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Type specimens in the molluscan collection of the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum, Florida, USA

Authors:
  • Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum

Abstract and Figures

This article lists and comments on the primary and secondary types represented in the collection of the Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum (BMSM), on Sanibel, Florida, USA. The collection includes 464 type specimens, of which 15 are holotypes, representing 149 taxa, of which 145 are species and four subspecies. The BMSM collection is fully catalogued and posted online via the Museum's website, in addition to iDigBio and GBIF. The publication of this annotated list intends to improve on the accessibility and promote this important group of name-bearing specimens, which includes, among other cases, types originating from orphaned collections and material poorly documented in the original descriptions. Eighty-two types were selected for illustration, and the photos of all BMSM types are available as part of the BMSM online collection catalog.
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ZOOTAXA
ISSN 1175-5326 (print edition)
ISSN 1175-5334 (online edition)
Accepted by N. Malchus: 11 Mar. 2021; published: 1 Apr. 2021 1
Zootaxa 4951 (1): 001–040
https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/
Copyright © 2021 Magnolia Press Article
https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4951.1.1
http://zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:E2928477-FEC9-45CC-89C9-0B020D742EFA
Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-N.C. 4.0 International https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
Type specimens in the molluscan collection of the Bailey-Matthews National Shell
Museum, Florida, USA
JOSÉ H. LEAL
Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum, 3075 Sanibel-Captiva Road, Sanibel, FL 33957, USA.
jleal@shellmuseum.org; https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3786-0368
Abstract
This article lists and comments on the primary and secondary types represented in the collection of the Bailey-Matthews
National Shell Museum (BMSM), on Sanibel, Florida, USA. The collection includes 464 type specimens, of which 15 are
holotypes, representing 149 taxa, of which 145 are species and four subspecies. The BMSM collection is fully catalogued
and posted online via the Museum’s website, in addition to iDigBio and GBIF. The publication of this annotated list intends
to improve on the accessibility and promote this important group of name-bearing specimens, which includes, among
other cases, types originating from orphaned collections and material poorly documented in the original descriptions.
Eighty-two types were selected for illustration, and the photos of all BMSM types are available as part of the BMSM
online collection catalog.
Key words: Nomenclature, taxonomy, biodiversity, malacology, holotype, paratype, Mollusca, Gastropoda, Bivalvia,
Scaphopoda, types
Introduction
The Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum opened to the public in July 1995, and was officially dedicated in No-
vember 1995. Its first director, Dr. R. Tucker Abbott (“Tucker”), was a well-respected and influential malacologist
with strong connections in academia and among hobbyists and collection enthusiasts (Harasewych, 1997). Prior to
the Museum opening and in an initial effort to start a collection where none existed, Tucker embarked on an infor-
mal campaign to recruit donations of collections. In 1991, Tucker managed to acquire, for instance, an exchange of
1,174 duplicate lots from the National Museum of Natural History (Smithsonian) to act as “seed” for the donation
of dozens of private collections that followed suit.
The collection has been fully catalogued; presently, the number of catalogued lots is about 130,800. It has
been classified as a “Medium–Large” (between 76,000 and 159,999 lots) molluscan collection by Sierwald et al.
(2018). These records are cataloged via ‘Specify 7’ (Cloud Version) and searchable online via its portal in the
Museum website https://webportal.specifycloud.org/shellmuseum/, iDigBio https://www.idigbio.org/portal/record-
sets/b40e13f7-a79a-4265-93d9-3b4878dfc988, and GBIF https://www.gbif.org/dataset/417f4d21-959b-4773-90a2-
c38d1822d873.
The BMSM collection currently includes types for 149 taxa, representing 145 species and 4 subspecies; of
these, 141 taxa are gastropods, 7 are bivalves, and one is a scaphopod. The total number of type specimens is 464
(335 gastropods, 127 bivalves, 2 scaphopods), of which 15 are holotypes and 448 paratypes. Figures for at least one
type of each species are provided as attachments to the Specify catalog. The oldest types in the collection are ten
paratypes of Pinctada galtsoffi Bartsch, 1931, and the most recently added one is a paratype of Rolleia simonaikeni
Watters, Smith, & Sneddon, 2020. Most of all, this report aims to divulge the existence of these types and clarify the
relocation of material no longer in the original repository collections, when applicable. It also combines and refines
information presented in the original descriptions and the original collection labels, and offers improved images of
selected types. The choice of specimens for illustration aims to complement those in the original descriptions and/or
improve on resolution of images presented in the original description.
LEAL
2 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
Materials and methods
Putative types in the BMSM collection were examined, their identities checked, and current taxonomy and nomen-
clature verified using WoRMS (WoRMS Editorial Board, 2020) or MolluscaBase (MolluscaBase eds., 2020.) All
materials were checked against the original descriptions and any discrepancies and inconsistencies annotated in a
“Remarks” section under each entry.
Two listings are provided, one simply recording each species represented by family, using the sequences ad-
opted by Bouchet et al. (2017) for gastropods and Bieler et al. (2010) for bivalves. This listing also enumerates the
Figure number used in this report, when applicable. The second listing documents the types in alphabetical order
by species epithet, using the original combination. The current “Accepted Name” (see above) is listed immediately
after the original combination. The locality given is that of the type examined; the type locality is cited only when it
is the collecting locality for that examined type. Live-collected types, identified as such in the original description
or inferred, are indicated in boldface. Geographic coordinates, when present, are given as in the original publication,
and the Global Unique Identifiers (GUIDs) generated by ‘Specify’ are provided for each type cited to ensure future
retrievability. Different authors have chosen different approaches to the deposition of two or more paratypes from
the same locality and collecting event. In some cases, these same-event paratypes are combined under one single
collection number. Alternatively, other paratypes may have been deposited as individual lots with separate collec-
tion numbers.
The types discussed can be allocated to the following categories:
(1) types cited in the original description with mention of deposit in the BMSM collection with reference to its col-
lection number;
(2) types as in (1) but not yet delivered;
(3) types as in (1) but omitting the collection number;
(4) types as in (1) with no mention of deposit in the BMSM, but with mention of a depository collection later for-
mally incorporated into BMSM;
(5) types deposited at BMSM at the time of original publication with a label listing status and a number (e.g.,
“Paratype 4”), and subsequently cited in the original publication as such, but without mention of depository
institution. These types may or not have been listed with localities and dimensions in the original publication;
(6) specimens for which the status as a type is known only from its original label, without mention of its deposit
at BMSM or into any of the collections later therein incorporated. These “types” may have been cited in the
original description as deposited in one or more private collections, usually in large numbers.
When necessary, explanations of the categories above are given in the “Remarks” section under each record. It
is important to distinguish between types relocated from other collections individually and intentionally at the time
of the species description versus material relocated to BMSM as a part of an entire donated collection, without an
express intent on the part of the author(s) for that. This distinction is made in the remarks section, when applicable.
A number of types associated with the collection of Colin Redfern have been illustrated in the latter of his two vol-
umes on Bahamian seashells (Redfern, 2013.)
Unless otherwise indicated, all specimens listed herein have been photographed using standard orientations, and
all images available under each record in the online BMSM record set, viewable at https://webportal.specifycloud.
org/shellmuseum/, iDigBio https://www.idigbio.org/portal/recordsets/b40e13f7-a79a-4265-93d9-3b4878dfc988,
and GBIF https://www.gbif.org/dataset/417f4d21-959b-4773-90a2-c38d1822d873.
Acronyms and abbreviations used in the text are: AMNH, American Museum of Natural History; BMSM, Bai-
ley-Matthews National Shell Museum; CRC, collection of Colin Redfern, Boca Raton, Florida; EFG, collection of
Emilio Fabian García; GTW, collection of G. Thomas Watters, Columbus, Ohio; HGL, collection of Harry G. Lee,
Jacksonville, Florida; SPD, collection of S. Peter Dance, Carlysle, United Kingdom; UMML, Marine Invertebrate
Museum, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami; USNM, National Museum
of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington.
Shell measurements are as classically defined for gastropods and bivalves, and are denoted by the abbreviations:
H, shell height; L, shell length; Max Ø, shell maximum diameter. For taxa with more than one type represented in
the record set, measurements of at least two types are provided.
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Results
List of families with original species names
This lists the taxa in the originally intended binominal combination, and irrespective of the nomenclatural standing
of these names. The linear sequence of families herein is based on Bouchet et al. (2017) for gastropods, and Bieler
et al. (2010) for bivalves, with modifications to allow for inclusion of new families erected since these publications
based on WoRMS (WoRMS Editorial Board 2020) or MolluscaBase (MolluscaBase eds. 2020).
Subclass Patellogastropoda
Order Patellida
Superfamily Lottioidea
Family Lepetidae
Propilidium curumim Leal & Simone, 1998 (Figure 1); one paratype.
Subclass Neomphaliones
Order Cocculinida
Superfamily Cocculinoidea
Family Cocculinidae
Macleaniella moskalevi Leal & Harasewych, 1999); five paratypes.
Subclass Vetigastropoda
Order Lepetellida
Superfamily Lepetelloidea
Family Pseudococculinidae
Amphiplica plutonica Leal & Harasewych, 1999 (Figure 2); five paratypes.
Superfamily Scissurelloidea
Family Anatomidae
Anatoma plicatazona Geiger & McLean, 2010; one paratype (missing).
Family Scissurellidae
Sinezona redferni Rolán, 1996; eight paratypes.
Order Trochida
Superfamily Trochoidea
Family Skeneidae
Haplocochlias minusdentatus Rubio, Rolán, & Redfern, 2013 (Figure 3); one paratype.
Family Trochidae
Umbonium eloiseae Dance, Molenbeek, & Dekker, 1992; one paratype.
Unassigned family
Lodderena bunnelli Redfern & Rolán, 2005 (Figure 4); twenty paratypes.
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Subclass Neritimorpha
Order Cycloneritida
Superfamily Neritoidea
Family Neritidae
Clithon cryptum Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 5); holotype and two paratypes.
Clithon teres Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 6); holotype and three paratypes.
Nereina cresswelli Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 7); holotype and one paratype.
Neripteron subviolaceum Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 8); holotype and two paratypes.
Nerita grasi Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 9); holotype and one paratype.
Neritina janetabbasae Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 10); holotype and one paratype.
Neritodryas javanica Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 11); holotype and one paratype.
Septaria tahitiana Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 12); holotype and one paratype.
Smaragdia patburkae Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 13); holotype and five paratypes.
Theodoxus octagonus Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 14); holotype and three paratypes.
Vitta consobrina Eichhorst, 2016 (Figure 15); holotype.
Subclass Caenogastropoda
[Unassigned Caenogastropoda Order]
Superfamily Cerithioidea
Family Pickworthiidae
Mareleptopoma circumserrata Raines, 2002 (Figure 16); one paratype.
Family Turritellidae
Turritella lyonsi García, 2006 (Figure 17); two paratypes.
Order Littorinimorpha
Superfamily Littorinoidea
Family Annulariidae
Abbottella aenea Watters, 2010; two paratypes.
Abbottella tenebrosa Watters, 2013; sixteen paratypes.
Adamsiella crenulata martinensis Coomans, 1967 (Figure 18); four paratypes.
Articulipoma rhodei Watters, 2012; two paratypes.
Chondropoma pictum yumeriense Torre & Bartsch, 1938 (Figure 19); two paratypes.
Chondropoma turnerae Clench, 1950 (Figure 20); nine paratypes.
Chondropoma vanattae polychroma Watters, 2012; one paratype.
Clydonopoma titanum Watters & Larson, 2017; one paratype.
Leiabbottella galaxius Watters, 2010; two paratypes.
Licina bartschi Watters, 2012; one paratype.
Opisthosiphon thesaurus Watters, 2019; one paratype.
Parachondria gettlemani Watters, 2012; one paratype.
Parachondria heatheraikenae Watters, 2016; one paratype.
Rolleia oberi Watters & Duffy, 2010; two paratypes.
Rolleia simonaikeni Watters, Smith, & Sneddon, 2020; one paratype.
Weilandipoma auduboni Watters, Grego, & Šteffek, 2013; one paratype.
Weinlandipoma macayaense Watters, Grego, & Šteffek, 2013; one paratype.
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Superfamily Rissooidea
Family Rissoinidae
Rissoina delicatissima Raines, 2002 (Figure 21); two paratypes.
Rissoina harryleei Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2009; one paratype.
Superfamily Tonnoidea
Family Personidae
Distorsio jenniernestae Emerson & Piech, 1992; one paratype.
Superfamily Truncatelloidea
Family Caecidae
Caecum metamorphosicum Lima, Santos, & Absalão, 2013; five paratypes.
Superfamily Vanikoroidea
Family Eulimidae
Eulima clarimaculosa Raines, 2003 (Figure 22); two paratypes.
Sticteulima plenicolora Raines, 2003 (Figure 23); two paratypes.
