano plazo (Cabezas et al., 2021). ...
Article
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El propósito de este trabajo es, en base a la evidencia disponible, proponer recomendaciones para implementar y escalar programas de tutoría a nivel nacional, proyectándolos como una política pública de alto impacto que trascienda el contexto de pandemia.
... Positive, caring relationships with adults or older near-peers can support students' social-emotional development, enhance their attachment to school, and expose students to mentors who can help them successfully navigate the education system (Balfanz & Byrnes, 2018;Bowman-Perrott et al., 2014;Christensen et al., 2020;DuBois et al., 2011). Several recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) show that connecting students with an older role model fosters prosociality and benefits students' educational attainment and long-term outcomes, particularly for students from low-income backgrounds Kosse et al., 2020;Resnjanskij et al., 2021), a finding that is echoed in anecdotal evidence from tutors (Frimpong, 2021). ...
Article
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In this thought experiment, we explore how to make access to individualized instruction and academic mentoring more equitable by taking tutoring to scale as a permanent feature of the U.S. public education system. We first synthesize the tutoring and mentoring literature and characterize the landscape of existing tutoring programs. We then outline a blueprint for integrating federally funded and locally delivered tutoring into the school day. High school students would serve as tutors/mentors in elementary schools via an elective class, college students in middle schools via federal work-study, and 2- and 4-year college graduates in high schools via AmeriCorps. We envision an incremental, demand-driven expansion process with priority given to high-needs schools. Our blueprint highlights a range of design tradeoffs, implementation challenges, and program costs. We estimate that targeted approaches to scaling school-wide tutoring nationally, such as focusing on K–8 Title I schools, would cost between $5 and $16 billion annually.
... Dass die Schulschließungen bei uns länger andauerten und die Niederlande eine bessere Infrastruktur für digitales Distanzlernen aufweisen, spricht dafür, dass die Lernverluste hierzulande deutlich größer sind. Ökonomisch wird sich das langfristig auswirken: Im Durchschnitt geht das, was man in einem Drittel Schuljahr lernt, im Berufsleben mit rund 3 % höheren Erwerbseinkommen einher (Wößmann, 2020 (Resnjanskij et al., 2021). So ließe sich Ausgefallenes nicht nur kurzfristig, sondern kontinuierlich nachholen. ...
Technical Report
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En esta nota de discusión se revisa la literatura en torno a las estrategias de aceleración de aprendizajes por medio de tutorías remotas y se presentan las características y resultados de diversos modelos susceptibles de replicarse a escala y de manera costo-efectiva.
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