ArticlePDF Available

An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) with new records, distribution and biological data (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea, Crambidae)

Authors:

Abstract

The Murcia Region (osouth-eastern Iberian Peninsula) has a great diversity of Lepidopteran fauna, as a zoogeographical crossroads and biodiversity hotspot with more than 850 butterflies and moth species recorded. In the present paper, based on an examination of museum specimens, published records and new samples, a comprehensive and critical species list of Crambidae moths (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea) is synthesised. In total, 8 subfamilies, 50 genera and 106 species have been recorded and these are listed along with their collection, literature references and biological data including chorotype, voltinism and the flight period in the study area. The subfamilies are as follows: Acentropinae, Crambinae, Glaphyriinae, Lathrotelinae, Odontiinae, Pyraustinae, Scopariinae and Spilomelinae. Forty nine species are here newly recorded for the Murcia Region.
Biodiversity Data Journal 9: e69388
doi: 10.3897/BDJ.9.e69388
Taxonomic Paper
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the
region of Murcia (Spain) with new records,
distribution and biological data (Lepidoptera:
Pyraloidea, Crambidae)
Manuel J. Garre , John Girdley , Juan J. Guerrero , Rosa M. Rubio , Antonio S. Ortiz
‡ Universidad de Murcia, Murcia, Spain
Corresponding author: Antonio S. Ortiz (aortiz@um.es)
Academic editor: Shinichi Nakahara
Received: 29 May 2021 | Accepted: 20 Jul 2021 | Published: 03 Aug 2021
Citation: Garre MJ, Girdley J, Guerrero JJ, Rubio RM, Ortiz AS (2021) An annotated checklist of the Crambidae
of the region of Murcia (Spain) with new records, distribution and biological data (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea,
Crambidae). Biodiversity Data Journal 9: e69388. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.9.e69388
Abstract
Background
The Murcia Region (osouth-eastern Iberian Peninsula) has a great diversity of
Lepidopteran fauna, as a zoogeographical crossroads and biodiversity hotspot with more
than 850 butterflies and moth species recorded.
New information
In the present paper, based on an examination of museum specimens, published records
and new samples, a comprehensive and critical species list of Crambidae moths
(Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea) is synthesised. In total, 8 subfamilies, 50 genera and 106
species have been recorded and these are listed along with their collection, literature
references and biological data including chorotype, voltinism and the flight period in the
study area. The subfamilies are as follows: Acentropinae, Crambinae, Glaphyriinae,
‡ ‡
© Garre M et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY
4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are
credited.
Lathrotelinae, Odontiinae, Pyraustinae, Scopariinae and Spilomelinae. Forty nine species
are here newly recorded for the Murcia Region.
Keywords
Lepidoptera, Crambidae, checklist, chorology, distribution, new records, phenology, Iberian
Peninsula
Introduction
The Crambidae, belonging to the superfamily Pyraloidea, are mainly nocturnal micromoths
(Microlepidoptera) with an estimated 10,100 named species worldwide, of which the
European fauna is represented by ca. 490 species (Leraut 2012). In the Iberian Peninsula,
256 species have been recorded (Vives-Moreno 2014). The two main evolutionary
lineages within Pyraloidea, Pyralidae and Crambidae, are monophyletically distinguished
by the morphology of tympanal organs (Slamka 2008, Minet 1982, Minet 1983). Crambidae
are characterised by the forewing venation with R5 free and an oval sclerotisation costad
on base of vein A ; presence of a paired tympanal organs situated ventrally in the second
abdominal segment with tympanum and conjunctivum at an obtuse angle, tympanal
chamber cephalad open and accessory tympana in metathorax; lobulus and
praecinctorium are present; male genitalia without uncus arms; and segment A8 of larvae
without sclerotised ring around base of seta SD1 (Goater et al. 2005, Slamka 2008).
The Crambidae of Europe have been relatively well studied although there is a need for
further investigation on habitus and distribution. The Southern European and especially
Iberian species are poorly recorded and more precise data are necessary for the
production of distribution maps.
Historically, the first crambid moth recorded and described from Murcia Region was Anania
murcialis (Ragonot, 1895). Caradja (1910) recorded Euchromius ramburiellus (Duponchel)
and Ancylolomia disparalis (Hübner) and Zerny (1914) recorded Udea institalis (Hübner),
U. bipunctalis (Herrich-Schäffer), Mecyna trinalis (Denis & Schiffermüller), Metasia
hymenalis Guenée, M. cuencalis Ragonot, Chrysoteuchia culmella (Linnaeus), Loxostege
comptalis (Freyer), L. clathralis (Hübner) and Ephelis pudicalis (Duponchel). Subsequently,
Caradja (1916) confirmed some of these species and recorded Pediasia ribbeellus
(Caradja) and Evergestis desertalis (Hübner). Bleszyński (1957) firstly recorded
Mesocrambus pallidellus (Duponchel) and then Bleszyński (1959) also reported Agriphila
trabeatellus (Herrich-Schäffer).
Later, Agenjo (1952) confirmed and added new records of Udea ferrugalis (Hübner),
Dolicharthria bruguieralis (Duponchel), Ecpyrrhorrhoe diffusalis (Guenée), Pyrausta
sanguinalis (Linnaeus), Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner), Titanio tarraconensis Leraut & Luquet
(cited as Titanio normalis (Hübner, 1796)), Aporodes floralis (Hübner), Hyperlais lutosalis
(Mann) and Loxostege sticticalis (Linnaeus), while Agenjo (1963) recorded Ancylolomia
1+2
2Garre M et al
tentaculella (Hübner) and Pseudoctenella inornata Staudinger and Agenjo (1974) recorded
Pyrausta purpuralis (Linnaeus).