Subniso osorioae Raines, 2003 (Figure 24); two paratypes.
Family Hipponicidae
Cheilea americana Rolán, Redfern, & Fernández-Garcés, 2014 (Figure 25); holotype + two paratypes.
Family Vanikoridae
Macromphalina garcesi Rolán & Rubio, 1998 (Figure 26); two paratypes.
Macromphalina paradoxa Rolán & Rubio, 1998 (Figure 27); one paratype.
Macromphalina redferni Rolán & Rubio, 1998 (Figure 28); 72 paratypes.
Macromphalina robertsoni Rolán & Rubio, 1998 (Figure 29); two paratypes.
Superfamily Velutinoidea
Family Triviidae
Proterato rehderi Raines, 2002 (Figure 30); one paratype.
[Unassigned Caenogastropoda Order]
Superfamily Epitonioidea
Family Epitoniidae
Epitonium leali García, 2011 (Figure 31); one paratype.
Epitonium pigrum García, 2011 (Figure 32); one paratype.
Scalina billeeana DuShane & Bratcher, 1965 (Figure 33); one paratype.
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Superfamily Triphoroidea
Family Cerithiopsidae
Cerithiopsis krisbergi Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2007 (Figure 34); one paratype.
Cerithiopsis susieae Rolán & Krisberg, 2014 (Figure 35); one paratype.
Family Triphoridae
Eutriphora auffenbergi Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 36); one paratype.
Inella differens Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 37); one paratype.
Inella harryleei Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008 (Figure 38); one paratype.
Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008 (Figure 39); one paratype.
Sagenotriphora candidula Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 40); one paratype.
Triphora abacoensis Rolán & Redfern, 2008 (Figure 41); holotype and two paratypes.
Triphora inaudita Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 42); one paratype.
Triphora turtlebayensis Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 43); one paratype.
Triphora yociusi Rolán & Lee, 2008 (Figure 44); one paratype.
Order Neogastropoda
Superfamily Buccinoidea
Family Colubrariidae
Bartschia frumari García, 2008 (Figure 45); one paratype.
Cumia clavula Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Family Columbellidae
Anachis rechonchuda Lima & Guimarães, 2015 (Figure 46); two paratypes.
Astyris frumarkernorum García, 2008 (Figure 47); one paratype.
Columbella marrae García, 1999 (Figure 48); one paratype.
Zafra rapanuiensis Raines, 2002 (Figure 49); one paratype.
Family Fasciolariidae
Australaria tenuitesta Snyder, Vermeij, & Lyons, 2012; one paratype.
Bullockus guesti Lyons & Snyder, 2008; one paratype.
Lamellilatirus sunderlandorum Lyons & Snyder, 2013; one paratype.
Latirus marrowi Lyons & Snyder, 2015; one paratype.
Latirus ornatus Lyons & Snyder, 2015; one paratype.
Latirus poppei Lyons & Snyder, 2015; one paratype.
Lightbournus russjenseni Lyons & Snyder, 2008; one paratype.
Lugubrilaria seccombei Lyons, 2012; one paratype.
Pustulatirus biocellatus Lyons & Snyder, 2013; one paratype.
Pustulatirus utilaensis Lyons & Snyder, 2013; one paratype.
Pustulatirus watermanorum Lyons & Snyder, 2013; one paratype.
Family Nassariidae
Antillophos verriculum Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Nassarius harryleei García, 2001 (Figure 50); one paratype.
Parviphos chalcedonius Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Family Pisaniidae
Anna royalensis Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Bailya morgani Watters, 2009; one paratype.
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 7
Caducifer camelopardalus Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Dianthiphos electrum Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Engina lignea Watters & Fraussen, 2015; one paratype.
Engina permixta Watters & Fraussen, 2015 (Figure 51); one paratype.
Engina williamsae Watters & Fraussen, 2015; one paratype.
Monostiolum fumosum Watters, 2009; one paratype.
Monostiolum simonei Watters, 2016; one paratype.
Superfamily Conoidea
Family Conidae
Conus andremenezi Olivera & Biggs, 2010 (Figure 52); one paratype.
Conus miniexcelsus Olivera & Biggs, 2010 (Figure 53); one paratype.
Family Drillidae
Bellaspira rosea Fallon, 2016; two paratypes.
Calliclava tobagoensis Fallon, 2016; four paratypes.
Douglassia antillensis Fallon, 2016; three paratypes.
Fenimorea caysalensis Fallon, 2016; four paratypes.
Fenimorea jongreenlawi Fallon, 2016; four paratypes.
Fenimorea nivalis Fallon, 2016; two paratypes.
Splendrillia bahamasensis Fallon, 2016; four paratypes.
Family Horaiclavidae
Buchema nigra Fallon, 2010; one paratype.
Family Mangeliidae
Acmaturris anaclaireleeae García, 2008; one paratype.
Agathotoma asthenika Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012; one paratype.
Agathotoma ecthymata García, 2008 (Figure 54); seven paratypes.
Agathotoma kirshi Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012; holotype.
Agathotoma prominens Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012; one paratype.
Suturocythara apocrypha García, 2008 (Figure 55); one paratype.
Family Pseudomelatomidae
Cerodrillia brasiliensis Fallon, 2011; six paratype.
Crassispira mackintoshi Fallon, 2011; two paratypes.
Darrylia harryleei García, 2008; one paratype.
Miraclathurella clendenini García, 2008; two paratypes.
Miraclathurella peggywilliamsae Fallon, 2010; two paratypes.
Family Terebridae
Terebra mugridgeae García, 1999 (Figure 56); two paratypes.
Family Turridae
Gemmula ambara Olivera, Hilliard, & Watkins, 2008 (Figure 57); one paratype.
Gemmula sikatunai Olivera, 2005 (Figure 58); one paratype.
Gemmula sogodensis Olivera, 2005 (Figure 59); one paratype.
Lophiotoma bisaya Olivera, 2004 (Figure 60); one paratype.
Lophiotoma friedrichbonhoefferi Olivera, 2004 (Figure 61); two paratypes.
Lophiotoma olangoensis Olivera, 2002 (Figure 62); one paratype.
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Lophiotoma tayabasensis Olivera, 2004 (Figure 63); one paratype.
Superfamily Mitroidea
Family Mitridae
Mitra ulala García, 2011 (Figure 64); one paratype.
Superfamily Muricoidea
Family Muricidae
Forreria corteziana Beschauer, Petuch, & Clark, 2018; one paratype.
Superfamily Olivoidea
Family Olividae
Oliva foxi Stingley, 1984 (Figure 65); one paratype.
Superfamily Turbinelloidea
Family Costellariidae
Vexillum garciai Salisbury & Wolff, 2009; one paratype.
Superfamily Volutoidea
Family Marginellidae
Bullata analuciae Souza & Coovert, 2001; one paratype.
Dentimargo gibbus García, 2006 (Figure 66); one paratype.
Family Volutidae
Falsilyria garciai Petuch, 1981 (Figure 67); one paratype.
Volutocorbis lutosa (Koch, 1948); one paratype.
Subclass Heterobranchia
Infraclass “Lower Heterobranchia”
Superfamily Orbitestelloidea
Family Orbitestellidae
Orbitestella aequicostata Raines, 2002 (Figure 68); one paratype.
Infraclass Euthyneura
Superfamily Acteonoidea
Family Acteonidae
Pupa pascuana Raines, 2003 (Figure 69); one paratype.
Order Stylomatophora
Superfamily Clausilioidea
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Family Clausiliidae
Barcania kaltenbachi Brandt, 1956 (Figure 70); one paratype.
Barcania sasaensis Brandt, 1956 (Figure 71); one paratype.
Superfamily Helicoidea
Family Xanthonichidae
Polymita picta picta [var. dimidiata] Torre, 1950 (Figure 72); one paratype.
Superfamily Streptaxoidea
Family Diapheridae
Sinoennea laidlawi Dance, 1970 (Figure 73); four paratypes.
Family Streptaxidae
Platycochlium barnaclei Dance, 1970 (Figure 74); one paratype.
Platycochlium saulae Dance, 1970 (Figure 75); one paratype.
Superfamily Urocoptoidea
Family Urocoptidae
Gyraxis excalibur Watters, 2018; two paratypes
Macroceramus loeryi Jacobson, 1955 (Figure 76); five paratypes.
BIVALVIA
Subclass Autobranchia
Infraclass Pteromorphia
Order Pectinida
Superfamily Pectinoidea
Family Pectinidae
Somalipecten cranmerorum Waller, 1986 (Figure 77); one paratype (paired valves).
Family Propeamussiidae
Similipecten redferni Dijkstra, 2002 (Figure 78); 15 paratypes (single valves).
Order Ostreida
Superfamily Pterioidea
Family Pteriidae
Pinctada galtsoffi Bartsch, 1931; nine paratypes (paired valves).
Infraclass Heteroconchia
Order Cardiida
Superfamily Tellinoidea
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Family Donacidae
Donax dorotheae Morrison, 1971; 83 paratypes (paired valves).
Superorder Anomalodesmata
Superfamily Poromyoidea
Family Poromyidae
Dilemma frumarkernorum Leal, 2008 (Figure 79); holotype (paired valves).
Dilemma japonicum Sasaki & Leal, 2008 (Figure 80); paratype (single valve).
Superfamily Thracioidea
Family Periplomatidae
Periploma coseli Ardila & Díaz, 1998 (Figure 81); two paratypes (paired valves).
SCAPHOPODA
Order Gadilida
Suborder Gadilimorpha
Family Gadilidae
Dischides splendens Raines, 2002 (Figure 82); two paratypes.
List of types in alphabetical sequence by specific epithet
abacoensis, Triphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Redfern, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008),
p. 158, figs 31A–G.
Holotype (Figure 41), BMSM 15499, East of Chub Rocks, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.733333, –77.150000; H = 2.42
mm.
GUID 34426d10-07a0-472f-ac8c-5911b3953861
Paratype, BMSM 55373, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.700000, -77.300000; H = 2.14 mm.
GUID 59a74703-6ac2-4bee-a448-2cd7e0c23977
Paratype, BMSM 55375, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.733330, -77.216670.
GUID 0d4551e5-32e0-48ee-a538-066540ddfaa7
aenea, Abbottella (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2010, p. 17, pl. 1, figs. 1a– c, 2–4.
Paratypes, BMSM 17971 (two), from type locality: “Dominican Republic, La Altagracia Province, Punta Cana.
Collected under moldy leaf litter. Punta Cana is located at the extreme eastern tip of the island;” H = 5.00 mm;
H = 5.06 mm. Live-collected.
GUID ab490193-93e9-4e77-ab0f-413ecfb9d9c8
Remarks: Unnumbered figure with text present.
aequicostata, Orbitestella (Gastropoda: orbitestellidae) Raines, 2002, p. 17, fig. 11.
Paratype 3 (Figure 68), BMSM 1379 (institution cited, but number not cited in original description); from type
locality: “Dredged dead at 30–50 m in fine sand, off the western coastline near Tahai [Easter Island];” Max Ø
= 0.72 mm.
GUID ce7312c0-51da-4e0a-873b-c6926be502fd
Remarks: Paratype metal-coated for SEM.
ambara, Gemmula (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, Hillyard, & Watkins, 2008, p. 11, figs 1–3, Table 1.
Paratype 19 (Figure 57), BMSM 38671, Balicasag Island, Bohol, Philippines; H = 4.44 mm.
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GUID 4bdc0687-4346-4dec-adf9-d246ff66d88d
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 19 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and the paratype not illustrated, but its dimensions and collecting locality
were listed in Table 1 of the publication.
americana, Cheilea (Gastropoda: hipponicidae) Rolán, Redfern, & Fernández-Garcés, 2014 in Rolán & Fernán-
dez-Garcés, 2014, p. 4, figs 13–22,
Holotype (Figure 25), BMSM 17939, Reef off Great Guana Cay, 26°42'030" N, 77°09'46" W, Abaco, Bahamas, 4.5
m [type locality]; Max Ø = 1.90 mm.
GUID bfcf4c3c-8738-419a-af98-9133bd8bcbad
Paratypes (two), BMSM 84652, Ranch Luna, Cuba; H = 3.84 mm; H = 4.32 mm.
GUID b3351951-e7b4-4878-8796-3192b2ef9e38
Remarks: Holotype originally part of CRC.
analuciae, Bullata (Gastropoda: MarGinellidae) Souza & Coovert, 2001, p. 5, figs 2, 8, 11.
Paratype, BMSM 1006, off Vitória, Espírito Santo State, Brazil; H = 31.1 mm.
GUID c952dfb1-6e9a-4595-981d-aedba8296c5b
andremenezi, Conus (Gastropoda: conidae) Olivera & Biggs, 2010 in Biggs et al., 2010, p. 5, figs 1, 2, 4, 6, 8,
Appendix.
Paratype 13 (Figure 52), BMSM 38672, paratype. See Remarks below for locality data; H = 34.0 mm.
