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Abstract

Steffen Höder is a Full Professor of Scandinavian Linguistics at the Institute of Scandinavian Studies, Frisian Studies and General Linguistics at Kiel University. He has a PhD from University of Hamburg (Scandinavian Studies) and his main research interest regards Language contact, Areal linguistics, Language change and variation, Construction grammar. Professor Höder is the author of several articles in international peer-reviewed journals and some of his current researches are about the Diasystematic Construction Grammar model. The present interview offers explanations that reveal mature reflections on the cognitive representation of grammar in a diasystematic perspective, contributing to interpretations of acquisition and descriptive phenomena of languages.
A revista Diadorim uliza uma Licença Creave Commons - Atribuição-NãoComercial 4.0 Internacional (CC-BY-NC).
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
http://dx.doi.org/10.35520/diadorim.2021.v23n1a40399
Recebido em: 21 de dezembro de 2020 | Aceito em: 14 de abril de 2021
MULTILINGUALISM AND DIASYSTEMATIC CONSTRUCTION
GRAMMAR
Interview with Dr. Steen Höder
MULTILINGUISMO E GRAMÁTICA DE CONSTRUÇÕES
DIASSISTÊMICA
Entrevista com o Professor Doutor Steen Höder
Steen Höder1
Roberto de Freitas Junior2
Lia Abrantes Antunes Soares
João Paulo da Silva Nascimento
ABSTRACT:





    

          

KEYWORDS
 
          
      

 

Núcleo de Estudos sobre Interlínguas, an interlanguage studies group,



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Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
RESUMO:






          
          

PALAVRAS-CHAVE:      

Question 1
We would like to start by saying thanks for Dr. Höder’s accepting our invitation
for this interview. Before we start with the questions, we believe it would be fruitful if
you could talk a little about your recent projects and precisely about the forthcoming
Constructions in Contact 2 book.
              
Constructions in Contact 2Constructional
Approaches to LanguageConstructions
in Contact
International Conference on Construction Grammar
            

             

       

    






all


36
Multilingualism and diasystematic construction grammar
Steen Höder; Roberto de Freitas Junior; Lia Abrantes Soares; João Paulo Nascimento
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
            




Question 2
What was the insight for the DCxG proposal? And how would you summarize the
main tenets of the model?
   


  

     





  
one



Diasystematic Construction Grammar

 



           
           

idioconstructions

         un 
37
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
diaconstructions           
 
   



language
          
communities
,      
             
      



Question 3
You recently said that “all speakers are multilingual or at least multilectal to some
extent, meaning that they use several dierent (standard) languages or various varieties/
dialects productively or receptively to some degree”. How do you relate such idea to the
Interlanguage traditional concept, DCxG and Usage-Based CxG?
 

         


      

   
           




     
       

38
Multilingualism and diasystematic construction grammar
Steen Höder; Roberto de Freitas Junior; Lia Abrantes Soares; João Paulo Nascimento
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
partial
       type     
           


          


interlanguage

 



Question 4
How do you see that DCxG is correlated with sociolinguistic aspects concerning
language variation and change?


         

how 




consistently



      innovation  change    


innovations


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Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.

change
    


        

Question 5
In the article Grammar is community-specic: Background and basic concepts of
Diasystematic Construction Grammar you mention the concept of language-specicity as a
pragmatic property of some constructions, saying that language-specic ‘idioconstructions’
coexist with language-unspecied ‘diaconstructions’ in the same constructional network.
Could you extend the idea of language-specicity/unspecicity trying to relate it to dierent
language contact phenomena?
        
   
            






           
      
  

           

            

          
           


40
Multilingualism and diasystematic construction grammar
Steen Höder; Roberto de Freitas Junior; Lia Abrantes Soares; João Paulo Nascimento
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
undun 
än a 
      
           

Question 6
How do you apply DCxG to Additional Languages Acquisition phenomena? Would
you talk a little about the article Acquisition of additional languages as reorganization
in the multilingual construction (Höder, Prentice & Tingsell, 2021), that will be part of
the Constructions in Contact 2 book? We believe these ideas will be a very important
contribution to the constructionist studies and the AL research, including sign languages
and deaf learners.

           
becoming multilingual

         




            





          


tabula repleta
tabula rasa


41
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
reorganization


    
        






Question 7
During AL production it is common that speakers produce constructs that seem to
result from some sort of blending in which we can identify characteristics coming from L1
and L2 constructions. How can the concept of diaconstruction explain that?
    
          
         
          
             




do 





      
   

42
Multilingualism and diasystematic construction grammar
Steen Höder; Roberto de Freitas Junior; Lia Abrantes Soares; João Paulo Nascimento
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
Question 8
How do domain-general cognitive processes play a part in explaining the DCxG
model?
              

