This study compares outcomes of patients with severe, multiplanar, fixed, pantalar deformities undergoing limb preservation with either pantalar fusion (PTF) or talectomy and tibiocalcaneal fusion (TCF), versus below knee amputation (BKA).
Fifty-one patients undergoing either PTF, TCF and BKA for failed management of severe pantalar deformity were evaluated retrospectively. Twenty-seven patients underwent PTF, 8 TCF and 16 BKA. Median age at surgery was 55.0 years (17 to 72 years) and median follow-up duration was 49.9 months (24.0 to 253.7 months). Clinical evaluation was undertaken using the MOxFQ, EQ-5D and Special Interest Group in Amputee Medicine score (SIGAM). Patients were also asked whether they were satisfied with their surgery and whether they would have the same surgery again
There was no statistically significant difference in functional outcomes, satisfaction, or complications between the groups. Twenty-two patients undergoing PTF (81.5%), 6 patients undergoing TCF (75%), and 15 patients undergoing BKA (93.8%) were satisfied overall (p = 0.414). There was no difference in the proportion of patients who would opt for the same procedure again (p = 0.142): 23 in the PTF group (85.2%), 8 in the TCF group (100%), and 11 in the BKA group (68.8%). Seven patients undergoing PTF (25.9%), 2 patients undergoing TCF (25%) and 6 patients undergoing BKA (37.5%) had major complications (p = 0.692).
This study concludes that PTF, TCF and BKA can all provide an acceptable outcome in treatment of severe, degenerative pantalar deformities. This data may be useful in counselling patients when considering salvage versus amputation in such cases.
Level of evidence
Level 3(Original) Clinical Research Article.