GUID b27e8a7b-62da-48e8-9ba6-ab0d746f51a9
Remarks: In the Appendix of the original publication, the authors indicated only “Philippines” as the locality for this
particular specimen. The type locality is: “off Aliguay Island, [Philippines,] at depths of 30–150m.” On page 4
of the original description, under “Type Locality,” the authors added: “Another established locality [other than
the type locality] is off Panglao, Bohol, from Balicasag Island to Momo Beach where the species has been col-
lected by tangle nets in deeper water (200–300m).”
annaclaireleeae, Acmaturris (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) García, 2008b, p. 2, figs 1–4.
accepted naMe: Pyrgocythara annaclaireleeae (García, 2008).
Paratype, BMSM 15496, Cape Eleuthera, Eleuthera Island, Bahamas; H = 2.64 mm.
GUID e530b67b-e43e-48e6-a92c-4dc17a822bd0
antillensis, Douglassia (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 130, pl. 58.
Paratypes, BMSM 14988 (three), Dragon’s Bay, Grenada; H = 12.0 mm; H = 12.2 mm.
GUID 3377761c-3cd1-4193-ac87-770b21622698
apocrypha, Suturocythara (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) García, 2008b, p. 8, figs 33–36.
accepted naMe: Agathotoma apocrypha (García, 2008).
Paratype (Figure 55), BMSM 15498, off Campeche, Mexico; H = 4.02 mm.
GUID f6665c58-c159-42a8-8fd2-8e1cd91ef924
asthenika, Agathotoma (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012, p. 54.
Paratype, BMSM 57633, Off Faro de los Colorados, Cuba; H = 4.29 mm.
GUID 2f80e86b-8e15-4454-9b7d-57f5a7fd9481
auduboni, Weinlandipoma (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, Grego, & Šteffek, 2013, p. 81, figs.5–8.
Paratype, BMSM 17935, near Morne Cavalier, 1 km W of Cay Michel, Parc National Pic Macaya, wet limestone
outcrops, 1,191 m elevation, Department du Sud, Haiti, 18.3267° N, –74.0297° W.” H = 7.70 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 2da7ccba-a4ef-462a-bba7-0bab53610d68
LEAL
12 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
auffenbergi, Eutriphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008), pp.
92–94, fig. 6C.
Paratype (Figure 36), BMSM 15205, W of Dry Tortugas, Monroe Co., Florida, USA; H = 8.67 mm.
GUID d0d9d6fa-96f0-4628-80c1-7d14b070304f
Remarks: Apparently metal-coated for SEM.
bahamasensis, Splendrillia (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 283, pls. 144–145.
Paratype, BMSM 14992, NW side of N Elbow Cay, Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas; H = 15. 3 mm.
GUID 652c2aec-dc4e-4f4a-8444-b092b74e52b5
Paratypes, BMSM 14993 (two), same locality as above; H = 12.3 mm; H = 12.2 mm.
GUID b02dde89-fd82-40c7-af61-3eba51f94dba
Paratype, BMSM 14994, same locality as above; H = 15. 4 mm.
GUID d5ea2724-24ff-45a1-8250-1f3d3b56824d
Paratype, BMSM 14995, same locality as above.
GUID 3981503f-1832-43aa-a928-1d55a8fe8627
barnaclei, Platycochlium (Gastropoda: streptaxidae) Dance, 1970, pp. 152–153, pl. 6, figs 5–6; text-fig. 3 (p.
160).
Paratype (Figure 74), BMSM 17997, main entrance to Lobang Batu Cave, W side of Gunong Selabor, about 25 km
SSW of Serian, Sarawak, Malaysia; H = 2.97 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 510d0128-ae2b-4bea-bd7b-9da432d2b25
Remarks: Originally in SPD collection.
bartschi, Licina (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2012, p. 13, figs 45–47.
accepted naMe: Clydonopoma bartschi (Watters, 2012).
Paratype, BMSM 17947, from type locality: “9.5 km ENE of Las Mercedes, Pedernales Province, Dominican Re-
public, on a mountain top at 1,300 m, 18.12° N, –71.57° W;” H = 19.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 24a51663-9958-47de-aa3c-962004762009
billeeana, Scalina (Gastropoda: epitoniidae) DuShane & Bratcher, 1965, p. 160, pl. 24, figs 1, 2, 3a, b.
accepted naMe: Epidendrium billeeanum (DuShane & Bratcher, 1965).
Paratype (Figure 33), BMSM 17963, from type locality: “Southwest end of Cerralvo Island, Baja California Sur,
Mexico, Latitude 24°09' North, Longitude 109°55' West, under rocky ledges in depths of eight to ten feet.” Col-
lected by Norm Currin at 3 m depth; H = 8.14 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 1d224d12-708b-47c9-be7c-2a2b4e15dbe6
Remarks: Specimen mentioned as part of the type series, donated to the Museum in 2010 by the San Diego Shell
Club, probably from the collection of Norman Currin.
biocellatus, Pustulatirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2013b, p. 48.
Paratype, BMSM 17941, off Camocim, Ceará State, Brazil
GUID 6666b808-b600-432b-9b0d-3816ce5fa1b7
bisaya, Lophiotoma (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2004, p. 10, figs 3A3–A4, 3B5–B6, 4.1–4.3.
Paratype 8 (Figure 60), BMSM 38612, Aligway Island, Zamboanga del Sur, Northern Mindanao, Philippines; H
= 59.1 mm.
GUID 15b5cc4d-09ec-4889-84c7-23f72627a56
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 8 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and the paratype not illustrated, but its dimensions and collecting locality
were listed as in the Appendix of the publication.
brasiliensis, Cerodrillia (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 60, pl. 23.
Paratypes, BMSM 14987 (six), off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil; H = 6.72 mm; H = 6.38 mm.
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 13
GUID 6386dbef-87cd-46bd-b0fb-278973baec7c
bunnelli, Lodderena (Gastropoda: unassiGned FaMily in the trochoidea) Redfern & Rolán, 2005, p. 2, figs.
1–6.
Paratype (Figure 4), BMSM 824, Lynyard Cay, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.3986667, –76.988000; Max Ø = 0.57 mm.
GUID b05828f3-4408-4eb2-91b3-199f8a928bc2
Paratypes, BMSM 52569 (19), same locality as above; Max Ø = 0.61 mm.
GUID 7718e344-885c-44ba-b672-5784cb4bfcd2
Remarks: Paratype BMSM 824 was metal-coated for SEM.
camelopardalus, Caducifer (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2009, p. 256, figs. 174–181, table 5.
Paratype, BMSM 17974, “11.2 mm, 11–140 m, off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil (ex GTW).” H = 11.2
mm. Live-collected.
GUID 10008ac7-1f1c-46b1-b51d-525631aa23a7
candidula, Sagenotriphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008),
pp. 134–136, figs 23A–F.
Paratype (Figure 40), BMSM 15202, Captiva Island, Lee Co., Florida, USA; H = 3.63 mm.
GUID 4a19b6e7-d1d3-4a12-b705-629834c5a823
Remarks: Metal-coated for SEM.
caysalensis, Fenimorea (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 151, pls. 69–70.
Paratypes, BMSM 14989 (four), W side of Dog Rocks, Cay Sal Bank, Bahamas; H = 11.2 mm; H = 11.4 mm.
GUID 28e19314-724a-4f4b-b8d9-93d7e3fb32ce
chalcedonius, Parviphos (Gastropoda: nassariidae) Watters, 2009, p. 266, figs. 248–263, table 8.
accepted naMe: Antillophos chalcedonius (Watters, 2009) .
Paratype, BMSM 17980, “13.8 mm, 5 m, at night, Honeymoon Cove, Gun Cay, Bahamas (ex GTW);” H = 13.8
mm. Live-collected.
GUID 5726a5a9-d792-4ab4-8aaa-4f6542cf33b8
Remarks: Originally in the collection of G. Thomas Watters.
circumserrata, Mareleptopoma (Gastropoda: pickworthiidae) Raines, 2002, p. 18, fig. 13.
accepted naMe: Clatrosansonia circumserrata (Raines, 2002).
Paratype 3 (Figure 16), BMSM 1380, from type locality: “In silty mud at 15 m in a cave, off Hanga-Teo, Easter
Island;” H = 1.17 mm.
GUID 25d1292d-2c6e-4b00-b154-46dabef0138e
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but BMSM number not cited in original description.
clarimaculosa, Eulima (Gastropoda: euliMidae) Raines, 2003a, p. 47, fig. 6.
accepted naMe: Hemiliostraca clarimaculosa (Raines, 2003).
Paratypes 4 & 5 (Figure 22), BMSM 1387, from type locality: “In sand and rubble collected along the base of cliffs
at 10–20 m off Pts. Rosalia, east of Anakena [Easter Island];” H = 4.07 mm; H = 3.93 mm.
GUID 388b50fa-159e-415a-8a1a-568d12126728
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but BMSM number not cited in original description.
clavula, Cumia (Gastropoda: colubrariidae) Watters, 2009, p. 272, figs. 224–227, 264.
Paratype, BMSM 17973, “13.6 mm, 1.7 m, under coral rubble, Palenque, Dominican Republic (ex GTW);” H =
13. 6 mm.
Guid cf585317-ea46-4823-9b7a-738c8eca7658
LEAL
14 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
clendenini, Miraclathurella (Gastropoda: pseudoMelatoMidae) García, 2008b, p. 11, figs 49–51.
accepted naMe: Darrylia clendenini (García, 2008)
Paratypes, BMSM 15494 (two), Bahia de Campeche, Mexico; H = 7.50 mm; H = 7.36 mm.
GUID 614b48c8-bd10-48de-8c82-4dae194f3e1b
consobrina, Vitta (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 1025, pl. 313.
Holotype (Figure 15), BMSM 93999, type locality: “Specimen collected on rocks in freshwater stream (Rio El
Tuito) below a waterfall at Yelapa, on the S end of the bay at Puerto Vallarta, Mexico;” H = 16.2 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 281c825b-d940-4173-b5a6-2471589a0ba7
corteziana, Forreria (Gastropoda: Muricidae) Beschauer, Petuch, & Clark, 2018, p. 140, figs 2A–C, 3A–F.
Paratype 5, BMSM 125552, “in a restricted 20 km area, at the bottom of Wagner Basin, 65 km S of Puerto Peñasco,
Sonora, Sea of Cortez, Mexico;” H = 88.8 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 9af5f8d3-e9b8-4614-a3a7-4f2bd6351de5
coseli, Periploma (bivalvia: periploMatidae) Ardila & Díaz, 1998, p. 69, figs. 1,2, 5.
accepted naMe: Periploma orbiculare (Guppy, 1882), a senior synonym.
Paratypes (Figure 81), from “off mouth of Toribio river, 11°04’ N, 74°15’ W, bottom grab, 6 m, N. Ardila coll.
January 1998;”
bMsM 2360, “1 complete shell,L = 16.4 mm.
Guid 3e9ada16-dca3-42c3-a023-63e3999F5e90
BMSM 2361, “1 complete shell (left valve damaged);” L = 9.78 mm.
Guid 1e63089a-913c-4687-953F-79aFcb816330
cranmerorum, Somalipecten (bivalvia: pectinidae) Waller, 1986, p. 42, figs 1–13.
accepted naMe: Mirapecten cranmerorum (T.R. Waller, 1986).
Paratype (Figure 77), BMSM 43870, “collected by Taiwanese fishermen off Somalia, at a depth between 150–300
m;” H = 68.0 mm. Live-collected.
GUID abdcbb61-63ae-4aaf-ae53-4640681249b7
Remarks: Original label states “B6308-0477”; originally in USNM collection. This paratype could have origi-
nated from one of two possible type lots originally at USNM. One (USNM 859036) contained 11 (9?) para-
types, another included unnumbered 51 paratypes, later disbursed to other collections. (M.G. Harasewych, pers.
comm.)
cresswelli, Nereina (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016a, p. 333, pl. 72.
Holotype (Figure 7), BMSM 93532, type locality: Bove River, Bougainville Island; SC Pacific O., Papua New
Guinea, –6.2773667, 155.5499500; H = 10.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 30301591-6cb0-4980-8e57-581f0bb66d59
Paratype, BMSM 93533, from type locality, H = 11.1 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 5acf008a-bafb-4e25-bc5c-c595e09f82f0
cryptum, Clithon (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016a, p. 176, pl. 13.
Holotype (Figure 5), BMSM 93528, type locality: Kikai Island (Iojima, Satsuma Iojima or Tokara Iojima), Osumi
Archipelago, Ryukyu Islands, Japan; H = 7.89 mm. Live-collected.
GUID c67b9121-f018-4bc6-8857-d5aa88e840cb
Paratypes, BMSM 93529 (two), same locality as above; H = 6.85 mm; H = 6.15 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 3d8a5ad6-571f-4ca0-a517-829e252a6d04
curumim, Propilidium (Gastropoda: lepetidae) Leal & Simone, 1998, p. 158, figs 1–31.