Subsequent contributions are those of Derra and Hacker (1982), De Prins (1985),
Schouten (1992), Pérez de-Gregorio (2006), Pérez de-Gregorio and Requena (2008),
Pérez de-Gregorio and Requena (2010), Palacios and Abad (2010), Slamka (2010),
Slamka (2013), Pérez de-Gregorio et al. (2011), Gastón et al. (2015), Leraut (2012) and
Fazekas (2017).
The Region of Murcia has a great diversity of Lepidopteran fauna, as a zoogeographical
crossroads and biodiversity hotspot, with more than 850 butterfly and moth species (Ortiz
et al. 2016, unpublished data). The study area is located in the southeast of the Iberian
Peninsula with an area of 11,313 km extending along the eastern end of the Betic
Cordilleras, with ca. 27% of its surface corresponding to mountainous reliefs (Los Obispos
peak, at 2,017 m a.s.l. as the highest elevation), 38% interior depressions and valleys and
the remaining 35% plateaus and coastal plains. This variety of landscapes contributes to a
great diversity of Lepidopteran fauna. The Region comprises areas of xeric-mediterranean
and desertic climate, with high temperatures and low rainfall, making this territory one of
the warmest and driest in Europe.
Temperature and precipitation are climatic factors which have a direct impact on the
diversity and distribution of plants and the physiognomy of the plant landscape and are
fundamental to the interpretation of the lepidopteran fauna of the Murcia Region.
Considering various bioclimatic approaches relative to temperature (thermotypes) and
rainfall (ombrotypes), four different bioclimatic areas can be recognised according to
Alcaraz et al. (2008): thermo-, meso-, supra- and oromediterranean (Fig. 1). Climatic and
geological interactions differentiate a great variety of habitats as thermoxerophylic on the
sunny slopes of the mountains and, on the other hand, as mesophylic in depressions or
very dark exposures, in riparian zones amongst halophytic vegetation and on sandbanks
and dunes from the inland to the coastal areas along with agricultural crops and
anthropophilic areas. Altogether, they make up ten habitats and 47 special terrestrial
conservation areas of community importance (Alcaraz et al. 2008).
This present checklist is intended to update the recorded species and to facilitate access to
the most recent data on the Crambidae family from the Murcia Region (south-eastern
Iberian Peninsula) for taxonomists providing data about distribution, chorology, phenology
and voltinism.
Materials and methods
The list contains all species of Crambidae collected by the authors until the end of 2020,
along with the material deposited in the private collections of J.A. de la Calle, F. Lencina, F.
Albert and F. Arcas. It also includes all of those records previously referenced in the
bibliography.
2
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 3
Black and actinic (6 and 15 W) Heath traps, 125 W Robinson traps, 125 W mercury
vapour
traps and 4 W LED light traps were used for nocturnal sampling. Catches taken during
daytime and in the urban environment (street lighting) are also included. All these sampling
points are located within the study area and, especially, in the natural protected areas like
the mountainous Parks of Sierra Espuña, Sierra de la Pila, El Valle and Carrascoy, etc. and
the coastal Parks of Calblanque, Monte de las Cenizas and Peña del Águila, Salinas and
Arenales de San Pedro del Pinatar, etc.
Notes on the checklist
The subfamilies are systematically ordered and identified, based on the most recent
classification of Crambidae by Léger et al. (2020), Slamka (2008) and Vives-Moreno
(2014) with minor modifications. The genera and species are listed under their subfamilies
and are also ordered systematically, together with collection data (sampling localities,
altitude, decimal coordinates, date, number of specimens). In addition, for each species,
related references and biological data are provided including chorotype, voltinism and the
flight period in the study area indicated by months in Roman numerals. All studied
specimens are deposited in the entomological collection in the Zoology Department of
Murcia University (Spain) and in the collections of Francisco Lencina, Fernando Albert and
Figure 1.
Map of the known species diversity in the bioclimatic areas in the Murcia Region. Black and
blue: Oro- and Supramediteranean; orange and light brown: Cold and mild Mesome-
diterranean; Yelow and light green: Upper and lower Thermomediterranean.
4Garre M et al
Francisco Arcas. The occurrence data can be accessed at DOI:
https://doi.org/10.15470/
kffxc0
Goater et al. (2005), Slamka (2006), Slamka (2008), Slamka (2013) and Leraut (2012)
were consulted to obtain the information on biology, voltinism and geographical distribution
of the species, while Calle (1982) and Varga (2010) were consulted for biogeographic
criteria.
Annotated checklist of Crambidae recorded in the Murcia Region
Family Crambidae
Subfamily Acentropinae
Elophila nymphaeata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Speidel (1983). Biological data: Bivoltine.
Subfamily Crambinae
Chilo phragmitellus (Hübner, [1810])
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Bivoltine.
Chilo luteellus (Motschulsky, 1866)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V-VIII. First record in Murcia Region.
Pseudobissetia terrestrellus (Christoph, 1885)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Euchromius ocellea (Haworth, 1811)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: De Prins (1985). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V-IX.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 5
Euchromius rayatellus Amsel, 1949
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Schouten (1992). Biological data: Bivoltine.
Euchromius gozmanyi Bleszynski, 1961
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-VI, VIII-IX. First record in Murcia
Region.
Euchromius ramburiellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Caradja (1910), De Prins (1985), Schouten (1992). Biological data:
Polyvoltine. Flight period: IV-X.
Euchromius gratiosella (Caradja, 1910)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Schouten (1992). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-X.
Euchromius cambridgei (Zeller, 1867)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Fazekas (2017). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VI-X.
Chrysoteuchia culmella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution: Palaearctic
Notes: References: Zerny (1914). Biological data: Univoltine.
Angustalius malacellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V. First record in Murcia Region.
Agriphila tristella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IX. First record in Murcia Region.
6Garre M et al
Agriphila inquinatella (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII. First record in Murcia Region.
