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Confirmation of Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) in Albania and its host plants

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  • Université de Paris Cité
  • Independent researcher
  • Natural History Museum Milan - Italy

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Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) is recorded for the first time in Europe. Collected specimens in 2020 from Albania were identified by comparing the length of their rostrum. This species can acclimatize on two local trees, namely Tilia cordata Miller, 1768 and Ziziphus jujuba Miller, 1768.
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Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica
vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021
ISSN 2083-201X
http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.4918310
Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica, vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021 ISSN 2083-201X
Short communication
Confirmation of Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae)
in Albania and its host plants
ROLAND LUPOLI1*, TORSTEN VAN DER HEYDEN2, PARIDE DIOLI3
1 79 rue Jules Ferry, F-94120 Fontenay-sous-bois, France
2 Immenweide 83, D-22523 Hamburg, Germany
3 Museo civico di Storia Naturale, Sezione di Entomologia, Corso Venezia 55, I-20121 Milan, Italy
*corresponding author: lupoli@free.fr
Abstract. Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) is recorded for the first time in Europe. Collected specimens in 2020 from Albania
were identified by comparing the length of their rostrum. This species can acclimatize on two local trees, namely Tilia cordata
Miller, 1768 and Ziziphus jujuba Miller, 1768.
Key words: Heteroptera, true bugs, Halyini, Erthesina fullo, Erthesina acuminata, Yellow Spotted Stink Bug, invasive pest, Tilia
cordata, Ziziphus jujuba, Albania, Thailand.
When we published the note « Erthesina Spinola, 1837
a new alien genus for Europe found in Albania (Hemip-
tera: Pentatomidae) » (Lupoli et. al., 2020), we were
only able to review the photos of the dorsal side of the
specimens. These did not make it possible to separate
the two species Erthesina fullo (Thunberg, 1783) and E.
acuminata Dallas, 1851 with certainty.
To distinguish E. fullo from E. acuminata, it is pref-
erable to observe the length of the rostrum on the
ventral side. One of us (P.D.) was able to examine spec-
imens from Albania (Fig. 1). One can see that the ros-
trum of specimens from Albania is short (on the left)
which corresponds to E. fullo, while it is longer in
E. acuminata (on the right, a specimen from Thailand).
Therefore, we can confirm with certainty that this
introduced species in Albania is E. fullo and that it does
indeed come from South-East Asia.
Material examined (all specimens in coll. P.D.)
Erthesina fullo: ALBANIA: Durres, 41°18’58”49N, 19°29’
32.82”E, in a garden, VIII.2020 on the bark of Tilia cordata
Miller, around 2 m above the ground. 5 exx., leg. A. Ndoni;
ibidem, in the same garden, IX.2020 on Ziziphus jujuba Mil-
ler, 1.5 m above the ground, 3 exx., leg. A. Ndoni (Fig. 1, left).
CHINA: Yunnan, Ninglang env. 10.VII.1992, 1 ex., leg. S.
Becvar; Ibidem, Luangzu, Guilin, 9.VII.1990, leg. R. Sauer;
VIETNAM: Hanoi capital, Island in Red River, 13.VI.2015, 2
exx., anonymous local collector.
E. acuminata: THAILAND: Chiang Mai, Doi Pah Hom Poke
Mae Eye, without date, 1 ex., leg. E.-A. Piauth (Fig. 1, right).
Fig. 1. Ventral parts of the abdomen showing rostrum
length: Erthesina fullo from Albania (left) ; Erthesina acu-
minata from Thailand (right) (photos: P. Dioli).
Discussion. Besides confirming the presence of E.
fullo in Europe since four years now, the specimens
collected in Albania show that it can acclimatize and
develop on some plants already present (T. cordata
and Z. jujuba), especially in gardens and cultivated
areas. It should not be forgotten, that some nymphs
were also photographed, which presupposes a com-
plete cycle of development (Lupoli et. al., 2020). These
facts lead to a strict control of its presence to avoid
infestations on agricultural crops which, in recent
years, can be caused more and more frequently by
alien stink bugs.
Heteroptera Poloniae Acta Faunistica, vol. 15: 101102. Opole, 10 VI 2021 ISSN 2083-201X
102
Acknowledgements
We are grateful to dr. A, Ndoni (Durrës, Albania) for provid-
ing the specimens he found. Furthermore, many thanks to
Prof. L. Suss (University of Milan, Italy), Dr. M. Genicco and I.
Nanaj (Tirana, Albania) for their helpful collaboration and
contacts in researches.
References
Lupoli, R., van der Heyden, T., Dioli P. 2020. Erthesina
Spinola, 1837 a new alien genus for Europe, found in
Albania (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Heteroptera Polo-
niae Acta Faunistica. 14: 121123.
http://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3882222
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons
Attribution 4.0 International License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Received: 11 February 2021
Accepted: 31 May 2021
... The collected specimens, over 500, were gradually studied as species new for that region. New photographic images on naturalistic and social forums were also recently reported by van der Heyden's several papers (Lupoli et al. 2020(Lupoli et al. , 2021van der Heyden 2017avan der Heyden , 2017bvan der Heyden , 2017cvan der Heyden , 2017dvan der Heyden , 2017e, 2017f, 2018avan der Heyden , 2018bvan der Heyden , 2018cvan der Heyden , 2019van der Heyden & Dioli 2019). Also, some ecological notes were presented (Halimi et al. 2010). ...
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