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NEW AND INTERESTING DATA OF WILD BEES (HYMENOPTERA, APOIDEA, ANTHOPHILA) FROM THE CANTABRIAN AREA (NORTHERN SPAIN), INCLUDING A SPECIES NEWLY RECORDED FOR SPAIN AND THE CONFIRMATION OF THE PRESENCE OF NOMADA ERRANS LEPELETIER, 1841 ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA

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Abstract and Figures

Data of Anthophila species that have not been previously recorded in the Cantabrian area of Spain are presented. Also, some first records for some provinces, confirmation of some taxa whose presence was previously seen as doubtful for various reasons, and some new records of species that are rare or had only rarely been detected in the study area are provided. Additionally, Hylaeus incongruus Förster, 1871 is recorded for the first time for Spain and the presence of Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841 on the Iberian Peninsula is confirmed. Novedades faunísticas interesantes de abejas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Anthophila) de la cornisa cantábrica (norte de España), incluida una especie nunca registrada en España y la confirmación de la presencia de Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841 en la península ibérica Resumen: Se presentan datos de especies de Anthophila nunca antes citadas en la cornisa cantábrica de España. Así mismo, se proporcionan primeras citas en algunas de las provincias, confirmación de ciertos taxones de presencia dudosa por diversas razones y algunas citas nuevas de especies raras o con escasos registros en el área de estudio. Además, se cita Hylaeus incongruus Förster, 1871 por primera vez en España y se confirma la presencia de Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841 en la península ibérica.
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Boletín de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa (S.E.A.),68 (30/06/2021): 152–164. ISSN: 1134-6094
NEW AND INTERESTING DATA OF WILD BEES (HYMENOPTERA, APOIDEA,
ANTHOPHILA) FROM THE CANTABRIAN AREA (NORTHERN SPAIN), INCLUDING A
SPECIES NEWLY RECORDED FOR SPAIN AND THE CONFIRMATION OF THE PRESENCE
OF NOMADA ERRANS LEPELETIER, 1841 ON THE IBERIAN PENINSULA
Piluca Álvarez Fidalgo1, Alejandro Núñez Carbajal2,
Marián Álvarez Fidalgo3 & Nacho Noval Fonseca4
1 Calle Corazón de María 7, E-28002 Madrid, Spain – pilucaaf@gmail.com
2 Avda. Portugal 58, E-33207 Gijón, Asturias, Spain – alnucar23@gmail.com
3 Avda. del Cristo 53, E-33006 Oviedo, Asturias, Spain – madamcoolpix@gmail.com
4 Calle de la Ería del Hospital 17, E-33510 Pola de Siero, Asturias, Spain – infotnat@yahoo.com
Abstract: Data of Anthophila species that have not been previously recorded in the Cantabrian area of Spain are presented.
Also, some first records for some provinces, confirmation of some taxa whose presence was previously seen as doubtful for
various reasons, and some new records of species that are rare or had only rarely been detected in the study area are provided.
Additionally, Hylaeus incongruus Förster, 1871 is recorded for the first time for Spain and the presence of Nomada errans
Lepeletier, 1841 on the Iberian Peninsula is confirmed.
Key words: Anthophila, wild bees, Hylaeus incongruus, Nomada errans, first records, pollinators, distribution, Iberian Peninsula,
Spain, Cantabrian area.
Novedades faunísticas interesantes de abejas (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Anthophila) de la cornisa cantábrica (norte de
España), incluida una especie nunca registrada en España y la confirmación de la presencia de Nomada errans
Lepeletier, 1841 en la península ibérica
Resumen: Se presentan datos de especies de Anthophila nunca antes citadas en la cornisa cantábrica de España. Así mismo,
se proporcionan primeras citas en algunas de las provincias, confirmación de ciertos taxones de presencia dudosa por diversas
razones y algunas citas nuevas de especies raras o con escasos registros en el área de estudio. Además, se cita Hylaeus
incongruus Förster, 1871 por primera vez en España y se confirma la presencia de Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841 en la
península ibérica.
Palabras clave: Anthophila, abejas silvestres, Hylaeus incongruus, Nomada errans, primeras citas, polinizadores, distribución,
península ibérica, España, cornisa cantábrica.
Introduction
The wild bee fauna of Spain’s Cantabrian area has been the
subject of a very limited number of publications. Until very
recently, the bee fauna of this area of Spain (Fig. 1) had been
little studied; existing works on Spanish bees that included
this area of the country were either old (Ceballos, 1956,
1959, 1964), or were limited to very specific groups (for in-
stance, Dardón et al., 2014; Ortiz-Sánchez & Pauly, 2017;
Rasmont et al., 2015; Warncke, 1976). Only the presence of
the genus Bombus Latreille, 1802, was well documented in
the area (Rasmont et al., 2015; Santamaría et al., 2011). As
an example, of the more than 1000 species recorded in Spain
when the first specific list of Iberian Anthophila was pub-
lished (Ortiz-Sánchez, 2011), only 65 had been reported
from Asturias and 80 from Cantabria. Therefore, due to the
important lack of information about the distribution of the
species of this group of insects in this Spanish area, the au-
thors have for the last three years undertaken the study of
the Cantabrian bee fauna in order to update the Anthophila
list of the region (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2019, 2020a,
2020b; Núñez Carbajal et al., 2019), concentrating mainly
on Asturias for the moment. The collecting carried out has
revealed the presence of many other species as yet unre-
corded from the area, so that the number of species recorded
from Asturias by the end of 2020 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al.,
2020b) rose to 238, and to 118 from Cantabria.
The paper provides data on species of Anthophila that
either had not been previously recorded from the Cantabrian
provinces, or are interesting taxa due to their apparent rarity
or the small number of records from the study area, or were
taxa whose presence in the area was previously considered
doubtful and is now confirmed. The data come from previ-
ously unidentified material collected in precedent years by
the authors, as well as specimens from collections belonging
to national institutions, most of them also previously uni-
dentified.
Material and methods
The material comes on the one hand, from the authors’ own
collecting, regulated by capture authorisations issued by the
corresponding administrations and carried out with entomo-
logical nets. This material is provisionally deposited in the
private collections of the first two authors. On the other
hand, unidentified specimens deposited both at Madrid’s
National Museum of Natural Sciences (MNCN) (which cor-
respond mainly to the collection donated by Fernando
Fresno) and at the invertebrate collection of Departamento
de Biología de Organismos y Sistemas (BOS) (University
of Oviedo), were examined. A small number of specimens
from the BOS had already been determined by Luis Óscar
Aguado Martín, and this is duly indicated in the faunistic
data.
153
Fig. 1. Map of the Iberian Peninsula with the
Spanish provinces. The Cantabrian provinces
are highlighted in colour. The provinces for
which the paper provides data appear in a
dark color. // Fig. 1. Mapa de la península ibé-
rica con las provincias españolas. Las provin-
cias cantábricas están resaltadas en color.
Las provincias de las que se dispone de da-
tos en este trabajo se indican en color más
oscuro.
Appendix A contains information concerning the lo-
calities of the data set provided in the paper. The locality
(including the site, neighbourhood, environment, etc., when
relevant), the municipality, the UTM/MGRS grid references
and the average altitude of the sampling area in m a.s.l. are
indicated. In the case of the data provided by the authors, the
MGRS references correspond to 1x1 km squares. For those
data from MNCN and BOS, as the precise locality could not
be confirmed, the coordinates have been calculated from the
locality names that appear on the labels and correspond to
5x5 km grid squares. When the label only shows the munic-
ipality and the locality is not indicated, the locality name is
followed by “(?)”, and does not appear on the table, since no
MGRS coordinates could be assigned to it; however, the
data are still included in the paper because of their im-
portance. Altitudes and coordinates have been obtained us-
ing the Map Visualiser (Iberpix 4.4.7) of the National Geo-
graphic Institute (IGN) and both MGRS grids used are ref-
erenced in the ETRS89 datum.
An Olympus SZX12 and an Olympus VB 454 binoc-
ular microscopes were used to examine the material. The
latter was coupled with the camera of a Samsung Galaxy
A71 mobile phone to obtain images of the details that
needed to be illustrated for the paper. The habitus images of
Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841 were taken with a Nikon
D700 camera with Nikon 105 mm macro lens and a 36 mm
extension tube. The Helicon Focus 7.6.4 stacking technique
was used to obtain fully focused images.
Michez et al. (2019) has been followed for genus de-
termination. For the identification of species, the basic liter-
ature used is the same as that contained in Álvarez Fidalgo
et al. (2020a), complemented by other works, including:
Amiet et al. (2007) (Apidae), Amiet et al. (2010) (Andreni-
dae), Ducke (1900) (genus Osmia), Gusenleitn er & Sc hwarz
(2002) (genus Andrena), Praz et al. (2019) (subgenus Euan-
drena), Straka & Bogusch (2011) (genus Hylaeus of the gib-
bus group within the subgenus Prosopis), Vergés (1967)
(genus Thyreus), and Wood et al. (2020) (Andrena of the
nitidiuscula group within the subgenus Notandrena). In
those cases where examination of the male’s genitalia is nec-
essary to ensure a correct determination, it was extracted.
