The mortality and morbidity rates of patients with Asthma and Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) usually increase due to elevated levels of air pollution. As the air quality in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh, is very poor, respiratory diseases, including asthma and COPD, pose threat to city-dwellers. In this study, we investigated the association between air quality of Dhaka recorded at Continuous Air Quality Monitoring Station (CAMS) in Darussalam, Dhaka and hospital visits due to asthma and COPD in National Asthma Centre of National Institute of Diseases of the Chest and Hospital, Dhaka. Since National Asthma Centre is a specialized health center only for asthma and COPD patients, daily hospital visit count there could be an indication of asthma and COPD cases in Dhaka. Correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were applied to find the association. A moderate positive correlation (r = 0.432 for PM2.5 and r = 0.448 for PM10) was observed between particulate matters recorded at Darussalam and asthma and COPD-related hospital visits. Regression model is obtained by lagging the hospital visit count with varying number of days. Highest strength for the model of asthma and COPD related hospital visit was observed when air pollution data is lagged by 7 days (R 2 = 0.21). This result show that, asthma and COPD diseases are associated with air pollution and it may take up to 0 to 7 days to manifest the symptom leading to hospital visit. Among the pollutants, PM10 and PM2.5 are positively associated with asthma and COPD disease indicated by their positive coefficients in this model. High level of air pollution may lead to high number asthma and COPD patient leading to more morbidity as well as mortality effect. Further investigation with data from more hospitals would help to get a better estimate.