Paratypes (Figure 1) (two), BMSM 1002, off Chuí, southern Brazil; L = 1.70 mm. Live-collected.
GUID b1d0c0cd-cdad-4a06-962c-e8a902058980; L = 1.64 mm; L = 1.36 mm.
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 15
delicatissima, Rissoina (Gastropoda: rissoinidae) Raines, 2002, p. 16, fig. 9.
Paratypes 4 & 5 (Figure 21), BMSM 1378, from type locality: “In sand collected along the base of cliffs at 10–20
m off Pta. Rosalia, east of Anakena [Easter Island];” H = 3.93 mm; H = 3.57.
GUID 0f296916-b194-48de-b271-c67fdc027ef5
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but BMSM number not cited in original description.
differens, Inella (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008), pp. 128–
130, figs 20D–H.
Paratype (Figure 37), BMSM 15204, W of Egmont Key, off Hillsborough Co., Florida, USA; H = 14.4 mm.
GUID 8ce1c47a-da27-4d51-9f42-71792d90a05d
[var. dimidiata], Polymita picta picta (Gastropoda: xanthonychidae) Torre, 1950, p. 10, figs 16–17.
accepted naMe: Polymita picta dimidiata Torre, 1950.
Paratype (Figure 72), BMSM 127410, Mandinga, Baracoa, Provincia de Oriente, Cuba; H = 16.4 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID f443077a-493d-4ef4-9684-8244b51697cc
Remarks: Originally in USNM, obtained via exchange. The original description was done under the trinomen
Polymita picta picta, with a separation into “varieties,” including “var. dimidiata,” in the description section.
dorotheae, Donax (bivalvia: donacidae) Morrison, 1971, p. 554, pl. 1, fig. Do.
Paratype, a complete shell with paired valves, BMSM 43603, Alligator Point, Franklin County, Florida; H = 8.41
mm. Live-collected.
accepted naMe: Donax texasianus Philippi, 1847, a senior synonym.
Guid F9F21a82-3a85-45Fd-84aF-0774a9e8560b
Paratypes, 82 complete shells with paired valves, bMsM 92399, same locality as above; H = 9.00 mm; H = 7.98
mm. Live-collected.
Guid 65bF369d-c550-48d5-a275-1c4917cFe673
Remarks: Originally in the USNM collection. These are most likely two of the specimens listed in “Additional
paratypes from the same original lot,” on p. 555.
ecthymata, Agathotoma (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) García, 2008b, p. 3, figs 10–18.
Paratypes (Figure 54) (seven), BMSM 15497, Treasure Cay, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 5.46 mm.
GUID 16820e0c-e3f0-42d1-92a3-2817f95a9d5d
BMSM 57612, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 5.07 mm; GUID 37306ca6-5f3a-40ec-a8ae-1381796b521c
BMSM 57613, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 5.14 mm; GUID 55f71570-f902-426d-8fc0-656b7c3a20f0
BMSM 57614, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 5.00 mm; GUID da7c5cdc-7d13-4144-ba33-5a9cd6ded12d
BMSM 57615, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 5.00 mm; GUID eb25e0d8-e64f-4cf4-a0d4-9ea6a6c6bcf5
BMSM 57616, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 4.07 mm; GUID f1d94fdb-77a6-49d2-a8ec-d3b4a413d0f4
BMSM 57617, Abaco, Bahamas; H = 3.71 mm; GUID 9ee2a861-ad23-4427-889c-61a81b2cb9fb
electrum, Dianthiphos (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2009, p. 257, figs. 186–189, 196, table 6.
Paratype, BMSM 17975, from type locality: “Trawled off Cabo de La Vela, Guajira Peninsula, Colombia. Depth
unknown” (ex HGL); H = 15.8 mm.
GUID 8d6cb5fc-878c-4757-ab4d-7e1bcf19ff1c
eloiseae, Umbonium (Gastropoda: trochidae) Dance, Molenbeek, & Dekker, 1992, p. 231, figs 1–14.
Paratype, BMSM 37591, from type locality: Sur Masirah, west coast of Masirah Island, Sultanate of Oman.
GUID 7c27663c-2c3d-4dd0-85f5-ffcdb54a8cfd
Remarks: Originally in SPD collection. Paratype cited in the original description as: “R.G. Moolenbeek, H. Dekker
& S. P. Dance collected many paratypes with the holotype on 22 November 1991.”
LEAL
16 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
excalibur, Gyraxis (Gastropoda: urocoptidae), Watters, 2018, p. 106, figs. 7–10, 13, 14, type locality: “321m
elevatin, bluffs/mogotes alog Carretera Las Terrenas/Sánchez, 2.4km NE of Sánchez, Samaná Province, Do-
minican Republic, 19.2412, –69.5951.
Paratype 3, BMSM 120064, from type locality; H = 17.2 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 388683af-bab9-45a4-9616-62fafc6960f5
Paratype 3, BMSM 120064, from type locality; H = 15.4 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 25fe19e4-0ab3-4a3d-bfe6-12c2d483d6aa
foxi, Oliva (Gastropoda: olividae) Stingley, 1984, p. 28, unnumbered figure.
accepted naMe: Vullietoliva foxi (Stingley, 1984).
Paratype (Figure 65), BMSM 16557, from type locality: “Off Cocos Island (Costa Rica), at a depth of 50 to 60 feet
on sand bottom is the only known locality where this species occurs;” H = 33.0 mm. Live-collected.
GUID a4aca99e-0e49-407b-b142-9f8c8f9c3b8c
Remarks: Originally in the collection of Dale V. Stingley No. 5927. The original description cites the deposit of
paratypes “No. 2 and No. 3 in the Collection of the Author. The balanced [sic] of paratypes to be returned to Mr.
Fox.” (Stingley, 1984: 28). The fate of the second paratype from the Stingley Collection is unknown.
friedrichbonhoefferi, Lophiotoma (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2004, p. 8, figs 3A1–A2, 3B1–B4, Appen-
dix.
Paratype 10 (Figure 61), BMSM 38611, Aligway Island, Zamboanga del Sur, Northern Mindanao, Philippines; H
= 29.3 mm.
GUID aec98edb-6057-4ecc-9ed2-dcf9ef377fc6
Paratype 16, BMSM 38610, same locality as above.
GUID 974fd8ee-8990-48dc-af33-00643a1991cc
Remarks: The deposit of Paratypes 10 and 16 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but
is not mentioned in the original description and the paratypes not illustrated, but their dimensions and collecting
locality were listed in the Appendix of the publication.
frumari, Bartschia (Gastropoda: colubrariidae) García, 2008a, p. 144, figs. 10–13.
Paratype (Figure 45), BMSM 15028 (live-collected, but only shell preserved), from type locality: “24°14’ N,
82°09’ W, approximately 37 kms southwest of Key West, Florida, in 200 m;” H = 26.2 mm. Live-collected.
GUID bebaf696-d90e-41e1-994c-870a7749b793
frumarkernorum, Astyris (Gastropoda: coluMbellidae) García, 2009, p. 6, figs 1–9.
Paratype (Figure 47), BMSM 15493, 186 km west of Tampa Bay, Florida, in 60–65 m, 27°27’56’’ N, 84°24’30’
W; H = 4.29 mm.
GUID 6c0bcdb7-0479-4ecc-816f-1334b7f7e762
frumarkernorum, Dilemma (bivalvia: poroMyidae) Leal, 2008, p. 5, figs. 1–33, 58.
Holotype (Figure 79), BMSM 15029, type locality: “Southwest of Key West, Monroe County, Florida, USA, 229
m depth;” H = 20.4 mm. Live-collected.
Guid 81b26992-1a9e-4e82-8ba9-ce549eee6dc9
fumosum, Monostiolum (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2009, p. 260, figures 209–215.
Paratype, BMSM 17978, from type locality: “8.3 m, N side of Isla Coche, Venezuela” (ex HGL); H = 14.8 mm.
GUID 9521f569-d995-49b7-a80e-f589987bbcc5
galaxius, Leiabbottella (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2010, p. 18, pl. 1, figs. 5a–c, 6, Paratypes, BMSM
17972 (two), from type locality: “Dominican Republic, Samaná Province, Samaná Peninsula, along Route 5
between Santa Bárbara de Samaná and Sánchez, in the southern foothills of the Sierra de Samaná. Collected
under moldy leaf litter by the side of the road.” H = 8.03; H = 8.66. Live-collected.
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 17
GUID e4e563e0-7721-42e6-ab5c-af002f92bc66
galtsoffi, Pinctada (bivalvia: pteriidae) Bartsch, 1931, p. 1, figs. 1–3.
Paratypes, BMSM 100958 (nine complete shells, paired valves), from type locality: Pearl and Hermes Atoll Reefs,
Hawaii, USA; L = 204 mm; L = 175 mm. All live-collected.
GUID 93127069-4314-4c35-b806-01a5e4ae6aef
Remarks: Ex-USNM, originally labeled “Paratypes (duplicates)”. No paratypes are mentioned in the original de-
scription.
garcesi, Macromphalina (Gastropoda: vanikoridae) Rolán & Rubio, 1998, p. 42, figs 50–53.
Paratypes (Figure 26), BMSM 54598 (two), Cienfuegos Bay, Cuba; H = 1.27 mm.
GUID e96af88c-8906-4135-bedd-ac73eacdc399
Remarks: Paratypes originally in CRC.
garciai, Falsilyria (Gastropoda: volutidae) Petuch, 1981, p. 1114, figs 3, 4.
accepted naMe: Voluta garciai (Petuch, 1981).
Paratype (Figure 67), BMSM 13817, from type locality: “trawled by commercial shrimp boats from 35 m depth
on Gorda Nank, off north coast of Honduras, 1980;” H = 62.8 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 5464f192-45c2-4e5c-b2bb-6dd6ec5b1853
Remarks: Paratype originally in EFG.
garciai, Vexillum (Gastropoda: costellariidae) Salisbury & Wolff, 2009, p. 53, figs 1–7.
Paratype, BMSM 38478 (ex-EFG), Bahia de Campeche, Gulf of Mexico, Mexico, 20.0058333, –92.4350000; H
= 4.20 mm.
GUID b1eff0a9-6aba-45f1-8363-860137c71378
gettlemani, Parachondria (Parachondria) (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2012, p. 6, figs. 26–28, 58.
Paratype, BMSM 17945, from type locality: “Virgen de San Rafael, ca. 200 m, ca. 7 km NNE of Paraíso, Barahona
Province, Barahona Peninsula, Dominican Republic, on trees. 18.05° N, –71.12° W;” H = 14.7 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 245c71b6-1a1e-40f2-97a1-22e35c1c6bab
gibbus, Dentimargo (Gastropoda: MarGinellidae) García, 2006, p. 85, figs 27–43.
Paratype 4 (Figure 66), BMSM 26448, from type locality: Bahía de Campeche, Campeche, Gulf of Mexico,
Mexico, 22°16.28' N, 91°30.42' W (paratype illustrated in original figs 34–35); H = 5.07 mm.
GUID 884d7d1e-d534-4e6a-b954-46b9c8d590e6
grasi, Nerita (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016a, p. 490, pl. 129.
Holotype (Figure 9), BMSM 93536, type locality: N side of Foeiloe Island; W Pacific O., Indonesia, West Papua,
Noesela Island group, –0.3500000, 130.2333300; H = 22.1 mm. Live-collected.
GUID bb1fa66f-26d7-4127-9523-beb25434a8ad
Paratype, BMSM 93537, from type locality; H = 15.8 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 8bcfa8fb-12f8-4777-aca8-6c15a489cee7
guesti, Bullockus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2008, p. 231, figs 8
–10.
Paratype, BMSM 15071, off southern shore of Bermuda, Bermuda (“crabbed in traps”); H = 11.6 mm.
GUID 2b669621-e785-4686-a8d3-0fa6556f2390
harryleei, Darrylia (Gastropoda: pseudoMelatoMidae) García, 2008b, p. 10, figs 41–45.
Paratype, BMSM 15495, Caribe Bright, south-central Roatan Island, Bay Islands, Honduras; H = 3.93 mm.
GUID a76b5441-dbc9-4478-9e13-d79516d4f7f7
LEAL
18 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
harryleei, Inella (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés,
2008), pp. 105–106, figs 13A–K.
Paratype (Figure 38), BMSM 15207, off Big Pine Key, Monroe Co., Florida, USA; H = 11.6 mm.
GUID d8f3f1bd-7b8c-4886-9d8f-3cee9f4d2694
harryleei, Nassarius (Gastropoda: nassariidae) García, 2001, p. 25, figs 1–7.
Paratype D (Figure 50), BMSM 26482, from type locality: “Golfo de Chiriquí, southwestern Panamá, in 270–360
meters in muddy bottom;” H = 3.97 mm.