Given the importance of bees as pollinators (Michez
et al., 2019; Walker, 2020) the plants on which the speci-
mens were found resting, feeding or foraging are mentioned.
The plant is indicated up to the level of identification that
has been possible (species, genus or family).
Results and discussion
The taxonomic classification followed in the paper is that of
Ortiz-Sánchez (2020a). The families, genera, subgenera and
species are listed in alphabetical order, as well as the data
for the provinces. The faunal data indicates the locality (the
precise information about them is given in Appendix A), the
date of capture, and the number and sex of the specimens,
together with the plant on which they were detected. When
there is more than one record from the same locality on dif-
ferent dates, they are separated by a long dash (“—”). Data
coming from public institutions are indicated with an aster-
isk (*) after the locality. Finally, in square brackets, the col-
lector and the person responsible for the identification are
indicated. In the case of the MNCN and BOS specimens,
their code in the corresponding collection is included.
The names of collectors and people responsible for the
identifications mentioned in the data are indicated as acro-
nyms according to the following list: ANC (Alejandro
Núñez Carbajal), ASG (Aitor Somoano García), FF (Fer-
nando Fresno), JRS (Jairo Robla Suárez), LOAM (Luis
Óscar Aguado Martín), MAF (Marián Álvarez Fidalgo),
NNF (Nacho Noval Fonseca), PAF (Piluca Álvarez Fidalgo)
and RMS (Rodrigo Martínez Sastre). No acronyms are used
for the collectors of the BOS material
The specimens identified for this study are as follows:
Family ANDRENIDAE
Genus Andrena Fabricius, 1775
Andrena (Andrena) mitis Schmiedeknecht, 1883
CANTABRIA: Muñorrodero, 23.2.2020, 1♀ resting on a
branch of Salix sp. [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
West Palearctic distribution, from northwestern Spain
154
through central Europe, eastwards to Turkey; on the Iberian
Peninsula it is only known from the Pyrenees (Gusenleitner
& Schwarz, 2002). First record from Cantabria and the
whole Cantabrian area, which widens the known distribu-
tion remarkably towards northwestern Spain. Not yet rec-
orded from Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018; Wood et al.,
2020).
Andrena (Andrena) praecox (Scopoli, 1763)
CANTABRIA: La Herrería, 23.2.2020, 1♀ on Salix sp. [leg.
MAF, det. PAF].
A West Palearctic species found in most of Europe and
reaching Turkey and the Caucasus (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002). On the Iberian Peninsula it is known from
the Pyrenees, two areas in central Spain (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002) and from Asturias and Cantabria in the Can-
tabrian area (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b). Only the second
record from Cantabria. Not recorded so far from Portugal
(Baldock et al., 2018; Wood et al., 2020).
Andrena (Andrena) fulva Müller, 1766
ASTURIAS: Amandi, 29.4.2019, 1♀ on Malus domestica
[leg. RMS, det. ANC].
This is a European species, found from Iberia, western and
central Europe to the Balkans (Gusenleitner & Schwarz,
2002). On the Iberian Peninsula, it has been recorded in
northern Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018; Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002), northeastern Spain (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002), and the Balearic Islands (Baldock et al.,
2020; Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). No records have
been found in the literature from the Cantabrian region,
therefore this is the first record in this area, Asturias in-
cluded.
Andrena (Chlorandrena) livens Pérez, 1895
ASTURIAS: Oviedo (a), 3.5.2020, 1♀ on Crepis taraxacifolia
— 4.5.2020, 1♀ on Sonchus oleraceus + 1♂ on Ranunculus
bulbosus [leg. MAF, det. PAF]; San Roque, 28.4.2020, 1♂
[leg. NNF, det. PAF]; Llames, 16.4.2021, 1♂ on Sonchus
sp. [leg. & det. ANC].
A West Palearctic species, found in North Africa, the Iberian
Peninsula, southern France, southern Switzerland, and Italy
(Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). On the Iberian Peninsula,
it is present in both Spain and Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018;
Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). In Spain it is known from
most parts of the country, but there is a large information
gap in the northwestern area of the peninsula (Gusenleitner
& Schwarz, 2002). First records from Asturias.
Andrena (Cnemidandrena) nigriceps (Kirby, 1802)
CANTABRIA: Espinilla, 14.8.2020, 1♀ on Eryngium campes-
tre [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
Palearctic distribution, from temperate Europe to Central
Asia (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). On the Iberian Pen-
insula, it is known from northeastern Spain, some records
from southern Andalusia (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002),
and one single record from Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al.,
2020a). Not yet recorded in Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018;
Wood et al., 2020). First record from Cantabria.
Andrena (Euandrena) granulosa Pérez, 1902
ASTURIAS: Casielles, 20.6.2020, 1♀ on Ranunculus
bulbosus [leg. & det. ANC].
West Palearctic distribution, in North Africa, southern and
central Europe; on the Iberian Peninsula, it is distributed
irregularly throughout most of Spain and Portugal
(Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002), but no records are known
from the most northwesterly part of the Cantabrian area.
First record from Asturias.
As its relative A. vulpecula (see later), it is oligolectic
on Cistaceae. Although in central Europe A. granulosa only
visits Helianthemum for pollen collecting (Amiet et al.,
2010; Schmid-Egger & Scheuchl, 1997), this record shows
that it also visits other plants for nectar.
Andrena (Euandrena) vulpecula Kriechbaumer, 1873
ASTURIAS: Los Llanos, 22.6.2019, 1♀ [leg. NN F, det. PAF ];
Villanueva, 27.5.2020, 1♀ on Geranium pyrenaicum [leg.
MAF, det. PAF].
A West Palearctic species, found in southern Europe and
western North Africa; on the Iberian Peninsula, it has been
recorded from most of the territory but seemed to be absent
from the northwest (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). First
records in Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area.
While the species is oligoleptic on Cistaceae, mainly
on Helianthemum and Cistus (Michez et al., 2019), it has
been found feeding on other plants, for example, Euphorbia
amygdaloides in France (Baliteau et al., 2013), and here on
Geranium pyrenaicum.
Andrena (Hoplandrena) nuptialis Pérez, 1902
CANTABRIA: Espinilla, 14.8.2020, 1♀ on Eryngium campes-
tre [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
A South European species, distributed from Iberia to the
east, reaching Ukraine (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). On
the Iberian Peninsula, it is known from eastern Spain (Gus-
enleitner & Schwarz, 2002), with one single record from
Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018). First record from Cantabria
and the whole Cantabrian area.
Andrena (Hoplandrena) trimmerana (Kirby, 1802)
ASTURIAS: Portizuelo*, 22.10.1990, 1♀ [leg. Araceli
Anadón, det. LOAM; BOS-HYM 2044].
West Palearctic distribution, from North Africa through
most of Europe to Turkey and the Caucasus (Gusenleitner
& Schwarz, 2002). It is widely distributed on the Iberian
Peninsula, both in Spain and Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018),
records only lacking from the northwestern area (Gusenleit-
ner & Schwarz, 2002). First record from Asturias.
Andrena (Melandrena) assimilis Radoszkowski, 1876
ASTURIAS: Avilés, 30.3.2019, 1♀ en Centaurea nigra [leg.
MAF, det. PAF] — 13.4.2019, 1♀ on Oenanthe crocata
[leg. & det. PAF]; Gijón, 15.5.2019, 1♀ on Oenanthe cro-
cata [leg. MAF, det. PAF]; Oviedo (a), 7.5.2020, 2♀ on Sin-
apis arvensis and Hirschfeldia incana [ leg. MAF , det. PAF];
Molejón, 24.8.2019, 1♀ on Mentha suaveolens [leg. & det.
PAF]; Sabugo, 28.4.2019, 1♀ [leg. MAF, det. PAF]; San
Pedro de la Ribera, 10.8.2018, 1♀ on Angelica sylvestris
[leg. & det. PAF]. CANTABRIA: Espinilla, 14.8.2020, 1♀ on
Eryngium campestre [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
A West Palearctic species, distributed from North Africa,
through southwestern and central Europe eastwards to
Ukraine, the Caucasus and western Russia (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002). On the Iberian Peninsula, it is present in
northern and southern Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018), and
most of central and northeastern Spain (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002). However, apart from two records from the
Basque Country (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002) it was not
known from the Cantabrian area. First record from Asturias
and Cantabria.
155
The taxonomy of this species and its relative A. gallica
Schmiedeknecht, 1883 has been hugely confused in the past
(Schmid-Egger & Scheuchl, 1997; Gusenleitner & Schwarz,
2002), which has contributed to the lack of data on this taxon
in the study area. However, the relevant types have been re-
cently checked and A. gallica has turned out to be a junior
synonym of A. assimilis. Therefore there is only one taxon.
