ArticlePDF Available

Decálogo de características de la literatura poscolonial: propuesta de una taxonomía para la crítica literaria y los estudios de literatura comparada

Article

Decálogo de características de la literatura poscolonial: propuesta de una taxonomía para la crítica literaria y los estudios de literatura comparada

Abstract

El objetivo de este artículo es ofrecer una propuesta de clasificación de los rasgos presentes, en mayor o menor medida, en la literatura poscolonial en cualquier idioma. A pesar de que esta taxonomía toma como punto de partida definiciones teóricas previas de los conceptos clave relacionados con la literatura poscolonial (Edwards 2008, Nayar 2008 y Ramone 2011), parece ser la primera clasificación formal que se ha elaborado al respecto. De este modo, se analizan conceptos consolidados a la par que presenta la nueva noción de plasticidad de géneros literarios y explora las corrientes actuales en la investigación de la interseccionalidad. Como resultado, proporcionaremos un decálogo de características de la literatura poscolonial que favorecerá la crítica literaria y los estudios de literatura comparada. Palabras Clave: literatura poscolonial; taxonomía; teoría de la literatura; crítica poscolonial; plasticidad. This paper aims to offer a classification proposal of the features that are typically found, to a greater or lesser extent, in postcolonial texts in any language. In spite of the fact that this taxonomy model is based on previous theoretical definitions of the key concepts related to postcolonial literature (Edwards 2008, Nayar 2008, and Ramone 2011), it seems to be the first formal classification to be devised. It examines well-established concepts, presents the new notion of plasticity of literary genres and explores the current trends regarding research on intersectionality. The decalogue of characteristics of postocolonial literature obtained as a result will facilitate literary criticism and comparative literature studies. Keywords: Postcolonial literature; Taxonomy; Literary theory; Postcolonial criticism; Plasticity.
Decálogo de características de la literatura poscolonial:
propuesta de una taxonomía para la crítica literaria y los
estudios de literatura comparada
https://revistadeliteratura.revistas.csic.es/index.php/revistadeliteratura/article/view/550/
561
ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication.
Article
Ngaugai wa Thiong'o -- Nuruddin Farah -- Chinua Achebe -- Buchi Emecheta -- Sam Selvon -- Roy Heath -- Raja Rao -- Anita Desai -- Zulfikar Ghose -- Bapsi Sidhwa -- Witi Ihimaera -- Rudolfo Anaya -- Rolando Hinojosa -- Sandra Cisneros.
Chapter
The 1990s saw the rise and rise of Postcolonial studies. Writers like Salman Rushdie, Arundhati Roy and Zadie Smith became bestselling authors, while most university English departments energetically addressed the discourse known as Postcolonial theory in their undergraduate degrees. This ascendancy reflected the burgeoning growth in quantity and cultural importance of Anglophone literatures from countries other than Britain in the second half of the twentieth century that challenged the construction of the ‘English literary canon’. The somewhat moribund areas of academic literary study previously known as ‘Commonwealth Studies’, ‘New Literatures in English’, ‘World Literature in English’, were revivified as ‘Postcolonial Literatures’. Yet even as new life was breathed into this body of academic study, debates occurred about whether this was in fact a homogeneous ‘body’ of study. Although the term‘Postcolonial’ has become the most widely accepted designation for this group of literatures, an extended and sophisticated debate about the usefulness of even the term ‘Postcolonial’ has emerged in the last decades of the century. ‘Postcolonial’ might at first appear to be a ‘period specific’ designation, namely to refer to literature written after colonialism when nations gained their independence from colonising powers, usually from the 1950s onwards. However, this has been recognised as a problematic periodisation, since it fails to take into account the fact that even after independence, literatures from such countries still manifested the effects of ‘neo-colonialism’, or the lingering vestigial cultural remains of the imperial/colonial powers with all their negative and positive effects.