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Confirmation of Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Albania and its host plants

  • Université de Paris Cité
  • Independent researcher
  • Natural History Museum Milan - Italy

Abstract and Figures

Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) is recorded for the first time in Europe. Collected specimens in 2020 from Albania were identified by comparing the length of their rostrum. This species can acclimatize on two local trees, namely Tilia cordata Miller, 1768 and Ziziphus jujuba Miller, 1768.
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Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica
vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021
ISSN 2083-201X
Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica, vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021 ISSN 2083-201X
Short communication
Confirmation of Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
in Albania and its host plants
1 79 rue Jules Ferry, F-94120 Fontenay-sous-bois, France
2 Immenweide 83, D-22523 Hamburg, Germany
3 Museo civico di Storia Naturale, Sezione di Entomologia, Corso Venezia 55, I-20121 Milan, Italy
*corresponding author:
Abstract. Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) is recorded for the first time in Europe. Collected specimens in 2020 from Albania
were identified by comparing the length of their rostrum. This species can acclimatize on two local trees, namely Tilia cordata
Miller, 1768 and Ziziphus jujuba Miller, 1768.
Key words: Heteroptera, true bugs, Halyini, Erthesina fullo, Erthesina acuminata, Yellow Spotted Stink Bug, invasive pest, Tilia
cordata, Ziziphus jujuba, Albania, Thailand.
When we published the note « Erthesina Spinola, 1837
a new alien genus for Europe found in Albania (Hemip-
tera: Pentatomidae) » (Lupoli et. al., 2020), we were
only able to review the photos of the dorsal side of the
specimens. These did not make it possible to separate
the two species Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) and E.
acuminata Dallas, 1851 with certainty.
To distinguish E. fullo from E. acuminata, it is pref-
erable to observe the length of the rostrum on the
ventral side. One of us (P.D.) was able to examine spec-
imens from Albania (Fig. 1). One can see that the ros-
trum of specimens from Albania is short (on the left)
which corresponds to E. fullo, while it is longer in
E. acuminata (on the right, a specimen from Thailand).
Therefore, we can confirm with certainty that this
introduced species in Albania is E. fullo and that it does
indeed come from South-East Asia.
Material examined (all specimens in coll. P.D.)
Erthesina fullo: ALBANIA: Durres, 41°18’58”49N, 19°29’
32.82”E, in a garden, VIII.2020 on the bark of Tilia cordata
Miller, around 2 m above the ground. 5 exx., leg. A. Ndoni;
ibidem, in the same garden, IX.2020 on Ziziphus jujuba Mil-
ler, 1.5 m above the ground, 3 exx., leg. A. Ndoni (Fig. 1, left).
CHINA: Yunnan, Ninglang env. 10.VII.1992, 1 ex., leg. S.
Becvar; Ibidem, Luangzu, Guilin, 9.VII.1990, leg. R. Sauer;
VIETNAM: Hanoi capital, Island in Red River, 13.VI.2015, 2
exx., anonymous local collector.
E. acuminata: THAILAND: Chiang Mai, Doi Pah Hom Poke
Mae Eye, without date, 1 ex., leg. E.-A. Piauth (Fig. 1, right).
Fig. 1. Ventral parts of the abdomen showing rostrum
length: Erthesina fullo from Albania (left) ; Erthesina acu-
minata from Thailand (right) (photos: P. Dioli).
Discussion. Besides confirming the presence of E.
fullo in Europe since four years now, the specimens
collected in Albania show that it can acclimatize and
develop on some plants already present (T. cordata
and Z. jujuba), especially in gardens and cultivated
areas. It should not be forgotten, that some nymphs
were also photographed, which presupposes a com-
plete cycle of development (Lupoli et. al., 2020). These
facts lead to a strict control of its presence to avoid
infestations on agricultural crops which, in recent
years, can be caused more and more frequently by
alien stink bugs.
Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica, vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021 ISSN 2083-201X
We are grateful to dr. A, Ndoni (Durrës, Albania) for provid-
ing the specimens he found. Furthermore, many thanks to
Prof. L. Suss (University of Milan, Italy), Dr. M. Genicco and I.
Nanaj (Tirana, Albania) for their helpful collaboration and
contacts in researches.
