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Impact of Socio Economic Status of Parents' on the Emotional Intelligence of Generation Alpha Kids

  • Sri Ganesh School of Business Management


Decade earlier, cognitive intelligence is considered as the significant method for estimating the knowledge of an individual, later specialists found that individuals with same degree of cognitive intelligence are not getting a similar level of success in life and it is found cognitive intelligence is not enough to make progress throughout everyday life (Parker et al., 2004), attention is given on emotional intelligence as people consider it as imperative factor shaping the success in life. Generation Alpha or Gen I (born after 2010) is the youngest generation and their intelligence and emotional intelligence is going to be the determinant of the nations' future, and we need to analyze the ways to improve the emotional intelligence of this generation. Several researches have done to examine the variables impacting emotional intelligence, aim of the present study is to analyze, how the socio economic status of the parents' influences the emotional intelligence of generation alpha kids.
International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science (IJLTEMAS)
Volume IX, Issue V, May 2020 | ISSN 2278-2540 Page 46
Impact of Socio Economic Status of Parents’ on the
Emotional Intelligence of Generation Alpha Kids
Dr. A. Chitra
Independent Researcher, Tamilnadu, India
Abstract:- Decade earlier, cognitive intelligence is considered as
the significant method for estimating the knowledge of an
individual, later specialists found that individuals with same
degree of cognitive intelligence are not getting a similar level of
success in life and it is found cognitive intelligence is not enough
to make progress throughout everyday life (Parker et al., 2004),
attention is given on emotional intelligence as people consider it
as imperative factor shaping the success in life. Generation
Alpha or Gen I (born after 2010) is the youngest generation and
their intelligence and emotional intelligence is going to be the
determinant of the nations’ future, and we need to analyze the
ways to improve the emotional intelligence of this generation.
Several researches have done to examine the variables impacting
emotional intelligence, aim of the present study is to analyze, how
the socio economic status of the parents’ influences the emotional
intelligence of generation alpha kids.
Keywords; Socio Economic Status, Emotional Intelligence,
Generation Alpha
lready researches has proven the connection between
living condition and the monthly income of the parents
and the intelligence quotient of kids (Ghazi et al., 2012) as we
know the importance of emotional intelligence now studies
are emerging to inspect how the socio economic status of
parents’ impelling the emotional intelligence of the kids.
Socio Economic Status (SES) alludes to an individual’s status
in society, and this impacts individual’s experience since
childhood to adult (Hackman et al., 2010). It is additionally a
significant factor deciding the wellbeing, nutritional status,
mortality of the individual. According to Udai Pareekh’s
Socioeconomic Scale, Socio-economic Status is assessed with
the Caste, Occupation, Education, Land, Social Participation,
House, Farm power, Material possessions, and Family
members (Rabbanie Tariq Wani 2019). Concerning the
emotional state of adolescents, Goleman (1995), stated that
“there is a world-wide trend for the present generation to be
more troubled emotionally than the last; more lonely and
depressed; more angry and unruly; more impulsive and angry
and more nervous and prone to worry.” So it is essential to
consider the conduct of the present age
Rational thinking empowers human to comprehend
things with reason and cause, whereas emotions bolster them
to understand circumstances, which makes them as real
human being. (Salovey & Mayer, 1990) and defined EI as an
“ability to monitor one’s own and others’ feelings and
emotions, to discriminate among them and use this
information to guide one’s thinking and action”. By building
up their emotional intelligence individuals can turn out to be
increasingly beneficial and they become progressively fruitful
at what they do, and help other people become progressively
profitable and effective as well. And it permits human to think
more innovatively and to utilize their feelings to take care of
Numerous explores have done to demonstrate the
connection among SES and cognitive intelligence and it has
been proven that the SES of parent’s especially educational
qualification of mother has more noteworthy impact on
cognitive intelligence of the kids(Smith et al.,1997)
Generation Alpha has anticipated to have more exposure to
electronic gadgets, even before understanding what it is. They
have more interactions with machines than human, as their
parents have better SES and affordability to offer electronic
gadgets, Gen Alpha has fewer chances for being with others
than their earlier generation. It is already proven that people
from nuclear family system and people who has constrained
opportunities to connect with others has less emotional
intelligence as they don’t have much chances to be with others
(Erkman & Kourkoutas, 2011). So this study is carried out to
examine whether the SES of the parents of Gen Alpha has
effect on their emotional intelligence or not.
As indicated by the researchers by the age of three,
children are capable of perceiving and understanding various
emotions by focusing on nonverbal nods and facing feelings,
similar to bliss, sadness, and fear (Elksnin & Elksnin, 2003)
but in reality, many children do not enter school with adequate
skills to interact with others, and it depends on their
opportunities to be with others. Teachers are doing impressive
role in identifying the behavior of the kids rather than parents.
(Poulou, 2005).
