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ABSTRACT: Adobe dwellings are the most representative constructive typologies of the traditional architecture and local culture of Mexico. In the last decades, these systems have been abandoned and displaced by modern materials and techniques, a situation enhanced by the recent seismic events, especially the ones which struck the country in 2017. The city of Jojutla, in the State of Morelos, was one of the most affected by the 2017 Puebla Earthquake, suffering several damages of the built heritage, highlighting the adobe dwellings in the historic centre. The following paper presents the research carried in the city of Jojutla regarding the seismic impact over the earthen constructions of the region after the 2017 earthquake. There was applied a research methodology which included techniques like geographic information systems, characterisation of the earthen construction materials in the laboratory, and the analysis and revision of the local building codes and risk management plans. There could be noticed several structural deficiencies in the dwellings of the town, as well as wrong urban planning and risk management plans, contributing to increase the seismic vulnerability of the constructions. On the basis of previous research and the results presented, it could be stablished that the lack of protection and exposition of the adobe dwellings, in combination with the oblivion of the traditional techniques and bad practices; caused the complete demise of this constructive culture in the region studied.
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... Asimismo, en relación a los resultados que se vieron anteriormente en la (Figura 2), se detalla la cantidad de artículos científicos según su base de datos en la (Tabla 1), observar la cantidad de artículos según su idioma en la (Tabla 2), ver en la cantidad de trabajos según su variable en la (tabla 3), ver la cantidad y porcentaje de los artículos según su año de publicación en la (tabla 4) y ver la cantidad y porcentaje de los artículos según los países (Gráfico 1), todo abarcado a nivel mundial. Algunas de las deficiencias constructivas que se presentan son la distribución deficiente de los vanos (puertas y ventanas), la falta de refuerzos estructurales horizontales, la ausencia de sistemas de diafragma entre los muros y la cubierta, muros con espesores insuficientes o reducidos, mala calidad y manufactura de los adobes, irregularidades en planta y en altura, incorporación de elementos no compatibles, entre otros [6]. ...
... En los Criterios de los Efectos de la Vulnerabilidad Sísmica ante Viviendas Autoconstruidas se encontraron 5 categorías según los artículos científicos que en el proceso constructivo nos menciona [6] que se encuentra deficiencias constructivas que presentan deficiencias en los vanos como puertas y ventanas, falta de refuerzos estructurales horizontales, ausencia del sistema diafragma entre los muros y cubiertas, los muros con espesores no aptos, de mala calidad por el material del adobe, irregularidades en la planta y altura, elementos no compatibles, etc.; en el Análisis estructural nos menciona [22] que está indicado evaluar las estructuras expuestas a movimientos en masa, solo por el hecho de un estado precario en su conformación físico puede causar un hecho lamentable en la población.; en el Riesgo Símico nos menciona [21] que la vulnerabilidad y la resiliencia se puede desunir analíticamente en primer lugar identificando las características asociadas a causas de los desastres y en segundo lugar observar rasgo positivos ante comunidades que contribuyan a la anticipación ante un caso siniestro.; ...
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