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To participation of Ukraine in the European Open Science Cloud



Європейська хмара відкритої науки (European Open Science Cloud, EOSC) постала як один з ключових планів сприяння відкритій науці (Open Science, OS) в Європі. Цей план, стаючи основою для дослідницьких даних Європи, веде до організаційних змін, здійснення яких залежить від обʼєктивних і субʼєктивних факторів. Слід зазначити, що сьогодні здійснення EOSC стало невідʼємною частиною Європейської політики для науки даних (Data Science, DS). Асоціація EOSC була заснована для проведення зазначених організаційних змін. Рішення створити EOSC, а відтак позиціонувати європейську науку на передніх рубежах розвитку DS, можна охарактеризувати як результат ланцюга логічних подій та ініціатив, що завершився ключовими політичними документами і рішеннями, які відповідають сьогоднішньому стану EOSC. Україну в Асоціації EOSC представляє Інститут теоретичної фізики імені М.М.Боголюбова НАН України. В Асоціації EOSC представлені також сусідні держави України − Польща (Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznań; Gdańsk University of Technology; Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences; Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry − Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center; National Science Centre), Словаччина (Slovak Centre of Scientific and Technical Information), Угорщина (Governmental Agency for IT Development (Kormányzati Informatikai Fejlesztési Ügynökség)), Румунія (Institutul National de Cercetare-Dezvoltare in Informatica; Unitatea Executiva pentru Finantarea Invatamantului Superior, a Cercetarii, Dezvoltarii si Inovarii (Executive Agency for Higher Education, Research, Development and Innovation Funding)); University Politehnica of Bucharest), Молдова (Institute for Development of Information Society (Information Society Development Institute); National Agency for Research and Development), Болгарія (Sofia University «St. Kliment Ohridski»), Туреччина (The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey − Turkish Academic Network and Information Center)
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Augmented reality is one of the most modern information visualization technologies. Number of scientific studies on different aspects of augmented reality technology development and application is analyzed in the research. Practical examples of augmented reality technologies for various industries are described. Very often augmented reality technologies are used for: social interaction (communication, entertainment and games); education; tourism; areas of purchase/sale and presentation. There are various scientific and mass events in Ukraine, as well as specialized training to promote augmented reality technologies. There are following results of the research: main benefits that educational institutions would receive from introduction of augmented reality technology are highlighted; it is determined that application of augmented reality technologies in education would contribute to these technologies development and therefore need increase for specialists in the augmented reality; growth of students' professional level due to application of augmented reality technologies is proved; adaptation features of augmented reality technologies in learning disciplines for students of different educational institutions are outlined; it is advisable to apply integrated approach in the process of preparing future professionals of new technological era; application of augmented reality technologies increases motivation to learn, increases level of information assimilation due to the variety and interactivity of its visual representation. Main difficulties of application of augmented reality technologies are financial, professional and methodical. Following factors are necessary for introduction of augmented reality technologies: state support for such projects and state procurement for development of augmented reality technologies; conduction of scientific research and experimental confirmation of effectiveness and pedagogical expediency of augmented reality technologies application for training of specialists of different specialties; systematic conduction of number of national and international events on dissemination and application of augmented reality technology. It is confirmed that application of augmented reality technologies is appropriate for training of future specialists of new technological era.
The article addresses applied aspects of using UAVs for monitoring winter wheat crops to assess the aftereffects of herbicides remaining on the culture of the predecessor. The issue has a local specificity related to inconsistencies of plant cultivation technologies and the inadequate study of the impact of modern plant protection products in domestic soil conditions. Restoring the crop yields is possible by timely identification of the causes of stress, but the time for decision-making is limited. This time can be reduced by state-of-the-art monitoring technologies applied at industrial scale. Laboratory studies using phyto cameras and spectral and spectral-spatial monitoring methods unambiguously testified to the stress caused by the aftereffect of herbicides, but did not allow to establish clear criteria. Therefore, we conducted field studies using UAV-mounted Slantrange complex and analyzing the DJI Matrice 200 to define the distribution of stress areas on the field. It was found that the reliability of monitoring data can increased computer data processing and computer training in the search for correlation links between the distribution of stress plants in the field and the implementation of technological operations, terrain topography, etc.