GUID 668872a3-a189-4d1c-b997-de3edf2f295d
Remarks: Collection acronym cited but misspelled in original description (“SMSM”), cited without BMSM num-
ber.
harryleei, Rissoina (Gastropoda: rissoinidae) Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2009, p. 18, figs 1–5.
Paratype, BMSM 38758, from type locality: “Off North Rock, Bermuda, 35 fathoms [64 m];” H = 3.36 mm.
GUID 3cb2e1be-6d83-4458-a32c-e25ac61b4dc6
heatheraikenae, Parachondria (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2016a, p. 254, figs. 2I–O, 6A.
Paratype, BMSM 83592, Abandoned quarry near end of road between Cabo Rojo and Las Mercedes, Pedernales,
Dominican Republic, 18.1166700, –71.5666700; H = 12.0 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 2557ccad-243a-4eac-b67f-8db46e1d45c0
inaudita, Triphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008), p. 150,
figs 26A–D.
accepted naMe: Strobiligera inaudita (Rolán & Lee, 2008).
Paratype (Figure 42), BMSM 15203, Gulf of Mexico, off Louisiana 28.0935000, –91.0367500 (“from 28º05.61’
N, 91º02.205’ W to 29º05.524’ N, 91º02.086’ W (E.F. Garcia/Pelican 5/27/00) 58 m.”); H = 4.01 mm.
GUID 7423ccf9-1552-486e-9b85-115ede50d77c
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but BMSM number not cited in original description. Originally in HGL col-
lection.
janetabbasae, Neritina (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 712, pl. 207.
Holotype (Figure 10), BMSM 93538, type locality: “Small pond below waterfall ~3 miles inland from Pnaganda-
ran Bay, Sidamulih, West Java, Indonesia;” H = 26.4 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 1b1eac27-81ee-4a44-881e-9d334ac68844
Paratype, BMSM 93539, from type locality; H = 24.2 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 8264cd88-0527-4cbe-a4c0-3c7cccd30da4
japonicum, Dilemma (bivalvia: poroMyidae) Sasaki & Leal, 2008, p. 167, figs. 1–12.
Paratype 3 (Figure 80), BMSM 17983, from type locality: “Southeast of Kamogawa, Chiba Prefecture, Japan.
240–273 m, 34°59.663’–35°00.020’ N, 140°27.159’–140°28.427’ E;” H = 9.30 mm.
Guid 53322870-fdba-4cf6-af40-92bcf563c7cd
javanica, Neritodryas (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 760, pl. 225.
Holotype (Figure 11), BMSM 93540, type locality: “River mouth of Pasa Bengkulu, Bengkulu, Sumatra, Indone-
sia, –3.7709722, 102.2646111;” H = 23.4 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 7b5b7181-3803-41f7-ad7d-5aaee12adf91
Paratype, BMSM 93541, from type locality; H = 20.7 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 07a358d1-9495-40e8-87a8-fff80d4955cd
jenniernestae, Distorsio (Gastropoda: personidae) Emerson & Piech, 1992, p. 111, figs 5–8, 16–18, 24.
accepted naMe: Distorsio ridens (Reeve, 1844).
Paratype, BMSM 416, between Isla Cébaco and Island Coiba, off the Pacific coast of Veraguas, Panama; H = 59.8
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 19
mm. Live-collected.
GUID 73880445-eddf-410e-8e68-05b16553ade0
Remarks: Originally in the collection of Betty Jean Piech.
jongreenlawi, Fenimorea (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 177, pl. 83.
Paratypes, BMSM 14990 (four), Petit Nevis, Saint Vincent & Grenadines; H = 10.5 mm; H = 11.2 mm.
GUID bde247df-6d18-41f8-b45e-562eb04d9e83
kaltenbachi, Barcania (Gastropoda: clausiliidae) Brandt, 1956, p. 128, pl. 9, fig. 4; figs 6, 7.
Paratype (Figure 70), BMSM 22408, from type locality: “Ruinen des römischen Bades von Cyrene” [Roman bath
ruins near Shahhat, Cyrene, Libya.]; H = 15.8 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 85f419b7-69d9-4155-8869-9f7f87b45154
Remarks: Paratype from the collection of Jon Greenlaw, originally purchased from Richard L. Goldberg (“World-
wide Specimen Shells”) in July 1986. The status of this specimen as a paratype is questionable.
kirshi, Agathotoma (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012, p. 52, figs 5A–H,
11F, Table 1.
Holotype, BMSM 17948, Chub Rocks, Abaco, Bahamas, under a rock, 26.7335000, –77.2176667; H = 7.21 mm
GUID 26a0e33b-3386-4678-b269-f1d65297bfaa
krisbergi, Cerithiopsis (Gastropoda: cerithiopsidae) Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2007, p. 38, figs 1–14.
Paratype (Figure 34), BMSM 17202, from type locality: “Sebastian Inlet, Brevard County, Florida, north jetty
under bridge, on jetty rocks, 27.8616670, -80.4500000;” H = 1.99 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 8e6b0ff8-7eaf-4bf6-b8e9-0f6bc08b9884
Remarks: Originally in Marlo Krisberg collection.
laidlawi, Sinoennea (Gastropoda: diapheridae) Dance, 1970, p. 154, pl. 6, fig. 8; text-fig. 4 (p. 160).
accepted naMe: Bruggennea laidlawi (Dance, 1970).
Paratypes (Figure 73), BMSM 17995 (four), NW part of Bukit Sarang, 32 km SE of Tatau 4th div., Sarawak, Ma-
laysia; H = 14.7 mm. Live-collected.
GUID de81aa17-3119-4f22-9cd0-895b03cf6708 9as
Remarks: Originally in SPD collection.
leali, Epitonium (Gastropoda: epitoniidae) García, 2011a, p. 100, figs 13–26.
Paratype (Figure 31), BMSM 17956, St. Joe Bay, Palm Point, Florida, 29°48’29” N, 85°17’52” W; H = 10.9
mm.
GUID 1b077bc3-4c95-4f32-b0a8-6c1ad71bea03
lignea, Engina (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters & Fraussen, 2015, p. 106, figs 10–13.
Paratype, BMSM 76001, 50–55 m, 146 km WSW of Arrecife Alacrán, Campeche Bank, Campeche State, Mexico,
22°11.460’ N, –91°08.710’ W; H = 11.3 mm.
GUID a884deb9-2487-4ae1-a072-afa3582a7291
Remarks: Originally in EFG collection number 25822.
loeryi, Macroceramus (Gastropoda: urocoptidae) Jacobson, 1955, p. 97.
Paratypes (Figure 76), BMSM 96882 (five), from type locality: “Bosque insular de guánica, on shore road about
1 mile west of the recreation area, Puerto Rico, on tree trunks [1954];” H = 15.0 mm; H = 13.0 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 9ced0226-bd5b-49ba-9e3b-0d87d155c767
Remarks: From the collection of William H. Loery; donation included the statement “US Naval Research associated
with the collection.”
lutosa, Volutocorbis (Gastropoda: volutidae) Koch, 1948, p. 5, pl. 2.
accepted naMe: Athleta lutosa (Koch, 1948).
LEAL
20 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
Paratype, BMSM 19109, “Off Port Noloth [Northern Cape], South Africa, in 140 fathoms;” H = 66.6 mm. Live-
collected.
GUID 5845e084-3572-4cb1-a62e-34d093fe8c09
Remarks: From the collection of Kitty Mollman. The original label indicates “A Paratype.” This is the only reason
for inclusion in this report.
lyonsi, Turritella (Gastropoda: turritellidae) García, 2006, p. 78, figs 1–4.
Paratype (Figure 17), BMSM 26447 (two), “Mexico, Bahía de Campeche, 20°46.97' N, 91°55.86' W, 28–48 m;”
H = 30.6 mm.
GUID a59665ab-f7f0-4a96-b5ba-2d3c4bfb6db2
Paratype, BMSM 13499, “Mexico, Bahía de Campeche, 20°46.97' N, 91°55.86' W, 24–48 m”; H = 14.2 mm.
GUID bc90be48-d457-48f3-9317-7e55aac5267a
macayaense, Weinlandipoma (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, Grego, & Šteffek, 2013, p. 82, figs. 9–12.
Paratype, BMSM 17936, near Morne Cavalier, 1 km W of Cay Michel, Parc National Pic Macaya, wet limestone
outcrops, 1,191 m elevation, Department du Sud, Haiti, 18.3267° N, –74.0299° W; H = 7.56 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID dedaf770-b969-4ef3-bd03-32f5ff3a2f91
mackintoshi, Crassispira (Gastropoda: pseudoMelatoMidae) Fallon, 2011, p. 59, figs 31–36.
Paratypes, BMSM 17953 (two), Los Testigos Islands, Venezuela; H = 6.29 mm (Fallon, 2011, fig. 34); H = 7.50
mm. Live-collected.
GUID b81352d1-bbdd-4dd9-909c-d72f56bc41df
marrae, Columbella (Gastropoda: coluMbellidae) García, 1999, p. 60, figs 9–14.
Paratype B (Figure 48), BMSM 2242, from type locality: “Islas Secas, Gulf of Chiriquí, southwestern Panama.
Dredged in 24 to 37 m, on a sand bottom;” H = 8.82 mm. Live-collected.
GUID e5b392d1-1ca7-4c62-87f1-63fd9915792d
marrowi, Latirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2015, p. 42, figs 22–25.
Paratype, BMSM 17931, Broome, Western Australia, Australia; H = 63.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 07a14166-7cbd-4259-9a24-08997f76522a
martinensis, Adamsiella (Adamsiellops) crenulata (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Coomans, 1967, p. 26, figs.
39–41.
accepted naMe: Diplopoma crenulatum martinensis (Coomans, 1967).
Paratype (Figure 18), BMSM 44000 (four), Hilltop E of Grand Case Bay, Caribbean Sea, St. Martin, France, P.
Bartsch coll.; H = 23.2 mm (decollated apex); H = 11.1 mm; H = 11.7 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 439d6a38-fdb2-4bbf-8703-088bbfc4b0e
Remarks: Ex-AMNH, obtained through exchange by R. Tucker Abbott.
metamorphosicum, Caecum (Gastropoda: caecidae) Lima, Santos, & Absalão, 2013, p. 769, figs 3–6.
Paratypes, BMSM 50758 (five), ECCB [“Environmental Characterization of Campos Basin” project], off Rio de
Janeiro, Brazil, R/V seward Johnson, sta. H16-C03-R1, 22°46'54.27" S 41°03'33.08" W, 78 m, July 2, 2009;
H = 3.43 mm; H = 3.50 mm.
GUID aa6d9ff6-f3c7-4f88-8601-6d17eb4621bd
miniexcelsus, Conus (Gastropoda: conidae) Olivera & Biggs, 2010 in Biggs et al., 2010, p. 8, figs 1, 2, 4, 6, 8,
Appendix.
Paratype 14 (Figure 53), BMSM 38673, off Panglao Island, Bohol Sea, Bohol, Philippines; H = 35.6 mm. Live-
collected.
GUID 09e28f7a-7355-49c0-a824-e731f6698e1b
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minusdentatus, Haplocochlias (Gastropoda: skeneidae) Rubio, Rolán, & Redfern, 2013 (in Rubio, Fernández-
Garcés, & Rolán, 2013), p. 64, figs 13A–F.
Paratype (Figure 3), BMSM 52542, from type locality: “Abaco Island, Bahamas, 7 m.” 26.7333300, –77.1500000;
H = 1.16 mm.
GUID 728e2813-dc8d-4271-988d-aaa06762b053
morgani, Bailya (Parabailya) (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2009, p. 251, figs. 150–154, 165, table 4.
accepted naMe: Bailya morgani Watters, 2009.
Paratype, BMSM 17979, 12.6 mm, under rocks, 1–2 m, Roatán Island, Honduras (ex GTW);” H = 12.7 mm.
GUID 0b37788c-cf11-41aa-a238-120bc0beba01
moskalevi, Macleaniella (Gastropoda: cocculinidae) Leal & Harasewych, 1999, p. 123, figs 2 A–D, 3 A–E,
table 2, 5.
Paratypes, BMSM 1000 (five), from type locality: “Western part of Puerto Rico Trench, 19°40.6'–19°43.2' N,
67°19.4'–67°19.9' W, 8595–8595 m, R/V JaMes M. Gillis, cruise GS-7506, station GS-109, 41 ft. otter trawl,
12 July 1975.’ [Ex-UMML 30.8385]; L = 3.71 mm; H = 3.93 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 25fc63ff-6037-4e70-b4be-78542558691c
mugridgeae, Terebra (Gastropoda: terebridae) García, 1999, pp. 64–65, figs 5–8.
accepted naMe: Neoterebra mugridgeae (García, 1999).
Paratype B (Figure 56), BMSM 2240, off Mississippi, Gulf of Mexico, USA, 29.8875000, –88.6743333; H = 7.77
mm.
