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“GREEN” INVESTMENTS IN LOGISTICS INFRASTRUCTURE OBJECTS: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS

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“GREEN” INVESTMENTS IN LOGISTICS INFRASTRUCTURE OBJECTS: THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS

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Abstract

The article is devoted to main theoretical and practical questions concerning “green” investments in logistics infrastructure objects. This type of investments has certain peculiarities as it deals with the sphere which is related to any kind of business and human’s activity. Logistic infrastructure forms mobility. But no significant change in a separate facility will not give a significant result without a support to the relevant network and the highest intellectual level of its use. Planning of logistic infrastructure should be performed in such way that the positive effect on economic growth was maximal, and the negative impact on the environment is minimal. Thant’s why improving logistics infrastructure facilitates achieving sustainable goals as it works simultaneously for economic, environmental and social development. Thus it is extremely important to implement such tool from “green” economy concept as “green” investments towards logistics infrastructure objects. There were analyzed different theoretical approaches to the definition of “green” investments in the paper. The result of deep research of worlds’ best practical trends for “green” investing in logistics infrastructure objects is provided. There studied separately mentioned tendencies for all subtypes of hard logistics infrastructure: transport (electrification of vehicles, low-carbon transport systems, sustainable fuels), warehouse (automation, distribution centers decentralization, energy-efficient equipment and construction), packaging (suitable for processing packaging materials, moving from plastic to more environmental types of packaging), information infrastructure (energy-efficient servers, cloud computing, reducing the number of toxic materials and water required for the production of electronic devices), customs (The Green Customs Initiative), social (smart containers, automated food waste tracking systems and automated technologies of optical scanning). Also were studied main instruments to attract necessary finance support for “green” investments and analyzed ways how to implement them in Ukrainian market with its peculiarities.

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