This book examines the problems in the field of energy and related fields (chemical, transport, aerospace, construction, metallurgy, engineering, etc.) and consists of 4 subsections: Electrical Engineering, Heat Power Engineering, Cybersecurity and Computer Science & Environmental Safety. In the first section, authors pay attention to contemporary issues related to the development of the electric power industry, electrical engineering, the physics of electrical phenomena and renewable energy sources (such as solar energy and wind energy). The second section is devoted to modern problems in heat power engineering and considers modern means and methods that increase the efficiency and reliability of the functioning of heat power facilities. The third section is devoted to issues of cybersecurity of critical facilities, in particular energy facilities, as well as the development of computer science and the introduction of modern information and measurement systems in the energy sector. The fourth subsection deals with the problems of rational use of natural resources, accounting for emissions of harmful substances, environmental issues at energy facilities, as well as the development of a methodology for environmental safety. The book includes 21 chapters. A book is for researchers, engineers, as well as lecturers and postgraduates of higher education institutions dealing with issues of control, diagnosis and monitoring of energy facilities.
Development of nuclear energy is an important area of functioning of developed world countries. Nuclear power plants are objects of increased danger, so their development prospects are closely related to issues of safe operation and protection of territories, personnel, the environment on the territory of the station. Use of virtual and augmented reality technologies for energy sector received positive approval from the world’s leading countries. The research examined publications on positive aspects of virtual and augmented reality technologies application for various industries, in particular for nuclear energy. Practical examples of application of virtual and augmented reality technologies for operation of nuclear power plants are described. As a result of the study, it is determined that currently virtual and augmented reality technologies for nuclear power plants are used in the following areas: modeling of various nuclear energy processes; operation, repair and maintenance of equipment; presentation of activities, construction of the station; staff training and education. Use of virtual and augmented reality technologies for nuclear power plants confirms its economic efficiency through the reduction of cost and time costs of staff travel to facilities; elimination of design errors before the beginning of the stage of construction and installation works; increasing the level of industrial safety; improving the management of nuclear power plants.
The article is devoted to the problem of the impact of storage sites of ash-slag dumps of enterprises of the fuel and energy complex on the environment. The processes occurring in ash dumps are described, specifically: evaporation of water with the formation of dry ash and dust particles in the territory of dry sites under the influence of wind and water infiltration (illuminated or even partially untreated) and the penetration of dissolved forms of toxic ash-slag components into groundwater and water bodies located beyond them. The features of the transport of pollutants in the zone of influence of ash-slag dumps are investigated. The processes and phenomena that are observed during the transport of dissolved substances in the soil are determined. The components of the process of wind erosion and the mechanisms of action on particles located on the surface layer of the territory of ash dumps are described. The factors determining the erosion of ash-slag dumps as an areal object are listed. A mathematical model of the migration of pollutants in soils is described, which consists of a system of differential equations in partial derivatives of the second order with variable coefficients. An analytical solution of these equations is presented with certain simplifications for the case of two-dimensional flow, when the aquifer can be considered horizontal, single-layer and homogeneous. A two-dimensional model of the migration of soluble components is considered, taking into account the gradient of the relief as the main reason for the movement of water in the surface layers of the soil.
Estimating the key epidemiological features of the novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) epidemic proves to be challenging, given incompleteness and delays in early data reporting, in particular, the severe under-reporting bias in the epicenter, Wuhan, Hubei Province, China. As a result, the current literature reports widely varying estimates. We developed an alternative geo-stratified debiasing estimation framework by incorporating human mobility with case reporting data in three stratified zones, i.e., Wuhan, Hubei Province excluding Wuhan, and mainland China excluding Hubei. We estimated the latent infection ratio to be around 0.12% (18,556 people) and the basic reproduction number to be 3.24 in Wuhan before the city’s lockdown on January 23, 2020. The findings based on this debiasing framework have important implications to prioritization of control and prevention efforts. One Sentence Summary A geo-stratified debiasing approach incorporating human movement data was developed to improve modeling of the 2019-nCoV epidemic.