(Nasir & Iqbal, 2015) has already proven the
influence of Demographic variables in predicting emotional
intelligence and it is the most constructive factor for the
development of emotional competencies. The significant
reason for the emotional inability and the inability to interact
with others was the parent’s destitution, causing
uncontrollable events impacts the emotions of
children(Webster-Stratton, Reid,2001& Hammond,2004) and
International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science (IJLTEMAS)
Volume IX, Issue V, May 2020 | ISSN 2278-2540 Page 47
it has been proven better environmental surroundings will
give better output. Even children reacting negatively for a
situation may also be because of social changes and changes
in family environment (Appleyard, et al., 2005) when a family
is impacted by poverty, they less likely to assist their children
in their problems because of their over stress, and they fail to
create protective boundaries for their kids, which may
influence their emotional intelligence (Anthony, et al.,2005)
It has been proven that Emotional Intelligence
enhances the performance of the students (Romanelli, et
al.,2006) and also makes people more productive (Carmeli &
Josman, 2006) so it is important to give due consideration for
one’s emotional intelligence. As many researches has already
proved that there is a strong relationship between SES of the
parents and the adolescent behavior and emotional
intelligence of their wards, this paper attempts to study the
emotional issues confronted by Gen Alpha due the SES of
their parents
Statement of the Problem
Purpose of the study is to examine how the socio economic
status of the parents influences the emotional intelligence
factors (Self-Awareness, Managing Emotions, Empathy,
Motivating Self, Socialization) of the Gen Alpha kids.
To study the socio economic status of the parents’ of
Generation Alpha kids
To study the emotional intelligence of Generation
Alpha kids
To study the relationship between socio economic
status of the parents’ and the emotional intelligence
of the kids.
Hypotheses of the Study
For the purpose of present study, the under-mentioned
hypotheses have been framed and tested by applying
appropriate statistical tools.
There is no significant association and relationship between
socio economic status of the parents and the emotional
intelligence of Gen Alpha kids.
Data Source
This study is based on primary data
Data Collection
Structured questionnaire consisting Udai Pareekh’s Socio
Economic Scale and The Shuttle Emotional Intelligence Scale
for Children are used for collecting the primary data.
Research Design
Udai Pareekh’s scale for measuring the socio economic scale
was used to collect data about the socio economic status of the
parents of Gen Alpha. During the parents teachers meeting
Questionnaires were given to the parents and guidance was
given to fill it. The Shuttle Emotional Intelligence Scale for
Children was used to measure the emotional intelligence was
used to measure the emotional intelligence of Generation
Alpha kids. Using cluster sampling technique 123 students of
fourth standard of one Government school, one private school
under State Board and one private school under Central Board
(as there is no Government school in Salem following central
board syllabus that is not considered) in Salem district was
considered as samples for this study.
Tools of Analysis
Appropriate statistical tools like percentage analysis, chi-
square and correlation are applied to get a valid conclusion.
Socio economic status of the parents
According to Udai Pareek Scale respondent who got more
than 40 score is considered to have very high socio economic
status, score between 39-30 is considered to have high socio
economic status, between 29-20 is considered to have
moderate socio economic status between 19-10 is considered
as low socio economic status and below 10 is considered as
very low socio economic status. From percentage analysis we
came to know out of 120 respondents 5% of the parents are
belongs to very low socio economic status category, 4%
belongs to low socio economic status category 40% have
moderate socio economic status and 51% has high socio
economic status. No one respondent belongs to very high
socio economic status category. So most of the parents’ of
generation alpha kids belongs to high socio economic status
category and very few only belong to very low socio
economic status.
Emotional Intelligence of Generation Alpha kids
Based on The Shuttle Emotional Intelligence Scale
for Children Regarding emotional intelligence 2% of the
respondents strongly disagree about their emotional
intelligence 5% of the respondents are disagree about their
emotional intelligence, 15% are neither agree nor dis agree
78% are agree about their emotional intelligence.
Socio Economic Status of parents’ and Emotional Intelligence
of Generation Alpha kids.
P Value
Socio Economic Status of parents’
and Emotional Intelligence of
Generation Alpha kids
@ 1%
International Journal of Latest Technology in Engineering, Management & Applied Science (IJLTEMAS)
Volume IX, Issue V, May 2020 | ISSN 2278-2540 Page 48
From the table it could be well understood that the
emotional intelligence of generation alpha kids has been
influenced significantly by the socio economic status of the
parents’. Based on overall percentage, the kids of the parents
who have very low socio economic status has no idea about
their emotional intelligence, and 61% of the kids who parents’
has high socio economic status are strongly agree with their
emotional Intelligence. It signifies the strong association
between the socio economic status of the parents and the
emotional intelligence of the kids
The correlation between socio economic status of the parents’
and the emotional intelligence of the kids is 0.662 (66.2%), it
re assures that the emotional Intelligence of the Gen Alpha
kids is influenced by the socio economic status of the parents.
In earlier days, it was assumed that children who did not
perform well in academics were considered as mentally unfit
and were castigated accordingly. An increasing body of
literature proved that many children who are “failing” at
school are doing so because of their lack of social-emotional
intelligence (Chandler, 1984). Emerging researches has
emphasized like rational intelligence, emotional intelligence is
also important for the success in life. Even it is more
important than the rational intelligence. Because the former
one supports an individual in his analytical decision, but the
later helps him to understand his own emotions and even the
emotions of others and supports in emotional decisions.
When the family is affected by poverty, the outcomes may
influence in parenting and create stress to the children which
will affect their emotional intelligence too. (Anthony et al.,
2005)our analysis shows the students who’s parents has low
socio economic status are not good in emotional intelligence
and we could find a good association and positive correlation
between these two factors. The economic inability of the
parents makes the kids to feel inferior, which prevents them
from interacting with others and it provides more chances to
increase their life stress. So by increasing the socio economic
status of the parents the confidence level of the kids’ and the
kids’ interaction with the society and their emotional
intelligence can be developed.
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