Although interest in Mars exploration is growing very rapidly due to societal, commercial and scientific benefits, the availability of materials tailormade for the Martian environment
is limited. The conditions on the surface of Mars differ significantly from the Earth’s environment. The density of its atmosphere is significantly lower, resulting in lower pressure and a higher temperature range. The distance between Mars and the sun is much higher than that of Earth so the average temperature is significantly lower, approximately -60°C, ranging from -120°C to 30°C. Erosive dust storms consisting of sharp-edged particles are frequent on its surface. On top of this, the biggest destructive factor is the cosmic radiation, which easily reaches the Martian surface due to the lack of a magnetosphere. Because of all these reasons, materials used for Martian missions should be properly designed and tested to ensure good and longlasting performance in the Martian environment.