Agriphila trabeatellus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1848)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Bleszyński (1959). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII-X.
Agriphila cyrenaicellus (Ragonot, 1887)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII-X. First record in Murcia Region.
Agriphila geniculea (Haworth, [1841])
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Fazekas (2017). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX.
Catoptria pinella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII-IX. First record in Murcia Region.
Catoptria fulgidella (Hübner, [1813])
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX. First record in Murcia Region.
Catoptria staudingeri (Zeller, 1863)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX. First record in Murcia Region.
Mesocrambus pallidellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Bleszyński (1957), Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data:
Univoltine. Flight period: VII-IX.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 7
Mesocrambus salahinellus (Chrétien, 1917)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Xathocrambus delicatellus (Zeller, 1863)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI-IX. First record in Murcia Region.
Xanthocrambus caducellus (Muller-Rutz, 1909)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Chrysocrambus sardiniellus (Turati, 1911)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Pediasia contaminella (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V-VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Pediasia ribbeella (Caradja, 1910)
Distribution: Endemic
Notes: References: Caradja (1916). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V.
Pediasia serraticornis (Hampson, 1900)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: X. First record in Murcia Region.
Ancylolomia palpella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX-X. First record in Murcia Region.
8Garre M et al
Ancylolomia tentaculella (Hubner, 1796)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1963). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII-X.
Ancylolomia disparalis (Hübner, 1825)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Caradja (1910), Agenjo (1963). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: IX-X.
Ancylolomia tripolitella Rebel, 1909
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX-X. First record in Murcia Region.
Pseudoctenella inornata Staudinger, 1870
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1963), Pérez de-Gregorio and Requena (2008). Biological
data: Univoltine. Flight period: VIII-X.
Subfamily Glaphyriinae
Hellula undalis (Fabricius, 1775)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: I-XII. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis frumentalis (Linnaeus, [1760])
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: III-VIII. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis desertalis (Hübner, 1813)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Caradja (1916), Agenjo (1952), De Prins (1985), Palacios and
Abad (2010). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: III-X.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 9
Evergestis dusmeti Agenjo, 1955
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: X-V. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis extimalis (Scopoli, 1763)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: X. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis marionalis Leraut, 2003
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: II, V, IX-X. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis politalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IX-X. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis dumerlei Leraut, 2003
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII-XI. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis mundalis (Guenée, 1854)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VIII. First record in Murcia Region.
Evergestis isatidalis (Duponchel, 1833)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: VIII-IV.
Hyperlais lutosalis (Mann, 1862)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Leraut (2012), Gastón et al. (2015). Biological data:
Bivoltine. Flight period: V-VII, IX.
10 Garre M et al
Subfamily Lathrotelinae
Diplopseustis perieresalis (Walker, 1859)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: Biological data: Polyvoltine. Flight period: X. First record in Murcia Region.
Subfamily Odontiinae
Ephelis pudicalis (Duponchel, [1832])
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Caradja (1916). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: V-VI.
Titanio tarraconensis Leraut & Luquet, 1983
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Slamka (2006). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight
period: IV-V.
Cynaeda dentalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Tegostoma comparalis (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Tegostoma erubescens (Christoph, 1877)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: De Prins (1985). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII-IX.
Aporodes floralis (Hübner, 1809)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V-IX.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 11
Subfamily Pyraustinae
Loxostege (Loxostege) scutalis (Hübner, [1813])
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: II-IV.
Loxostege (Loxostege) comptalis (Freyer, [1848])
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Caradja (1916), Derra and Hacker (1982), Slamka
(2013). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: II-VII, IX-X.
Loxostege (Loxostege) clathralis (Hübner, [1813])
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Zerny (1914). Biological data: Univoltine.
Loxostege (Margaritia) sticticalis (Linnaeus, [1760])
Distribution: Holarctic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine.
Flight period: III-VII, IX-X.
Achyra nudalis (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
IV-IX.
Palepicorsia ustrinalis (Christoph, 1877)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: IV-VIII.
Paracorsia repandalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Holarctic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V-VI, IX-X. First record in Murcia
Region.
12 Garre M et al
Ecpyrrhorrhoe diffusalis (Guenée, 1854)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Pérez de-Gregorio et al. (2011), Slamka (2013).
Biological data: Polyvoltine. Flight period: II-X.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) pellicalis (Staudinger, 1870)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V-VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) sanguinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data:
Bivoltine. Flight period: II-X.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) despicata (Scopoli, 1763)
Distribution: Holarctic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V-X. First record in Murcia Region.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) acontialis (Staudinger, 1859)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: III-IV. First record in Murcia Region.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) aurata (Scopoli, 1763)
Distribution: Palaearctic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: VII-VIII, X. First record in Murcia
Region.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) purpuralis (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1974). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: V.
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) ostrinalis (Hubner, 1796)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 13
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV. First record in Murcia Region.
Pyrausta (Panstegia) limbopunctalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1849)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI-IX.
Uresiphita gilvata (Fabricius, 1794)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
IV-X.
Sitochroa palealis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Holarctic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: II-IV, VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Euclasta varii Popescu-Gorj & Constantinescu, 1973
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
IV-VI, VIII-X.
Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Holarctic
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Slamka (2013). Biological data: Polyvoltine. Flight
period: V, IX-X.
Anania (Anania) verbascalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IX. First record in Murcia Region.
Anania (Ametasia) murcialis (Ragonot, 1895)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Ragonot (1895), Agenjo (1962). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight
period: V-VI, IX.
14 Garre M et al
Anania (Ebulea) testacealis (Zeller, 1847)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
VII.
Subfamily Scopariinae
Scoparia pyralella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Scoparia staudingeralis (Mabille, 1869)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IV-VI. First record in Murcia Region.
Scoparia gallica Peyerimhoff, 1873
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Eudonia mercurella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII-VIII. First record in Murcia Region.
