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Transition towards sustainable aviation. Need for new tools to gain insight?

Authors:

Abstract

The development of sustainable aviation turns out to be a 30 year transition process. How to manage this transition process is a crucial for the change and success of the aviation sector in future. The foreseen solutions are mostly driven by technological innovation and improvements of procedures and regulations. The question is if these tools are sufficient to manage the innovation of an entire sector with 100 years legacy or are changes in business models, societal values and human behaviour part of the instrument mix aviation can use? New or adapted innovation models and tools are needed to use the full mix of instruments. The article explores the use of a modified Cyclic Innovation Model which is developed by researchers of TU Delft. The development of Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam and the outlook for its next 100 years is used as a case to understand the complexity of sustainable airport development.
Transition towards sustainable aviation. Need for new
tools to gain insight?

 
Abstract
The development of sustainable aviation turns out to be a 30 year transition process.
How to manage this transition process is a crucial for the change and success of the
aviation sector in future. The foreseen solutions are mostly driven by technological
innovation and improvements of procedures and regulations. The question is if these
tools are sucient to manage the innovation of an entire sector with 100 years legacy or
are changes in business models, societal values and human behaviour part of the
instrument mix aviation can use? New or adapted innovation models and tools are
needed to use the full mix of instruments. The article explores the use of a modi#ed
Cyclic Innovation Model which is developed by researchers of TU Delft. The development
of Schiphol Airport in Amsterdam and the outlook for its next 100 years is used as a case
to understand the complexity of sustainable airport development.
1 Introduction
!"#$%    & '  ()
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 /+$% !       )      !
0           /+$% )    )
1 )
          
"2            
3      2    )
 ))
 
!  ) 
"!423/+5+# 
67 '      !
      2    (        2
   8$9!'
        $++   
2)):/+5+8/9
     ) !  ;  ! ;   ; 
'       ! 0       
   &) 
  ' 
 :/+5+8<9!0:
/+5+##
 !)
  ) 1   ) -   )   
 ! 1
  2  !=  # 

2 Aviation growth paradox and need for cyclic innovation
          
      ))  
           
          :
 /+5+>)2 1( 
   ) 
: &?@"A/
 )       :   
 B    )   C    
: -&)1
   !2         
     ( D   1    4  
2           )  4  
 = 1
::/+5+)<+#
 )    2      2  
2       !  )    )
2)4
1
E $B 12 F  2 
 F 
 
2.1 The innovation challenges in Aviation
B4G
  22  
) 8 9      = @8H9 8$59!
4      2      =  ) 
:/+5+)
&) !
))%  3#

B    4     859
B #&
2   2  2         )
  
   B  )2      ) #   
2 ) - 
  :/+5+
B))<+#:  
)    )
    !  @)#
4   &4 /
41 )
E /!1   
 I
!          4      )    
)2))  ")
        1       
 2 ## 4 1   2   
  2       )
 2  <+
) )
      )   
   J@     8.92    
     )        
4
2.2 Resistance for innovation in legacy sectors
6           #  
                )#4
FFF
          ) 4   !
     1
2    ) 2    4   )
2        2    
1       859   2        
@       )            !    
)@ 1@
))! 
      )  !            )      )      
    ) 1 4  4  $2     
##                )        
)  
2.3 A cyclic innovation model
B     "B 8"B9
 !3  4     
8K9!"B  
 )    8*9             
B 
        
 E  2 "B   4       
    8%9 ! 4 "B 8"B9  ) 
4 < = )=  1
4 $"B= 
 :) 
"B:B:2
        2 )   
    
44# 
 #E26
          &  3  
   = 
 ) 

E <!4"B"B
 I
! "B   
        4       )
   "B       1 
 )  
2.4 Summary
A4$++ 1  
22 &?
  !    1      
 
#1  = 
       ?      
&):) 
)<+    
 4
 1   
3 The Schiphol Airport case; lessons from 1949
3.1 The Schiphol 1949 masterplan
$++ 
  ) 
! )40 ))
 $%H%8$+9E H)

E HL$%H%
 I
!))) ))
      ))  )      
)   ) )  
    /++    2    1             
      #    K+ 
5++2+++ 
   $%H%    8$$9 !     
@ !     )
       ! $%H% 
        )   0  
    )!   
 0  G.+@ )
  )       )  !     
              
  &)
     ) 8$/9    1 
  8$<9
3.2 Schiphol situation de&ned in MCIM
!              
& "B  )  4  5 8$H9       4
 
E 5
 I
'      ?      8$59 /. !
)2 )
1)  
   =    
      2  
?&
    2 )       
 
3.3 The next 100 years: possible at same location?
  (   
    %+@   
E8$.9
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                6  8$K9  ;    
                
)4 .I462)
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;9))
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       &      
42 2 
            ;  )
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!= 41$++)
     )  1       
D))  2
)41 6 3
839    @  1                  
        )  )    3      "B#  )  
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   ) )  (   -  
) 1 )    ))
  )
            4  
    = 
   !    ) -    2 
F   61
 ) )  )       
  ) )        3  
2    
))1 ((8 9
!)  -12  21 
       >    
         #            '
        )      
    2        )  
 22B
 )@      
1) 
 
 )  )    
      :
))
1/+
4 Conclusions
          !
                  )    )    :
 /+5+=      !
2 2 ) 
  1
               
 6)   2     
?       B
  )
   1 )   <+!
  1       
!"B2
  1&
) = )
      =  E 2 )   1 
1:22)
                  4      
 
References
$ 6C;2'A3/+5+; 67' /+/+;
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/+/+
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/+/+
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' C&/++*
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. JDD'L)>)!L)B 
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3/+$$
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/++K
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I3>3D&$%H%
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; 0  &/++K
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/+$K
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$5  !89 "  ! I4) 
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;    0 )   :  
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