GUID 4933fc8a-2e40-4bc1-ab41-15849dc97a61
Paratype C, BMSM 2241, same locality as above; H = 7.14 mm.
GUID 5346ba28-b331-4b41-b7e8-43bbe0fc4b2f
nigra, Buchema (Gastropoda: horaiclavidae) Fallon, 2010, p. 171, figs 15–17.
Paratype, BMSM 17967, Petit Nevis; H = 7.20 mm. Live-collected (?).
GUID 7d4dbe95-612e-4498-a449-6ce21942f02
nivalis, Fenimorea (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 188, pl. 89.
Paratypes, BMSM 14991 (two), off Cabo Frio, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil; H = 11.0 mm; H = 13.8 mm.
GUID 1ad42616-ba32-4b10-81a1-2b3f0d75dcb
oberi, Rolleia (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters & Duffy, 2010, p. 185, figs. 1–6.
Paratypes 1 & 2, BMSM 17970, from type locality: “Dominican Republic, Puerto Plata Province, La Has, El
Puerto, on the road about half way between Santiago and Puerto Plata, at altitude 830–1000 m in the Cordillera
Septentrional;” H = 10.2 mm; H = 8.27 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 0396cce3-a486-452a-b4a2-c334bf74ff34
octagonus, Theodoxus (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 940, pl. 293.
Holotype (Figure 14), BMSM 93544, type locality: Octagon Pool, Tabgha, Israel, 32.873600, 35.549300 (from
the original description: “Site of the Seven Springs along the banks of the Sea of Galilee (also known as Lake
Kinneret, lake of Gennesaret, and Sea of Tiberias). Private property of Byzantine monks of the Church of Mul-
tiplication of the Loaves and Fishes;” H = 4.98 mm. Live-collected.
GUID b4584c08-0e50-4c89-aff6-492597fd4e5c
Paratypes, BMSM 93545 (three), from type locality; H = 5.12 mm; H = 4.94 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 099ca37d-28d6-40a5-be4c-9e88d92fd988
olangoensis, Lophiotoma (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2002, p. 47, figs 2A1–3, E1–5, Table 1.
accepted naMe: Iotyrris olangoensis (Olivera, 2002).
Paratype 4 (Figure 62), BMSM 38613, Olango Island, off Cebu City, Cebu, Philippines; H = 43.0 mm.
LEAL
22 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
GUID 069d8302-dd9f-4b7e-85d6-0f48c6b53af9
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 4 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and this paratype not illustrated, but the dimensions and collecting locality
were listed in Table 1.
ornatus, Latirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2015, p. 39, figs 16–21.
Paratype, BMSM 17932, Hope Island, Queensland, Australia; H = 43.8 mm.
GUID bea4fb7c-93c5-4ca8-a529-b40e63224e24
osorioae, Subniso (Gastropoda: euliMidae) Raines, 2003a, p. 46, figs. 5a, b.
Paratypes 4 & 5 (Figure 24), BMSM 1386, “In sand and rubble collected along the base of cliffs at 10-20 m off
Pts. Rosalia, east of Anakena [Easter Island];” H = 1.64 mm; H = 2.29 mm.
GUID 4853e946-6ff7-4939-88cc-d141cce0bda0
Remarks: Repository institution cited, but BMSM number not included in original description.
ostenta, Marshallora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Gar-
cés, 2008), pp. 94–96, figs 7A–N, 8E, 8F.
Paratype (Figure 39), BMSM 15206, off Big Pine Key, Monroe Co., Florida, 30–50 m (leg. K. Sunderland, 1991);
H = 5.92 mm.
GUID 3ed727fd-7373-4aa7-9a0d-cfbb9c81ce7b
Remarks: Collection acronym cited (in error, as “BMSC”), but number not cited in original description. Originally
in HGL collection, who originally donated the specimen for inclusion in the type series.
paradoxa, Macromphalina (Gastropoda: vanikoridae) Rolán & Rubio, 1998, p. 46, figs 58–61.
Paratype (Figure 27), BMSM 54597, from type locality: “Cienfuegos Bay, South Cuba;” H = 1.23 mm.
GUID 722448a3-6f5d-4eda-bb6f-14588dbdafa1
Remarks: This paratype was originally deposited in the CRC.
pascuana, Pupa (Gastropoda: acteonidae) Raines, 2003b [“2002”], p. 52, fig. 2.
Paratype 2 (Figure 69), BMSM 1384; from type locality: “Off the western coastline near Tahai, Easter Island,
Chile, 27°07'20" S, 109°26'30" W, dredged in 30-50 m on fine sand;” H = 5.64 mm.
GUID bb913047-b82b-4232-b523-8d3873b5586c
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but number not cited in original description.
patburkeae, Smaragdia (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 860, pls 256–257.
Holotype (Figure 13), BMSM 93542, type locality: Cebu, Central Visayas, Philippines; H = 6.06 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 978bab70-14b3-4d8d-bb70-0b6b38bbc34b
Paratype, BMSM 93543 (five), from type locality; H = 5.64 mm; H = 5.21 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 0f74f5c6-d470-4c8f-843d-7d2e016ed1b7
peggywilliamsae, Miraclathurella (Gastropoda: pseudoMelatoMidae) Fallon, 2010, p. 171, figs 19–22.
accepted naMe: Darrylia peggywilliamsae (Fallon, 2010).
Paratypes, BMSM 17968 (two), Baliceaux Island, Saint Vincent & Grenadines; H = 8.71 mm.
GUID 7aba5e8e-06dd-4d93-9691-a64776c88599
Paratype, BMSM 17969, Carriacou, Grenada; H = 10.4 mm.
GUID 4b8fb5ff-a7f7-4a64-a334-818a65d51b5a
permixta, Engina (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters & Fraussen, 2015, p. 106, figs 58–67, 103.
Paratype (Figure 51), BMSM 76000, 1 m, Cajueiro, Rio Grande do Norte State, Brazil; H = 12.2 mm.
GUID fec644df-344b-4ca9-bb9b-4fd51229a139
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 23
pigrum, Epitonium (Gastropoda: epitoniidae) García, 2011a, p. 102, figs 27–40, table III.
Paratype (Figure 32), BMSM 17957, Bahia de Campeche, Campeche, Mexico, 20.8581667, –92.3573333; H =
11.2 mm.
GUID 8b132b13-71b7-4b1e-893b-c385c169387b
plenicolora, Sticteulima (Gastropoda: euliMidae) Raines, 2003a, p. 43, fig. 3.
Paratypes 4 & 5 (Figure 23), BMSM 1385, from type locality: “In sand and rubble collected along the base of cliffs
at 10-20 m off Pts. Rosalia, east of Anakena [Easter Island];” H = 2.03 mm; H = 1.86 mm.
GUID 7283907b-6185-404e-8685-b04df7219cf9
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but number not cited in original description, “to be deposited in BMSM”.
plicatazona, Anatoma (Gastropoda: anatoMidae) Geiger & McLean, 2010, p. 20, fig. 15.
Paratype, BMSM 17981, from type locality: “7 m, Sandy Cay, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.399° N, 76.988° W. August 13,
2005, leg. Colin Redfern.”
GUID 4fdb0bf6-11d2-4fda-bb54-03bb79e2b000
Remarks: Originally in CRC number 12842. Material lacking from BMSM collection, never delivered with original
donation of CRC collection. No image in BMSM catalog. This material is included in the various counts in the
Introduction of this report.
plutonica, Amphiplica (Gastropoda: pseudococculinidae) Leal & Harasewych, 1999, p. 131, figs. 8A–C, 9A–
G, Table 3.
Paratypes (Figure 2), BMSM 1001 (five), from type locality: “Eastern part of Cayman Trench, 19’08.4’–19’07.5’
N, 79’53.7’–79’55.5’ W, 7247–7225 m, r/v JaMes M. Gilliss, cruise GS-7506, station GS-127, 41 ft. otter
trawl, 23 July 1975;” L = 4.39 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 13010ed1-defa-4406-b638-5f2e925f742c
polychroma, Chondropoma vanattae (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2012, p. 5, figs. 18–20.
Paratype, BMSM 17944, “10 km NE of Las Mercedes, Pedernales Province, Dominican Republic, at 1300 m in
pine forest, 18.13° N, –71.56° W;” H = 11.7 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 60bf263e-2f25-462a-b564-6dd7e7f8a373
poppei, Latirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2015, p. 37, figs 11–14.
Paratype, BMSM 17933, Blabac Island, Mimaropa, Palawan, Philippines; H = 38.2 mm.
GUID f968efa8-602f-432a-a536-cf71a5384411
prominens, Agathotoma (Gastropoda: ManGeliidae) Rolán, Fernández-Garcés, & Redfern, 2012, p. 58.
Paratype, BMSM 57632, Bajo de Sancho Pardo, Cuba; H = 4.07 mm.
GUID 764f34794bcb
rapanuiensis, Zafra (Gastropoda: coluMbellidae) Raines, 2002, p. 24, fig. 23.
Paratype 3 (Figure 49), BMSM 1382, from type locality: “in sand at 10 to 20 m, off Punta Rosalia, east of Anake-
na, Easter Island;” H = 2.50 mm.
GUID 60ec866c-397b-4149-bda0-76df6db2dc1c
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but number not cited in original description.
rechonchuda, Anachis (Gastropoda: coluMbellidae) Lima & Guimarães, 2015, p. 446, figs 1A–G, 2A, Table
1.
Paratypes (Figure 46), BMSM 17938 (two), from type locality: Brazil, off the state of Pernambuco (08°46.5’00’’S,
34°44.5’00’’W, 690 m depth); H = 3.64 mm; H = 4.07 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 53428567-2ee2-4c0c-9d21-988e5629cb75
redferni, Macromphalina (Gastropoda: vanikoridae) Rolán & Rubio, 1998, p. 52, figs 72–76.
Paratypes (Figure 28), BMSM 54513–54527 (72), all from Abaco, Bahamas, 26.700000, –77.300000 [original
LEAL
24 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
station CR128].
BMSM 54513 (18), GUID 07e1c74f-44a4-46db-84f0-9cb85ec96623
BMSM 54514 (one), GUID b9761b98-9b9b-4018-9f5f-3dcd5f53a792
BMSM 54515 (six), GUID c199212d-7561-4adc-bc28-3024ed844a19
BMSM 54516 (nine), GUID ccc937b0-fc58-41d2-8567-3da92325be92
BMSM 54517 (three), H = 4.21 mm. GUID 7d561c18-d38b-4b7e-abd2-397e447b37b1
BMSM 54518 (two), GUID c946d9ac-8f78-4155-8b38-e5d96429bef3
BMSM 54519 (five), GUID 5557d89a-f473-4b14-a23b-11f6b7d713e6
BMSM 54520 (one), GUID 26cbafe7-7f62-4a62-a91b-80d94031a765
BMSM 54521 (ten), GUID e66ed80b-55c8-4c08-9c71-d44f2f3ae892
BMSM 54522 (one), GUID 224fde96-9c48-4709-a4b2-7801ce05d7ef
BMSM 54523 (one), (Figure 28); H = 3.70 mm; GUID 7ad4b8b4-537e-4235-a8c8-ec697935d9cc
BMSM 54524 (seven), GUID e2d95c80-78ca-42c1-9435-26d8cb05bcf6
BMSM 54525 (four), GUID 794afb0c-acd3-42e5-97d4-9ec7a672790a
BMSM 54526 (five), GUID 17eaebe0-1d63-4501-a825-52feb8a828b2
BMSM 54527 (one), GUID 1e5079b7-9f84-441b-b71d-b2a1830aeb87
Remarks: Paratype BMSM 54527 was metal-coated for SEM. No image in catalog for BMSM 54522.
redferni, Similipecten (bivalvia: propeaMussiidae) Dijkstra, 2002, p. 191, figs 1–6, 15.
Paratypes (Figure 78), BMSM 83362–83376 (15), all from “Bahama Islands, Abaco Island, N of northwest-end of
Guana Cay, c. 26°44’ N 77°09’ W, shells only, at various depths amongst sediment, C. Redfern leg.”