Eudonia angustea (Curtis, 1827)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: X-IV. First record in Murcia Region.
Eudonia lineola (Curtis, 1827)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: II-V, VIII, X, XII. First record in Murcia
Region.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 15
Subfamily Spilomelinae
Udea ferrugalis (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data:
Bivoltine. Flight period: I-XII
Udea institalis (Hübner, 1819)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Univoltine.
Flight period: VI-VIII.
Udea bipunctalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Zerny (1914). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI.
Udea numeralis (Hübner, 1796)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
II-XI.
Udea simplicella (La Harpe, 1861)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Girdley et al. (2021). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: IX-X.
Mecyna lutealis (Duponchel, [1833])
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V-VII. First record in Murcia Region.
Mecyna trinalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Caradja (1916), Pérez de-Gregorio (2006), Pérez
de-Gregorio et al. (2011). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI-VII.
16 Garre M et al
Mecyna auralis (Peyerimhoff, 1872)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Slamka (2010), Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: VI-VIII.
Mecyna asinalis (Hübner, 1819)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: I-IV, VIII, X, XII. First record in Murcia
Region.
Diasemiopsis ramburialis (Duponchel, [1834])
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
VII.
Duponchelia fovealis Zeller, 1847
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Slamka (2010). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-X.
Dolicharthria punctalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Eurasiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-VII, IX-X. First record in Murcia
Region.
Dolicharthria bruguieralis (Duponchel, 1833)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Agenjo (1952), Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data:
Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-XI.
Antigastra catalaunalis (Duponchel, 1833)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: VII-XI.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 17
Spoladea recurvalis (Fabricius, 1775)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period:
VIII-XII.
Hodebertia testalis (Fabricius, 1794)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: References: Slamka (2010), Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight
period: VII-XI.
Palpita vitrealis (Rossi, 1794)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982). Biological data: Polyvoltine. Flight
period: I-XII.
Hydriris ornatalis (Duponchel, [1832])
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV-XI. First record in Murcia Region.
Arnia nervosalis Guenée, 1849
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: Biological data: Bivoltine. Flight period: IV- VI, IX-X. First record in Murcia
Region.
Metasia (Metasia) suppandalis (Hübner, 1823)
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Derra and Hacker (1982), Pérez de-Gregorio and Requena (2010).
Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V-IX.
Metasia (Metasia) hymenalis Guenée, 1854
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Caradja (1916), Agenjo (1952), Derra and Hacker
(1982), Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: V-VIII.
18 Garre M et al
Metasia (Metasia) corsicalis (Duponchel, [1833])
Distribution: Mediterranean-Asiatic
Notes: References: Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VII-VIII.
Metasia (Metasia) ibericalis (Ragonot, 1894)
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Slamka (2013). Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI-VIII.
Metasia (Clasperia) cuencalis Ragonot, 1894
Distribution: Atlanto-Mediterranean
Notes: References: Zerny (1914), Palacios and Abad (2010), Slamka (2013). Biological
data: Univoltine. Flight period: VI-IX.
Nomophila noctuella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Distribution: Cosmopolitan
Notes: References: Palacios and Abad (2010). Biological data: Polyvoltine. Flight
period: I-XII.
Herpetogramma licarsisalis (Walker, 1859)
Distribution: Tropical
Notes: Biological data: Univoltine. Flight period: X. First record in Murcia Region.
Analysis
The list includes 106 species in 50 genera and 8 subfamilies: Acentropinae (one species),
Crambinae (32 species), Glaphyriinae (11 species), Lathrotelinae (one species),
Odontiinae (six species), Pyraustinae (23 species), Scopariinae (six species) and
Spilomelinae (26 species). Forty nine new records from the Murcia Region are added to its
Lepidopteran fauna.
The most species-rich subfamily Crambinae comprises 26% of all genera and 30.2% of all
species, while Spilomelinae comprise 30% and 25.5%, followed by Pyraustinae (22% and
21.7%) and Glaphyriinae (2% and 10.3%), respectively (Table 1). The remaining
subfamilies collectively constitute 18% and 13.2% of all genera and species known from
the Murcia Region, respectively (10% and 5.7% for Odontiinae, 4% and 5.7% for
Scopariinae and 2% and 0.9% for Acentropinae and Lathrotelinae, respectively; Table 1).
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 19
Subfamilies Genus richness % Genus Species richness % Species
Crambinae 13 26 32 30.2
Spilomelinae 14 30 26 25.5
Pyraustinae 11 22 23 21.7
Glaphyriinae 3 2 11 10.3
Odontiinae 5 10 6 5.7
Scopariinae 2 4 6 5.7
Acentropinae 1 2 1 0.9
Lathrotelinae 1 2 1 0.9
Total 50 100 106 100
The European family of Crambidae consists of ca. 90 species (Leraut 2012), whilst the
Iberian Crambidae fauna comprises 256 extant species (Vives-Moreno 2014). Thus, to
date, the number of species known from the Murcia Region accounts for approximately
21.63% of the European total and 41.41% of the Iberian species.
Known Crambidae diversity in the Murcia Region seem relatively rich when compared to
those in other Iberian Regions and with the whole of the Iberian Peninsula, as for instance,
nearby areas like the Natural Park of Cabo de Gata-Nijar in Almeria (51 species; Garre et
al. 2018) or more extensive Iberian Regions, such as Catalonia (186 species; in Dantart
2019) and Aragon (181 species; Redondo et al. 2017). This may be because intensive
surveys have started only recently or because the biodiversity is greater closer to the
temperate areas.
Knowledge on Crambidae diversity in Murcia Region is still incomplete, but is probably
even more limited in nearby Regions, with less than 65 species recorded in littoral
wetlands in Catalonia (Pérez de-Gregorio 2001), coastal wetlands and saltmarshes in
Huelva (Huertas 2007) and the mountainous area of Ports de Tortosa-Beseit (Pérez de-
Gregorio 2008).
