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Abstract

Résumé. Le concept de résilience, par-delà de sa fluidité disciplinaire et de son caractère polysémique, nécessite d’être articulé avec les savoirs, les expériences, les valeurs et les aspirations qui font sens localement. Ma présentation vise à défendre qu’une approche centrée sur les récits est capable de mettre en exergue ces savoirs, expériences, valeurs et aspirations, ceci en s’appuyant sur les chocs, les changements et leurs rémanences qui sont constitutifs d’une définition localisée de la résilience. Prenant place à Ittoqqortoormiit, à l’Est du Groenland, mes recherches - qui s'inscrivent dans le cadre du projet SeMPER-Arctic - visent à mettre en dialogue ces récits locaux et les récits scientifiques portés sur la région. Ces récits pluriels ne sont pas imperméables mais se croisent, s’entrechoquent voire s’hybrident, de telle manière qu’ils agissent sur les capacités d’action et sur l’identité des communautés. L'approche proposée permet simultanément de préciser le déploiement de concepts sur des terrains dont ils ne sont pas issus, et d'améliorer leur potentiel opératoire. Mots-clés : Résilience, Récits, Groenland, Changements environnementaux. Abstract. The concept of resilience, beyond its disciplinary fluidity and a polysemic dimension, needs to be articulated with the knowledge, experiences, values and aspirations that make sense locally. My presentation aims to argue that a narrative-centred approach allow to put the emphasis on these knowledges, experiences, values and aspirations, drawing on the shocks, changes and their aftermath that are constitutive of a localised definition of resilience. Taking place in Ittoqqortoormiit, East Greenland, my research - which is part of the SeMPER-Arctic project - aims to put these local narratives into dialogue with scientific narratives about the region. These plural narratives are not impermeable but are intertwined, competitive and/or hybridized in such a way that they affect communities agency and identity. The suggested approach simultaneously makes it possible to clarify the deployment of external concepts to improve their operational potential. Keywords : Resilience, Narratives, Greenland, Environmental Changes.
Récits et résilience : faire sens des
changements environnementaux à
Ittoqqortoormiit (Groenland)
Tanguy Sandré*, J-P. Vanderlinden, J. Gherardi, J-M. Huctin.
* Doctorant 1A CEARC/LSCE-OVSQ, UVSQ, ED 629 SSH, Université Paris-Saclay.
Présentation, papier et références disponibles sur RG ou ici :
cyclingphd.com/2021/05/27/cnfra
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (1/8)
Financé par le projet “Sensemaking, place attachment, and extended networks as sources of resilience in
the Arctic” (SeMPER-Arctic), soutenu par le Belmont Forum [RRCAS (Arctic II)].
Questions de recherche
Dans quelle mesure les récits locaux peuvent-ils, de manière non-
préjudiciable, dialoguer avec des récits environnementaux/
climatiques issus du monde extérieur ?
Les représentations et les connaissances de/sur l’Arctique s’incrivent dans
un contexte (post-)colonial et portent une dimension globalisante.
Que signifie “être resilient·e” à Ittoqqortoormiit, au regard de ce
qui fait sens localement ?
La resilience est un concept polysémique qui peut (doit?) se comprendre à
partir des savoirs, expériences, valeurs et aspirations qui font sens pour les
acteur·rices concerné·es.
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (2/8)
Terrain : Ittoqqortoormiit (Groenland)
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (3/8)
Figure 3. Colonisation
d’Ittoqqortoormiit en août 1924
(Arke, 2010: 10) (unknown).
Figure 2. Village d’Ittoqqortoormiit, en 2019
(J-P Vanderlinden).
Figure 1.
Regroupement
d’Ittoqqortoormiit
dans la grande
municipalité de
Sermersooq depuis
2009 (Nordregio).
Ittoqqortoormiit
L’approche centrée sur les récits (1/2)
L’analyse des récits couvre des racines disciplinaires, des
rémanences méthodologiques et des objets varié·es.
Les récits sont également porteurs de différentes significations
associées au concept de résilience.
Implication 1 - Un rasoir rhétorique porteur de valeurs et de prise
de position politique.
Implication 2 - Une ressource pour l’action : "The stories we tell
change the way we act in the world“.
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (4/8)
L’approche centrée sur les récits (2/2)
Implication 3 Faire sens pour mettre en forme les identités
collectives et individuelles.
Implication 4 Penser sa position de recherche : réflexivité et
positionnement épistémologique.
Implication 5 - Les sciences environnementales et climatiques
sont des récits.
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (5/8)
Méthodologie : Observation participante et
théorisation ancrée
Terrains longs (ethnographiques) de plusieurs mois et répétés
observation-participante. Premier terrain exploratoire : septembre
2021.
Entretiens qualitatifs semi-directifs (entre 30 et 50).
Séquence : codage thématique, groupement conceptuel,
théorisation, retour vers le terrain et partage de la théorisation
réalisée avec les communautés concernées.
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (6/8)
Conclusions
L’approche basée sur les récits doit permettre de donner voix aux
habitant·es d’Ittoqqortoormiit de manière à renforcer leur
capacité à absorber des chocs et leur agentivité.
Cet objectif s’accompagne d’une démarche réflexive constante.
La formulation de ce que c’est qu’ « être résilient·e à
Ittoqqortoormiit » doit contribuer à une définition
décentrée/arctique de la résilience, à travers la comparaison.
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (7/8)
Merci de votre attention
Présentation, papier et références disponibles sur RG ou
ici : cyclingphd.com/2021/05/27/cnfra
Contact : tanguy.sandre@uvsq.fr
Tanguy Sandré - 17ème Journée Scientifique du CNFRA 27 mai 2021, Maison des Océans Paris. (8/8)
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