The species is bivoltine, and there is typical morphological
variation between the two generations: first generation with
long hairs on the scutum, second generation with short squa-
mose hairs (Thomas Wood, pers. comm.). This taxon flies
at the end of March-May and July-August in Spain.
Andrena (Melandrena) barbareae Panzer, 1805
ASTURIAS: Saliencia (b), 14.7.2019, 1♀ en Chaerophyllum
sp. [leg. NNF, det. PAF].
Probably a European endemic, known from Spain, France,
Belgium, Germany, Switzerland and Italy (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002) but its real distribution is not clear as mate-
rial from the Russian Far East has been seen recently that
may be this species (Thomas Wood, pers. comm.). This
taxon is restricted to mountainous areas in Western Europe.
On the Iberian Peninsula it is only known from the Pyrenees
(Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). Not yet recorded in Portu-
gal (Baldock et al., 2018), where it is unlikely to be present
as the mountains are insufficiently high (Thomas Wood,
pers. comm.). First record from Asturias and the whole Can-
tabrian area.
This same record was published in Álvarez Fidalgo et
al. (2020a) as Andrena (Melandrena) cineraria (Linnaeus,
1758), with A. barbareae considered as the second brood of
A. cineraria for that paper. However, taking into account the
evidence that shows that both species are valid and the fact
that they are included as such in the most recent Iberian
checklist (Ortiz-Sánchez, 2020a), the clarification of the tax-
onomic situation of this specimen is important for two rea-
sons: because A. cineraria is also present in Asturias (see
the next species) and, specially, due to the fact that the dis-
tribution of A. barbareae is still insufficiently known
(Schmid-Egger & Scheuchl, 1997), which makes this record
particularly interesting.
Andrena (Melandrena) cineraria (Linnaeus, 1758)
ASTURIAS: Teverga (?)*, 15.5.1978, 1♀ [leg. C. Castillo,
det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2188].
Palearctic species, found from northern Iberia, most parts of
Europe and eastwards to Central Asia; on the Iberian Penin-
sula, it is found in the north of both Spain and Portugal (Gus-
enleitner & Schwarz, 2002). Considering the uncertainty of
many older records, updated identifications are important.
Old records from Iberia do need to be checked as it is not
clear whether they truly belong to this species. However,
any records from July and August can be assigned to A. bar-
bareae with a high degree of confidence (Thomas Wood,
pers. comm.).
Andrena (Micrandrena) nana (Kirby, 1802)
ASTURIAS: Belmonte, 12.7.2020, 1♀ on Daucus carota [ leg.
MAF, det. PAF].
Species found in the West Palearctic (North Africa, western
and central Europe) and the Oriental Region (India) (Dardón
et al., 2010). It is widespread on the Iberian Peninsula but
apparently absent from most of the Cantabrian area (Dardón
et al., 2010). First record from Asturias.
Andrena (Micrandrena) semilaevis Pérez, 1903
ASTURIAS: Casielles, 20.6.2020, 1♂ on Medicago lupulina
[leg. & det. ANC].
This is a West Palearctic species, found in most of Europe,
from northeastern Iberia, northwards to southern Scandina-
via and eastwards to Ukraine (Gusenleitner & Schwarz,
2002). On the Iberian Peninsula, it was only known from
northeastern Spain (Wood et al., 2020). It was formerly rec-
orded from Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018; Dardón et al.,
2014) but these records turned out to belong to a new spe-
cies, Andrena omnilaevis Wood, 2020 (Wood et al. 2020),
whose known distribution is northwestern Iberia. Bearing
this related species in mind, the specimen was carefully
checked, and it is clearly A. semilaevis, not A. omnilaevis, as
it would have been expected. First record of A. semilaevis
for Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area.
Andrena (Micrandrena) subopaca Nylander, 1848
ASTURIAS: La Cruz, 29.4.2019, 1♂ on Malus domestica
[leg. ASG, det. ANC]; Saliencia (b), 22.7.2018, 1♀ on Bras-
sicaceae [leg. & det. PAF].
Palearctic distribution (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002),
found from southern Europe to Japan (Dardón et al., 2010).
On the Iberian Peninsula, it has only been recorded from the
northeast (Dardón et al., 2010). Not yet recorded from Por-
tugal (Baldock et al., 2018). First record from Asturias and
the whole Cantabrian area.
This species is most likely under-recorded in Spain,
particularly in northern areas, as it is common and has been
profusely collected in most of Europe (Gusenleitner &
Schwarz, 2002), where it is also clearly associated with
broadleaf woodlands and, therefore, equally restricted to
specific habitats (Thomas Wood, pers. comm.).
Andrena (Notandrena) nitidiuscula Schenck, 1853
ASTURIAS: Vegalencia, 20.8.2017, 1♀ on Daucus carota
[leg. & det. PAF].
A Palearctic species (Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). Its
real distribution is not clear due to the latest taxonomic
changes and the description of a new species of the group
(Wood et al., 2020), which requires the revision of old iden-
tifications of specimens. The species is interesting as there
are still very few confirmed records from northern Spain
(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b).
Andrena (Opandrena) schencki Morawitz, 1886
ASTURIAS: Corias*, 25.7.1978, 1♀ [leg. unknown, det.
ANC].
A West Palearctic species distributed from southern, west-
ern and central Europe eastwards to Iran and Turkmenistan
(Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). It is irregularly present on
the Iberian Peninsula, mainly absent in the southeast
(Baldock et al., 2018; Gusenleitner & Schwarz, 2002). It
was recorded for the first time from Asturias and the Canta-
brian area by Álvarez Fidalgo et al. (2020b). This is there-
fore, the second record for the Cantabrian area and the west-
ernmost known record from Spain.
Andrena (Poliandrena) florea Fabricius, 1793
ASTURIAS: Gijón*, 24.5.1991, 1♀ [leg. C. Viña Herbón, det.
ANC; BOS-HYM 2129]; San Andrés*, 20.5.1993, 1♂ [leg.
R. A. Fernández García, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2173].
Species of Palearctic distribution, widely recorded from
most of Spain and Portugal (Gusenleitner & Schwarz,
2002). However, only two previous records were known
156
from Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area (Álvarez Fi-
dalgo et al., 2020b).
Family APIDAE
Genus Amegilla Friese, 1897
Amegilla (Amegilla) quadrifasciata de Villers, 1789
ASTURIAS: Santa María del Mar*, 10.8.1983, 1♂ [leg. C.
Suárez, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2108].
Species with a circum-Mediterranean distribution but reach-
ing, locally, higher latitudes in central Europe and western
Russia (Michez et al., 2019; Ortiz-Sánchez, 2020a). On the
Iberian Peninsula it is common and widely distributed but
very few specific records have been published from the Can-
tabrian area: only one previous record from Asturias in Ál-
varez Fidalgo et al. (2020b), and it was recorded (without
specific data) from La Coruña and Guipúzcoa by Herrero
Hernández & Pérez-Íñigo Mora (1985).
Genus Ceratina Latreille, 1802
Ceratina (Euceratina) chalybea Chevrier, 1872
ASTURIAS: Bao*, 22.8.2018, 1♀ [leg. G. Pueyo & T . Fres no,
det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 295074]; La Plaza*, 8.9.2015, 1♀
[leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280181]; Vega del Rey*,
24.8.2016, 1♂ [leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 243853].
Species with a circum-Mediterranean distribution (Terzo &
Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). There are records from most of the
Iberian Peninsula, except Galicia and a large part of south-
western Spain (Terzo & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). In the Can-
tabrian area, it has only been recorded in Cantabria (Terzo
& Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004) and Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et
al., 2020b). Data from three new municipalities of Asturias
are presented in this paper, in addition to the only previous
record. This species is turning out to be quite widespread in
the central and southern areas of this province.
Ceratina (Euceratina) dentiventris Gerstäcker, 1869
ASTURIAS: Bao*, 22.8.2018, 1♂ [leg. G. Pueyo & FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent 295076].
Another circum-Mediterranean species, found in North Af-
rica and in all countries of the northern Mediterranean basin,
except those of the Near-East (Terzo et al., 2007). On the
Iberian Peninsula, it has been recorded from most of the ter-
ritory except the northwestern area (Terzo & Ortiz-Sánchez,
2004). First record from Asturias and the whole Cantabrian
area.
Ceratina (Euceratina) chalcites Germar, 1839
ASTURIAS: Careses*, 15.5.1986, 1♂ [leg. M. A., det. PAF;
BOS-HYM 2027].
Mediterranean species, present in all the northern and eastern
Mediterranean countries (Terzo et al., 2007). On the Iberian
Peninsula, it has been recorded from most of the territory ex-
cept the southwest and the Cantabrian area (Terzo & Ortiz-
Sánchez, 2004). However, Terzo & Ortiz-Sánchez (2004)
mention the species as doubtful for Asturias. This record con-
firms its presence in Asturias and the Cantabrian area.
