A preview of the PDF is not available
MYCELIUM MATTERS - An interdisciplinary exploration of the fabrication and properties of mycelium-based materials
Abstract and Figures
Environmental pollution and scarcity of natural resources have led to an increased interest in developing more sustainable materials. The traditional construction industry, which is mostly based on the extraction of fossil fuels and raw materials, has therefore been called into question. Biological materials that are created by growing mycelium-forming fungal microorganisms on natural fibres can form a solution. In this process, organic waste streams – such as agricultural waste – are valorised, while biodegradable material is created at the end of its life cycle; a process fitting with the spirit of a circular economy. Despite this promise, these materials’ characteristics have remained mostly unexplored. More scientific insights into growing and fabrication processes are required before incorporating these biomaterials into our daily lives. Therefore, this dissertation’s main goal is to explore the principal factors affecting the biological and material properties of mycelium materials and to broaden the potential of new fabrication technologies for architectural applications using fungal organisms. Ultimately, the research provides novel insights and a comprehensive overview of several crucial aspects that come into play during the production of fungi-based lignocellulosic composites. A method for selecting fungal species that incorporates biological, chemical and mechanical performance criteria has been developed. The interaction between fungi and their feedstock and the material properties of different types of feedstocks are investigated. Then, the optimisation of mechanical properties with different types of additives is studied. A novel fabrication process to produce large-scale architectural formwork is developed. Finally, various digital additive fabrications and design strategies that improve the colonisation of the fungi in a given geometry are explored. This hybrid investigation across disciplines is guided by the motivation to explore the growth and fabrication possibilities of mycelium materials from a bioengineering, material engineering, computational fabrication and architectural perspective.
Figures - uploaded by Elise Elsacker
All figure content in this area was uploaded by Elise Elsacker
Content may be subject to copyright.