BMSM 83362, L = 3.71 mm. GUID 8e7b6e2d-ecf1-4403-af75-920e8d681524
BMSM 83363, GUID 641a1c2d-8808-46c0-b9e9-459722a927fe
BMSM 83364, GUID b92981e7-a840-45f1-ad22-69e76e23fe19
BMSM 83365, GUID 9f36e807-4ad9-4abc-902a-7bf44b644e4b
BMSM 83366, GUID 1b6ae7ea-eb31-4fda-8194-9209c45c166f
BMSM 83367, GUID 3d62f6e1-bb74-4e42-b0c2-fdfb00dab40f
BMSM 83368, GUID 690ed984-67df-4b7a-84dd-7320144d5970
BMSM 83369 (Figure 78), L = 3.50 mm. GUID 3929c2be-2e9b-4796-9ed5-8847bbb2b53f
BMSM 83370, GUID 1178abbe-5c84-4f58-b6a8-b8521e12e1b4
BMSM 83371, GUID 99d2ddd2-a45e-4cae-8ef1-1eea4176805a
BMSM 83372, GUID bc0f9a93-ce85-4d22-a679-7fb776226f12
BMSM 83373, GUID 9abb032f-1739-47cd-bd8a-a28bfd951482
BMSM 83374, GUID e816000d-24de-4779-ac39-b540f57b606f
BMSM 83375, GUID ddfc1406-0c3f-4cb5-bbc7-b6d3cd702125
BMSM 83376, GUID da1a8675-c977-4b69-b82d-a15e78e25c70
Remarks: No images in catalog for BMSM 83363, 83366, 83374, 83375.
redferni, Sinezona (Gastropoda: scissurellidae) Rolán, 1996, p. 109, figs. 1–4.
Paratype, BMSM 52332, Abaco, Bahamas, 26.7333300, –77.2166700.
GUID 2a44242b-65fd-4e30-8d4c-e48675266d8
accepted naMe: Scissurella redferni (Rolán, 1996).
Paratypes, BMSM 52334 (four), same locality as above; H = 0.49 mm; H = 0.50 mm.
GUID 203f028d-96d4-432e-981f-2dcac912066a
Paratypes, BMSM 52337 (three), same locality as above; H = 0.57 mm.
GUID 9ea1b4a3-0d30-4a85-aabd-8fb0b7e773fb
rehderi, Proterato (Gastropoda: triviidae) Raines, 2002, p. 22, fig. 19.
accepted naMe: Sulcerato rehderi (Raines, 2002).
Paratype 3 (Figure 30), BMSM 1381, from type locality: “In sand at 10-20 m off Pta. Rosalia, east of Anakena,
Easter Island;” H = 3.70 mm.
GUID a951d332-03a4-4fa5-934f-8d48d2f02e37
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 25
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but number not cited in original description. WoRMS indicate this as a taxon
inquirendum (2020-08-05)
rhodei, Articulipoma (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2012, p. 8, figs. 29–31.
Paratypes, BMSM 17946 (two), “13 km NNE of Pedernales [Province, Barahona Peninsula,] on road to Agua
Negra, Dominican Republic, 18.15° N, –71.70° W;” H = 17.2 mm; H = 15.9 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 9cbe3e4c-6424-468b-afc0-1f5240f66116
robertsoni, Macromphalina (Gastropoda: vanikoridae) Rolán & Rubio, 1998, p. 44, figs 54–57.
Paratypes (Figure 29), BMSM 54599 (two), from type locality: “Cienfugos Bay, South Cuba,” “between 15–56
m;” Max Ø = 1.79 mm. Max Ø = 2.00 mm.
GUID 9d03572b-df50-477a-b901-f78415151497
rosea, Bellaspira (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 41, pl. 13.
Paratype, BMSM 14982, off Guarapari, Espírito Santo State, Brazil; H = 11.8 mm.
GUID 578d3beb-9976-4673-bb48-0554b26d349b
Paratype, BMSM 14983, same locality as above; H = 10.6 mm.
GUID 7dd81bcf-ebc2-416c-9c2c-8c246fdf5bad
royalensis, Anna (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2009, p. 229, figs. 16, 25–28, table 2.
accepted naMe: Ameranna royalensis (Watters, 2009).
Paratype, BMSM 17977, from type locality: “Sand and coral rubble, 6.7 m, off Old Port Royal Harbour, SE Roatán
Island, Honduras;” H = 9.60 mm.
GUID c732cd17-a28b-4c35-b4f9-98696999eeb3
russjenseni, Lightbournus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2008, p. 229, figs 4
–5.
Paratype, BMSM 15070, off southern shore of Bermuda, Bermuda; H = 33.1 mm.
GUID ceeecbf8-0d2e-4ae6-86ec-8958b82599f2
sasaensis, Barcania (Gastropoda: clausiliidae) Brandt, 1956, p. 126, pl. 9, fig. 3.
Paratype (Figure 71), BMSM 22409, “Wadi Zaza” (northeast of Benghazi, Libya). Live-collected.
GUID ddb48935-7d8b-46e7-9e12-709841834581; H = 14.7 mm.
Remarks: From the collection of Jon Greenlaw, who purchased this paratype from Richard L. Goldberg (“World-
wide Specimen Shells”) in July 1986. The status of this specimen as paratype is questionable.
saulae, Platycochlium (Gastropoda: streptaxidae) Dance, 1970, pp. 151–152, pl. 6, figs 3–4; text-fig. 2 (p.
160).
Paratype (Figure 75), BMSM 17996, Wah Mountain, 23 miles S of Kuching, Sarawak, Malaysia; H = 0.96 mm.
Live-collected.
GUID a24ae487-1164-4590-8e60-c9b3968a26a3
Remarks: Originally in SPD collection.
seccombei, Lugubrilaria (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons, 2012, p. 76, figs 1–4.
Paratype, BMSM 17951, 139.3 mm, Sunny Cove, Fish Hoek, False Bay, Western Cape, South Africa; H = 139.6
mm. Live-collected.
GUID a700c108-199c-4763-8540-02cc0f49b262
sikatunai, Gemmula (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2005, p. 3, figs 1–2, Appendix.
Paratype 16 (Figure 58), BMSM 17113, East of Talaga, Batangas Bay, Batangas, Philippines; H = 46.6 mm.
GUID 5a476f70-c6a8-46f3-a8d2-3c858dd0520d
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 16 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and the paratype not illustrated, but its dimensions and collecting locality
were listed in the Appendix of the publication.
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26 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
simonaikeni, Rolleia (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, Smith, & Sneddon, 2020, p. 30, figs 192–199.
Paratype, BMSM 128507, 685 m elevation, 1.4 km NNW of Lajas de Yaroa, Loma del Puerto, Santiago, Domini-
can Republic; H = 10.2 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 2b1e383b-fac2-4311-adb7-76bf04cfedff
simonei, Monostiolum (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters, 2016b, p. 23, figs. 1A–E, H.
Paratype, BMSM 85949, off Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, 200–220 m; H = 15.8 mm.
GUID 9171113e-1b9e-4539-8cc0-67bdd4d212cd
sogodensis, Gemmula (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2005, p. 8, fig. 3.
Paratype 24 (Figure 59), BMSM 17114, Bohol, Philippines; H = 30.1 mm.
GUID a912539c-2e03-4b84-a563-a6bd6bb42cdc
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 24 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and the paratype not illustrated, but its dimensions and collecting locality
were listed in the Appendix of the publication.
splendens, Dischides (scaphopoda: Gadilidae) Raines, 2002, p. 37, fig. 47.
Paratypes 4 & 5 (Figure 82), BMSM 1383, from type locality: “In muddy sand at 50-80 m, off the western coast-
line near Tahai, Easter Island;” H = 3.77 mm.
GUID 7a47dfcb-58da-4bf8-8ab8-891a28fd090c
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but BMSM number not cited in original description.
subviolaceum, Neripteron (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016a, p. 385, pl. 99.
Holotype (Figure 8), BMSM 93534, type locality: Dampier, Western Australia, Australia; H = 6.77 mm. Live-col-
lected.
GUID 39c65d05-79ea-45fc-8da3-c86cda2e702d
Paratypes, BMSM 93535 (two), from type locality; H = 6.37 mm; H = 5.76 mm. Live-collected.
GUID b915b9c1-6028-4b27-af1b-08d83763ddc9
sunderlandorum, Lamellilatirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2013, p. 8.
Paratype, BMSM 17934, off Roatán, Bay Islands, Honduras; H = 18.6 mm.
GUID 69f0d21a-997a-4c92-8fe6-b79e28d64e4e
susieae, Cerithiopsis (Gastropoda: cerithiopsidae) Rolán & Krisberg, 2014, p. 85, figs 1–2.
Paratype (Figure 35), BMSM 75999, from type locality: “Port Canaveral jetty [sic], Brevard County, Florida,
USA;” H = 2.14 mm.
GUID 65a5d125-e38a-4bac-98ce-11ea9ce9150
Remarks: Collection acronym cited, but number not cited in original description.
tahitiana, Septaria (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016b, p. 837, pl. 253.
Holotype (Figure 12), BMSM 108098, type locality: “near Titaaviri River Bridge, S of Pape’ete, Tahiti, –18.0884333,
–169.3564167;” H = 26.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 90d69705-8669-4729-b04b-e2de6427c37a
Paratype, BMSM 108099, from type locality; H = 24.4 mm. Live-collected.
GUID a2ef8c93-3070-46f9-9178-a334a226a2c9
tayabasensis, Lophiotoma (Gastropoda: turridae) Olivera, 2004, p. 11, figs A5–A6, B7–B8, Appendix.
Paratype 18 (Figure 63), BMSM 38609, “[probably from] Tayabas Bay, Quezon, Philippines;” H = 84.4 mm.
GUID b38feb09-8f73-49f5-abf4-6d64d93823c9
Remarks: The deposit of Paratype 18 at BMSM was originally made by the authors prior to publication, but is not
mentioned in the original description and the paratype not illustrated, but its dimensions and collecting locality
were listed in the Appendix of the publication.
MOLLUSCAN TYPES AT BAILEY-MATTHEWS NATIONAL SHELL MUSEUM Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press · 27
tenebrosa, Abbottella (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2013, p. 8, figs. 1U–Y, 8B.
accepted naMe: Arenabbottella tenebrosa (Watters, 2013).
Paratypes, BMSM 17937 (16), from type locality: “Dominican Republic, Puerto Plata Province, El Choco, near
Cabarete, ca. 19.74° N, –70.42° W;” H = 8.22 mm; H = 8.48 mm. All live-collected.
GUID 498c62d8-4041-4611-82a6-a34bfed444d4
tenuitesta, Australaria (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Snyder, Vermeij, & Lyons, 2012, p. 54.
Paratype, BMSM 17950, off Lady Musgrave Island, Queensland, Australia; H = 85.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 80b5d019-52d2-4b99-b158-abe732ad4e10
teres, Clithon (Gastropoda: neritidae) Eichhorst, 2016a, p. 238, pl. 57.
Holotype (Figure 6), BMSM 93530, type locality: “mouth of stream flowing into Sogod Bay, Panaon Island, South-
ern Leyte, Eastern Visayas, Philippines;” H = 7.94 mm. Live-collected.
GUID f264ed64-b770-4514-8ec3-99dcb1e511ec
Paratypes, BMSM 93531 (three), from type locality; H = 7.91; H = 7.05. Live-collected.
GUID 1b9b56ac-6689-4dae-85c4-74b85e294aa8
thesaurus, Opisthosiphon (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters, 2019, p. 398, figs. 18–24.
Paratype, BMSM 128506, North Island, Andros, Bahamas; H = 7.52 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 3e7e9caa-d3a9-4ee6-8693-0567a30652f2
titanum, Clydonopoma (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Watters & Larson, 2017, p. 194, figs 156–160.
Paratype, BMSM 121709, 775 m elevation, along Rte. 204, ca. 1 km N of Decouze, Département d’Ouest, Haiti,
18.3414° N, –72.5836° W; H = 27.7 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 0ea10e30-5be2-4ecf-bade-b050d1cfba6e
tobagoensis, Calliclava (Gastropoda: drilliidae) Fallon, 2016, p. 49, pl. 18.
Paratype 5, BMSM 14984, Store Bay, Tobago, Trinidad & Tobago; H = 12.1 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 0de28405-8b34-46c8-acd7-72d95ac78b4
Paratype 6, BMSM 14985, same locality as above; H = 11.6 mm. Live-collected.
GUID a821e0ae-f44f-416b-9c7a-016314277e07
Paratypes 3, 4, BMSM 14986 (two), same locality as above; H = 9.20 mm (largest of two). Live-collected.
GUID a8286eab-e216-43fc-ab5b-dab1abfa387f
turnerae, Chondropoma (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Clench, 1950, p. 271, fig. 1.
accepted naMe: Licina aguadillensis turnerae (Clench, 1950).
Paratypes (Figure 20), BMSM 96803 (nine), Lydia Point, Inagua, Bahamas; H = 15.0 mm; H = 28.4 mm. All live-
collected.
GUID a0b33cd3-0863-45cb-b0cf-c390f18285d0
Remarks: Originally in USNM collection. The type status of this lot is questionable. Inclusion in this listing was
prompted by a penciled label indicating “Paratype,” but there is no mention of any paratypes in the original
description (Clench, 1950).
turtlebayensis, Triphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 (in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008),
pp. 154–156, figs 29A–G.
Paratype (Figure 43), BMSM 15201, off Turtle Bay, Bermuda; H = 4.23 mm.