Genus Melecta Latreille, 1802
Melecta (Melecta) albifrons (Forster, 1771)
ASTURIAS: Gallegos*, 16.4.1987, 1♂ — 18.5.1987, 1♀ [both
leg. Olga Fernández Prieto, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2162 &
BOS-HYM 2164].
A West Palearctic species, found in North Africa, most parts
of Europe, and the Middle East (Lieftinck, 1980). On the
Iberian Peninsula, it is widely distributed but only one rec-
ord from Cantabria is known for the Cantabrian area (Lieft-
inck, 1980). First record from Asturias.
Genus Nomada Scopoli, 1770
Nomada discrepans Schmiedeknecht, 1882
ASTURIAS: Oviedo (b), 14.3.2020, 1♀ [leg. M AF, det. PAF ].
West Palearctic species, found in western, central, southern
and southeastern Europe, on the Canary Islands, in North
Africa (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia), the Middle East (Israel,
Turkey) and Central Asia (Turkmenistan) (Smit, 2018). On
the Iberian Peninsula, it is known from Portugal, and central,
southern, and eastern Spain (Dusmet y Alonso, 1913). No
data have been found from most of northern Spain. First rec-
ord for Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area.
Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841
ASTURIAS: Pedroveya*, 22.8.2019, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 295048].
A mainly European species found from France through cen-
tral and southern Europe eastwards to Kazakhstan (Smit,
2018). Its presence in Spain is not surprising as its host is
Andrena nitidiuscula, known to be present in northern Spain
(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b).
N. errans was listed for Spain by Ortiz-Sánchez
(2011), but it was also said that its presence needed to be
confirmed. Dusmet y Alonso (1913) and Ceballos (1956) re-
ported the species from Coruña (leg. Bolívar), a record pre-
viously cited by Medina (1895). Dusmet remarks that Me-
dina’s records are most likely based on the specimens of
Nomada rufipes Fabricius, 1793 collected by Bolívar and
deposited at MNCN. Those specimens were examined by
the first author, and they are indeed N. rufipes. Dusmet also
reports N. errans from Barcelona, based on a personal com-
munication by Pérez (in litteris, assumedly by letter) but as
far as we know Pérez’s records were never published or con-
firmed. Moreover, N. errans is unlikely to be present in Bar-
celona, since the climate is too Mediterranean in that area
for A. nitidiuscula (Thomas Wood, pers. comm.). The spe-
cies is not reported from Spain in recent works either (Smit,
2018; Ortiz-Sánchez, 2020a). With this specimen from As-
turias, the presence of N. errans in Spain is confirmed now.
The specimen is illustrated, showing the main distinc-
tive features: habitus (Figs. 2-3), black sternites (Fig. 3), la-
brum with a crenulated transversal carena near the apex
(Fig. 4), pointed spines on apex of coxae 1 (Fig. 5), antenna
mainly reddish with segment A3 about the same length as
A4 (Fig. 6), sides of propodeum shiny with only sparse
punctures (Fig. 7), and pronotum with a shallow incision
(Fig. 8).
Nomada flava Panzer, 1798
ASTURIAS: Gijón*, 17.5.1999, 1♀ [leg. M. A. Paredes, det.
ANC; BOS-HYM 2145]; Oviedo (a)*, 15.2.1988, 1♀ [leg.
José Manuel Fernández, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2146]; Llo-
rianes*, 8.5.1983, 1♀ [leg. L. F. Sierra, det. ANC; BOS-
HYM 2147]. VIZCAYA: Bilbao*, date unknown, 1♂ + 1♀
[leg. unknown, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 299550 & MNCN_
Ent 299549].
West Palearctic distribution, present throughout most of Eu-
rope (Smit, 2018). This species was recently recorded for
the first time from the Iberian Peninsula, in Asturias and
157
Fig. 2-8. Female Nomada errans Lepeletier, 1841, specimen collected in Pedroveya (Quirós, Asturias, Spain), 22.8.2019, courtesy
of MNCN [MNCN_Ent 295048]: 2) habitus in dorsal view; 3) habitus in lateral view; 4) labrum; 5) spines of coxae 1; 6) antenna; 7)
propodeum; 8) pronotum. Photos: M. París (2-3) and P. Álvarez Fidalgo (4-8). // Fig. 2-8. Hembra de Nomada errans Lepeletier,
1841, ejemplar capturado en Pedroveya (Quirós, Asturias, España), 22.8.2019, cortesía del MNCN [MNCN_Ent 295048]: 2) habitus
en vista dorsal; 3) habitus en vista lateral; 4) labro; 5) espinas de las coxas 1; 6) antena; 7) propodeo; 8) pronoto. Fotos: M. París (2-
3) y P. Álvarez Fidalgo (4-8).
Cantabria (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2019). As expected, it is
also present in the eastern part of the Cantabrian area. First
record from the Basque Country.
Nomada insignipes Schmiedeknecht, 1882
ASTURIAS: La Rasa, 26.5.2017, 1♂ [leg. & det. ANC].
A West Palearctic species, distributed from southern Europe
to the Middle East (Smit, 2018). Very little information is
available about records of this species from the Iberian Pen-
insula. Baldock et al. (2018) report this taxon from southern
Portugal. Smit (2018) reports it from both Spain and Portu-
gal but no precise records have been published. It was
recorded for the first time from Asturias by Álvarez Fidalgo
et al. (2020b). The record in the present paper is the second
one for this province. No more records are known from the
Cantabrian area.
Nomada lathburiana (Kirby, 1802)
ASTURIAS: Puerto de Vegarada, 28.7.2019, 1♀ [leg. MAF,
det. PAF].
Palearctic distribution, found in most of Europe, and east-
wards to northern Siberia and eastern China (Smit, 2018). On
the Iberian Peninsula it is present in Portugal (Baldock et al.,
2018; Smit, 2018) and Spain, where the only published
158
records seem to be from Seville (Ceballos, 1956). First record
from Asturias. Its presence in this area is not surprising, as one
of its known hosts, Andrena barbareae, has been recorded
from nearby areas in the provinces of Asturias and León.
Nomada linsenmaieri Schwarz, 1974
ASTURIAS: Colunga*, 9.8.2013, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 244016]; La Capilla, 21.7.2019, 1♀ [leg. NNF,
det. PAF]; Priañes*, 19.8.2012, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 244015]; Ribadesella, 6.8.2020, 1♀ [leg. JRS,
det. PAF].
West Palearctic species, known from southern and central
Europe and northwestern Africa (Smit, 2018). On the Ibe-
rian Peninsula, it is known from Portugal (Baldock et al.,
2018; Smit, 2018) and Spain, from Ávila (Ortiz-Sánchez,
2020b), Almería, Cáceres, Madrid and Salamanca (un-
published records from MNCN, det. M. Schwarz). No data
have been found from northern Spain. First records from As-
turias. Although these are the first records to be published
from this province, the species seems to be widely distrib-
uted at least in the eastern half of this province, found from
the coast, in the interior lowlands, to the mountains.
Nomada marshamella Kirby, 1802
ASTURIAS: Oviedo (b)*, 24.3.1996, 1♀ [leg. L. Frechilla,
det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2144]. LUGO: Chao de Pousadoiro,
7.5.2007, 1♀ [leg. R. Navais, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2141].
West Palearctic distribution, found in North Africa (Tuni-
sia), most of Europe, and eastwards to Turkey and Russia
(Smit, 2018). It is considered to be abundant in central Eu-
rope but rare in southern Europe by Dusmet y Alonso
(1913), who only records the species from the province of
Barcelona on the Iberian Peninsula. Also recorded as rare in
central and southern Portugal by Baldock et al. (2018). No
more specific records have been found in the literature. First
records for the provinces of Lugo and Asturias, and from the
whole Cantabrian area.
Nomada sexfasciata Panzer, 1799
ASTURIAS: Pénjamo*, 21.5.1983, 1♀ [leg. González-Pola
Villa, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2142]; San Claudio*, 6.5.
1980, 1♂ [leg. P. Ciscar, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2148]; Pola
de Siero*, 14.5.1978, 1♂ [leg. Javier G., det. ANC; BOS-
HYM 2152]; Pola de Lena*, (?).4.1976, 1♂ [leg. María A.
García, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2153].
Palearctic species, found from North Africa, most of Europe,
the Middle East and western Asia (Smit, 2018). On the Ibe-
rian Peninsula, it is found in most of Spain (Dusmet y Alonso,
1913) and in Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018). It was reported
from Asturias by Dusmet y Alonso (1913) but no more rec-
ords from any province of the Cantabrian area have been
found in the literature. The presence of the species in Asturias
is confirmed after a gap of information of over 100 years.