The most species-rich Crambidae genera in the Murcia Region are Evergestis (9 species,
8.49%), Pyrausta (8 species, 7.55%), Euchromius (6 species, 5.66%), Metasia, Udea and
Agriphila (5 species, 4.72%) and Ancylolomia, Mecyna and Loxostege (4 species, 3.77%
each, respectively). The majority of genera (10) are species-poor (2-3 species) or known in
the Murcia Region from a single species (31 genera).
Species richness varies substantially amongst the different bioclimatic areas of the Murcia
Region (Fig. 1). The Thermomediterranean area has the most diverse Crambidae fauna
with 69 species recorded, followed by the Mesomediterranean area with 59 species, while
the Supra- and Oromediteranean areas appear to be less diverse with 29 species
Table 1.
Numbers and percentages of known genera and species recorded for each subfamily in Murcia
Region.
20 Garre M et al
(Table 2). In each of these areas, 29 species are unique in the Thermo-, 12 in Meso- and 9
in Supra- and Oromediterranean areas, while 38 species were recorded in two areas and
10 in the three studied areas.
Oro- and Supramediterranean Agriphila inquinatella (Denis & Schiffermuller, 1775)
Chrysocrambus sardiniellus (Turati, 1911)
Xanthocrambus caducellus (Muller-Rutz, 1909)
Evergestis mundalis (Guenée, 1854)
Pyrausta ostrinalis (Hubner, 1796)
Scoparia gallica Peyerimhoff, 1873
Scoparia pyralella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Mecyna lutealis (Duponchel, [1833])
Udea bipunctalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1851)
Mesomediterranean Agriphila geniculea (Haworth, [1841])
Agriphila tristella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Ancylolomia palpella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Angustalius malacellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Catoptria fulgidella (Hübner, [1813])
Catoptria pinella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Catoptria staudingeri (Zeller, 1863)
Tegostoma comparalis (Hübner, 1796)
Pyrausta acontialis (Staudinger, 1859)
Diasemiopsis ramburialis (Duponchel, [1834])
Metasia hymenalis Guenée, 1854
Udea institalis (Hübner, 1819)
Thermomediterranean Ancylolomia disparalis (Hübner, 1825)
Chilo luteella (Motschulsky, 1866)
Euchromius cambridgei (Zeller, 1867)
Euchromius gozmanyi Bleszynski, 1961
Euchromius gratiosella (Caradja, 1910)
Table 2.
List of unique species in each bioclimatic area or in more than one bioclimatic area.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 21
Euchromius ocellea (Haworth, 1811)
Mesocrambus salahinellus (Chrétien, 1917)
Pediasia ribbeella (Caradja, 1910)
Pediasia serraticornis (Hampson, 1900)
Pseudobissetia terrestrellus (Christoph, 1885)
Pseudoctenella inornata Staudinger, 1870
Hyperlais lutosalis (Mann, 1862)
Evergestis extimalis (Scopoli, 1763)
Evergestis politalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Cynaeda dentalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Tegostoma erubescens (Christoph, 1877)
Anania murcialis (Ragonot, 1895)
Anania verbascalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Euclasta varii Popescu-Gorj & Constantinescu, 1973
Loxostege scutalis (Hübner, [1813])
Pyrausta (Pyrausta) aurata (Scopoli, 1763)
Sitochroa palealis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Arnia nervosalis Guenée, 1850
Diplopseustis perieresalis (Walker, 1859)
Duponchelia fovealis Zeller, 1850
Herpetogramma licarsisalis (Walker, 1859)
Metasia corsicalis (Duponchel, [1833])
Spoladea recurvalis (Fabricius, 1775)
Udea simplicella (La Harpe, 1861)
Oro-, Supra- and Mesomediterranean Ephelis pudicalis (Duponchel, [1832])
Paracorsia repandalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Pyrausta limbopunctalis (Herrich-Schäffer, 1849)
Pyrausta pellicalis (Staudinger, 1870)
Scoparia staudingeralis (Mabille, 1869)
Mecyna auralis (Peyerimhoff, 1872)
Mecyna trinalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
22 Garre M et al
Metasia cuencalis Ragonot, 1894
Meso- and Thermomediterranean Agriphila cyrenaicellus (Ragonot, 1887)
Ancylolomia tentaculella (Hubner, 1796)
Ancylolomia tripolitella Rebel, 1909
Euchromius ramburiellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Mesocrambus pallidellus (Duponchel, 1836)
Pediasia contaminella (Hübner, 1796)
Evergestis desertalis (Hübner, 1813)
Evergestis dusmeti Agenjo, 1960
Evergestis frumentalis (Linnaeus, [1760])
Evergestis isatidalis (Duponchel, 1833)
Evergestis marionalis Leraut, 2003
Aporodes floralis (Hübner, 1809)
Achyra nudalis (Hübner, 1796)
Loxostege comptalis (Freyer, [1848])
Loxostege sticticalis (Linnaeus, [1760])
Ostrinia nubilalis (Hübner, 1796)
Palepicorsia ustrinalis (Christoph, 1877)
Eudonia angustea (Curtis, 1827)
Eudonia lineola (Curtis, 1827)
Dolicharthria bruguieralis (Duponchel, 1833)
Dolicharthria punctalis ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Hodebertia testalis (Fabricius, 1794)
Hydriris ornatalis (Duponchel, [1832])
Mecyna asinalis (Hübner, 1819)
Metasia ibericalis (Ragonot, 1894)
Metasia suppandalis (Hübner, 1823)
Nomophila noctuella ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Palpita vitrealis (Rossi, 1794)
Oro- and Supra- and Thermomediterranean Agriphila trabeatellus (Herrich-Schäffer, 1848)
Antigastra catalaunalis (Duponchel, 1833)
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 23
All areas Xathocrambus delicatellus (Zeller, 1863)
Evergestis dumerlei Leraut, 2003
Hellula undalis (Fabricius, 1775)
Ecpyrrhorrhoe diffusalis (Guenée, 1854)
Pyrausta despicata (Scopoli, 1763)
Pyrausta sanguinalis (Linnaeus, 1767)
Uresiphita gilvata (Fabricius, 1794)
Eudonia mercurella (Linnaeus, 1758)
Udea ferrugalis (Hübner, 1796)
Udea numeralis (Hübner, 1796)
Approximately half of the species can be considered specialists in a given bioclimatic area,
while the other 50% can be considered as opportunists of different types of vegetation that
characterise each of the bioclimatic areas. The detailed data for the bioclimatic areas of
Crambidae in the Murcia Region are summarised in Table 2.