GUID c38e21b2-a409-4e2a-bb0b-4058d2a8045c
ulala, Mitra (Gastropoda: Mitridae) García, 2011, p. 57, figs 1–15.
accepted naMe: Isara ulala (García, 2011).
Paratype 5 (Figure 64), BMSM 17952, off Louisiana, 28°6.21’ N, 91°2.23’ W; H = 21.6 mm.
GUID 0c273b72-bb93-4ed4-ae19-1d76e9aa098f
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28 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
utilaensis, Pustulatirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2013b, p. 43.
Paratype, BMSM 17940, southern coast of Utila Island, Bay Islands, Honduras; H = 28.4 mm. Live-collected.
GUID f68eda5a-9baf-4311-b213-1f164329c39c
verriculum, Antillophos (Gastropoda: nassariidae) Watters, 2009, p. 243, figs. 102–107, table 3.
Paratype, BMSM 17976, from type locality: “40 m, trawled, Punta Espada, Guajira Peninsula, Colombia;” H =
24.8 mm. Live-collected.
Guid d3a0162a-3e9e-4a45-9441-f32c8a1fb3fd
watermanorum, Pustulatirus (Gastropoda: Fasciolariidae) Lyons & Snyder, 2013b, p. 45. Paratype, BMSM
17942, Roatán, Bay Islands, Honduras; H = 25.2 mm. Live-collected (?).
GUID ca6bd169-1361-4450-93c5-c989c7a1fc5b
williamsae, Engina (Gastropoda: pisaniidae) Watters & Fraussen, 2015, p. 112, figs 13, 103–107.
Paratype, BMSM 75998, off Egmont Key, Hillsborough Co., Florida; H = 15.0 mm.
GUID 45329587-66c9-45c5-ad57-f2480c5f03bb
yociusi, Triphora (Gastropoda: triphoridae) Rolán & Lee, 2008 in Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008, p. 153,
figs. 28A–D.
Paratype (Figure 44), BMSM 15200, 107 km E of St. Augustine, St. Johns Co., Florida, USA; H = 2.65 mm.
GUID a254280f-b0d8-42f1-939e-4976929a4608
yumeriense, Chondropoma pictum (Gastropoda: annulariidae) Torre & Bartsch, 1938, p. 337, pl. 29, fig. 6.
Paratype (Figure 19), BMSM 109365, Yumeri Valley, Vista Alegre, Cuba; H = 14.5 mm. Live-collected.
GUID 2776fbed-4093-487c-9db0-574ebe919f51
Paratype, BMSM 109366, same locality as above; H = 15.8 mm. Live-collected.
GUID e9af5e4b-f820-4fa0-8d5a-6c132e3dbfb6
Remarks: Originally at USNM.
Acknowledgments
The late Colin Redfern cataloged his collection, including types, into the BMSM system prior to the donation,
including all the relevant types listed in this article. BMSM Collection Assistant Jessica Godwin helped with collec-
tion-related work. Digital Imaging Specialists James F. Kelly and Patricia A. Starkey photographed all the BMSM
type specimens, including the images in this report. Their work, funded by Institute of Museum and Library Ser-
vices “Museums for America” Grant MA-30-18-0438, is titled the “Bailey-Matthews National Shell Museum Digi-
tal Imaging Project.” Additional digitization and imaging of western Atlantic molluscan specimens at BMSM is
supported, in part, under NSF Award Number 2001528 under the project “Mobilizing Millions of Mollusks of the
Eastern Seaboard.” Harry G. Lee, Jacksonville, Florida; Nikolaus Malchus, Zootaxa editor for Bivalvia; Rüdiger
Bieler, Field Museum of Natural History; M.G. Harasewych (National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian)
provided suggestions and recommendations that improved on the quality and clarity of the manuscript. Yolanda Vil-
lacampa helped with data from the National Museum of Natural History collection. Any remaining shortcomings
are the author’s alone.
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FIGURES 1–9. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 1. Propilidium curumim Leal & Simone, 1998, Paratype, BMSM
1002, off Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. 2. Amphiplica plutonica Leal & Harasewych, 1999, Paratype, BMSM 1001, Cayman
Trench. 3. Haplocochlias minusdentatus Rubio, Rolán, & Redfern, 2013, Paratype, BMSM 52542, Abaco, Bahamas. 4. Lod-
derena bunnelli Redfern & Rolán, 2005, Paratype, BMSM 824, Abaco, Bahamas. 5. Clithon cryptum Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype,
BMSM 93528, Ryukyu Islands, Japan. 6. Clithon teres Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93530, Panaon Island, Philippines.
7. Nereina cresswelli Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93532, Bougainville Island, Papua New Guinea. 8. Neripteron sub-
violaceum Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93534, Dampier, Australia. 9. Nerita grasi Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM
93536, West Papua, Indonesia.
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FIGURES 10–18. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 10. Neritina janetabbasae Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM
93538, West Java, Indonesia. 11. Neritodryas javanica Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93540, Sumatra, Indonesia. 12.
Septaria tahitiana Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 108098, S of Pape’ete, Tahiti. 13. Smaragdia patburkae Eichhorst, 2016,
Holotype, BMSM 93542, Cebu, Philippines. 14. Theodoxus octagonus Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93544, Tabgha,
Israel. 15. Vitta consobrina Eichhorst, 2016, Holotype, BMSM 93999, Puerto Vallarta, Mexico. 16. Mareleptopoma circumser-
rata Raines, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 1380, Rapa Nui, Chile. 17. Turritella lyonsi García, 2006, Paratype, BMSM 26447, Off
Campeche, Mexico. 18. Adamsiella crenulata martinensis Coomans, 1967, Paratype, BMSM 44000, St. Martin.
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FIGURES 19–27. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 19. Chondropoma pictum yumeriense Torre & Bartsch, 1938,
Paratype, BMSM 109365, Vista Alegre, Cuba. 20. Chondropoma turnerae Clench, 1950, Paratype (questionable), BMSM
96803, Inagua, Bahamas. 21. Rissoina delicatissima Raines, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 1378, Rapa Nui, Chile. 22. Eulima clar-
imaculosa Raines, 2003, Paratype, BMSM 1387, Rapa Nui, Chile. 23. Sticteulima plenicolora Raines, 2003, Paratype, BMSM
1385, Rapa Nui, Chile. 24. Subniso osorioae Raines, 2003, Paratype, BMSM 1386, Rapa Nui, Chile. 25. Cheilea americana
Rolán, Redfern, & Fernández-Garcés, 2014, Holotype, BMSM 17939, Abaco, Bahamas. 26. Macromphalina garcesi Rolán &
Rubio, 1998, Paratype, BMSM 54598, Abaco, Bahamas. 27. Macromphalina paradoxa Rolán & Rubio, 1998, Paratype, BMSM
54597, Abaco, Bahamas.
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FIGURES 28–36. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 28. Macromphalina redferni Rolán & Rubio, 1998, Paratype,
BMSM 54523, Abaco, Bahamas. 29. Macromphalina robertsoni Rolán & Rubio, 1998, Paratype, BMSM 54599, Abaco, Baha-
mas. 30. Proterato rehderi Raines, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 1381, Rapa Nui, Chile. 31. Epitonium leali García, 2011, Paratype,
BMSM 17956, St. Joe Bay, Florida. 32. Epitonium pigrum García, 2011, Paratype, BMSM 17957, Campeche, Mexico. 33.
Scalina billeeana DuShane & Bratcher, 1965, Paratype, BMSM 17963, Baja California Sur, Mexico. 34. Cerithiopsis krisbergi
Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2007, Paratype, BMSM 17202, Sebastian Inlet, Florida. 35. Cerithiopsis susieae Rolán & Krisberg,
2014, Paratype, BMSM 75999, Port Canaveral Jetty, Florida. 36. Eutriphora auffenbergi Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM
15205, off Dry Tortugas, Florida.
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FIGURES 37–45. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 37. Inella differens Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15204,
off Egmont Key, Florida. 38. Inella harryleei Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15207, off Dry Tortugas,
Florida. 39. Marshallora ostenta Rolán & Fernández-Garcés, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15206, off Big Pine Key, Florida. 40.
Sagenotriphora candidula Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15202, Captiva, Florida. 41. Triphora abacoensis Rolán &
Redfern, 2008, Holotype, BMSM 15499, Abaco, Bahamas. 42. Triphora inaudita Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15203,
off Louisiana. 43. Triphora turtlebayensis Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15201, Turtle Bay, Bermuda. 44. Triphora yo-
ciusi Rolán & Lee, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15200, off Saint Augustine, Florida. 45. Bartschia frumari García, 2008, Paratype,
BMSM 15028, off Key West, Florida.
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FIGURES 46–54. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 46. Anachis rechonchuda Lima & Guimarães, 2015, Paratype,
BMSM 17938, off Pernambuco, Brazil. 47. Astyris frumarkernorum García, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15493, off Tampa Bay,
Florida. 48. Columbella marrae García, 1999, Paratype, BMSM 2242, Veraguas, Panama. 49. Zafra rapanuiensis Raines, 2002,
Paratype, BMSM 1382, Rapa Nui, Chile. 50. Nassarius harryleei García, 2001, Paratype, BMSM 26482, Golfo de Chiriqui,
Panama. 51. Engina permixta Watters & Fraussen, 2015, Paratype, BMSM 76000, off Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil. 52. Conus
andremenezi Olivera & Biggs, 2010, Paratype, BMSM 38672, off Aligway Island, Philippines. 53. Conus miniexcelsus Olivera
& Biggs, 2010, Paratype, BMSM 38673, Bohol, Philippines. 54. Agathotoma ecthymata García, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 15497,
Abaco, Bahamas.
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FIGURES 55–63. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 55. Suturocythara apocrypha García, 2008, Paratype, BMSM
15498, off Campeche, Mexico. 56. Terebra mugridgeae García, 1999, Paratype, BMSM 2241, off Mississippi. 57. Gemmula
ambara Olivera, Hilliard, & Watkins, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 38671, Balicasag, Philippines. 58. Gemmula sikatunai Olivera,
2005, Paratype, BMSM 17113, Batangas, Philippines. 59. Gemmula sogodensis Olivera, 2005, Paratype, BMSM 17114, Bohol,
Philippines. 60. Lophiotoma bisaya Olivera, 2004, Paratype, BMSM 38612, off Aligway Island, Philippines. 61. Lophiotoma
friedrichbonhoefferi Olivera, 2004, Paratype, BMSM 38611, off Aligway Island, Philippines. 62. Lophiotoma olangoensis Ol-
ivera, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 38613, Cebu, Philippines. 63. Lophiotoma tayabasensis Olivera, 2004, Paratype, BMSM 38609,
Quezon, Philippines.
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FIGURES 64–72. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 64. Mitra ulala García, 2011, BMSM 17952, off Louisiana.
65. Oliva foxi Stingley, 1984, Paratype, BMSM 16557, Cocos Island, Costa Rica. 66. Dentimargo gibbus García, 2006, Para-
type, BMSM 26448, off Campeche, Mexico. 67. Falsilyria garciai Petuch, 1981, Paratype, BMSM 13817, off Honduras. 68.
Orbitestella aequicostata Raines, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 1379, Rapa Nui, Chile. 69. Pupa pascuana Raines, 2003, Paratype,
BMSM 1384, Rapa Nui, Chile. 70. Barcania kaltenbachi Brandt, 1956, Paratype (questionable), BMSM 22408, Cyrene, Lybia.
71. Barcania sasaensis Brandt, 1956, Paratype (questionable), BMSM 22409, NE of Benghazi, Libya. 72. Polymita picta picta
[var. dimidiata] Torre, 1950, Paratype, BMSM 127410, Baracoa, Cuba.
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40 · Zootaxa 4951 (1) © 2021 Magnolia Press
FIGURES 73–82. Selected types from the BMSM Collection. 73. Sinoennea laidlawi Dance, 1970, Paratype, BMSM 17995,
Sarawak, Malaysia. 74. Platycochlium barnaclei Dance, 1970, Paratype, BMSM 17997, Sarawak, Malaysia. 75. Platycochlium
saulae Dance, 1970, Paratype, BMSM 17996, Sarawak, Malaysia. 76. Macroceramus loeryi Jacobson, 1955, Paratype, BMSM
96882, Guánica State Forest, Puerto Rico. 77. Somalipecten cranmerorum Waller, 1986, Paratype, BMSM 43870, off Soma-
lia. 78. Similipecten redferni Dijkstra, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 83369, Abaco, Bahamas. 79. Dilemma frumarkernorum Leal,
2008, Holotype, BMSM 15029, off Key West, Florida. 80. Dilemma japonicum Sasaki & Leal, 2008, Paratype, BMSM 17983,
off Chiba, Japan. 81. Periploma coseli Ardila & Díaz, 1998, Paratype, BMSM 2361, Toribio River, Colombia. 82. Dischides
splendens Raines, 2002, Paratype, BMSM 1383, Rapa Nui, Chile.
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