Nomada zonata Panzer, 1798
ASTURIAS: Telledo*, 2.8.2006, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 280180]; Armada*, 15.8.2018, 1♀ [leg. FF,
det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 295037].
Palearctic species widely distributed in Europe, the Middle
East (Iran, Israel, Syria, Turkey) and eastwards well into
Asia (Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Russia: eastern Siberia)
(Smit, 2018). The only known record from Asturias is men-
tioned by Dusmet y Alonso (1913). With these records, the
presence of this species in Asturias is confirmed after an in-
formation gap of many years.
Genus Thyreus Panzer, 1806
Thyreus ramosus (Lepetelier, 1841)
CANTABRIA: Toporias*, 18.4.1987, 1♀ [leg. B. Pérez Gon-
zález, det. LOAM; BOS-HYM 2034].
Palearctic species that is present in the whole Mediterranean
region including the Canary Islands, North Africa and
southern Europe, and ranges more sparingly eastwards
through Arabia and western Asia (Lieftinck, 1968). It is pre-
sent in most areas of Spain and Portugal (Baldock et al.,
2018; Vergés, 1967). However, no specific records have
been found from the Cantabrian area, which indicates that
this is the first one for Cantabria and, at least, its presence is
confirmed in the area.
Genus Xylocopa Latreille, 1802
Xylocopa (Rhysoxylocopa) cantabrita Lepeletier, 1841
ASTURIAS: Campiello, 18.4.2021, 1♀ on Vinca major [leg.
MAF, det. PAF].
A western Mediterranean species, found in North Africa
(Morocco), the Iberian Peninsula (both Spain and Portugal)
and southern France; it is rather rare in France but more fre-
quent in Iberia (Baldock et al., 2018; Terzo & Rasmont,
2003). It was described from northern Spain (hence the
name), without specification of locality. No evidence has
been found of any specific record from Asturias, which
makes this one the first confirmed data for the area.
Family COLLETIDAE
Genus Hylaeus Fabricius, 1793
Hylaeus (Dentigera) gredleri Förster, 1871
ASTURIAS: Vega del Rey*, 11.8.2017, 1♀ [leg. FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent 280192].
A West Palearctic species found in western, central and
southern Europe, eastwards to the Urals and the Caucasus
(Dathe, 1980). On the Iberian Peninsula, it has been rec-
orded from most of the territory, except from northwestern
Spain. It has been reported as present at Picos de Europa
(Ornosa & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). However, no specific rec-
ords have been found in the literature from the Cantabrian
area. This record at least confirms the presence of the spe-
cies in Asturias.
Hylaeus (Prosopis) gibbus S. Saunders, 1850
ASTURIAS: Campo de Caso*, 28.7.2017, 1♀ [leg. FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent 280182]; Inguanzo, 21.6.2020, 1♂ on
Geranium pyrenaicum [leg. NNF, det. PAF]; La Isla*,
26.8.2012, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280184];
Pola de Lena*, 11.8.2017, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_
Ent 280189]; Villar de Tebongo, 5.7.2020, 2♀, on Melilotus
albus and Mentha suaveolens [leg. NNF, det. PAF].
CANTABRIA: La Hermida, 15.7.2018, 1♂ on Sambucus
nigra [leg. & det. PAF].
Mediterranean distribution, found in southern Europe from
the Iberian Peninsula northwards to southern Germany,
southern Slovakia, and southern Moravia (Straka & Bo-
gusch, 2011). On the Iberian Peninsula it is widely distrib-
uted, both in Spain and Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018; Or-
nosa & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). However, no specific records
have been found in the literature from the study area. There-
fore, these records confirm the presence of the species in
Asturias and Cantabria.
159
Hylaeus (Prosopis) incongruus Förster, 1871
ASTURIAS: La Capilla, 21.7.2019, 1♂ [leg. & det. PAF];
Fayacaba, 2.6.2019, 1♂ on Jasione montana [leg. MA F, det.
PAF].
West Palearctic species, widely distributed and most likely
found throughout Europe as far east as Siberia (Straka &
Bogusch, 2011). So far, known in Iberia from one single
very recent record from northern Portugal (Baldock et al.,
2018). First record for Spain and the whole Cantabrian area
(hence also from Asturias).
Due to this new addition to the Iberian list (Ortiz-
Sánchez, 2020a), the previously identified material of this
confusing group of species (Hylaeus gibbus group) was re-
vised, using this time the paper by Straka & Bogusch (2011),
where H. incongruus was considered a valid species. These
specimens were published as Hylaeus (Prosopis) confusus
Nylander, 1852 by Álvarez Fidalgo et al. (2020a), who
based their identifications on the works by Dathe (1980) and
Ornosa & Ortiz-Sánchez (2004), where H. incongruus was
considered a junior synonym of H. confusus.
Family HALICTIDAE
Genus Halictus Latreille, 1804
Halictus eurygnathus Blüthgen, 1931 [=H. compressus
(Walckenaer, 1802)]
ASTURIAS: Muñón Fondero, 19.7.2020, 1♂ [leg. & det.
ANC].
West Palearctic distribution (Ornosa et al., 2013), found
from the Pyrerees through central Europe, north to Gotland,
east to Bashkiria and Azerbaijan (Amiet et al., 2001; Ebmer,
1988). The few known records of this species from the Ibe-
rian Peninsula are limited to the northeast part of Spain that
borders France (Ortiz-Sánchez & Pauly, 2017). First record
from Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area. The presence
of this species in Asturias suggests that its distribution on
the Iberian Peninsula could be much wider than expected.
Genus Lasioglossum Curtis, 1833
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) leucopus (Kirby, 1802)
ASTURIAS: Saliencia (a), 20.8.2020, 1♂ on Geranium sub-
argenteum [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
Palearctic distribution (Ornosa et al., 2013); on the Iberian
Peninsula it is basically found in the northern half, apparently
without data from the westernmost provinces of Spain (Ortiz-
Sánchez & Pauly, 2017) except for a very recent record from
Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a). This is the second
record from the area. As expected in southern Europe, in both
cases it has been found in mountainous biotopes.
Lasioglossum (Dialictus) littorale (Blüthgen, 1924)
ASTURIAS: Amandi, 15.5.2019, 1♀ on Malus domestica
[leg. & det. ANC].
Circum-Mediterranean species. Records are very scarce on
the Iberian Peninsula, both in Spain and Portugal (Baldock et
al., 2018; Ortiz-Sánchez & Pauly, 2017). It has been recently
recorded from Asturias (Ortiz-Sánchez & Pauly, 2017),
where it has appeared in the same area and again associated
with Malus domestica. Although it is a rare species, it might
have stable populations in apple orchards in the area.
Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) glabriusculum (Morawitz, 1872)
ASTURIAS: Avilés, 19.7.2020, 1♂ on Daucus carota [leg. &
det. PAF].
A West Palearctic species (Ornosa et al., 2013); it is quite
widespread on the Iberian Peninsula, both in Spain and Por-
tugal (Baldock et al., 2018; Ortiz-Sánchez & Pauly, 2017).
However, Cantabrian records are very scarce, this one in-
volving only the third locality where it has been found in
Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a; 2020b; Ortiz-
Sánchez & Pauly, 2017), although most likely the species is
commoner than expected and is simply overlooked.
Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) nigripes (Lepetelier, 1872)
ASTURIAS: Castiello*, 17.5.1998, 1♀ [leg. Nieves Rodríguez,
det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2046]; Posada de Llanera*, 25.4.1996,
1♀ [leg. Juan M. Mateos, det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2209].
West Palearctic, from the Iberian Peninsula to Iran, north to
the lower Vístula (Amiet et al., 2001). On the Iberian Pen-
insula it is mainly found in the eastern half of Spain (Ortiz-
Sánchez & Pauly, 2017). Not yet recorded in Portugal
(Baldock et al., 2018). Only two records known from the
Cantabrian area, one of them from Asturias (Ortiz-Sánchez
& Pauly, 2017). Two new Asturian localities are presented
in this paper.
Genus Sphecodes Latreille, 1804
Sphecodes ferruginatus Hagens, 1882
ASTURIAS: Caravia (?)*, 28.7.2009, 1♂ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 280165].
West Palearctic species found in Europe from the Iberian
Peninsula northwards to southern Scandinavia and east-
wards to Turkey (Pauly, 2016). On the Iberian Peninsula
there are isolated records in the northeastern quadrant of
Spain (Warncke, 1992), with a single, very old data from the
Cantabrian area, in Cantabria (Ceballos, 1956). Baldock et
al. (2018) mention its presence in northern and central Por-
tugal. No other peninsular records have been found in the
literature. First record from Asturias.
Sphecodes geoffrellus (Kirby 1802)
ASTURIAS: Santa Gadea, 28.6.2020, 1♀ [leg. MAF, det.
PAF].
