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Biological Activities of Laetiporus Species as a Functional Food

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Abstract

Laetiporus name is a combination of two words “laeti” (Lat.) and “por” (Lat.) and refers to a hymenial layer and the size of the specifically shaped fruiting bodies [30]. The genus Laetiporus was described by Murrill (1904) and typified by Agaricus speciosus [=Polyporus sulphureus (Bull.) Fr.] as a monotypic genus [30,31]. It causes decay especially in oak (Quercus sp.) trees, hardwood and conifers. The mature mushroom is yellow-orange [32].
Open Access Journal of Mycology & Mycological Sciences
ISSN: 2689-7822
MEDWIN PUBLISHERS
Commied to Create Value for Researchers
Biological Activities of Laetiporus Species as a Functional Food J Mycol Mycological Sci
Biological Activities of Laetiporus Species as a Functional Food
Sevindik M*
Department of Food Processing, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Turkey
*Corresponding author: Mustafa Sevindik, Department of Food Processing, Osmaniye Korkut
Ata University, Bahçe Vocational School, Osmaniye, Turkey, Email: sevindik27@gmail.com
Mini Review
Volume 4 Issue 1
Received Date: May 11, 2021
Published Date: May 28, 2021
DOI: 10.23880/oajmms-16000138
Mini Review
In recent years, the increasing interest in human health,
nutrition and prevention of diseases led to the popularity
of functional foods among consumers. Several researchers
attempt to obtain potential natural bioactive components
from various natural sources using different methods [1-4].
Mushrooms, which are rich in organic and inorganic content,
are also natural products that have various effects. As a
result of metabolic and physiological processes, secondary
metabolites produced continuously in organisms lead to
various biological activities both for the organisms they are
synthesized in and for other groups of living organisms that
consume these natural products [5,6]. Mushrooms create
a strong defense mechanism in their organism due to the
secondary metabolites they synthesize. Furthermore, they
have a high nutritional value and bioactive potential both in
the defense mechanism and as nutrients in the organisms
that consume these natural materials [7-9]. Cosmopolitan
macro-mushrooms are considered to span 53-110 thousand
species in nature [10]. Since ancient times, humans have
collected and consumed several mushroom species that were
available in their natural habitat as nutrients. In addition to
their nutritional properties, natural mushrooms contain
many various active biological compounds. Due to these
properties, they are also considered important medical and
pharmacological sources [11-13].
Previous studies reported various biological activities of
 
protective, antioxidant, anti-androgenic, antimicrobial,
cytotoxic, ant-cancer, antiemetic, antiallergic, antiparasitic,
sedative, anti-cholinesterase, hepatoprotective, and acute
toxicity, anti-mutagenic, cardiovascular and anti-tumor
effects [14-29].
The studies conducted on these living organism groups
 

is very limited. In the present paper, biological activity
data for Laetiporus species, which exhibit cosmopolitan
distribution in natural ecosystems, are presented.
Laetiporus species
Laetiporus name is a combination of two words “laeti”
(Lat.) and “por” (Lat.) and refers to a hymenial layer and the

Laetiporus 
Agaricus speciosus [=Polyporus sulphureus (Bull.) Fr.] as a
monotypic genus [30,31]. It causes decay especially in oak
(Quercus sp.) trees, hardwood and conifers. The mature
mushroom is yellow-orange [32].
Figure 1: Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Murrill.
Open Access Journal of Mycology & Mycological Sciences
2
Sevindik M. Biological Activities of Laetiporus Species as a Functional Food. J Mycol Mycological Sci
2021, 4(1): 000138.
Copyright© Sevindik M.
Biological Activities
In previous studies conducted on Laetiporus species,
several biological activity tests were conducted using different
methods and solvents. These studies reported antioxidant,
antimicrobial, anticancer, hepatoprotective, antiproliferative,
antitumor, immune-stimulating, mutanase, enzymatic, anti-
   
anticoagulant, acetylcholinesterase inhibition activities,
reverse transcriptase of HIV-virus inhibitors, anti-thrombin
effects and hypoglycemic activities in Laetiporus species [33-
71] (Table 1).
Laetiporus species Biological Activity Extraction
L. sulphureus
Antioxidant [33,35,38,39,41,43,44,46,51,55,59-
61,69,70], Antimicrobial [33,36,38-
41,44,45,50,52,53,55,61,70], Anticancer
[34], Hepatoprotective [35], Antiproliferative
[38,39,48,64,65,67,68], Antitumor [42,57],
Immunostimulating Activity [42], Mutanase
activity [47], Enzymatic activity [49], Anti-


[62], Acetylcholinesterase inhibition [69], Reverse
transcriptase of HIV-virus inhibitors [71]
Ethanol [33,34,41,44,60,51,61,69], Aqueous
[36], Cyclohexane [38], Dichloromethane
[38,40,53,71], Methanol [38-41,44,55,60,70,71],
Polysaccharidic extract [35,39,42,43,46-48],
Acetone [40], Water [41], Strains [45,49],
Hot water extract [46,56], Hydroalcoholic
extract [52], Heptane [53], Diethylether [53],
Chloroform [53,70], Ethyl acetate [53,59],
Metabolites [57,64, 65,67,68], Crude extract [62]
L. sulphureus var.
miniatus

thrombin effects [54], Antiproliferative [54,66],
Hypoglycemic [63]
Polysaccharidic extract [37,63], Hexane [54],
Chloroform [54], Metabolites [66]
L. baudonii Antimicrobial [58] Dichlormethane [58], Methanol [58], Water [58]
Table 1: Biological Activity of Laetiporus species.
Conclusion
In addition to being a source of nutrients for human beings,
mushrooms are also used in supplamentary and supportive

      
In the current study, biological activities of Laetiporus
species are presented. In this context, it was suggested that
Laetiporus species could be used as supplementary agents in
treatment of various diseases in addition to their nutritional
properties and they would occupy an important place in the
development of new pharmacological new agents due to
their active components. The potential of Laetiporus species
for use in design of modern medicines by determination
of their phytochemical content and isolation of these
compounds is noteworthy. Furthermore, it can be stipulated
that the adverse effects of current medical drugs could be
eliminated as a result of the above-mentioned designs. In
conclusion, it was considered that the use of Laetiporus
species in complementary medicine is very important and
       
natural agents in development of pharmacological drugs.
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