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Un Portentoso Mundo Ficticio: Nombres y Culturas en Dune

Authors:

Abstract

[Traducción del artículo original en inglés] Los nombres desempeñan un papel fundamental en el desarrollo los de personajes y las culturas de los mundos ficticios concebidos por autores de ciencia ficción y fantasía. En lugar de crear nuevas lenguas, según el modelo de J. R. R. Tolkien en El Señor de los Anillos, Frank Herbert logra construir un mundo nutrido en Dune eligiendo nombres existentes que evocan un entorno medieval y feudal reconocible y describiendo un planeta desértico habitado por un pueblo tribal casi árabe e islámico. Aunque los nombres sirven para yuxtaponer a los Fremen como un Otro exótico con la familia occidental de los Atreides, también apuntan a una posible revisión de esta relación polarizada. PALABRAS CLAVE Frank Herbert, Dune, Edward Said, Orientalismo, mundos ficticios, nombres literarios, ciencia ficción.
!!!!!!!!!Traductor:!Anónimo!
!DOI!10.1080/00277738.2016.1159450!!
NAMES, Vol. 64 No. 2, junio de 2016, 99108
Un Portentoso Mundo Ficticio:
Nombres y Culturas en Dune
KARA KENNEDY
Universidad de Canterbury, Christchurch, Nueva Zelanda
Los nombres desempeñan un papel fundamental en el desarrollo los de
personajes y las culturas de los mundos ficticios concebidos por autores
de ciencia ficción y fantasía. En lugar de crear nuevas lenguas, según el
modelo de J. R. R. Tolkien en El Señor de los Anillos, Frank Herbert logra
construir un mundo nutrido en Dune eligiendo nombres existentes que
evocan un entorno medieval y feudal reconocible y describiendo un planeta
desértico habitado por un pueblo tribal casi árabe e islámico. Aunque los
nombres sirven para yuxtaponer a los Fremen como un Otro exótico con la
familia occidental de los Atreides, también apuntan a una posible revisión
de esta relación polarizada.
PALABRAS CLAVE Frank Herbert, Dune, Edward Said, Orientalismo, mundos
ficticios, nombres literarios, ciencia ficción.
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KARA KENNEDY
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“Te! diré! una! cosa! sobre! tu! nuevo! nombre,dijo! Stilgar.La! elección! nos!
agrada.! Muad'Dib! es! sabio! en! los! caminos! del! desierto.! Muad'Dib! crea! su!
propia!agua.!Muad'Dib!se!esconde!del!sol!y!viaja!en!la!fresca!noche.!Muad'Dib!
es! fructífero! y! se! multiplica! sobre! la! tierra.! A! Muad'Dib! lo! llamamos!
«instructor!de!niños».!Esa!es!una!base!poderosa!sobre!la!que!construir!tu!vida,!
Paul-Muad'Dib,! que! eres! Usul! entre! nosotros.! Te! damos! la! bienvenida.”!
(Herbert,!1984![1965]:!307)!
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B,'0/5C#$/2/'anclado!en!su!identidad!como!Paul.!De!hecho,!Herbert!
siempre!se!refiere!a!él!como!Paul!en!el!texto!principal;!los!epígrafes!
y!los!Fremen!se!refieren!a!él!por!sus!otros!nombres.!El!énfasis!en!su!
KARA KENNEDY
'
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identidad!como!duque!de!la!clase!dominante!en!el!exilio,!que!debe!
enseñar! y! guiar! a! la! gente! de! la! tribu! que! le! rodea,! continúa! la!
problemática!dicotomía!entre!la!familia!Atreides!y!los!Fremen,!que!
deben! confiar! en! “el! equivalente! a! un! americano! o! europeo!
ilustrado”! para!la! liberación! (Higgins,! 2013:! 238).! Incluso! como!
líder!de! los! Fremen,! Paul!no! les! devuelve! la!plena! propiedad! del!
planeta,!sino!que!busca!gobernarlo!él!mismo.!Utiliza!sus!múltiples!
identidades! en! su! beneficio! para! mantener! a! los! demás!
desorientados,! lo! que! le! permite! la! libertad! de! operar!
estratégicamente!en!ambos!mundos:!
Paul!promete,!como!duque!de!los!Atreides,!que!Shaddam!y!su!grupo!saldrán!
ilesos,! pero! como! Muad'Dib! envía! al! Emperador! y! su! séquito! al! exilio!
permanente! en! Salusa! Secundus.! Asimismo,! como! duque! Paul,! promete! un!
condado,!una!dirección!de!la!CHOAM!y!el!feudo!de!Caladan!a!Gurney!Halleck,!
pero! como! el! Profeta! se! reserva! el! derecho! de! dispensar! títulos! y!
recompensas!a!sus!Fremen.!(Herbert,!1984![1965]:!324)!
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!
ORCID
Kara$Kennedy$ G770Mww&52.%)&5Aw\\\\>\\\R>=RQP><:Pg'
KARA KENNEDY
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:R'
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Preface Definitions Science Fiction and the Ancient Novel Interlude: AD400 - AD1600 Seventeenth-Century Science Fiction Eighteenth-Century Science Fiction Early Nineteenth-Century Science Fiction Science Fiction 1850 - 1900 Jules Verne and H.G. Wells The Early Twentieth-Century: High Modernist Science Fiction Golden Age Science Fiction: 1940-1960 The Impact of New Wave Science Fiction: 1960s - 1970s Science Fiction Screen Media 1960s - 2000: Hollywood Cinema and TV Prose Science Fiction: 1970s - 1990s Late Twentieth Century SF: Multimedia, Visual Science Fiction and Others Postscript: Twenty-First-Century Science Fiction Chronology of Key Titles in Science Fiction and Developments in Science Notes Further Reading Index
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