Species with a West Palearctic distribution, from North Af-
rica to the Middle East (Pauly, 2016). On the Iberian Penin-
sula there are very few records, from the northeast quadrant
(Warncke, 1992), the Cantabrian area, from Asturias (Álva-
rez Fidalgo et al., 2020b), and from central Portugal
(Baldock et al., 2018). However, it is a common species in
the rest of southern Europe, so it is very possible that this
absence of records is due to lack of sampling. In Asturias, it
seems to be associated to mountainous land, from 700 to
1500 m a.s.l.
Sphecodes niger Hagens, 1874
ASTURIAS: La Isla*, 14.9.2011, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 280177]; Pola de Lena*, 25.9.2002, 1♂ [leg.
FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280178].
Species with an exclusively European distribution (Pauly,
2016). The known records from the Iberian Peninsula were
restricted to the northeast quadrant (Warncke, 1992), until it
was found for the first time in the Cantabrian area last year, in
Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b). These new records
are from localities far away from the previous one, which
might indicate that the species is more widespread than the
isolated record showed and probably is simply overlooked. It
has been recently reported from Portugal (northern part of the
country) for the first time (Wood et al., 2020).
160
Sphecodes puncticeps Thomson, 1870
ASTURIAS: Cabo de Peñas*, 25.8.2012, 1♀ [leg. FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent 280145]; Caravia (?)*, 28.7.2009, 1♀
[leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280144]; Palacio*, 19.07.
2016, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280150]; San Juan
de la Arena, 30.7.2020, 1♀ [leg. MAF, det. PAF].
A West Palearctic species found from North Africa, and
throughout most of Europe to the Middle East (Pauly, 2016).
This species is common and widespread in Europe and so it
seems to be on the Iberian Peninsula (Warncke, 1992).
However, there are only 3 known records from Asturias (Ál-
varez Fidalgo et al., 2020b). Although the new data suggest
a wide distribution in Asturias as well, they also show an
important association with coastal areas in the territory,
where its known host, Lasioglossum (Evylaeus) villosulum
(Kirby, 1802), is very common.
Sphecodes reticulatus Thomson, 1870
ASTURIAS: La Isla*, 4.8.2009, 1♂ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 280166]; San Pedro de la Ribera*, 11.8.2011,
1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF; MNCN_Ent 280173].
West Palearctic species found from the Iberian Peninsula
throughout most of Europe, northwards to southern Scandi-
navia and eastwards to the Turkestan. It is considered to be
rare in the Mediterranean countries (Bogusch & Straka,
2012; Pauly, 2016). Consistently there are very few records
from the Iberian Peninsula. Ceballos (1956) cites old litera-
ture records from Barcelona and Gerona but these are not
considered by Warncke (1992), who records it from central
Spain. Baldock et al. (2018) report the species from north-
ern, central and southern Portugal. There are also records in
the Cantabrian area from Cantabria in Álvarez Fidalgo et al.
(2020b) but no records from Asturias have been found in the
literature. First record from Asturias.
This species inhabits various biotopes, usually at
sandy sites, heathlands and other open habitats (Bogusch &
Straka, 2012). These northern Spanish records are associ-
ated to coastal areas by beaches or sandy soil by reservoirs
in moorland, which is consistent with the information found
in the literature.
Family MEGACHILIDAE
Genus Coelioxys Latreille, 1809
Coelioxys (Coelioxys) inermis (Kirby, 1802)
ASTURIAS: Gijón (?)*, 4.8.1979, 1♀ [leg. P. Figaredo, det.
ANC; BOS-HYM 2175].
Palearctic distribution, from North Africa and most of Eu-
rope eastwards, reaching Central Asia (Amiet et al., 2004;
Ornosa et al., 2007). Specific records from the Iberian Pen-
insula are scarce. Ceballos (1956) refers to old literature rec-
ords from Mallorca and the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona,
and Zaragoza, as Coelioxys elongata var. acuminata
Nylander. Baldock et al. (2020) also record the species ex-
clusively from Mallorca. It is also found in central and
southern Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018). First record from
Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area.
Genus Osmia Panzer, 1806
Osmia (Allosmia) rufohirta Latreille, 1811
ASTURIAS: Vega del Rey*, 22.4.2017, 1♂ [leg. FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent 280163].
A West Palearctic species distributed from North Africa
(Morocco), throughout southern and central Europe, and
eastwards to Turkey, the Caucasus and the Turkestan (Or-
nosa et al., 2006). Once more, very few specific records
from the Iberian Peninsula have been found in the literature.
Ceballos (1956) mentions the provinces of Barcelona, Má-
laga and Seville from old literature records. Baldock et al.
(2018) report the species from central and southern Portugal.
Álvarez Fidalgo et al. (2020a) published the only known
record from Asturias and the Cantabrian area; therefore, this
is the second record in the province and from a corner very
distant from the previous one.
Osmia (Erythrosmia) andrenoides Spinola, 1808
ASTURIAS: Vega de Rey*, 1.8.2019, 1♂ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent 295087].
This species is found in southern, central and eastern Europe
(Amiet et al., 2004; Müller, 2020). In peninsular Spain, it is
known from several Mediterranean provinces (Alicante, Al-
mería, Barcelona, Cádiz, Gerona, Granada, Málaga, Murcia,
Tarragona) and Teruel (Müller, 2020). It has also been rec-
orded in Menorca (Baldock et al., 2020) and in southern and
central Portugal (Baldock et al., 2018). First record for As-
turias and the whole Cantabrian area, which widens its
known distribution towards northwestern Spain.
Genus Stelis Panzer, 1806
Stelis (Stelis) odontopyga Noskiewicz, 1926
ASTURIAS: Campo de Caso*, 28.7.2017, 1♀ [leg. FF, det.
PAF; MNCN_Ent. 276232].
European species. On the Iberian Peninsula it is only known
from Lérida (Ornosa et al., 2008) and Asturias (Álvarez Fi-
dalgo et al., 2020b). This is the third municipality where the
species has been found in Asturias. All the localities are ra-
ther distant from each other, which indicates that the species
might be well distributed in the province.
Stelis (Stelis) murina Perez, 1883
ASTURIAS: Pola de Lena*, 10.8.2007, 1♀ [leg. FF, det. PAF;
MNCN_Ent. 276239].
West Mediterranean to circum-Mediterranean species found
from the Canary Islands, northern Africa (from Morocco to
Egypt), and through the European side of the Mediterranean
basin to the Near East (Israel) (Kasparek, 2015; Ornosa et
al., 2008). The limits of its distribution are insufficiently
known due to taxonomic uncertainties, as the species has
been considered a subspecies of Stelis phaeoptera (Kirby,
1802) by several authors for many years (Kasparek, 2015).
Due to these uncertainties and incongruences in old litera-
ture it is not possible to know to which of the two species
the available records belong. Ceballos (1956) mentions old
records of S. murina from Spain but without specific areas
and S. phaeoptera has been recorded from Andalusia (Jaén
and Seville), Barcelona, Gerona, Guadalajara and Segovia.
However, after Ornosa et al. (2008), all these records should
relate to S. murina as it is the only subspecies found on the
Iberian Peninsula, while Kasparek (2015) and Ortiz-
Sánchez (2020) accept S. murina as a valid species. Baldock
et al. (2018) report the species from central and southern
Portugal as S. phaeoptera.
This record from Asturias is particularly interesting,
not only because it is the first one from Asturias and the
Cantabrian area, but also because somehow this territory is
climatically borderline between central and more temperate
Europe, which might help to better know the limits of the
distribution of both species in the future.
161
Family MELITTIDAE
Genus Dasypoda Latreille, 1802
Dasypoda (Megadasypoda) argentata Panzer, 1809
ASTURIAS: Oviedo (a)*, 12.7.1994, 1♀ [leg. M. J. Villamer,
det. ANC; BOS-HYM 2167].
Palearctic distribution. On the Iberian Peninsula, it has been
recorded in Spain but not yet in Portugal (Baldock et al.,
2018; Wood et al., 2020). In Spain it is known from the Can-
tabrian area (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a; 2020b), the
northeast, and locally from the provinces of Segovia and Va-
lencia (Ornosa & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). The species is only
known from three localities in Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et
al., 2020a; 2020b); one record from a new municipality is
presented here.
Dasypoda (Megadasypoda) visnaga (Rossi, 1790)
ASTURIAS: Coviella*, 1.9.1992, 1♂ [leg. R. Luis Cabo, det.
LOAM; BOS-HYM 2037].
A circum-Mediterranean species, found from the Portu-
guese Atlantic coast to western Turkey (Michez et al., 2004;
Ornosa & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). It is well distributed on the
Iberian Peninsula, except in the Cantabrian area, from where
there are no previous records (El Abdouni et al., 2021;
Michez et al., 2004; Ornosa & Ortiz-Sánchez, 2004). First
record from Asturias and the whole Cantabrian area.