Lupoli, R., van der Heyden, T., Dioli P. 2020. Erthesina
Spinola, 1837 a new alien genus for Europe, found in
Albania (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Heteroptera Polo-
niae Acta Faunistica. 14: 121123.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 International License
Received: 11 February 2021
Accepted: 31 May 2021
... For instance, this species was founded in Tilia cordata Miller (Malvaceae) and Ziziphus jujuba Miller (Rhamnaceae) in Albania and in Inga sp. (Fabaceae) in Brazil (Brugnera et al., 2022;Lupoli et al., 2021). Intriguingly, these areas have contrasting weather conditions. ...
... Intriguingly, these areas have contrasting weather conditions. For example, in São Paulo (Brazil), mean temperatures vary from 4 to 30 • C, while in Albania, they range from 13 to 28 • C (Zhou et al., 2000;Mi et al., 2020;Brugnera et al., 2022;Lupoli et al., 2021). Accordingly, E. fullo development may vary among univoltine, bivoltine, or multivoltine (Wang and Kang, 2000;Feng, 2007). ...
Erthesina fullo (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) is an invasive pest that has recently been detected in Europe (2017) and South America (2021). Due to polyphagia and temperature adaptation, this pest has a high risk of establishing in introduced areas. However, despite recent invasion events, there are no data on potentially suitable areas for E. fullo occurrence outside its native range. In this study, we presented a model for the potential distribution of E. fullo based on the CLIMEX algorithm. We built the model using global species occurrence (1424 points), three climate scenarios (current, 2030, and 2080), and available biological data. The ecoclimate index and weekly growth index were then estimated to determine the suitability of regions in a general scenario over time. Our model shows suitable areas for E. fullo in America, Africa, Europe, and Oceania under the current climate scenario. These regions have tropical and subtropical climates. However, the suitability was reduced (-28%) in those climates under future climate scenarios while increasing in temperate regions. In addition, we found that the weekly growth index of E. fullo was positively correlated with photoperiod. Our findings can help guide future efforts to prevent potential invasion and establishment of E. fullo beyond its current range.
... The collected specimens, over 500, were gradually studied as species new for that region. New photographic images on naturalistic and social forums were also recently reported by van der Heyden's several papers (Lupoli et al. 2020(Lupoli et al. , 2021van der Heyden 2017avan der Heyden , 2017bvan der Heyden , 2017cvan der Heyden , 2017dvan der Heyden , 2017e, 2017f, 2018avan der Heyden , 2018bvan der Heyden , 2018cvan der Heyden , 2019van der Heyden & Dioli 2019). Also, some ecological notes were presented (Halimi et al. 2010). ...
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This paper discusses five species of the family Miridae, recorded from Albania and Kosovo. Closterotomus trivialis (A. Costa, 1853), Phytocoris (Phytocoris) tiliae tiliae (Fabricius, 1777) and Campyloneura virgula (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1835) are new in Albania. Closterotomus reuteri (Horváth, 1882) and Excentricus planicornis (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1836) are new in Kosovo. Data on distribution and ecology are also provided about the mentioned species.
... In 2014, a specimen of E. fullo was found in Temuka, New Zealand (Mitchell 2014), however, new records were not detected. Since 2017, it has been recorded in Tirana and Durrës, Albania, where it was able to reproduce and survive (Lupoli et al. 2020(Lupoli et al. , 2021. These records call attention to Here, we report for the first time the presence of E. fullo in the Neotropical Region based on four records found in Santos, São Paulo State, Southeastern Brazil. ...
In recent years, the management of invasive stink bugs (Pentatomidae) has been a challenge in many regions of the world, including the Neotropical, where four non-native species were detected in the last two decades. Species with invasive potential include the yellow-spotted stink bug, Erthesina fullo (Thunberg). It is polyphagous and is known to cause damages to fruit crops in Southeast Asia. Herein, we report for the first time the occurrence of E. fullo in Brazil (Santos, São Paulo). Nymphs and adults have been recorded nearby the Harbor of Santos since November 2020. A fifth instar nymph was collected and reared until adulthood. The insect was found feeding on Inga sp. leaves (Fabaceae), a plant restricted to the Neotropical Region. The detection of multiple specimens in Santos, plus their ability to feed on native and or on cultivated plants, may represent a threat to the Brazilian agribusiness and environment.
