Arquitectura modular para la gestión automática del tráfico en rotondas

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En los entornos de movilidad, calles o carreteras, los cruces y las rotondas pueden generar problemas de atascos. Poder optimizar el tráfico entrante y saliente de un cruce o rotonda es uno de los campos de investigación de los sistemas de control inteligente. Para optimizar el tráfico se debe disponer de dispositivos capaces de detectar los vehículos así como de actuar, regulando el tráfico, de forma dinámica para adaptarse a las distintas circunstancias. El sistema presentado busca la adaptación a las necesidades de tráfico en una rotonda. Dependiendo de la saturación de cada carril de entrada se intenta crear un tráfico fluido y continuo en el interior de la misma. Para lograr mejorar el tráfico, en este trabajo se presenta una arquitectura modular que permite adaptarse a cualquier cruce o rotonda para, a partir del control específico de un sector, mejorar el rendimiento global. El sistema simulado está compuesto por dispositivos independientes, que, dependiendo de la información adquirida varían el tiempo de paso. Se presenta, asimismo, un experimento de simulaci ón en el que se pone en valor la capacidad de reducir el tráfico adaptando los tiempos de paso en función de la demanda. Los resultados muestran que es posible descongestionar una rotonda cuando se automatizan dinámicamente los tiempos de paso sobre los que se tiene control.

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A review on optimization techniques for the deployment and scheduling of distributed real-time systems
  • Andoni Amurrio
  • Ekain Azketa
  • Javier Gutierrez
  • Mario Aldea
  • Jorge Parra
Andoni Amurrio, Ekain Azketa, J Javier Gutierrez, Mario Aldea, and Jorge Parra. A review on optimization techniques for the deployment and scheduling of distributed real-time systems. Revista Iberoamericana de Automática e Informática Industrial, 16(3):249-263, 2019.