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Gobernanza territorial e institucionalidad pública y privada para lograr la "cero deforestación" a nivel local: un análisis en la región San Martín (p.291)

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Gobernanza territorial e institucionalidad pública y privada para lograr la "cero deforestación" a nivel local: un análisis en la región San Martín (p.291)

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La deforestación es una de las principales preocupaciones a nivel global y resulta de la interacción a múltiples escalas entre factores y actores en un territorio. Los enfoques jurisdiccionales que buscan reducir la deforestación, articulando políticas e institucionalidad, están afirmándose como el justo medio entre los programas de alcance nacional y los proyectos redd locales. aquí, surgen enfoques de gobernanza que consisten en la construcción de una nueva institucionalidad mediante políticas transectoriales y acuerdos institucionales públicos y privados, con cambios complejos y resultados lentos aún difíciles de interpretar. en la amazonía peruana, la institucionalidad para alcanzar «cero deforestación» avanza en unas regiones gracias a la voluntad política y a la cooperación internacional. esto representa una oportunidad para caracterizar las políticas y acuerdos que pueden haber configurado el paisaje forestal y su relación para alcanzar «cero deforestación». el estudio se enfoca en San Martín, la región amazónica más deforestada del Perú, equivalente al 29% de su territorio, y que apuesta por un enfoque jurisdiccional, mediante la promoción de la «Marca San Martín» sustentada en un principio de «Producción-Protección-Inclusión (ppi)». Con una metodología mixta y participativa, que combina el análisis espacial de la deforestación, grupos focales y entrevistas a actores políticos locales, se reconstruye el proceso de desarrollo del marco actual de gobernanza e institucionalidad, en relación con las dinámicas pasadas de deforestación. en dos distritos representativos, y como primer intento, este análisis se integra con informaciones sobre las dinámicas de expansión de unos cultivos agrícolas y sus impulsores completando el panorama.
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... However, there is not yet evidence about how state and private regulations can be combined in generating environmental nor climate change adaptation impact at the landscape level. In NE Peru, the Regional Government of San Martin, has sought to launch the brand "Marca San Martin Region" since 2016 to position agricultural products produced in San Martin, conceived as a way to implement a "Production Protection and Social Inclusion" (PPI) approach to incentivize public-private cooperation in sustainable agricultural development of the region (Robiglio et al., 2017;Diaz-Chavez and van Dam, 2020;Reyes et al., 2020). Since then, and following a change of government, there has been no significant progress in achieving territorial outcomes that can be attributed to the brand. ...
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