The southern green stink bug, Nezara viridula is one of the primary soybean pests and causes significant economic losses around the world. In spite of the high proteases inhibitor (PI) levels, N. viridula can feed on developing seeds of field-grown soybean and reduce crop yields. Although the PI-induced responses have been extensively investigated in many pest insects, there is lack of knowledge about the mechanisms that stink bugs employ to withstand cysteine PIs of soybean seeds. This study demonstrated that feeding on developing seeds of field-grown soybean inhibited total proteases activity of N. viridula, as result of inhibition of cathepsin B-like activity in the gut. In addition, from the 30 digestive cathepsins recognized in this study, 6 were identified as cathepsin B-like. Stink bugs that fed on growing seeds of field-grown soybean had similar gut pH to those reared in the laboratory, and both cathepsin B- and L-like had an optima pH of 6.5. Therefore, using specific proteases inhibitors we found that the main proteolytic activity in the gut is from cysteine proteases when N. viridula feeds on soybean crops. Since cathepsin L-like activity was not inhibited by soybean PIs, our results suggested that N. viridula relays on cathepsin L-like to feed on soybean. To our knowledge no study before has shown the impact of seed PIs of field-grown soybean on digestive proteases (cathepsin B- and L-like) of N. viridula. This study suggests that the activity of PI-insensitive cathepsins L-like in the gut would be part of an adaptive strategy to feed on developing soybean seeds. In agreement, the expansions of cathepsin L-like complement observed in pentatomids could confer to the insects a higher versatility to counteract the effects of different PIs.