Conclusions
As a summary, 97 specimens belonging to 54 species and 6
families of Anthophila of special interest for the study re-
gion have been identified for this paper. The most signifi-
cant data correspond to species never previously recorded
from the Cantabrian provinces, along with those taxa with
not concrete records available for the study area and/or its
provinces. These species are listed in Table I. Nomada er-
rans is included in this group, since, although it was previ-
ously cited, it is not considered to occur on the Iberian Pen-
insula in recent works.
Another group of interesting species is made up of
those that have been recorded from some of the Cantabrian
provinces in ancient literature but were pending confirma-
tion, either because they have not been found for many years
(Nomada sexfasciata and N. zonata), because its presence is
given as doubtful (Ceratina chalcites in Asturias), or due to
recent taxonomic changes that cast doubt on the real pres-
ence of the species involved in the change (as is the case of
Andrena cineraria). With the data gathered for this paper,
their current presence in the region is confirmed.
Finally, another group includes those species of which
only one or very few records exist because they have been
very recently detected. This group includes 17 species: An-
drena praecox, A. nitidiuscula, A. schencki, A. florea,
Amegilla quadrifasciata, Ceratina chalybea, Nomada insig-
nipes, Lasioglossum leucopus, L. littorale, L. glabriuscu-
lum, L. nigripes, Sphecodes geoffrellus, S. niger, S. punc-
ticeps, Osmia rufohirta, Stelis odontopyga and Dasypoda
argentata.
As mentioned above, the authors’ samplings are
mainly focused on Asturias, so it is the Cantabrian province
from which most results have been obtained. In Cantabria
only occasional sampling has been carried out, and for the
rest of the provinces only the data found at MNCN and BOS
Table I. Checklist of wild bees newly recorded from the
study area (L = Lugo, A = Asturias, C = Cantabria, V = Viz-
caya, CA = Cantabrian area, S = Spain, IP = Iberian Penin-
sula). // Tabla I. Lista de novedades faunísticas de abejas
silvestres en el área de estudio (L = Lugo, A = Asturias, C =
Cantabria, V = Vizcaya, CA = cornisa cantábrica, S = Es-
paña, IP = península ibérica).
Species L
A
C
V
C
SIP
A
ndrena (Andrena) mitis
X
X
A
ndrena (Andrena) fulva
X
X
A
ndrena (Chlorandrena) livens
X
A
ndrena (Cnemidandrena) nigriceps
X
A
ndrena (Euandrena) granulosa
X
A
ndrena (Euandrena) vulpecula
X
X
A
ndrena (Hoplandrena) nuptialis
X
X
A
ndrena (Hoplandrena) trimmerana
X
A
ndrena (Melandrena) assimilis
X X
A
ndrena (Melandrena) barbareae
X
X
A
ndrena (Micrandrena) nana
X
A
ndrena (Micrandrena) semilaevis
X
X
A
ndrena (Micrandrena) subopaca
X
X
Ceratina (Euceratina) dentiventris
X
X
Melecta (Melecta) albifrons
X
Nomada discrepans
X
X
Nomada errans
X
X XX
Nomada flava
X
Nomada lathburiana
X
Nomada linsenmaieri
X
Nomada marshamella X X
X
Thyreus ramosus
X
X
X
ylocopa (Rhysoxylocopa) cantabrita
X
Hylaeus (Dentigera) gredleri
X
Hylaeus (Prosopis) gibbus
X X
X
Hylaeus (Prosopis) incongruus
X
X X
Halictus eurygnathus
X
X
Sphecodes ferruginatus
X
Sphecodes reticulatus
X
Coelioxys (Coelioxys) inermis
X
X
Osmia (Erythrosmia) andrenoides
X
X
Stelis (Stelis) murina
X
X
Dasypoda (Megadasypoda) visnaga
X
X
are available. All in all, the number of species recorded in
Asturias rises to 268 and in Cantabria to 122. In conclusion,
and seeing the amount of unrecorded species found for the
former province, it is obvious that an exhaustive sampling
equivalent to that done in Asturias needs to be carried out
for the other Cantabrian provinces, since the whole of the
Cantabrian area had been similarly little explored in the past.
Acknowledgements
We sincerely want to thank Consejería de Infraestructuras, Or-
denación del Territorio y Medio Ambiente (Principado de Asturias)
and Dirección General de Biodiversidad, Medio Ambiente y Cam-
bio Climático (Gobierno de Cantabria) for granting the necessary
permits for collecting specimens within their territories.
Special thanks go to Araceli Anadón Álvarez (BOS) and
Mercedes París (MNCN) for allowing us to study the material and
use the optical equipments at both institutions.
We are also very grateful to Rodrigo Martínez Sastre, Jairo
Robla Suárez, and Aitor Somoano García for their help during
some samplings, and to Luis Óscar Aguado Martín for the transfer
of his specimen identifications from the BOS.
Last but not least, we wish to thank Jan Smit for confirming
the determination of Nomada errans, and to Thomas Wood and
Leopoldo Castro for their critical review of the manuscript, which
provided numerous remarks and suggestions that helped to signifi-
catively improve the text.
162
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164
Appendix A. Localities for which the authors have obtained data of Anthophila in the Cantabrian area, with their MGRS
coordinates (datum ETRS89) and altitude (m a.s.l.). ● Anexo A. Localidades de las que los autores han obtenido datos de
Anthophila en la cornisa cantábrica, con sus coordenadas MGRS (datum ETRS89) y altitud (m s.n.m.).
I. Authors’ data
Locality Municipality MGRS 1x1 km
A
ltitude
ASTURIAS Amandi Villaviciosa 30TUP0216 4
Avilés, El Caliero Avilés 30TTP6227 42
Belmonte Belmonte 29TQH2596 190
Campiello Teverga 29TQH3183 719
Casielles, Desfiladero de los Beyos Ponga 30TUN3083 711
Fayacaba, Las Praderas de Peñamayo
r
Nava 30TTN9798 757
Gijón, Atlantic Botanical Gardens Gijón 30TTP8721 20
Inguanzo, Río Casaño Cabrales 30TUN4897 300
La Capilla, Puerto de San Isidro Alle
r
30TUN0471 1523
La Cruz Villaviciosa 30TTP9913 101
La Rasa Villaviciosa 30TUP1020 172
Llames Villaviciosa 30TUP0421 152
Los Llanos Morcín 30TTN6593 829
Molejón Vegadeo 29TPJ6207 278
Muñón Fondero Lena 30TTN6983 367
Oviedo, El Campón (a) Oviedo 30TTP6603 332
Oviedo, Montecerrao (b) Oviedo 30TTP6703 278
Puerto de Vegarada Alle
r
30TTN9768 1568
Ribadesella, Acantilados del Infierno Ribadesella 30TUP3513 63
Saliencia, Alto de la Farrapona (a) Somiedo 29TQH3671 1538
Saliencia, Lagos de Saliencia (b) Somiedo 29TQH3671 1653
San Juan de la Arena, Playa de los Quebrantos Soto del Barco 29TQJ3627 2
Sabugo, Playa de Barayo Valdés 29TPJ9225 157
San Pedro de La Ribera, Playa de San Pedro Cudillero 29TQJ2428 5
San Roque Siero 30TTP8807 319
Santa Gadea, Sierra de Peñamayo
r
Laviana 30TTN9496 877
Vegalencia Ribera de Arriba 30TTN6898 138
Villanueva Santo Adriano 30TTN5795 238
Villar de Tebongo Cangas del Narcea 29TQH0189 330
CANTABRI
A
Espinilla Hermandad de Campoo de Suso 30TUN9963 924
La Hermida Peñarrubia 30TUN6990 110
La Herrería, Cueva de Chufín Ríonansa 30TUN8293 133
Muñorrodero,
Á
rea Recreativa de Muñorrodero Val de San Vicente 30TUP7902 14
II. MNCN & BOS data
Locality Municipality MGRS 5x5 km
A
ltitude
ASTURIAS Armada, Valle de La Peral Lena 30TTN68C 900
Bao Ibias 29TPH85B 785
Cabo de Peñas Gozón 30TTP63B 100
Campo de Caso Caso 30TUN08D 580
Careses Siero 30TTP80B 255
Castiello Villaviciosa 30TUP11A 172
Colunga Colunga 30TUP11B 10
Corias Pravia 29TQJ31C 20
Coviella Cangas de Onís 30TUP20B 200
Gallegos Mieres 30TTN79C 460
Gijón, Parque Los Maizales Gijón 30TTP82D 32
La Isla Colunga 30TUP11B 15
La Plaza Teverga 29TQH38D 475
Llorianes Siero 30TTP80A 250
Oviedo, El Cristo (a) Oviedo 30TTP60D 310
Oviedo, Parque Purificación Tomás (b) Oviedo 30TTP60B 300
Palacio Lena 30TTN77A 500
Pedroveya Quirós 30TTN59B 550
Pénjamo Langreo 30TTN89A 225
Pola de Lena Lena 30TTN78C 300
Pola de Siero Siero 30TTP80A 210
Portizuelo Valdés 29TQJ02C 16
Posada de Llanera Llanera 30TTP61D 172
Priañes Oviedo 30TTP50B 137
San Andrés Oviedo 30TTP50D 120
San Claudio Oviedo 30TTP60C 155
San Pedro de la Ribera, Playa de San Pedro Cudillero 29TQJ22A 5
Santa María del Ma
r
Castrillón 30TTP52B 20
Telledo Lena 30TTN66B 627
Vega del Rey Lena 30TTN77A 360
CANTABRI
A
Toporias Udías 30TVN09A 200
LUGO Chao de Pousadoiro Ribera de Piquín 29TPH48D 240
V
IZCAY
A
Bilbao Bilbao 30TWN09D 20
... Si bien hasta muy recientemente la apifauna de la cornisa cantábrica estaba aún poco estudiada, los trabajos recientes han permitido alcanzar un conocimiento más preciso sobre las especies presentes en el área, especialmente en Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2020b(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2021a, pasando de las 65 especies citadas en esta provincia en 2011 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b) a las 272 en 2021 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2021a(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2021b. Con las aportaciones de este trabajo la lista de antófilos de Asturias se amplía aún más y ya casi alcanza las 300 especies. ...