               
            

categorization
           
rich memory
           

socio-pragmatic
 joint attention
theory of mind
            

           

REFERENCES
 Constructions in contact. Constructional perspectives on contact
phenomena in Germanic languages

Constructions in Contact 2. Language change, multilingual practices,
and additional language acquisition   

        
Cognitive linguisticsKey topics


Applied
Linguistics
Trends in Cognitive
Sciences
43
Diadorim, Rio de Janeiro, vol. 23, n. 1, p. 34-43, jan.-jun. 2021.
  Sprachausbau im Sprachkontakt. Syntaktischer Wandel im Altschwedischen

         
     Multilingual individuals and multilingual
societies       


          Constructions in
Contact 2. Language change, multilingual practices, and additional language acquisition

         
The Oxford handbook of construction grammar

          
Sociolinguistics. Language variation,
cultural models, social systems


Constructions in Contact 2. Language change, multilingual practices,
and additional language acquisition   

Language contact.
  The dynamics of the linguistic system. Usage, conventionalization, and
entrenchment.
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Chapter
Full-text available
Language contact phenomena are often described with reference to their effect on the monolingual systems of the varieties involved, both in historical and in contact linguistics. This contribution argues that an essentially multilingual perspective on these phenomena is more adequate. Bilingual speakers in stable bilingual groups create a common system for all their languages, incorporating both interlingual links and language -unspecified elements along with language-specific structures. In a construction grammar analysis, such systems as well as changes within this type of system can be conceptualised as interlingual constructional networks, which are established, stored, and processed in exactly the same way as monolingual grammars.
Book
The last few years have seen a steadily increasing interest in constructional approaches to language contact. This volume builds on previous constructionist work, in particular Diasystematic Construction Grammar (DCxG) and the volume Constructions in Contact (2018) and extends its methodology and insights in three major ways. First, it presents new constructional research on a wide range of language contact scenarios including Afrikaans, American Sign Language, English, French, Malayalam, Norwegian, Spanish, Welsh, as well as contact scenarios that involve typologically different languages. Second, it also addresses other types of scenarios that do not fall into the classic language contact category, such as multilingual practices and language acquisition as emerging multilingualism. Third, it aims to integrate constructionist views on language contact and multilingualism with other approaches that focus on structural, social, and cognitive aspects. The volume demonstrates that Construction Grammar is a framework particularly well suited for analyzing a wide variety of language contact phenomena from a usage-based perspective.
Book
This volume outlines a model of language that can be characterized as functionalist, usage-based, dynamic, and complex-adaptive. The core idea is that linguistic structure is not stable and uniform, but continually refreshed by the interaction between three components: usage, the communicative activities of speakers; conventionalization, the social processes triggered by these activities and feeding back into them; and entrenchment, the individual cognitive processes that are also linked to these activities in a feedback loop. I explain how this multiple feedback system works by extending the so-called Entrenchment-and-Conventionalization Model, showing how the linguistic system is created, sustained, and continually adapted by the ongoing interaction between usage, conventionalization, and entrenchment. Fulfilling the promise of usage-based accounts, the model explains how exactly usage is transformed into collective and individual grammar and how these two grammars in turn feed back into usage. The book is exceptionally broad in scope, with insights from a wide range of linguistic subdisciplines. It provides a coherent account of the role of multiple factors that influence language structure, variation, and change, including frequency, economy, identity, multilingualism, and language contact.
Book
The last three decades have seen the emergence of Construction Grammar as a major research paradigm in linguistics. At the same time, very few researchers have taken a constructionist perspective on language contact phenomena. This volume brings together, for the first time, a broad range of original contributions providing insights into language contact phenomena from a constructionist perspective. Focusing primarily on Germanic languages, the papers in this volume demonstrate how the notion of construction can be fruitfully applied to investigate how a range of different language contact phenomena can be systematically analyzed from the perspectives of both form and meaning.
Article
If first language is rational in the sense that acquisition produces an end-state model of language that is a proper reflection of input and that optimally prepares speakers for comprehension and production, second language is usually not. This paper considers the apparent irrationalities of L2 acquisition, that is the shortcomings where input fails to become intake. It describes how ‘learned attention’, a key concept in contemporary associative and connectionist theories of animal and human learning, explains these effects. The fragile features of L2 acquisition are those which, however available as a result of frequency, recency, or context, fall short of intake because of one of the factors of contingency, cue competition, salience, interference, overshadowing, blocking, or perceptual learning, which are all shaped by the L1. Each phenomenon is explained within associative learning theory and exemplified in language learning. Paradoxically, the successes of L1 acquisition and the limitations of L2 acquisition both derive from the same basic learning principles.
Article
A new theoretical approach to language has emerged in the past 10-15 years that allows linguistic observations about form-meaning pairings, known as 'constructions', to be stated directly. Constructionist approaches aim to account for the full range of facts about language, without assuming that a particular subset of the data is part of a privileged 'core'. Researchers in this field argue that unusual constructions shed light on more general issues, and can illuminate what is required for a complete account of language.
Syntaktischer Wandel im Altschwedischen (Germanistische Bibliothek 35)
  • S Höder
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HÖDER, S. Sprachausbau im Sprachkontakt. Syntaktischer Wandel im Altschwedischen (Germanistische Bibliothek 35). Heidelberg: Winter, 2010.
orgs.). Constructions in Contact 2. Language change, multilingual practices, and additional language acquisition (Constructional Approaches to Language
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  • S Tingsell
HÖDER, S.; PRENTICE, J.; TINGSELL, S. Acquisition of additional languages as reorganization in the multilingual constructicon. In: BOAS, H.C.; HÖDER, S. (orgs.). Constructions in Contact 2. Language change, multilingual practices, and additional language acquisition (Constructional Approaches to Language). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: Benjamins, 2021.
Constructions in Cognitive Sociolinguistics
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