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The Yellow-Spotted Stink Bug Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Pentatomomorpha: Pentatomoidea: Pentatomidae: Pentatominae: Halyini), native in East and South-East Asia, was recently discovered introduced in both Europe (Albania, 2017) and South America (Brazil: São Paulo, 2020). We report two cases of interception of living specimens in the Czech Republic. The first specimen (Zlín, 2021) was found in a sealed container with shoes imported from China, the second specimen (Prague, 2023) was recieved in a parcel sent from Poland. We also present the interesting story of Erthesina fullo in Japan, where the species was introduced to Dejima Island in Nagasaki (Kyushu) already before 1775; at that time Dejima was the only place in Japan where Dutch and Chinese ships were allowed to trade during the isolationist Edo period (1603–1868). One old name, also proposed based on specimens originating from Japan, Cimex aloes Lichtenstein, 1796, syn. nov., is proposed a junior subjective synonym of E. fullo. The invasion of Erthesina fullo in Japan seems to be the oldest exactly localised invasion in Heteroptera. The taxonomy of Erthesina Spinola, 1837 is discussed, the genus currently includes 9 species. The genus is in urgent need of revision and the resulting problems with identification of its species, including E. fullo, are pointed out. Distribution of all Erthesina species is briefly reviewed.
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Карпун Н.Н., Борисов Б.А., Журавлева Е.Н., Борисова И.П., Надыкта В.Д., Мусолин Д.Л., 2022. Расширение ареалов и повышение вредоносности растительноядных клопов-щитников (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Сельскохозяйственная биология. Т. 57 (3): 542–554. [DOI: 10.15389/agrobiology.2022.3.542rus] В последние десятилетия во многих регионах мира наблюдается расширение ареалов и повышение вредоносности различных видов клопов-щитников (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) (A.R. Paniz-zi, 2015; J.E. McPherson, 2018). Ключевую роль в этих процессах, вероятно, играют изменение климата и непреднамеренная интродукция фитофагов в результате интенсификации перевозок раз-личных грузов и развития туризма на фоне присущих многим щитникам полифагии и высокого миграционного потенциала (Д.Л. Мусолин с соавт., 2012; A.M. Walner с соавт., 2014; T. Haye с соавт., 2015; T.C. Leskey с соавт., 2018). На юге России с начала XXI века фиксируют подъемы численности и высокую вредоносность на сое, ряде овощных, плодовых и ягодных культур щитника Nezara viridula (L.), прежде ограниченно распространенного в этом регионе (М.В. Пушня с соавт., 2017; А.С. Замотайлов с соавт., 2018). В Краснодарском крае и республиках Адыгея и Крым по-тери урожая томата, фасоли, капусты, винограда, малины и других культур от этого клопа в 2017-2019 годах местами достигали 70-90 %. На Черноморском побережье Кавказа (Россия, Абхазия, Грузия) серьезный ущерб сельскохозяйственным и декоративным культурам причиняет завезенный менее 10 лет назад инвазионный клоп Halyomorpha halys (Stål) (И.М. Митюшев, 2016; D.L. Mu-solin с соавт., 2018). В различных частях вторичного ареала этот полифаг демонстрирует тен-денции к расширению трофических связей (D. Lupi с соавт., 2017; M.-A. Aghaee с соавт., 2018; S. Francati с соавт., 2021; V. Zakharchenko с соавт., 2020). При этом на Кавказе основными ре-зерватами N. viridula и H. halys стали разнообразные растения природной и рудеральной флоры по окраинам лесных массивов и вдоль старовозрастных лесополос, что сильно усложняет борьбу с ними (Б.А. Борисов с соавт., 2020). Аборигенный полосатый щитник Graphosoma lineatum (L.) в лесостепной зоне Белгородской области на рубеже XX и XXI веков стал нередко развиваться в двух поколениях за сезон, хотя прежде это наблюдалось только в годы с температурой выше сред-немноголетних значений (D.L. Musolin с соавт., 2001). В настоящее время в странах Европы и в России происходит всплеск численности таких щитников, как зеленый древесный щитник Palo-mena prasina (L.), ягодный клоп Dolycoris baccarum (L.), разукрашенный клоп Eurydema ornata (L.), красноногий щитник Pentatoma rufipes (L.) и пёстрый щитник Rhaphigaster nebulosa (Poda), что сопровождается усилением их вредоносности в отношении культурных и дикорастущих видов растений. В Центральной Америке щитника Antiteuchus innocens Engleman et Rolston прежде не считали серьезным вредителем, однако в последние годы в Мексике отмечают повышенную чис-ленность этого вида, что приводит к ослаблению сосновых лесов (F. Holguín-Meléndez с соавт., 2019). Росту численности клопов-щитников и усилению их негативного влияния на растениевод-ство также способствует отсутствие или запаздывание в разработке защитных мер в отношении инвазионных видов фитофагов.
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