... Si bien hasta muy recientemente la apifauna de la cornisa cantábrica estaba aún poco estudiada, los trabajos recientes han permitido alcanzar un conocimiento más preciso sobre las especies presentes en el área, especialmente en Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2020b(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2021a, pasando de las 65 especies citadas en esta provincia en 2011 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b) a las 272 en 2021 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2021a(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2021b. Con las aportaciones de este trabajo la lista de antófilos de Asturias se amplía aún más y ya casi alcanza las 300 especies. ...
... Although until very recently the bee fauna of the Cantabrian area was still little studied, some recent works have allowed to achieve a more precise knowledge about the species present in the area, especially in Asturias (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020a(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2020b(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., , 2021a, going from the 65 species recorded in this province in 2011 (Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2020b) to 272 in 2021(Álvarez Fidalgo et al., 2021a, 2021b. With the contributions of this work, the list of Anthophila of Asturias is further expanded and it has now almost reached 300 species. ...
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Se presenta y se ilustra la primera cita confirmada de Andrena (Ulandrena) polita Smith, 1857 en la Península Ibérica, especie cuya presencia se sospechaba pero aún no se había encontrado en este territorio. Se incluyen y se comentan además otras veintiseis especies de abejas silvestres nunca antes registradas en Asturias, de las cuales dieciséis son además nuevas en toda la cornisa cantábrica. La especie Hylaeus (Prosopis) praenotatus Förster, 1871, un taxón interesante por la escasez de registros y nunca antes mostrada en fotografías, se ilustra con imágenes tomadas bajo lupa binocular. / The first confirmed record of Andrena (Ulandrena) polita Smith, 1857 in the Iberian Peninsula is published and illustrated, a species whose presence was suspected but had not yet been found in this territory. Twenty-six additional species of wild bees never before recorded in Asturias are included and commented on, of which sixteen are also new to the entire Cantabrian coast. The species Hylaeus (Prosopis) praenotatus Förster, 1871 is illustrated with photographs taken under a binocular lens, an interesting taxon due to the scarcity of records and never before shown in photographs.
... En el transcurso de los muestreos sistemáticos que desde hace años llevamos a cabo en las provincias de Granada y Almería, se detectó la presencia de un microlepidóptero perteneciente a la familia Blastobasidae que hasta ahora no era conocido en la Península Ibérica. Tras su análisis y estudio genital, hemos podido comprobar que se trata de la especie Xenopathia novaki (Rebel, 1891) (Lepidoptera: Blastobasidae) (Figs. [1][2][3], nueva para la fauna lepidopterológica ibérica. El lugar donde se encontró dicha especie se caracteriza por ser una formación de arenales y dunas cercanas al litoral mediterráneo, entre las que se pueden encontrar charcas salobres (también llamadas "charcones"), que dan lugar a diferentes biotopos, dentro de un ecosistema sub-árido mediterráneo. ...
... fil. Asteraceae 1, 19 14 Crithmum maritimum L. Apiaceae 1, 12 15 Crucianella maritima L. Rubiaceae 1,3,8,13,14,17,20 16 Dactylis glomerata L. Poaceae 3,4,14 17 Dactylis glomerata L. var. maritima Hack. ...
... Elymus pycnanthus (Godr.) Melderis Poaceae 1,3,8 21 Eryngium maritimum L. Apiaceae 1, 19 22 Euphorbia cf. portlandica L. Euphorbiaceae 20 23 ...
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Hoplosmia, a subgenus of the osmiine bee genus Osmia (Megachilidae), comprises 21 species restricted to the Palaearctic region. Analysis of female pollen loads and field observations indicate that probably all O. (Hoplosmia) species are specialized on Asteraceae except for one pollen generalist species, which exhibits a preference for the pollen of Cistaceae. Among the Asteraceae specialists, differences exist with respect to the three main Asteraceae subfamilies exploited for pollen, with some species exclusively visiting Carduoideae, others exploiting only Asteroideae and Cichorioideae and again others collecting pollen on Asteroideae, Carduoideae and Cichorioideae. All O. (Hoplosmia) species build their brood cells within preexisting cavities: several species exclusively nest in empty snail shells, few species use small cavities in rock and stones and the remaining species colonize linear cavities in dead wood and plant stems or nest in abandoned burrows of other bees and wasps. Chewed leaves serve as material to construct brood cell partitions and nest plug except for two species, which use mud as nest building material. The taxonomic revision of O. (Hoplosmia) revealed the existence of an undescribed species, O. centaureae spec. nov., which occurs in a small area that ranges from the Dead Sea over the Jordan Valley to northernmost Israel. Due to clear morphological gaps and widely disjunct distribution with the nominotypical subspecies, O. pinguis carbo (Zanden 1974) is elevated to species rank. Based on morphology and biology, three species groups are recognized within Hoplosmia. Identification keys for all O. (Hoplosmia) species are given including the hitherto unknown male or female sex of three species.
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Full-text available
A review of the Iberian species of the tribe Ceratinini has been carried out, based upon data from several entomological collections and bibliographic antecedents. A total of 13 species of the genus Ceratina inhabit the Iberian Peninsula, the Balearic and Canary Islands. From our current knowledge, C. cucurbitina and C. cyanea are the most frequent species, whereas C. albosticta , new for this fauna, is the rarest, with just a single record; C. gravidula is also new for the Iberian fauna. C. acuta and C. loewi , recorded for the first time by Dusmet (1923), and almost certainly based on misidentifications, are removed from the Iberian list. Finally, distribution maps for every species, a graph showing phenology, and an identification key are provided. Se ha realizado una revisión de las especies españolas y portuguesas de la tribu Ceratinini, basada en el estudio tanto de diversas colecciones entomológicas como de la información bibliográfica disponible. En total, 13 especies del género Ceratina Latreille, 1802 habitan en la Península Ibérica, más las Islas Baleares y Canarias. Las más frecuentes, según el conocimiento actual, son C. cucurbitina (Rossi, 1792) y C. cyanea (Kirby, 1802), mientras que la más rara es C. albosticta Cockerell, 1931 que, con un solo registro, es nueva para nuestra fauna, al igual que C. gravidula Gerstaecker, 1869. Se elimina del catálogo de especies ibéricas a C. acuta Friese, 1896 y C. loewi Gerstaecker, 1869, mencionadas por primera vez por Dusmet (1923), pero que seguramente fueron mal identificadas. Finalmente, se suministran los mapas de distribución de cada especie, una gráfica con las curvas de fenología, así como una clave para su identificación.
Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España
  • G Ceballos
CEBALLOS, G. 1956. Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España. Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas. Instituto Español de Entomología, Madrid, 554 pp.
Primer suplemento al Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España
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CEBALLOS, G. 1959. Primer suplemento al Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España. Eos: revista española de entomología, 35(4): 215-242.
Segundo suplemento al Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España. Eos: revista española de entomología
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CEBALLOS, G. 1964. Segundo suplemento al Catálogo de los Himenópteros de España. Eos: revista española de entomología, 40(3-4): 43-97.
Die Bienengattung Osmia Panz
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DUCKE, A. 1900. Die Bienengattung Osmia Panz. Berichte des Naturwissenschaftlich -medizinischen Vereines in Innsbruck, 35: 1-323.
Kritische Liste der nicht-parasitischen Halictidae Österreichs mit Berücksichtigung aller mitteleuropäischen Arten (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae)
  • A W Ebmer
EBMER, A.W. 1988. Kritische Liste der nicht-parasitischen Halictidae Österreichs mit Berücksichtigung aller mitteleuropäischen Arten (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Linzer biologische Beiträge, 20(2): 527-711.