Chorological analysis for the family Crambidae in the Region of Murcia showed that the
Mediterranean chorotype, including the endemic Pediasia ribbeellus (Caradja), is the most
abundant with 56.6% of the total, which is consistent with the geographical position of the
study area. Amongst these, the Asiatic-Mediterranean elements (34.9%) are more frequent
than the Atlanto-Mediterranean elements (21.7%). On the other hand, the elements of wide
distribution, such as the Eurasiatic, Holarctic and Palaearctic (26.4%), are the most
common in the mountainous biotopes of the centre and north of the study area, while the
tropical and cosmopolitan species (17.0%) have their origin mainly in Africa. The presence
of opportunistic species is due to the agricultural crop fields that dominate a part of the
Murcian territory.
Regarding the biology of the species, the environmental conditions of the study area, which
affect the availability of trophic resources for reproduction, suggest that most of the species
are bivoltins (47.2%) and univoltins (47.2%), while the rest are polyvoltins (5.7%). Most of
the recorded species feed on plant species belonging to the Brassicaceae, Asteraceae,
Lamiaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Scrophulariaceae and Amaranthaceae families, amongst
others, although the species of the Crambinae subfamily feed on grasses (Poaceae). The
most particular cases are those related to the genus Eudonia which feed on lichens and
the species Euchromius ocellea, E. cambridgei and Dolicharthria bruguieralis which feed
on plant detritus. Some species, such as Palpita vitrealis, Ostrinia nubilalis and Nomophila
noctuella, must be controlled since they are agricultural crop pests. Finally, the host plants
of 34.0% of species are unknown, so it will be necessary to carry out complementary
studies to further biological understanding.
24 Garre M et al
Discussion
Prior to our investigation, the number of known Crambidae moth species in the Murcia
Region was 56. Our study increases this number to a total of 106, based on an
examination of museum specimens, published records and sampled individuals, 41.41% of
all of the Iberian species known. This study presents an updated checklist of current
Crambidae moth species with their distribution and biological information for the Murcia
Region in the south-eastern Iberian Peninsula.
This study serves as both a guide for collection in the poorly sampled south-western
European continent and a comprehensive reference list with the Crambidae taxa and
localities where conservation is an important priority for policy-makers, conservation
planners and for the management of insect diversity in Spain.
We encourage lepidopterists holding additional data on systematically collected crambids
to produce an updated dataset. Additionally, new intensive surveys in adjacent regions are
being conducted, as well as unknown specimens being continuously identified to species
level.
Acknowledgements
Thanks are due to José A. de la Calle, Francisco Lencina, Fernando Albert and Francisco
Arcas for allowing access to their personal collections, to Richard Mally from Czech
University of Life Sciences in Prague for his comments and suggestion, while Claire Ward
improved the manuscript linguistically. We are very grateful for this collegial and kind
support. This study has been supported by the Regional Excellence 19908-GERM-15
project of the Fundación Séneca (Regional Government of Murcia, Spain). Collecting
permits were issued by Environmental Authority of Murcia Region.
References
Agenjo R (1952) Fáunula lepidopterológica almeriense. Consejo Superior de
Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, 370 pp.
Agenjo R (1962) Resultados científicos de una Pensión de Estudios en el “Muséum
National d’Historie Naturelle” de París, con la descripción de un género y otra especie
nuevos de lepidópteros españoles dedicados al Excmo. Sr. D. Jesús Rubio y García
Mina, Ministro de Educación Nacional. Eos 38: 147189.
Agenjo R (1963) Ancylolomiidi de España (Crambidae). Eos 38: 445470.
Agenjo R (1974) Las Pyrausta melanalis Caradja, 1916 y neglectalis Caradja, 1916
descritas de Cuenca, nuevas sinonímias, respectivamente, de Pyrausta purpuralis
(Linneo, 1758) y Syllythria virginalis (Duponchel, 1831). Harpadispar Agenjo, 1952
(= Pyraustegia Marion, 1962) (Lep: Pyraustidae) (Lám. I). Eos 50: 718.
Alcaraz F, Barreña J, Clemente M, González-Garnés J, López-Bernal J, Rivera D, Ríos
S, et al. (2008) Manual de interpretación de los hábitats naturales y seminaturales de la
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 25
Región de Murcia, Tomo 1: hábitats y sistemas de hábitats. Dirección General del
Medio Natural, Consejería de Desarrollo Sostenible y Ordenación del Territorio, Región
de Murcia, Murcia, 179 pp.
• Bleszyński E (1957) Studies on the Crambidae (Lepidoptera). Part XIV. Revision of the
European species of the generic group Crambus F. s. l. Acta Zoologica
Cracoviensa 1 (6): 161162.
• Bleszyński E (1959) Studies on the Crambidae (Lepidoptera). Part XX. Further
investigations on the European Species of the Generic Group Crambus F. s. l. Acta
Zoologica Cracoviensa 4 (4): 147159.
