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A Systematic Review on the Outcomes of Primary and Secondary Prevention Programs in the Field of Violent Radicalization
Abstract and Figures
The Canadian Practitioners Network for the Prevention of Radicalization and Extremist Violence (CPN-PREV; https://cpnprev.ca/) has conducted a systematic review on the effectiveness of primary and secondary prevention programs in the field of preventing violent extremism. The goals of this review were threefold: 1) to determine if primary and secondary prevention programs are able to counter violent radicalization; 2) to identify specific program modalities associated with a higher chance of success or failure for the targeted populations; and 3) to assess the quality of the literature in order to identify less reliable evidence, knowledge gaps, and studies which should be given more weight in the interpretation of results. The review integrated evidence on the following: a) religiously-inspired (e.g., Islamist), right-wing, extreme-left, and “single-issue” (e.g., misogyny) violent radicalization; b) outcomes classified by prevention levels; and c) benefits/harms, costs, transferability, and community-related implementation issues when mentioned by the authors. We used systematic review methods developed by the Campbell and Cochrane collaborations. The logic model driving the review is grounded in an ecosystemic public health model, dividing programs into primary and secondary prevention levels.
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