The selective intra-arterial nimodipine application for the treatment of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) in patients after spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (sSAH) is widely employed. The purpose of this study is to examine the radiation exposure and to determine local reference levels (RLs) of intra-arterial nimodipine therapy. In a retrospective study design, RLs and achievable dose (AD) were assessed for all patients undergoing (I) selective intra-arterial nimodipine application or (II) additional mechanical angioplasty for CVS treatment. Interventional procedures were differentiated according to the type of procedure and the number of probed vessels. Altogether 494 neurointerventional procedures of 121 patients with CVS due to sSAH could be included. The radiation exposure indices were distributed as follows: (I) RL 74.31 Gy∙cm², AD 59.77 Gy∙cm²; (II) RL 128.34 Gy∙cm², AD 94.48 Gy∙cm². Kruskal-Wallis-test confirmed significant dose difference considering the number of probed vessels (p < 0.001). The mean cumulative dose per patient was 254.87 Gy∙cm² (interquartile range 88.56-315.57 Gy∙cm²). The RLs of intra-arterial nimodipine therapy are substantially lower compared with RLs proposed for other therapeutic interventions, such as thrombectomy or aneurysm coiling. However, repeated therapy sessions are often required, bearing the potential risk of a cumulatively higher radiation exposure.
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Article Full-text available April 2022 · Surgical Neurology International
This case report is the first documented and illustrated case of the identification and treatment of intracranial vasospasm as a sequalae of traumatic lumbar puncture (LP). LP is a routine procedure performed for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. Although rare, this procedure has risks and complications that should be considered before performing.
... [Show full abstract] 58-year-old male was found to have intracranial subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) 2 days after a traumatic LP which occurred in the setting of subtherapeutic international normalized ratio. During his hospitalization, the patient developed both clinical and radiographic signs of vasospasm. He was taken for angiography, which demonstrated significant vasospasm of bilateral middle cerebral arteries and bilateral anterior cerebral arteries. All vasospasms resolved and the patient improved clinically after intra-arterial spasmolytic therapy.
LP is a routine procedure with complications that are often overlooked. The authors describe intracranial vasospasm from traumatic LP before correction of patient’s coagulopathy. Cases with similar hemorrhage occurring in the spine resulting in non-aneurysmal SAH and vasospasm were reviewed. View full-text Article Full-text available May 2021 · Cureus
Cerebral vasospasm is a well-known entity following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. While it has been described in trauma, it has been much less studied. There have been no previous reports of cerebral vasospasm following spontaneous subdural hematoma or after subdural hematoma evacuation. In this case report, we present a 38-year-old otherwise healthy female who suffered an acute spontaneous
... [Show full abstract] subdural hematoma. After surgical evacuation of her hematoma, she developed neurologic decline. Computer tomography angiography demonstrated intracranial vasospasm. She was treated with blood pressure augmentation and nimodipine. She went on to make a full neurologic recovery.To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of cerebral vasospasm after acute spontaneous subdural hematoma or after subdural hematoma evacuation, and the patient recovered without sequelae. The promising outcome of this case may provide a framework for future similar cases. Neurosurgeons and intensivists should keep cerebral vasospasm in their differentials for patients who have neurologic decline after craniotomy for acute subdural hematoma and have an otherwise negative scan for new acute abnormality. View full-text Article Full-text available August 2018 · Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
Intracranial vasospasm that results from subarachnoid hemorrhage mostly leads to cerebral infarct. On the other hand, cervical internal carotid artery (CICA) vasospasm is caused by various factors such as cervical surgery, taking ergotamine, or is of unknown origin. We report here a rare case of cerebral infarct due to repeated idiopathic bilateral CICA vasospasm, and present a review of the
... [Show full abstract] literature. A 38-year-old man, who had a medical history of cerebral infarcts at the ages of 27 and 35, was admitted complaining of disturbance of consciousness and aphasia. MRI and MRA revealed cerebral infarct of the left middle cerebral artery (MCA) area due to occlusion of the left cervical internal carotid artery. Cerebral angiography at 9 days after onset, we demonstrated that the right CICA was occluded, whereas the left CICA was recanalized. On the 32nd day after onset, MRA showed the bilateral CICA to be recanalized. Idiopathic CICA vasospasm should be considered as a cause of juvenile-onset cerebral infarct. Regular follow-up is therefore needed because idiopathic CICA vasospasm is prone to recurrence. View full-text Article Full-text available March 2016 · Journal of Cerebrovascular and Endovascular Neurosurgery
A man visited the emergency room with a headache. Brain computed tomography showed aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and multiple aneurysms. After aneurysm clipping surgery, the patient was discharged. After 5 days, he was admitted to the hospital with skin ulceration and was diagnosed with Behcet syndrome. An angiogram taken 7 weeks after aneurysmal SAH showed intracranial vasospasm.
... [Show full abstract] Because inflammation in Behcet syndrome may aggravate intracranial vasospasm, intracranial vasospasm after aneurysmal SAH in Behcet syndrome should be monitored for longer compared to general aneurysmal SAH. View full-text Last Updated: 22 Jan 2022 Looking for the full-text?
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