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Abstract

This paper is concerned with the study of [Formula: see text]-manifolds and Ricci solitons. It is shown that in a [Formula: see text]-spacetime, the fluid has vanishing vorticity and vanishing shear. It is found that in an [Formula: see text]-manifold, [Formula: see text] is an irrotational vector field, where [Formula: see text] is a non-zero smooth scalar function. It is proved that in a [Formula: see text]-spacetime with generator vector field [Formula: see text] obeying Einstein equation, [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text] according to [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] is a scalar function and [Formula: see text] is the energy momentum tensor. Also, it is shown that if [Formula: see text] is a non-null spacelike (respectively, timelike) vector field on a [Formula: see text]-spacetime with scalar curvature [Formula: see text] and cosmological constant [Formula: see text], then [Formula: see text] if and only if [Formula: see text] (respectively, [Formula: see text]), and [Formula: see text] if and only if [Formula: see text] (respectively, [Formula: see text]), and further [Formula: see text] if and only if [Formula: see text]. The nature of the scalar curvature of an [Formula: see text]-manifold admitting Yamabe soliton is obtained. Also, it is proved that an [Formula: see text]-manifold admitting [Formula: see text]-Ricci soliton is [Formula: see text]-Einstein and its scalar curvature is constant if and only if [Formula: see text] is constant. Further, it is shown that if [Formula: see text] is a scalar function with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] vanishes, then the gradients of [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text], [Formula: see text] are co-directional with the generator [Formula: see text]. In a perfect fluid [Formula: see text]-spacetime admitting [Formula: see text]-Ricci soliton, it is proved that the pressure density [Formula: see text] and energy density [Formula: see text] are constants, and if it agrees Einstein field equation, then we obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the scalar curvature to be constant. If such a spacetime possesses Ricci collineation, then it must admit an almost [Formula: see text]-Yamabe soliton and the converse holds when the Ricci operator is of constant norm. Also, in a perfect fluid [Formula: see text]-spacetime satisfying Einstein equation, it is shown that if Ricci collineation is admitted with respect to the generator [Formula: see text], then the matter content cannot be perfect fluid, and further [Formula: see text] with gravitational constant [Formula: see text] implies that [Formula: see text] is a Killing vector field. Finally, in an [Formula: see text]-manifold, it is proved that if the [Formula: see text]-curvature tensor is conservative, then scalar potential and the generator vector field are co-directional, and if the manifold possesses pseudosymmetry due to the [Formula: see text]-curvature tensor, then it is an [Formula: see text]-Einstein manifold.

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... The principal moto of this article is to investigate the curvature inheritance, Ricci solitons and collineations with different curvature tensors such as Ricci, conharmonic, projective curvature tensor. The different aspects of Ricci solitons has been recently studied by Ahsan et al. [1,13,14], Shaikh et al. [62][63][64][65][66][67], Blaga [17]. But Ricci solitons in various spacetimes remain to be investigated yet. ...
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