Calle JA (1982) Noctuidos españoles. Boletín del Servicio contra Plagas e Inspección
Fitopatológica, Fuera de serie. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación,
Dirección General de la Producción Agraria, Servicio de Defensa contra Plagas e
Inspección Fitopatológica, Madrid.
Caradja A (1910) Beitrag zur Kenntnis über die geographische Verbreitung der
Pyraliden des europäischen Faunengebietes nebst Beschreibung einiger neuer
Formen. Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift Iris 24: 10514.
Caradja A (1916) Beitrag zur Kenntnis der geographischen Verbreitung der Pyraliden
und Tortriciden des europäischen Faunengebietes, nebst Beschreibung neuer Formen.
Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift Iri 30: 188.
Dantart J (2019) Resultats de les tretzenes Nits de les Papallones (Catalan moth
nights): 2–6 de juny de 2016. Butlletí de la Societat Catalana de
Lepidopterologia 110: 4568.
De Prins W (1985) Some faunistic remarks on the Spanish Lepidoptera fauna (Part IV).
SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología 13: 5155.
Derra G, Hacker H (1982) Contribution to the Lepidoptera-Fauna of Spain. Heterocera
of a three-week visit in summer 1980 (III). SHILAP Revista de
Lepidopterología 10: 187196.
Fazekas I (2017) Genitalia and wing pattern drawings of eighty Palaearctic Crambinae
species (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Microlepidoptera.hu 12: 2781. https://doi.org/
10.3897/zookeys.565.6797
Garre M, Rubio RM, Guerrero JJ, Girdley J, Ortiz AS (2018) Catálogo sistemático
preliminar de los Pyraloidea Latreille, 1809 del Parque Natural Cabo de Gata-Níjar
(Almería, España) (Lepidoptera: Pyraloidea). SHILAP Revista de
Lepidopterología 46: 105123.
Gastón F, Maciá R, Redondo V, Vives-Moreno A, Ylla J (2015) Revisión del género
Hyperlais Marion, 1959 en España y Portugal y designación del lectotipo de Cybalomia
rivasalis Vázquez, 1905 (Lepidoptera: Crambidae, Cybalomiinae). SHILAP Revista de
Lepidopterología 43: 645657.
Girdley J, Garre M, Guerrero JJ, Rubio RM, Ortiz AS (2021) Provisional data suggests
the presence of Udea simplicella (De La Harpe, 1861) (Crambidae: Spilomelinae) in
Murcia, South East Spain. The Entomologist's Record and Journal of
Variation 133: 5354.
Goater B, Nuss M, Speidel W (2005) Pyraloidea. In: Huemer P, Karsholt O (Eds)
Microlepidoptera of Europe, 4. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, 304 pp. https://doi.org/
10.1163/9789004475489
26 Garre M et al
Huertas M (2007) Lepidópteros de los espacios naturales protegidos del litoral de
Huelva (Macro y Microlepidoptera). Monográfico nr 2. Sociedad Andaluza de
Entomología, Córdoba, 248 pp.
Léger T, Mally R, Neinhuis C, Nuss M (2020) Refining the phylogeny of Crambidae with
complete sampling of subfamilies (Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea). Zoologica Scripta 50 (1):
8499. https://doi.org/10.1111/zsc.12452
Leraut P (2012) Moths of Europe. Zygaenids, Pyralids 1 and Brachodids. 3. N.A.P.
Editions, Verrières le Buisson, 599 pp.
Minet J (1982) Les Pyraloidea et leurs principales divisions systématiques (Lep.
Ditrysia). Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France, Paris 86 (1981): 262280.
Minet J (1983) Étude morphologique et phylogénétique des organes tympaniques des
Pyraloidea. 1 - Généralités et homologies (Lep. Glossata). Annales de la Société
Entomologique de France, Paris 19 (2): 175207.
Ortiz AS, Garre M, Guerrero JJ, Rubio RM, Calle JA (2016) Addenda et corrigenda al
catálogo sistématico de los macrolepidópteros de la Región de Murcia (España).
SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología 44: 681692.
Palacios JL, Abad C (2010) Lepidoptera de las Sierra de las Moreras (Murcia, España)
(Insecta: Lepidoptera). SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología 38: 257266.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ (2001) Microlepidòpters (Ethmiidae, Crambidae) dels aiguamolls
litorals de Catalunya (Lepidoptera) (I). SPARTINA, Butlletí Naturalista del Delta del
Llobregat 4: 129141.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ (2006) Microlepidópteros (Pyralidae, Crambidae) nuevos o
interesantes para la fauna catalana e ibérica (VII). Boletín SEA 38: 301305.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ (2008) Microlepidopters dels ports de Tortosa-Beseit (I). Família
Crambidae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae). Sessió Conjunta d’Entomologia
ICHN-SCL 13-14: 2534.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ, Requena E (2008) Microlepidòpters (Pyralidae, Crambidae) nous
o interessants per a la fauna catalana i iberobalear (VIII) (Lepidoptera). Sessió
Conjunta d’Entomologia ICHN-SCL 13-14: 91106.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ, Requena E (2010) Microlepidòpters nous o interessants per a la
fauna catalana i iberobalear, X (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, Crambidae). Butlletí de la
Societat Catalana de Lepidopterologia 101: 5159.
Pérez de-Gregorio JJ, Fernández D, Requena E, Rondós M (2011) Microlepidópteros
(Lepidoptera: Pyralidae, Crambidae) nuevos o interesantes para la fauna catalana e
ibérica, XI. Heteropterus 11 (1): 137145.
Ragonot EL (1895) Descriptions d'un genre et de deux espèces inédites de Pyralites
provenant d'Espagne. Bulletin des Séances et Bulletin Bibliographique de la Société
Entomologique de Franc 64: XXIIXXIII.
Redondo V, Gastón J, Ylla J, Maciá R (2017) Estudio taxonómico preliminar de los
Pyralidae Latreille, 1809 y Crambidae Latreille, 1810 de Aragón (España) (Lepidoptera:
Pyraloidea). Boletín SEA 61: 179207.
Schouten RT (1992) Revision of the genera Euchromius Guenée and Miyakea Marumo
(Lepidoptera: Crambidae: Crambinae). Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie 135: 191274.
Slamka F (2006) Pyraloidea of Europe, 1. František Slamka, Bratislava, 138 pp.
Slamka F (2008) Pyraloidea of Europe, 2. František Slamka, Bratislava, 223 pp.
Slamka F (2010) Pyraloidea (Lepidoptera) of Central Europe. František Slamka,
Bratislava, 176 pp.
An annotated checklist of the Crambidae of the region of Murcia (Spain) ... 27
Slamka F (2013) Pyraloidea of Europe, 3. František Slamka, Bratislava, 357 pp.
Speidel W (1983) The Acentropinae (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) from Spain and Portugal.
SHILAP Revista de Lepidopterología 11: 8386.
Varga Z (2010) Biogeography of West Palearctic Noctuidae. In: Fibiger M, Ronkay L,
Yela J, Zilli A (Eds) Noctuidae Europaeae. Rivulinae - Euteliinae, and Micronoctuinae
and Suplement to volumes 1–11, 12. Entomological Press, Sorø, 265-274 pp.
Vives-Moreno A (2014) Catálogo sistemático y sinonímico de los Lepidoptera de la
Península Ibérica, de Ceuta, de Melilla y de las Islas Azores, Baleares, Canarias,
Madeira y Salvajes (Insecta: Lepidoptera). Suplemento de SHILAP Revista de
Lepidopterología. Improitalia, Madrid, 1184 pp.
Zerny H (1914) Über paläarktische Pyraliden des k. k. naturhistorischen Hofmuseums in
Wien. Annalen des K. K. Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums 28: 295348.
28 Garre M et al
... The Region of Murcia has a great diversity of Lepidopteran fauna, as a zoogeographical crossroads and biodiversity hotspot, with more than 850 butterfly and moth species (Ortiz et al. 2016, unpublished data). The summary ecophysiological characterisation of the study area can be consulted in Garre et al. (2021). ...
Article
Full-text available
The Murcia Region (south-eastern Iberian Peninsula) has a great diversity of Lepidopteran fauna, as a zoogeographical crossroads and biodiversity hotspot with more than 850 butterflies and moth species recorded. In the present paper, based on an examination of museum specimens, published records and new samples, a comprehensive and critical species list of Pyralidae moths (Lepidoptera, Pyraloidea) is synthesised. In total, three subfamilies, 67 genera and 142 species have been recorded and these are listed, along with their collection, literature references and biological data, including chorotype, voltinism and the flight period in the study area. The subfamilies are Galleriinae, Phycitinae and Pyralinae. Seventy-three species are newly recorded, sixty-two species are confirmed from literature and only seven species have not been observed for the Murcia Region.
Article
Full-text available
Crambidae is a group of moths with more than 10,000 species occurring worldwide that evolved diverse morphological and ecological habits. They can be best recognized by morphological characters of the adult tympanal organ and larval chaetotaxy. We present the first molecular phylogeny of Crambidae including all subfamilies and most tribes. We use available molecular data from two previous studies, and published transcriptomes and genomes, compiling ten genes totalling 11,247 bp. Up to eight genes are sequenced for thirty-nine additional taxa, with Cathariinae, Cybalomiinae and Linostinae sampled for the first time. Maximum-likelihood and Bayesian analyses recover topologies mostly agreeing with those of previous studies, with several groupings showing better support. Cathariinae syn. n. and Cybalomiinae syn. n. are recovered as ingroup of Glaphyriinae and are consequently synonymized with the latter. Linostinae are either sister to Glaphyriinae or sister to the ‘CAMMSS clade’. Lathrotelinae are recovered monophyletic and as sister to Musotiminae in the Bayesian analysis. Hoploscopinae stat. n. are recovered as sister to ((Crambinae + Erupinae stat. n.) + (Scopariinae + Heliothelinae s. str.)). Evolution of host-plant preferences is discussed.
Article
Full-text available
The genus Diatraea Guilding is one of the most economically important groups of moths in the Western Hemisphere. The larvae are stem borers that feed on species of Poaceae, or grasses, such as sugarcane, corn, rice, and sorghum, as well as many other native grasses. Interest in this group has risen considerably since sugarcane and other grasses have been utilized and/or investigated as biofuels. This is the first modern study to treat all 41 valid described species. Most type specimens were examined and we provide a checklist with 19 new synonyms. We provide keys for the identification of most species in this genus based on morphology of the male and female genitalia and modern illustrations of male and female genitalia. We also provide an updated table of species distribution by country.
Article
Full-text available
The authors update the distribution and include images of distinctive characters of the five species of genus Hyperlais Marion, 1959 that inhabit the Iberian Peninsula, Balearic and Canary islands: H. nemausalis (Duponchel, 1834), H. luteosalis (Mann, 1862), H. rivasalis (Vázquez, 1905), H. siccalis (Guenée, 1854) and H. glyceralis (Staudinger, 1859). The lectotype of Cybalomia rivasalis Vázquez, 1905 is designated. KEY WORDS: Lepidoptera, Crambidae, Cybalomiinae, Hyperlais, distribution, Spain, Portugal.
Article
Lepidoptera of "Sierra de las Moreras" (Murcia, Spain), an arid quite characteristic landscape of the coastal area of the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula is studied. 197 species belonging to 17 families are studied. The fauna is compared found in this area with that of the rest of Murcia and of the Iberian Peninsula and of the Balearic islands. Shows up the analysis biogeography of the opposing species, as well as some brief comments on some interesting species.